Clan Craig


Clan Craig
arms of the last chief of clan Craig, The Craig of Riccarton.[1]

Clan Craig is a Scottish clan hailing from Aberdeenshire. The clan does not have a chief recognized by the Lord Lyon King of Arms, therefore the clan has no standing under Scots Law. Clan Craig is considered an armigerous clan, meaning that it is considered to have had at one time a chief who possessed the chiefly arms, however no one at present is in possession of such arms.

The Clan Craig Association of America, however, is recognized by the Lord Lyon and is the official representative of the Clan until a chief can be found.

The Scottish surname Craig is derived from the Gaelic creag meaning "rocky hill". The surname is a topographic name for a person who lived near a steep rock,[2] and often prefixed to the names of places in hilly or mountainous districts in various parts of Scotland. The name seems to belong particularly to the north of Scotland.

John of the Craig (Johannes Del Crag) of Aberdeenshire led a party of 300 men into the Battle of Culblean in 1335. It is believed that John of the Craig was Laird of the Craig of Auchindoir - the estate next to the Den of Craig in the Parish of Auchindoir[3]. According to George Fraser Black, during the 15th century there were three families that styled themselves "of that Ilk" (meaning that the name of the family is the same as that of the place they come from i.e. Craig of Craig). The Craigs of Craigfintry - later Riccarton - became the most noted family.[4]

Thomas Craig of Riccarton 1538-1608, lawyer and writer, was descended from William Craig of Craigfintry[5][6](later Craigston) in Aberdeenshire, who was born in the last half of the 15th century. William Craig's second son (also named William Craig of Craigfintry) fought against the English at the Battle of Flodden Field in 1513, where he was slain. The last lineal descendant of the Craigs of Riccarton was Robert Craig of Riccarton who died in 1823 leaving no heirs[7]. The estate of Riccarton passed to Mr. James Gibson who assumed the name and arms of Craig, changing his name to James Gibson-Craig.[7]

Members of Clan Craig may wear a crest badge containing the crest of a chevalier on horseback in full charge grasping a broken lance in bend Proper, and the Latin motto VIVE DEO ET VIVES meaning "live for God and you shall have life". The heraldry within the crest badge is taken from the arms of Craig of Riccarton.[4]

References

  1. ^ myclan.com
  2. ^ "Craig Name Meaning and History". Ancestry.com. http://www.ancestry.com/facts/Craig-family-history.ashx. Retrieved December 24, 2008. 
  3. ^ W. Douglas-Simpson, Castle Craig and the Kirk of Auchindoir, Aberdeenshire. 1929-30
  4. ^ a b "Craig". My Clan (www.myclan.com). Archived from the original on April 17, 2005. http://web.archive.org/web/20050417235726/http://www.myclan.com/clans/Craig_183/default.php. Retrieved January 16, 2009. 
  5. ^ "Life of Thomas Craig", An account of the life and writings of Sir Thomas Craig of Riccarton By Patrick Fraser Tytler - retrieved 10th February 2010.
  6. ^ "Pedigree of Craig" Visitation of England and Wales, Volume 5, 1903 - retrieved 09.03.2010
  7. ^ a b "Old and New Edinburgh", Grant, James. Old and New Edinburgh, Volume VI, 1883 - retrieved 10th February 2010.

External links


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