- South East England
infobox England region | name = South East England| short_name = South East
status = Region
density = 419/km²
euro= South East England
population = 8,000,550 (2001)
assembly = South East England
election = not directly elected
url = http://www.southeast-ra.gov.uk/
South East England is one of the nine official
regions of England. It was created in 1994 and was adopted for statistics in 1999. Its boundaries include Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, East Sussex, Hampshire, Isle of Wight, Kent, Oxfordshire, Surreyand West Sussex. In common usage, however, the area referred to as the 'south east' can vary considerably.The headquarters for the region's governmental bodies are in Guildford. The largest city in the region (by population) is Brighton and Hove.
Its population as of the 2001 census was 8,000,550, making it the most populous English region. The highest point is
Walbury Hillin Berkshireat 297m/974 ft. The major conurbations of the region include Brighton/Worthing/Littlehampton(population in 2001 461,000), Portsmouth (442,000), Reading (370,000) and Southampton (304,000). [ List of conurbations in the United Kingdom] Settlements closer to London are part of the conurbation known as the Greater London Urban Area.
The South East is a diverse region, with the highest percentage of people born outside of the
UKother than London. 2005 Estimates state 88.5% of people as White British, 4.5% Other White(inc. 1.0% Irish), 3.1% South Asians, 1.4% Mixed Race, 1.3% Black British, 0.6% Chinese, 0.6% Other [http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=3&b=276854&c=Brighton&d=13&e=13&g=410702&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1197725414109&enc=1&dsFamilyId=1812] .
The official region consists of the following subdivisions:
List of districts in south east England by population"
Until 1999, there was a South East Standard Statistical Region which also included the counties of
Essex, Hertfordshire, Bedfordshireand Greater London. The former South East Civil Defence Region covered the same area as the current government office region.
In unofficial usage, the "South East" can refer to a varying area - sometimes only to Kent, East Sussex, West Sussex, and Surrey, but more usually to the former Standard Statistical Region, which corresponded approximately to the
London commuter belt.
Politics of the area
The South East of England is the most Conservative voting region of the UK both in terms of seats and votes. The area also has some strong supporting seats for other parties such as Slough for Labour and Lewes for the
Liberal Democrats. However, the safest Conservative seat in the country, Buckingham has a majority of over 38%.
South East England Regional Assemblyis based on the A3100 in Guildford near the "London Road" train station.
The main road transport routes are along the M1 through Buckinghamshire; the M40 through Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire: the
M2 motorway/A2 and M20 through Kent, and the M23 through West Sussex; the M3 through Hampshire and the A34 through Hampshire, Berkshire and Oxfordshire. The east-west corridor through the south of the region is provided by the A27 and the M27. The main intercontinental airport is Gatwick Airport, with regional airports at Kent International Airport( Ramsgate), Shoreham Airportand Southampton Airport. Heathrow Airportis in Greater Londonbut also serves (and is serviced by) the South East region. The Great Western Main Linepasses through Berkshire and Reading. The South Eastern Main Lineand High Speed 1pass through Kent. The Brighton Main Linepasses through Surrey and West Sussex. The West Coast Main Linepasses through Milton Keynes The Chiltern Main Lineis a major commuter line btween Birmgham and London passing through Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire. The Port of Doverand the port at Folkestonehave many ferry services to Franceand Belgium.
The South East of England is a very prosperous area.
Many high technology companies are located near to the M3 in Surrey and the M4 in Berkshire.
Sun Microsystemshave their UK base in Blackwater near Camberley. Microsoftand Oracle have their UK headquarters next door to each in Reading, as do the Yell Group.
Companies in Berkshire essentially follow the M4 corridor.
PepsiCohave their UK base in Thealeas have Wolseley, the builders and plumbers merchants who own Bathstoreand Plumb Center. Vodafoneand High and Mighty are based in Newbury. Pentax UK and Groupe SEB UK (owner of Krups, Moulinex, Rowenta, and Tefal) are in Langley near Slough. Mars Limited has a large chocolate factory also in Slough on the enormous Slough Trading Estate. Honda UK, Citroën UK, Fiat UK, LG Group UK and Reckitt Benckiserare also in Slough. Centricaand InterContinental Hotels Groupare in Windsor. Interserve, the construction company, BG Group, and Guide Dogs for the Blind are in Reading. Porsche Cars Great Britain is in nearby Calcot. HMV Group, Hitachi UK and Costain are in Maidenhead. Dell UK, Panasonic UK, BMW UK, HP UK and Waitroseare in Bracknell.
Allianz Cornhill Insurance have their UK headquarters in Guildford as do
Ericssonand Philips UK. Motor company McLarenis based in Wokingas is the UK base of Yum Restaurants (owner of KFC). Canon UK is in Reigate. The huge Compass Groupis in Chertseyas is Samsung UK, and Thales Group UK is in Addlestone. Atkins, the civil engineering company is in Epsom. Dairy Crestis in Esher. Pfizer UK is in Walton-on-the-Hill. Edmund Nuttallis in Camberley. ExxonMobil UK ( Esso) is in Leatherhead. Although BPhas its international headquarters in central London, most of its UK division (chemicals and energy) is headquartered at Sunbury-on-Thames, just inside the Surrey boundary.
George Wimpey, RAF Air Command, Hyundai UK, Dreams, the UK base of Ariston (now owned by Indesit) and the UK headquarters of Staples are based in High Wycombe. The UK base of Robert Bosch is in Denham. Pioneer UK is in Stoke Poges. The Barracuda Group (owner of Varsity) is in Marlow. Leica Geosystems is based in Milton Keynes, as is Argos, BP Oil UK (retail), Domino's Pizza UK, VW Group (VW and Audi), Luminar Leisureand Homebase. Welcome Breakis in Newport Pagnell, and Mercedes-Benz UK is in Tongwell.
The Army have a large garrison in
Aldershot, with Sandhurst being nearby. B&Qis based in Chandler's Ford. Farnborough has many aerospace companies including BAE Systemsand QinetiQ, as well as Nokia UK. The Ordnance Surveyand a factory of Ford are based in Southampton, and Skandia Insurance have their UK base there. Toyota UK and much of the Royal Navyis based in Portsmouth. Kenwood Limitedis in Havant. Virgin Mediais based in Hook. The AA is based in Basingstoke as are Shire plcthe pharmaceuticals group and GAME. Ineosis in Lyndhurst. Twiningsis in Andover.
The RSPCA is in
Horshamand Cats Protectionis in Haywards Heath. Rolls-Royce Motor Carsmake vehicles at Westhampnett. Virgin Atlanticis in Crawleyas is Unilever Bestfoods and TUI Travel PLC. The Body Shopis in Littlehampton.
Geographer's A-Z Map Company is based in
Borough Green. Bovis Homes is near Gravesend. Fairy is made by Procter & Gamblein Dartford, and Mazda UK is based there. Brake Bros Ltdis in Ashford. Cummins Power Generation is in Ramsgate. Hornby Railwaysis in Margate.
Oxford University Pressand Amey plcare in Oxford. Motoring company Prodriveis based in Banburyalong with Ascari. The UK base of Mieleis in Abingdon. BMW assemble the much-lauded MINI at Cowley. Travelodge UKis in Thame.
Buckinghamshire, Medway and Kent, and Slough have an almost completely selective education system - not just a few grammar schools as other English areas may have; Kent has 33, Buckinghamshire has 13, Medway has 6 and Slough has 4. The other areas are comprehensive. In the top thirty schools at A level, all but three are selective schools; two of the others are
sixth form colleges and one is a comprehensive (in Oxford). However, the results for each county as a whole are not always directly related to the number of grammar schools, as Kent and Medway perform under average.
At GCSE, the best performing area in the South East (and England) is Buckinghamshire. Berkshire is split into unitary authorities, and Wokingham and Slough perform the next best at GCSE. All of Berkshire's unitary authorities perform above the England average with Windsor and West Berkshire considerably above average. Surrey and Hampshire perform well at GCSE as well, and Oxfordshire, West Sussex, Medway and Kent are above average. In general, the South East does perform well at GCSE compared to many regions of England, however there are a number of districts performing significantly below average including the unitary authorities of Portsmouth (one of the lowest performing LEAs in the country), Southampton and Milton Keynes, and the districts of Adur in West Sussex and Hastings in East Sussex.
At A-level, the results do not follow the same variation at GCSE except that Buckinghamshire and Hampshire again do very well. In general, many areas of the South East perform below the UK average. Reading unitary authority performs the best (much better than it does at GCSE), followed closely by Buckinghamshire. The only other ceremonial county to perform well at A level is Hampshire. West Berkshire and Slough unitary authorities also perform above average. The lowest performing area at A level is Portsmouth, followed by Southampton, East Sussex, and Bracknell Forest.
Top thirty state schools in South East England (2007 A level results)
Fort Pitt Grammar School, Chatham (1092)
Dr Challoner's Grammar School, Amersham
Dover Grammar School for Girls
Kendrick School, Reading
The Sixth Form College, Farnborough
The Judd School, Tonbridge
Peter Symonds College, Winchester
Sir William Borlase's Grammar School, Marlow
Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School, Rochester
Highsted Grammar School, Sittingbourne
Aylesbury Grammar School
Royal Grammar School, High Wycombe
Dartford Grammar School for Girls
Barton Court Grammar School, Canterbury
Sir Roger Manwood's School, Sandwich
St Bernard's Catholic Grammar School, Slough
Langley Grammar School
Borden Grammar School, Sittingbourne
Invicta Grammar School, Maidstone
Dane Court Grammar School, Broadstairs
The Cherwell School, Oxford
Dartford Grammar School
Aylesbury High School
Tunbridge Wells Grammar School for Boys
Rainham Mark Grammar School, Gillingham
Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School, Faversham
Tonbridge Grammar School
John Hampden Grammar School, High Wycombe
Tunbridge Wells Girls' Grammar School(929)
Local media include:
BBC Southregion is based on "Havelock Road" in Southampton; it has the " South Today" regional programme. The BBC South Eastis based in Tunbridge Wells; it has the " South East Today" regional programme. Most of Buckinghamshire is in the BBC South and ITV South region but most of Milton Keynes UA is covered by the BBC Eastregion from Norwich, with the " Look East" programme. The ITV region for most of Milton Keynes is Anglia Televisionwith the " Anglia Tonight" programme from Norwich. The ITV region for the south of the area is Meridian Broadcasting, which has the " Meridian Tonight" with South and South-East editions. In the northern part of the region, around Oxford is the ITV Thames Valleyregion, which has the " Thames Valley Tonight". All three ITV news programmes come from the ITV broadcasting centre at Whiteleynear Fareham.
* BBC Radios Southern Counties, Solent, Oxford, Three Counties (Buckinghamshire & Milton Keynes), and Kent.
* Commercial radio stations including
Southern FM(Brighton), Horizon Radio (UK)(Milton Keynes), 2-Ten FM(Reading), Invicta FM( Whitstable), Power FM( Segensworth), Radio Mercury( Crawley), Passion Radio( Worthing), Fox FM ( Cowley), Kick FM(Newbury), Kmfm(Kent), 107.8 Arrow FM( Hastings), Bright 106.4 FM( Burgess Hill), Mix 107( High Wycombe), 107.4 The Quay(Portsmouth), Spirit FM( Chichester), 107.5 Sovereign Radio( Hailsham), Isle of Wight Radio(Newport), Mix 96 ( Aylesbury), 107.2 Win FM ( Winchester), Delta FM( Bordon), Wave 105(Fareham), Juice 107.2(Brighton), 96.4 The Eagle(Guildford), 107.7 Splash FM(Worthing), Ocean FM (Segensworth), Reading 107 FM, The Saint (Southampton), and 107.6 Kestrel FM( Basingstoke).
* Local regional newspapers are the
Southern Daily Echo(Southampton), Oxford Times, Oxford Journal, Portsmouth News, Argus (Brighton), Oxford Mail, Reading Evening Post, Kent Messenger, Surrey Advertiser, Reading Chronicle, Medway News. KOSKent on Sunday group,
List of schools in the South East of England
* [http://www.travelinesoutheast.org.uk/ Traveline South East Journey Planner]
* [http://www.gose.gov.uk Government Office for the South East]
* [http://www.southeast-ra.gov.uk South East England Regional Assembly]
* [http://www.seeda.co.uk/ South East England Development Agency]
* [http://www.direct.gov.uk/Dl1/Directories/LocalCouncils/LocalGovernmentByRegion/fs/en?CONTENT_ID=4003647&chk=FqR7XJ Government's list of councils in the South East]
* [http://www.visitsoutheastengland.com Tourism Information - Visit South East England]
* [http://www.infobritain.co.uk/South_Eastern_England.htm Information and History of Southern England ]
* [http://www.see-in.co.uk South East England Intelligence Network - facts, figures and research on the South East ]
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