- Merger Treaty
Merger Treaty Treaty establishing a Single Council and a Single Commission of the European Communities Type Merging the judicial, legislative and administrative bodies of the three European communities Signed 8 April 1965 Location Brussels, Belgium Effective 1 July 1967 Signatories "The Six"
The Merger Treaty (or Brussels Treaty) was a European treaty which combined the executive bodies of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) and the European Economic Community (EEC) into a single institutional structure.
The treaty was signed in Brussels on 8 April 1965 and came into force on 1 July 1967. It set out that the Commission of the EEC and the Council of the EEC should replace the Commission and Council of Euratom and the High Authority and Council of the ECSC. Although each Community remained legally independent, they shared common institutions (prior to this treaty, they already shared a Parliamentary Assembly and Court of Justice) and were together known as the European Communities. This treaty is regarded by some as the real beginning of the modern European Union.Without prejudice to the paragraphs following hereinafter, which have as their purpose to retain the essential elements of their provisions, the Convention of 25 March 1957 on certain institutions common to the European Communities and the Treaty of 8 April 1965 establishing a Single Council and a Single Commission of the European Communities, but with the exception of the Protocol referred to in paragraph 5, shall be repealed.—Article 9(1) of the Amsterdam Treaty
Modified Brussels Treaty
European Council conclusion
Single European Act
Three pillars of the European Union: European Communities: European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) Treaty expired in 2002 European Union (EU) European Economic Community (EEC) Schengen Rules European Community (EC) TREVI Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters (PJCC) European Political Cooperation (EPC) Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) Unconsolidated bodies Western European Union (WEU) Treaty terminated in 2010
- Merger Treaty European NAvigator
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