Clan Mackintosh


Clan Mackintosh
Clan MackIntosh
Crest badge
Clan member crest badge - Clan Mackintosh.svg
Crest: A cat-a-mountain salient guardant Proper
Motto: Touch Not The Cat Bot A Glove ("Touch not the cat without a glove") & Loch Moigh - Rallying Cry
War cry: Loch Moigh
Profile
Region Highland
District Inverness
Plant badge Red whortleberry, bearberry, or boxwood
Gaelic name Mac-an-tòisich
Chief

Mackitosh of Mackitosh arms.svg
John Lachlan Mackintosh of Mackintosh
Gaelic title An t-Ailpeanach
Seat Moy Hall
Historic seat Moy Castle

Clan Mackintosh (Clann Mhic an Tòisich) is a Scottish clan from Inverness with strong Jacobite ties. The Mackintoshes were also chiefs of the Chattan Confederation.

Contents

History

Origins

Seathach, son of Donnchadh Mac Duibh, accompanied King Malcolm IV of Scotland to Morayshire to suppress rebellion in 1160. In 1163 he was granted land in the Findhorn valley and made constable of Inverness Castle. Upon Seathach's death in 1179, his son, Shaw the second became chief and was confirmed by William I of Scotland the Lion.[1]

Probably the earliest authentic history of Mackintosh is traceable to Shaw or Search Macduff, a cadet son of the third Earl of Fife. The son of Macduff, for his support of King Malcolm IV, was awarded the lands of Petty and Breachley in Invernesshire and was appointed Constable of the Castle thereto. Assuming the name Mac an Toisich which means "son of the toisech ['thane']" or "son of the Chief", he became the progenitor of his own clan.[1]

Scottish-Norwegian war

In 1263 the Clan Mackintosh fought at the Battle of Largs in support of King Alexander III of Scotland against King Haakon IV of Norway. The fifth Chief of the Clan Mackintosh was killed during the battle, he was called Fearchar Mac an Toisich.[2]

In 1291, Aonghas, sixth chief of Mackintosh, married Eve, the heiress of Chattan Confederation. This marriage brought the Chattan lands of Glenloy and Loch Arkaig under Mackintosh control. Since this time, the Chattan Confederation has been led by the Mackintoshes, although this has been challenged unsuccessfully by the Macphersons.[1]

Wars of Scottish Independence

Chief Aonghas Mac an Toisich later supported Robert I of Scotland during the Wars of Scottish Independence. He led the Clan Mackintosh at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314 where the English were defeated. He is placed second in the list of chiefs given by General Stewart of Garth as present in this battle.

14th century and clan conflicts

Makyntosche tartan, as published in 1842 in Vestiarium Scoticum.

Clan Mackintosh were involved in many clan battles mostly against Clan Cameron with whom they had an extensive feud which lasted over 350 years:

The Battle of Drumlui was fought in 1337: a dispute between the Clan MacKintosh and Clan Cameron over land at Glenlui and Loch Arkaig. The Camerons were defeated but started a 350 year feud.[3] The Battle of Invernahoven was fought in 1370 between the Clan Cameron and the Chattan Confederation of Clan MacKintosh, Clan Macpherson and Clan Davidson.[4] The Battle of the North Inch in 1396, fought between the Chattan Confederation, led by the Mackintoshes and the Clan Cameron. One of the most important battles between these two clans.[5]

15th century and clan conflicts

The Battle of Harlaw was fought in 1411: the Clan Mackintosh fought in support of Domhnall of Islay, Lord of the Isles, chief of Clan Donald. Other clans of the Chattan Confederation fought under the standard and command of the Mackintosh chief. The Battle of Lochaber, fought in 1429: this conflict was between forces led by Alexander of Islay, Earl of Ross, 3rd Lord of the Isles and the Royalist army of King James I of Scotland.[6] The Battle of Palm Sunday, 1429: fought between the Clan Cameron against the Clan Mackintosh and the Chattan Confederation.[7] The Battle of Inverlochy (1431): the Clan Mackintosh together with their old enemies the Clan Cameron fought against the Clan Donald whose chief Alexander of Islay, Earl of Ross had been imprisoned by the King. The MacDonalds were led by Alexander's nephew, Donald Balloch, and they defeated the army led by the Earl of Mar.

The Battle of Craig Cailloch was fought in 1441: Clan Mackintosh, at the instigation of Alexander, Lord of the Isles, began to invade and raid the Clan Cameron lands. A sanguinary conflict took place in this year at Craig Cailloch between the Camerons and the Mackintoshes in which Mackintosh's second son, Lachlann "Badenoch" was wounded and Gille Chaluim, his brother, killed.[8]

The Battle of Clachnaharry, was fought in 1454, fought between the Clan Mackintosh and the Clan Munro led by John Munro of Milntown.[9]

The Raid on Ross took place in 1491: a conflict that took place in the Scottish Highlands. It was fought between the Clan Mackenzie against several other clans, including the Clan MacDonald of Lochalsh, Clan MacDonald of Clanranald the Clan Cameron and the Chattan Confederation of Clan Mackintosh. They then proceeded to Inverness where they stormed the Inverness Castle and Mackintosh placed a garrison in it.[10]

16th century and clan conflicts

The Battle of Bun Garbhain was fought in 1570 between the Clan Cameron and Clan Mackintosh. Domhnall Dubh Camshròn, XV Chief of Clan Cameron, had died, leaving an infant son, Ailean, at the head of the clan. During the battle the chief of MacKintosh is believed to have been killed by Donald 'Taillear Dubh na Tuaighe' Cameron, (son of the XIV Chief of Clan Cameron), with a fearsome Lochaber axe.[11] In 1592 the Clan Mackintosh captured and destroyed Auchindoun Castle in Auchindoun near Dufftown which then belonged to the Clan Cochrane. The castle later passed to the Clan Ogilvy.

The Battle of Glenlivet was fought in 1594. The Clan Mackintosh and Chattan Confederation fought on the side of the Earl of Argyll along with Clan Campbell, Clan Stewart of Atholl and Clan Forbes. They were defeated by the Earl of Huntly's forces which consisted of Clan Gordon, Clan Comyn and Clan Cameron.[12]

17th century and Civil War

During the Civil War of the 17th century the Clan Mackintosh were staunch royalist supporters of the King. They fought in the royalist army which was commanded by James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose.

The Stand-off at the Fords of Arkaig took place in 1665 between the Chattan Confederation led by the Clan Mackintosh against the Clan Cameron.[13] The Battle of Mulroy was fought in 1668, Clan Cameron and Clan Mackintosh were at peace and Cameron Chief Sir Eòbhann was responsible for keeping the peace between his men and their former enemies. However, when the Chief Sir Eòbhann Camshròn was away in London a feud broke out between Clan MacDonald of Keppoch and their enemies Clan Mackintosh and Clan Mackenzie. As the Cameron Chief was away he was not able to hold back his clan and the combined forces of Cameron and MacDonald defeated the Mackintoshes and Mackenzies.[14]

18th century and the Jacobite uprisings

During the 18th century the Clan Mackintosh supported the Jacobite cause and the House of Stewart. On 15 September 1715 the Clan Mackintosh fought as Jacobites at the Battle of Sherrifmuir where the Jacobites were defeated by British government forces.[15] At the Battle of Glenshiel in 1719 Mackintoshes were led by Mackintosh of Borlum.

Lady Anne Farquharson-MacKintosh

By the time of the 1745 rebellion Angus Mackintosh, the chief of Clan Mackintosh, had become a company commander in the British Black Watch regiment. While he was away on duty his wife, Lady Anne Farquharson-MacKintosh rallied 350 men of the Clan Mackintosh and Chattan Confederation to the Jacobite standard at the Battle of Culloden in April 1746. Angus was captured at the Battle of Prestonpans and was paroled to his wife. She famously greeted him with the words, "Your servant, captain" to which he replied, "your servant, colonel" thereby giving her the nickname 'Colonel' Anne

At Culloden, the Mackintosh Clan was the first to charge the British troops. They broke through the first two ranks, but then found themselves trapped behind the lines. Almost all of the Mackintosh warriors were killed.

Chiefs

See Main Article: Chiefs of Clan Mackintosh

The present Chief is John Lachlan Mackintosh (born 1969), formally styled as The Mackintosh. The Mackintosh has been Chief since 1995 and currently resides in Singapore, being Head of History in the Humanities Faculty at Nanyang Girls' High School.

Castles

  • Moy Hall is the current seat of the Chief of Clan Mackintosh.
  • Moy Castle on Moy Island, on Loch Moy was the original seat of the chief of Clan Mackintosh.

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Clan MacKintosh — Le Clan MacKintosh est un clan écossais des Highlands écossaises. Le clan MacKintosh a une histoire commune avec la Confédération Chattan. Makyntosche tartan, publié en 1842 dans le Vestiarium Scoticum …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clan Mackintosh — Tartan des Mackintosh Clans Mackintosh (Mac an Toisich: „Sohn des Oberhauptes“) ist der Name eines schottischen Clans, der aus dem Gebiet östlich des Loch Ness stammt und auf Shaw MacDuff, zurückgeht, den dritten Sohn des Earl of Fife aus dem 12 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chiefs of Clan Mackintosh — The following table is a list of some of the previous chiefs of Clan Mackintosh who were also chiefs of the Chattan Confederation until 1938.[1] Name (+ Gaelic Name) Died Further info John Lachlan Mackintosh of Mackintosh, 31st chief Resides in… …   Wikipedia

  • MacKintosh — Clan MacKintosh Le Clan MacKintosh est un clan écossais des Highlands écossaises. Le clan MacKintosh a une histoire commune avec la Confédération Chattan. Makyntosche tartan, publié en 1842 dans le Vestiarium Scoticum …   Wikipédia en Français

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