Infobox European Union agency
The Hague, Netherlands
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Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters
February 28, 2002
José Luis Lopes da Mota
website= [http://www.eurojust.europa.eu eurojust.europa.eu]
Eurojust (also spelled capitalised as EUROJUST) is an agency of the
European Union(EU) dealing with judicialco-operation.
It is composed of national
prosecutors, magistrates or police officers of equivalent competence from each of the EU states. Its task is to enhance the effectiveness of the national authorities when they are dealing with the investigation and prosecution of cross-border and organised crime.
Eurojust was established as a result of a decision that the
European Councilof Tampere(15-16 October 1999) made a decision to establish a permanent judicial co-operation Unit called Eurojust in order to improve the fight against serious crime.
2000-12-14, the Council of the European Unionformally established a provisional judicial co-operation Unit with the name of Pro-Eurojust to be Eurojust's forerunner. Its purpose was to be a sort of round table of prosecutors from all member states to enable concepts of Eurojust to be tried and tested. Pro-Eurojust started work on 2001-03-01and Eurojust itself was established in 2002.
In 2007 the
European Commissionproposed legislation for increasing the powers of Eurojust. The proposals include the harmonisation of the powers held by the national representatives, which currently vary, with a minimum set of powers and a minimum three year long renewable term to increase continuity. Members would also have automatic access to national databases, terrorist cases, and criminal, DNAand prison records. This is to ensure states co-operate with Eurojust and to deal with the increasing number of cases under its remit: cross border crime saw a 29% increase between 2006 and 2007. Eurojust is seen as the future of any future European Public Prosecutor's office, the creation of which is provided for under the Lisbon Treaty. [http://euobserver.com/9/25032]
* [http://www.eurojust.europa.eu/index.htm Official site]
* [http://euobserver.com/9/23880 Brussels seeks more powers for EU crime body - EU Observer]
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