Royal Antelope

Royal Antelope
Royal Antelope
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Genus: Neotragus
Species: N. pygmaeus
Binomial name
Neotragus pygmaeus
(Linnaeus, 1758)

The Royal Antelope (Neotragus pygmaeus) is a West African antelope, only 25–30 cm (10–12 inches) high at the shoulder and weighing only 3.2–3.6 kg (9–10 lb) — it is the smallest of all antelopes. Their calves are small enough to fit into the average person's open hand. It is light brown in colour, with a paler underbelly and slightly darker heads and flanks. The male has small, spike-like horns, about 2.5 cm (1 inch) long.

Royal Antelopes live in dense forests in West Africa, feeding on leaves and fruit in the undergrowth. They are mostly nocturnal and are very shy, reputedly able to leap 2.5 metres in one bound if disturbed.[citation needed] They are not gregarious, living on their own or occasionally in pairs.


  1. ^ IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group (2008). Neotragus pygmaeus. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 13 November 2008.Database entry includes justification for why this species is listed as Least Concern.