- Court of Justice of the European Union
Court of Justice
of the European Union
Established 1952  Type EU institution Seat Luxembourg Website curia.europa.eu
The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) is the institution of the European Union (EU) which encompasses the whole judiciary. Seated in Luxembourg, it has three sub-courts; the European Court of Justice, the General Court and the Civil Service Tribunal.
The institution was originally established in 1952 as the Court of Justice of the European Coal and Steel Communities (as of 1958 the Court of Justice of the European Communities). With the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon in 2009, the court changed to its current name and comprises formally the Court of Justice alongside its two subordinate chambers: the General Court (formerly the Court of First Instance) and the Civil Service Tribunal.
Its mission is to ensure that "the law is observed" "in the interpretation and application" of the Treaties. The Court reviews the legality of the acts of the institutions of the European Union; ensures that the Member States comply with obligations under the Treaties; and interprets European Union law at the request of the national courts and tribunals.
The Court constitutes the judicial authority of the European Union and, in cooperation with the courts and tribunals of the Member States, it ensures the uniform application and interpretation of European Union law.
The Court of Justice of the European Union consists of three courts:
- The European Court of Justice (created in 1952; formally the Court of Justice)
- The General Court (created in 1988; formerly the Court of First Instance)
- The Civil Service Tribunal (created in 2004)
Since their establishment, approximately 15,000 judgements have been delivered by the three courts.
- ^ "CURIA - General Presentation - Court of Justice of the European Union". CURIA. CURIA. http://curia.europa.eu/jcms/jcms/Jo2_6999/. Retrieved 14 October 2011.
Court of Justice of the European Union Rulings and case law (preliminary ruling)Allonby v Accrington and Rossendale College · Apostolides v Orams · Bosman ruling · Cassis de Dijon · Chacon Navas v Eurest Colectividades SA · Chen case · Ciaran Tobin extradition case · Coleman v Attridge Law · Costa v ENEL · European Union Microsoft competition case · Factortame litigation · Francovich principle · Kamer van Koophandel en Fabrieken voor Amsterdam v Inspire Art Ltd · Kolpak ruling · Tanja Kreil · Marleasing SA v La Comercial Internacional de Alimentacion SA · Metock case · Nordsee case · Palacios de la Villa v Cortefiel Servicios SA · Peter Paul and Others v Bundesrepublik Deutschland · Procureur du Roi v Dassonville · Ralf Sieckmann v Deutsches Patent und Markenamt · Van Duyn v Home Office · Van Gend en Loos · Webster ruling European Union Portal · Law Portal
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Accession of Turkey to the European Union — Infobox EU accession bid status = Candidate nation = Turkey national denonym = Turkish chapters opened = 10 chapters closed = 1 national GDP PPP = 941.584 national area total = 783,562 national population = 70,586,256 website =… … Wikipedia
Accession of Croatia to the European Union — Croatian EU accession bid … Wikipedia
Accession of Montenegro to the European Union — Montenegrin EU accession bid … Wikipedia
Copyright law of the European Union — The copyright law of the European Union has arisen in an attempt to harmonise the differing copyright laws of European Union member states. It consists of a number of directives, which the member states are obliged to enact into their national… … Wikipedia
General Secretariat of the Council of the European Union — European Union This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the European Union … Wikipedia
Institutions of the European Union — There are currently five institutions of the European Union which govern the Union. They are outlined in the treaties of the European Union in the following order: the European Parliament, the Council of the European Union (the Council); the… … Wikipedia
Law of the European Union — The Law of the European Union is the unique legal system which operates alongside the laws of Member States of the European Union (EU). EU law has direct effect within the legal systems of its Member States, and overrides national law in many… … Wikipedia
Budget of the European Union — European Union This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the European Union … Wikipedia
National parliaments of the European Union — European Union This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the European Union … Wikipedia
Enlargement of the European Union — The territories of the member states of the European Union (European Communities pre 1993), animated in order of accession. Territories outside of the European neighbourhood not shown. The Enlargement of the European Union is the process of… … Wikipedia
Official Journal of the European Union — European Union This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the European Union … Wikipedia