- European Union statistics
Statistics in the
European Unionare collected by Eurostat.
Area and population
As of 1 January 2006, the population of the EU was about 493 million people [" [http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page?_pageid=1996,39140985&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL&screen=detailref&language=en&product=Yearlies_new_population&root=Yearlies_new_population/C/C1/C11/caa10000 Total Population as of 01.01.06] ", EUROSTAT. Retrieved 12 November 2006.] . Many countries are expected to experience a decline in population over the coming decades, [" [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4768644.stm The EU's baby blues] ", BBC News, 27 March 2006. Retrieved 10 July 2006.] , though this could be offset with new countries planning to join the EU within the next 20 years. The most populous member state is Germany, with an estimated 82 million people. France and Ireland have the highest birth-rates. [" [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/6268251.stm France claims EU fertility crown ] ", BBC News, 16 January 2007. Retrieved 10 February 2007.] The most densely populated country is the
islandof Malta, which is also the smallest, while the largest in area is France. The least densely populated country is Finland.
Population figures in the table below are the latest available for each country (some are 2006 estimates, others are 2007 estimates). The highest and lowest figures in each column have been marked in bold.
Reporters sans frontièresconducts an annual survey on the freedom of the pressand produces scores (not shown here) for each country. In 2007, Estoniaand Slovakiahad the freest press in the European Union, with a score of 1.00, whilst Polandwas ranked as having the least free press, with a score of 18.50.
There is no data available for
Luxembourgand Malta, and hence these are not included in the statistics.
index of Economic Freedomis produced by the " Wall Street Journal" and the Heritage Foundation. It uses 50 different variables to compile the survey, in areas such as tradepolicy and governmentintervention. Irelandranks highest amongst EU nations in terms of these variables.
A similar index produced by the
World Economic Forumis its Global Competitiveness Index.
Source: [http://www.heritage.org/research/features/index/countries.cfm The Heritage Foundation] .
Transparency Internationalis an international NGO publishing an annual Global Corruption Reportindicating the perception of corruptionaround the world. The rankings of the table refer to the [http://www.transparency.org/policy_research/surveys_indices/cpi/2007 Corruption Perceptions Index 2007] .
Human Development Indexis a measure produced by the United Nationswhich covers three aspects of human development:
poverty(GDP per capita)
health( life expectancy)The rankings of the table refer to the [http://hdr.undp.org/hdr2006/pdfs/report/HDR06-complete.pdf UNDP Human Development Report 2006] . The UN lists all 27 EU member states as countries with high human development.
Income inequality, measured by the
gini coefficientis how evenly incomes are distributed through the population. Denmarkhas the least income inequality with a gini coefficient score of 24.4, whilst Portugalhas the most income inequality with a score of 38.5. Malta, Luxembourg, and Cyprushave no statistics available, and so are not included in this table. These statistics have been compiled by the United Nations(see [http://hdr.undp.org/hdr2006] )
Ease of doing business
Ease of Doing Business Indexis created by the World Bankand based on the study of laws and regulations, with the input and verification by more than 3,500 government officials, lawyers, business consultants, accountants and other professionals who routinely advise on or administer legal and regulatory requirements.
Enlargement of the European Union
Eurostat- European statistics body
Largest cities of the European Union by population within city limits
List of European Union member states by population
Largest urban areas of the European Unionand Larger Urban Zones (LUZ) in the European Union
OSCE countries statistics
* [http://europa.eu/eur-lex/budget/data/D2005_VOL1/EN/nmc-grseq42960935830-3/index.html EU Budget Data]
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