Clan Strange

Clan Strange

Clan Strange is a Lowland Scottish clan.



Origins of the Clan

This name Strange is often found more commonly as Strang, and is probably derived from the Norman or French word ‘étrange’, meaning ‘foreign’. When rendered as ‘Strang’, its etymology was believed in the past to derive from the Scots dialect word for ‘strong’. Home le Estraunge was in the service of the Scottish king around 1255. Thomas de Strang held land around Aberdeen in 1340. John Strang married, sometime around 1362, Cecilia, sister of Richard Anstruther of that Ilk, and received as part of the marriage settlement some of the lands of Balcaskie.

The origins of the name Strange or Strangeman was a nickname meaning 'the strange', from a person who was new to the community. This name is also found to be of English descent and is found in many ancient manuscripts in the above country. Examples of such are a Stephen le Strange, County Yorkshire, who was recorded in the 'Hundred Rolls', England, in the year 1273 and a John le Straunge, County Cambridgeshire, was also recorded in the same year in this ancient document. Names were recorded in these ancient documents to make it easier for their overlords to collect taxes and to keep records of the population at any given time. When the overlords acquired land by either force or gifts from their rulers, they created charters of ownership for themselves and their vassals. Other examples of this name were found in the person of a Willemus Straunge who was recorded in the 'Poll Tax', of the West Riding of Yorkshire, in the year 1379.

In Scotland William Strang of Balcaskie is mentioned in deeds around 1466. John Strang of Balcaskie acquired the ands of Ewingston and received a charter of confirmation in 1482.

16th Century & Anglo-Scottish Wars

During the Anglo-Scottish Wars of the 16th century Chief John Strang of Balcaskie was slain leading men of the clan against the English army at the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh in 1547.

17th Century

John Strang of Balcaskie sold the estate in 1615 and became a colonel in Cochrane’s Scots Regiment. Sir Robert Strange was descended from a younger son of the house of Balcaskie whose family had settled in Orkney at the time of the Reformation. He was intended for a career in the law, but instead took ship on a man-of-war heading for the Mediterranean. On his return he took up the art of engraving.

18th Century & Jacobite Uprisings

When the Jacobite army of Prince Charles Edward Stuart entered Edinburgh in September 1745, Sir Robert Strange was appointed to the Prince’s Life Guard, where he served until after the defeat at the Battle of Culloden in 1746. He managed to escape after several months as a fugitive in the Scottish Highlands and returned to obscurity in Edinburgh. In 1751 he moved to London, where he engraved several important historical prints and began to receive critical acclaim. In 1760 he left to tour Italy and produced some outstanding engravings. He died in 1792, and is generally considered the father of the art of engraving historical prints.

Clan Strange Today

In February 1995 Major Timothy Strange of Balcaskie was confirmed by Lord Lyon as Chief of the Clan Strange.

Clan Profile

  • Arms: Argent, a chevron between three lozenges Sable.
  • Crest: Dexter, on a Wreath Argent and Sable a cluster of grapes Proper; sinister, on a Wreath Argent and Sable a castle Proper, masoned Sable
  • Mottos: Dexter, Dulce quod utile (That which is useful is sweet); sinister, Stet fortuna domus (The good fortune of the house stands)
  • Supporters: Dexter, an ancient Caledonian warrior; sinister, an ancient Danish warrior (a detailed description of the warriors is given in the Lyon Register)
  • Standard: The arms in the hoist and of two tracts Argent and Sable with the Crest depicted thrice, and on two transverse bands Gules the Motto 'Dulce quod utile' in letters Or
  • Pinsel: Argent, on a Wreath of the Liveries a cluster of grapes Proper within a strap Sable and buckle embellished Or and inscribed with the Motto 'Dulce quod utile' in letters of the field and all within a circlet Or fimbriated Gules bearing the title 'Strange of Balcaskie' in letters Sable, and in the fly on an Escrol Gules surmounting a cluster of grapes Proper the slogan 'A balcaskie' in letters of the Field.

See also

External links

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