Extreme points of the European Union


Extreme points of the European Union

This is a list of the extreme points of the European Union — the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location.


= As of latest the 5th enlargement (part II) of the European Union on 1st January 2007 =

"Entire European Union (including overseas territories formally part of the union)"

* Northernmost Point — Nuorgam, Finland
* Southernmost Point — Saint-Joseph, Réunion,2 France
* Westernmost Point — Saint-Martin, France
* Easternmost Point — Sainte-Rose, Réunion,2 France
* Altitude — Mont Blanc / Monte Bianco, France / Italy

"European Union in Europe (mainland and islands considered part of Europe (such as Cyprus))"

* Northernmost Point — Nuorgam, Finland (70° 5’ 30” N)
* Southernmost Point — Limassol, Cyprus "de jure" 3,4(34° 39’ N)::or Cape Gata, Limassol, Cyprus "de facto"3,4(34° 34’ E)
* Westernmost Point — Fajã Grande, Azores Islands, Portugal
* Easternmost Point — Rizokarpaso, Cyprus "de jure"1,4(34° 36’ E)::or Cape Greco, Ayia Napa, Cyprus "de facto"1,4(34° 5’ E)

"Mainland European Union (European continent only (excluding islands))"

* Northernmost Point — Nuorgam, Finland
* Southernmost Point — Punta de Tarifa, Spain (36° 0’ 15” N)
* Westernmost Point — Cabo da Roca, Portugal (9° 30’ W)
* Easternmost Point — Virmajärvi, Finland (31° 35’ 17” E)

"Contiguous European Union (mainland of the 21 contiguous member states)"

* Northernmost Point — Suurpea, Estonia
* Southernmost Point — Punta de Tarifa, Spain
* Westernmost Point — Cabo da Roca, Portugal
* Easternmost Point — Sulina, Romania (coord|45|09|N|29|40|E)

Footnotes

1 Rizokarpaso/Dipkarpaz, in northern Cyprus, is the "de jure" easternmost point. Although the whole of Cyprus acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004, EU legislation only applies to the southern part of the island which remained under the effective control of the Republic of Cyprus after the Turkish invasion of 1974. EU legislation is suspended in Turkish-controlled northern Cyprus. It is therefore "de facto" not part of the EU, making Cape Greco, Ayia Napa the "de facto" easternmost point. Cyprus is usually considered to be in Asia rather than Europe with respect to physical geography, although it is considered culturally European. See also European_Union_Enlargement#Northern_Cyprus

2 Réunion is a French "départements d'outre-mer", and as such are fully part of France and the EU.

3 Cape Gata is in the Akrotiri area which is a UK administered area on the island of Cyprus, and therefore technically not part of the European Union.

4 See Extreme_points_of_Cyprus

See also

* Countries bordering the European Union
* History of the European Union
* Enlargement of the European Union
* Geographic Centre of Europe
* Extreme points of Europe
* Extreme points of the world
* Geography of Europe


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