- Single European Act
The Single European Act (SEA) was the first major revision of the
Treaty of Romethat formally established the single European market and the European Political Cooperation.
There was discontent among
European Communitymembers in the 1980s about the "de facto" lack of free trade between members. Leaders from business and politicals wanted to harmonize laws between countries and resolve policy discrepancies. A commission to analyze whether a common marketwas possible and what steps would be needed drew up proposals that became the Single European Act.
The goal was to remove remaining barriers between countries, increase harmonization, increasing the competitiveness of European countries. It reformed the operating procedures of the institutions (which then had 12 members, rather than 6 as initially) and
Qualified Majority Votingwas extended to new areas. An aim was set of a single market by 1992.
The act introduced
European Political Cooperation, forerunner of the European Union's Common Foreign and Security Policy.
The act was signed at
Luxembourgon February 17, 1986, and at The Hagueon February 28, 1986. It went into effect on July 1, 1987, under the Delors Commission.
* [http://eur-lex.europa.eu/en/treaties/treaties_other.htm Text of the Single European Act]
* [http://www.historiasiglo20.org/europe/acta.htm The History of the European Union - The Single European Act]
* [http://www.ena.lu?lang=2&doc=20961 The Single European Act] European Navigator
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