Clan Stirling


Clan Stirling
Clan Stirling
Crest badge
Clan member crest badge - Clan Stirling.svg
Crest: Issuing out of an antique coronet Or a hart's head couped Azure
Motto: GANG FORWARD
Profile
Region Lowlands
District East Dunbartonshire Stirlingshire Perthshire
Chief

Stirling of Cadder arms.svg
Francis John Stirling of Cadder, Chief of the Name and Arms of Stirling, Representer of the Stirlings of Cadder,[1]
Chief of the Name and Arms of Stirling
Seat Oakley Street, London SW3[2]
Historic seat Cadder House



Clan Stirling is a Lowland Scottish clan.

Contents

History

Origins of the Clan

The originator of the Clan Stirling is believed to be a man by the name of Thoraldus de Strivelyn vicecomes de Strivelyn who was granted a charter of lands in Cadder by King David I of Scotland in 1147. His descendant Sir Alexander de Strivelyn, the fifth Laird of Cadder, died in 1304.

Wars of Scottish Independence

During the Wars of Scottish Independence Alexander's heir, Chief John de Strivelyn led the clan against the English at the Battle of Halidon Hill in 1333 where he was killed. His grandson, Sir William had two sons. The succession of chieftenship passed through his first son, William for four generations and then passed to the grandson of his second son John.

15th Century

John was the governor of the Royal Dumbarton Castle and was sheriff of Dumbartonshire. He was appointed armour bearer by King James I of Scotland and Comptroller of the Royal Household. He was knighted in 1430. His son, William acquired the lands of Glorat from the Earl of Lennox. He also held Dumbarton Castle for the King. The Stirlings obtained the lands of Keir in Perthshire in the mid 15th century.

16th Century & Anglo-Scottish Wars

In the 16th century during the Anglo-Scottish Wars William's son George who was now the chief also held Dunbarton Castle. His lands were forfeited after leading the clan into battle at the Battle of Linlithgow against the King's authority in 1526 but they were restored the following year. George led the clan into battle against the English at the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh in 1547. He died later of wounds he received at the battle.

In 1563 a battle took place between the Clan Stirling and the Clan Kincaid family. Malcolm Kincaid, the head of the family, lost an arm. However this did not stop Malcolm from fighting as the two clans met again for another battle where the Kincaid leader was finally dispatched by a Stirling of Glorat in 1581.

17th Century & Civil War

George's great-grandson Sir Mungo Stirling was a staunch adherent of King Charles I who knighted him in recognition of his bravery. The Clan Stirling fought under James Graham the 1st Marquess of Montrose at the Battle of Philiphaugh in 1645. Sir Mungo Stirling's son, George Stirling was created a Baronet of Nova Scotia in 1666.

18th Century & Jacobite Uprisings - Sir James Stirling of Keir[3]

Sir James was born on 1st November 1679, and was served heir-male to his immediate brother John in the Barony of Keir on 1st May 1694 at the age of 15.

The Stirlings of Keir were ardent Jacobites and in 1708 James Stirling of Keir was imprisoned in London's Newgate Jail for his part to restore the Stuarts (his in-laws) to the throne. James also fought at the battle of Sheriffmuir in 1715, which was fought on lands owned to this day by the Stirlings of Kippendavie. The Keir lands were forfeit for his part in the activities, but were purchased back by friends for his son. Nevertheless James once again fought in the battle of the '45 with Bonnie Prince Charlie.

He was married on 24th February 1704 in Cardonald to Marion Stuart, the eldest daughter of Alexander Stuart, Lord Blantyre and Anne Hamilton, his second wife. Anne was the daughter of Sir Robert Hamilton, Lord Pressman.

Sir David Stirling

Perhaps the most famous Stirling was Sir David Stirling who was the founder of the British special forces unit, the 22nd Special Air Service. Stirling commanded the unit in the African theatre of World War II, where its activities behind enemy lines considerably hindered the activities of the forces of the German General Rommel.

Clan Chief

The current chief of Clan Stirling is Francis John Stirling of Cadder, Chief of the Name and Arms of Stirling, Representer of the Stirlings of Cadder.[4]

Clan Castles

  • Cadder Estate was the ancient seat of the chiefs of Clan Stirling.
  • Drumpellier House
  • Keir House
  • Dumbarton Castle, several chiefs of Clan Stirling from the 15th century onwards have been sheriffs of Dunbarton.
  • Glorat House, Home to the Stirlings of Glorat

Clan Stirling

Note: Clan Stirling has no recognized septs.

Spelling variations [5] of the name Stirling include (among others):

Stairline, Stairling, Starling, Stairlink, Sterline, Sterling, Sterlink, Sterlline, Sterlling, Sterllink, Steuline, Steuling, Steulink, Stewline, Stewling, Stewlink, Stirine, Stiring, Stirink, Stirline, Stirling, Stirlink, Strifelan, Strifeland, Strifelane, Strifelant, Strifelen, Strifelend, Strifelent, Strifelind, Strifelint, Strifelyn, Strifelynd, Striffelan, Striffeland, Striffelane, Striffelant, Striffelen, Striffelend, Striffelent, Striffelind, Striffelint, Striffelyn, Striffelynd, Strivelan, Striveland, Strivelane, Strivelant, Strivelen, Strivelend, Strivelent, Strivelind, Strivelint, Strivelyn, Strivelynd, Sturline, Sturling, Sturlink, Styrline, Styrling, Styrlink.

See also

References

  1. ^ clanchiefs.org
  2. ^ clanchiefs.org
  3. ^ Stirlings of Keir [1]
  4. ^ clanstirling.org[2]
  5. ^ clanstirling.net [3]

External links


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