Sable Antelope


Sable Antelope

Taxobox
name = Sable Antelope
status = LR/cd | status_system = IUCN2.3
trend = down



image_width = 270px
image_caption = Sable Bull (Kafue, Zambia)
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Mammalia
ordo = Artiodactyla
familia = Bovidae
subfamilia = Hippotraginae
genus = "Hippotragus"
species = "H. niger"
binomial = "Hippotragus niger"
binomial_authority = Harris, 1838

The Sable Antelope ("Hippotragus niger") is an antelope which inhabits wooded savannah in East Africa south of Kenya, and in Southern Africa.

ubspecies

There are three subspecies:
* "H. n. niger" which is considered low risk conservation dependent
* "H. n. varani" (Giant Sable Antelope) of central Angola which is classified as critically endangered
* "H. n. kirkii" (Zambian Sable Antelope) of central Angola and western Zambia and is classified as vulnerable

Description

The Sable Antelope stands 120 to 140 centimetres at the shoulder and weigh 200 to 270 kilograms, males being larger than females. Female Sable Antelope are chestnut to dark brown darkening as they mature while males are very distinctively black. Both sexes have a white underbelly, white cheeks and a white chin. They have a shaggy mane on the back of their neck. Sable antelope have ringed horns which arch backward, in females these can reach a meter, but in males they can reach over one and a half meters.

Ecology and behavior

Sable Antelope live in wooded savannah where they eat mid-length grass and leaves. They are diurnal but are less active during the heat of the day. Sable Antelope form herds of ten to thirty females and calves led by a single male. Sable Antelope males will fight among themselves; they drop to their knees and use their horns.

Miscellaneous

*The sable antelope was one of the national emblems of Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe).
*The sable antelope was also introduced into Texas as game in private ranches.

Gallery

References

*

External links

*ARKive - [http://www.arkive.org/species/GES/mammals/Hippotragus_niger/ images and movies of the sable antelope "(Hippotragus niger)"]
*Sable Behavior [http://wildlife-nature.com/sabletxt.htm]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sable antelope — Sable Sa ble, a. Of the color of the sable s fur; dark; black; used chiefly in poetry. [1913 Webster] Night, sable goddess! from her ebon throne, In rayless majesty, now stretches forth Her leaden scepter o er a slumbering world. Young. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sable antelope — n. a large antelope (Hippotragus niger) of South Africa, with long, scimitar shaped, ringed horns …   English World dictionary

  • sable antelope — a large antelope, Hippotragus niger, of Africa, with long, saberlike horns and, in the male, a black coat: an endangered species. * * * ▪ mammal  one of Africa s most impressive antelopes (antelope) and a member of the horse antelope tribe… …   Universalium

  • sable antelope — noun large black East African antelope with sharp backward curving horns • Syn: ↑Hippotragus niger • Hypernyms: ↑antelope • Member Holonyms: ↑Hippotragus, ↑genus Hippotragus * * * noun …   Useful english dictionary

  • sable antelope — juodoji antilopė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Hippotragus niger angl. sable antelope vok. Rappenantilope rus. чёрная антилопа pranc. antilope noire; hippotrague noir ryšiai: platesnis terminas –… …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas

  • sable antelope — noun A large antelope (Hippotragus niger) of eastern and southern Africa …   Wiktionary

  • sable antelope — sa′ble an telope n. mam a large African antelope, Hippotragus niger, with long, saberlike horns and, in the male, a black coat …   From formal English to slang

  • sable antelope — /seɪbəl ˈæntəloʊp/ (say saybuhl antuhlohp) noun a large antelope, Hippotragus niger, of Africa, with long, sabre like horns …   Australian English dictionary

  • Giant Sable Antelope — Taxobox name = Giant Sable Antelope status = CR status system = iucn2.3 trend = down image width = 250px regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Mammalia ordo = Artiodactyla familia = Bovidae subfamilia = Hippotraginae genus = Hippotragus… …   Wikipedia

  • Sable — Sa ble, a. Of the color of the sable s fur; dark; black; used chiefly in poetry. [1913 Webster] Night, sable goddess! from her ebon throne, In rayless majesty, now stretches forth Her leaden scepter o er a slumbering world. Young. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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