- Lubusz Voivodeship
name = Lubusz Voivodeship
image_shield = POL województwo lubuskie COA.svg
map_caption = Location within Poland
map_caption1 = Division into counties
Gorzów Wielkopolski(governor) Zielona Góra(assembly)
parts_type = Counties
parts=2 cities, 12 land counties *
Gorzów Wielkopolski|p2= Zielona Góra|p3= Gorzów County|p4= Krosno Odrzańskie County|p5= Międzyrzecz County|p6= Nowa Sól County|p7= Słubice County|p8= Strzelce-Drezdenko County|p9= Sulęcin County|p10= Świebodzin County|p11= Wschowa County|p12= Żagań County|p13= Żary County|p14= Zielona Góra County
area_total_km2 = 13985
population_total = 1008424
population_as_of = 2006
population_density_km2 = auto
footnotes = * further divided into 83
Lubusz Voivodeship (also known as Lubusz Province, or by its Polish name of "województwo lubuskie" IPA-pl| [|w|o|j|e|'|w|u|c|t|f|o|-|l|u|'|b|u|sIPA-pl|k|j|e| or simply "Lubuskie") is a voivodeship (province) in western
It was created on
January 1, 1999, out of the former Gorzów Wielkopolski and Zielona Góra Voivodeships, pursuant to the 1998 Local Government Reorganization Act. The province's name recalls the historic Lubusz Land(" Lebus" or "Lubus"), although part of the voivodeship in fact belongs to the historic region of Silesia.
The functions of regional capital are shared between two cities:
Gorzów Wielkopolskiand Zielona Góra. Gorzów serves as the seat of the centrally appointed voivodeor governor, while Zielona Góra is the seat of the elected regional assembly (sejmik) and the executive elected by that assembly, headed by the "marszałek".
The region is mainly flat, with many lakes and woodlands. In the south, around
Zielona Góra, grapes are cultivated.
Lubusz Voivodeship borders
West Pomeranian Voivodeshipto the north, Greater Poland Voivodeshipto the east, Lower Silesian Voivodeshipto the south, and Germanyto the west.
By conquest the first leaders of the Polans,
Mieszko Iand especially Boleslaw Iadded a number of surrounding territories to the newly established core Polish state, and Lebus Land or Lubusz in Lusatiacame under Polish rule. Part of the historic province was located on the western bank of the Oder River, where the main settlement Lubusz, later known as the German town of Lebus, was located.
In 1226 Lebus Land came under direct jurisdiction of the empire, and around
1250it was acquired by the Ascanian margraves of Brandenburg. It was thus sometimes referred to by Polish communists as "the first Polish province to fall to German expansionism" (see " Drang nach Osten").
1945, the conquest of eastern Germany by the Soviet Union was followed by the redrawing of Poland's borders. The east part of the Lubusz (Lebus) region was transferred to Poland, which refers to it as part of the "Regained" or " Recovered Territories".
In the administrative reforms of 1998, the original proposals made no provision for a separate Lubusz voivodeship – Gorzów would have been part of
West Pomeranian Voivodeship, Zielona Góra would have been in Lower Silesian Voivodeship, and other parts of the region were assigned to Greater Poland Voivodeship. However, as a result of popular protests, these proposals were eventually amended to increase the number of voivodeships to 16, leading to the creation of Lubusz Voivodeship.
Cities and towns
The voivodeship contains 42 cities and towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (according to official figures for 2006 [http://www.stat.gov.pl/gus/45_655_PLK_HTML.htm] ):1.
Kostrzyn nad Odrą(17,725)
11. Gubin (16,974)
Lubusz Voivodeship is divided into 14 counties (
powiats): 2 city counties and 12 land counties. These are further divided into 83 gminas.
The counties are listed in the following table (ordering within categories is by decreasing population).
Protected areas in Lubusz Voivodeship include two National Parks and eight Landscape Parks. These are listed below.
Drawno National Park(partly in Greater Poland and West Pomeranian Voivodeships)
Ujście Warty National Park
Ujście Warty Landscape Park(partly in West Pomeranian Voivodeship)
Barlinek-Gorzów Landscape Park(partly in West Pomeranian Voivodeship)
Gryżyna Landscape Park
Krzesin Landscape Park
Łagów Landscape Park
Muskau Bend Landscape Park
Przemęt Landscape Park(partly in Greater Poland Voivodeship)
Pszczew Landscape Park(partly in Greater Poland Voivodeship)
* [http://poland.gov.pl/Mieszko,I,and,Boleslaw,Chrobry,(Boleslaus,the,Brave),326.html Polish Government Link, Lands conquered by Mieszko I and Boleslaw I ]
* [http://www.lubuskie.pl/en/index.php Official website of Lubusz Voivodeship]
* [http://www.lubusz.eu Pictures of Lubusz]
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