Clan Pollock


Clan Pollock
Clan Pollock
Crest badge
Clan member crest badge - Clan Pollock.svg
Crest: A boar passant shot through with a dart Proper
Motto: Audacter et Strenue (Boldy and earnestly)
Profile
Region Lowlands
District Renfrewshire
Chief
Clan Pollock has no chief, and is an armigerous clan
Pollock of Pollock arms.svg
Arms of the last Chief of Clan Pollock
Historic seat Pollock Castle


Clan Pollock is an armigerous Scottish clan whose origin lies in a grant of land on the southern bank of the River Clyde, courtesy of King David I, to the sons of Fulbert the Saxon from Walter fitz Alan, the 1st High Steward of Scotland, in the 12th century. It is among the oldest recorded surnames in Scotland.[1] The clan is now considered to be a sept of Clan Maxwell and members are therefore entitled to wear the Maxwell tartan.

Contents

History

Origins of the Clan

The clan can trace its origin to Fulbert the Saxon, a vassal knight of Walter fitz Alan from Oswestry, Shropshire, England. Fulbert came to Scotland with Walter fitz Alan in about 1136 and fought for Scotland at the Battle of the Standard at Northallerton in 1138. Fulbert's sons were granted land in Renfrewshire for the service of their father, a knight to Walter Fitzalan[2], reconfirmed in a charter in 1157 by Malcolm IV. The family name is retained in placenames such as Pollok, Pollokshields and Pollokshaws, all situated to the south side of the River Clyde, between Glasgow city centre and Paisley.

The church of Pollock was given to the monks of the Priory of Paisley in 1163 by Petrus de Polloc, eldest son of Fulbert. As part of a dowry for one of his daughters, Petrus bestowed the barony of Rothes upon her. Robert de Polloc, Fulbert's third son, gave the church of Mearns to the Priory of Paisley. John de Polloc was a signatory to the Ragman Rolls subscribing allegiance to King Edward I of England in 1296.[3] John Pollock of Pollock fought on the side of Mary, Queen of Scots, at the Battle of Langside on 13 May 1568, only a few miles from Pollock Castle and, as a result, was forfeited of some of his lands. John Pollock, his son, was killed on 7 December 1593 at the Battle of Dryfe Sands near Lockerbie during a battle between Clan Maxwell and the Clan Johnstone. Robert Pollock of Pollock was knighted and made 1st Baronet of Pollock by Queen Anne in 1703 for his services to the crown.

Clan profile

  • Clan chief: Clan Pollock has no chief, and is an armigerous clan.
  • Chiefly arms: A saltire Vert, 2nd, 3rd and 4th or buglehorns stringed and garnished.
  • Motto: Audacter et strenue. The motto translates from Latin as "boldy and earnestly".
  • Crest: A boar, shot through with an arrow proper.
  • Tartan: Pollock Ancient and Pollock Modern.

Castles

  • Pollock Castle

Peerage

Notable Descendants

  • Robert de Polloc, the son of Fulbert, used his seal about 1208. It shows a boar pierced by a dart and it is in the British Museum. The inscription starts at the top left and reads Sigillum Roberti De Polloc.
  • John de Polloc signed the Ragman Roll subscribing allegiance to Edward I, in 1296. These four rolls consisted of thirty-five pieces sewn together; the originals have perished but a record of them is preserved in the Public Record Office.
  • John Pollok fixed his seal, showing the Pollock arms, in 1453 on the charter of St Andrews College.
  • Sir Robert Pollock of Pollock, knighted and made Baronet of Pollock, Member of Parliament.
  • James Knox Polk, 11th President of the United States.
  • Leonidas Polk, Confederate general and bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Louisiana.
  • Sir Frederick Pollock, 1st Baronet, British jurist and politician.
  • Sir Frederick Pollock, 3rd Baronet, British jurist.
  • Sir George Pollock, 1st Baronet, British Field Marshal and victor of the Battle of Kabul (1842).
  • Hugh MacDowell Pollock (1852–1937), Northern Ireland Minister of Finance.
  • Sir Michael Pollock, British Admiral of the Fleet and First Sea Lord.
  • Graeme Pollock, South African cricketer.
  • Shaun Pollock, South African cricketer.

See also

Citiations

  1. ^ Crawford, George (1710). General Description of the Shire of Renfrew, Including an Account of the Noble and Ancient Families.
  2. ^ Ritchie, R. L. Graeme (1954). The Normans in Scotland. Edinburgh University Press. p. 280. 
  3. ^ Way (1994), pp.446-447.

References

  • George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire Scottish Clan and Family Encyclopedia, Harper Collins, Glasgow, 1994. ISBN 0004705475

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