European Parliament constituency


European Parliament constituency
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European Parliament election constituencies, 2009

Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) are elected by the population of the member states of the European Union (EU), divided into constituencies.

In six EU member states (Belgium, France, Ireland, Italy, Poland and the United Kingdom), the national territory is divided into a number of constituencies. In the remaining member states, the whole country forms a single constituency. In Germany, political parties are entitled to present lists of candidates either at Länder or national level.

Currently, all member states hold elections to the European Parliament (EP) using various forms of proportional representation (although since the German-speaking electoral college in Belgium has only one seat, its election is essentially first-past-the-post).

The population of constituencies varies widely across the union.

Currently, the German speaking community of Belgium are the most represented in the EU Parliament with one seat for their 71,000 population, while the people of Sardinia and Sicily are the least represented, with only one seat per 943,000 people.

The number of seats per constituency varies from 1 in the German speaking community of Belgium, to 23 in the north-west region of Italy. When counting countries without specific subdivisions as single constituencies for comparison, Germany has the most seats — 99 seats.

Contents


Constituency State Area/
Community
Seats Pop. Pop.
per Seat
Dutch-speaking electoral college Belgium Flemish Community 14 6,000,000 428,000
French-speaking electoral college Belgium French Community of Belgium 9 4,000,000 444,000
German-speaking electoral college Belgium German-speaking community of Belgium 1 71,000 71,000
North-West France France Basse-Normandie, Haute-Normandie, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Picardie 10 9,150,000 762,000
West France France Brittany, Pays-de-la-Loire, Poitou-Charentes 9 8,000,000 804,000
East France France Alsace, Bourgogne, Champagne-Ardenne, Franche-Comté, Lorraine 9 8,200,000 820,000
South-West France France Aquitaine, Languedoc-Roussillon, Midi-Pyrénées 10 8,200,000 819,000
South-East France France Corsica, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Rhône-Alpes 13 10,800,000 833,000
Loire, Massif Central France Auvergne, Centre, Limousin 5 4,500,000 753,000
Île-de-France France Île-de-France (including Paris) 13 11,300,000 805,000
Overseas Territories of France France French overseas departments and territories 3 2,500,000 820,000
Dublin Ireland County Dublin 3 1,190,000 400,000
East Ireland Counties Carlow, Kildare, Kilkenny, Laois, Louth, Meath, Offaly, Wexford and Wicklow 3 1,100,000 367,000
South Ireland Counties Cork, Kerry, Limerick, Tipperary North, Tipperary South and Waterford 3 1,100,000 367,000
North–West Ireland Counties Cavan, Clare, Donegal, Galway, Leitrim, Longford, Mayo, Monaghan, Roscommon, Sligo and Westmeath 3 880,000 293,000
North-West Italy Aosta Valley, Liguria, Lombardy, Piedmont 23 15,000,000 653,000
North-East Italy Emilia-Romagna, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Veneto 15 10,700,000 714,000
Central Italy Latium, Marche, Tuscany, Umbria 16 10,900,000 681,000
Southern Italy Abruzzo, Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Molise 17 13,800,000 816,000
Islands (Italy) Italy Sardinia, Sicily 7 6,600,000 943,000
Pomeranian Poland Pomeranian Voivodeship 2 n/a n/a
Kuyavian-Pomeranian Poland Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship 3 n/a n/a
Podlaskie and Warmian-Masurian Poland Podlaskie Voivodeship and Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship 2 n/a n/a
Warsaw Poland City of Warsaw and part of the Masovian Voivodeship (powiats: grodziski, legionowski, nowodworski, otwocki, piaseczynski, pruszkowski, warszawski zachodni and wolominski) 6 n/a n/a
Masovian Poland The remaining part of the Masovian Voivodeship (powiats: ciechanowski, gostyninski, mlawski, plocki, plonski, przasnyski, sierpacki, sochaczewski, zurominski, zyrardowski, bialobrzeski, grójecki, kozienicki, lipski, przysuski, radomski, szydlowiecki, zwolenski, garwolinski, losicki, makowski, minski, ostrolecki, ostrowski, pultuski, siedlecki, sokolowski, wegrowski, wyszkowski and the cities of Plock, Radom, Ostroleka and Siedlce) 3 n/a n/a
Łódź Poland Łódź Voivodeship 4 n/a n/a
Greater Poland Poland Greater Poland Voivodeship 5 n/a n/a
Lublin Poland Lublin Voivodeship 4 n/a n/a
Subcarpathian Poland Subcarpathian Voivodeship 2 n/a n/a
Lesser Poland and Świętokrzyskie Poland Lesser Poland Voivodeship and Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship 8 n/a n/a
Silesian Poland Silesian Voivodeship 8 n/a n/a
Lower Silesian and Opole Poland Lower Silesian Voivodeship and Opole Voivodeship 7 n/a n/a
Lubusz and West Pomeranian Poland Lubusz Voivodeship and West Pomeranian Voivodeship 2 n/a n/a
London United Kingdom Greater London 8 7,400,000 822,000
South East England United Kingdom South East 10 8,000,000 800,000
South West England United Kingdom South West, Gibraltar 6 4,900,000 700,000
West Midlands United Kingdom West Midlands 6 5,200,000 740,000
North West England United Kingdom North West 8 6,700,000 745,000
North East England United Kingdom North East 3 2,500,000 833,000
Yorkshire and the Humber United Kingdom Yorkshire and the Humber 6 5,100,000 816,000
East Midlands United Kingdom East Midlands 5 4,100,000 683,000
East of England United Kingdom Eastern 7 5,400,000 770,000
Northern Ireland United Kingdom Northern Ireland 3 1,700,000 566,000
Scotland United Kingdom Scotland 6 5,000,000 714,000
Wales United Kingdom Wales 4 3,000,000 725,000
Germany Germany Germany 99 82,000,000 828,000
Spain Spain Spain 54 43,000,000 796,000
Netherlands Netherlands Netherlands 27 16,000,000 590,000
Greece Greece Greece 24 11,000,000 458,000
Portugal Portugal Portugal 24 10,500,000 437,000
Czech Republic Czech Republic Czech Republic 24 10,200,000 425,000
Hungary Hungary Hungary 24 10,000,000 416,000
Sweden Sweden Sweden 19 9,000,000 473,000
Austria Austria Austria 18 8,200,000 455,000
Denmark Denmark Denmark 14 5,400,000 385,000
Slovakia Slovakia Slovakia 14 5,300,000 378,000
Finland Finland Finland 14 5,200,000 370,000
Lithuania Lithuania Lithuania 13 3,600,000 277,000
Latvia Latvia Latvia 9 2,300,000 255,000
Slovenia Slovenia Slovenia 7 2,000,000 285,000
Estonia Estonia Estonia 6 1,300,000 216,000
Cyprus Cyprus Cyprus 6 780,000 130,000
Luxembourg Luxembourg Luxembourg 6 440,000 73,000
Malta Malta Malta 5 400,000 80,000
Total 732 459,295,000 627,000

Full lists

See also

External links


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