Bovinae


Bovinae

Taxobox
name = Bovinae
fossil_range = Miocene to Recent



image_width = 240px
image_caption = water buffalo
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Mammalia
ordo = Artiodactyla
familia = Bovidae
subfamilia = Bovinae
subfamilia_authority = Gray, 1821
subdivision_ranks = Tribes
subdivision =
Bovini

Boselaphini

Strepsicerotini
The biological subfamily bovines includes a diverse group of 10 species of medium to large sized ungulates, including domestic cattle, Bison, Water Buffalo, the Yak, and the four-horned and spiral-horned antelopes. The evolutionary relationship between the members of the group is obscure, and their classification into loose tribes rather than formal sub-groups reflects this uncertainty. General characteristics include a cloven hoof and usually at least one of the sexes of a species having a true horn.

In most countries, bovines are used for food. Cows are eaten almost everywhere except most parts of India, where bovines are considered sacred by Hindus.

ystematics and Classification

* FAMILY BOVIDAE
** Subfamily Bovinae
*** Tribe Boselaphini
**** Genus "Tetracerus"
*****Four-horned Antelope, "Tetracerus quadricornis"
**** Genus "Boselaphus"
*****Nilgai or blue bull, "Boselaphus tragocamelus" (not to be confused with the extinct Bluebuck "Hippotragus leucophaeus", Hippotraginae)
*** Tribe Bovini
**** Genus "Bubalus"
***** Domestic Asian Water buffalo, "Bubalus bubalus"
***** Wild Asian Water buffalo, "Bubalus Arnee"
***** Lowland Anoa, "Bubalus depressicornis"
***** Mountain Anoa, "Bubalus quarlesi"
***** Tamaraw, "Bubalus mindorensis"
**** Genus "Bos"
***** Aurochs, "Bos primigenius" (extinct)
***** Banteng, "Bos javanicus"
***** Gaur, "Bos gaurus"
***** Gayal, "Bos frontalis" (domestic gaur)
***** Yak, "Bos mutus"
***** Domestic Cattle, "Bos taurus" (increasingly considered a subspecies of "Bos primigenius")
***** Kouprey, "Bos sauveli"
**** Genus "Pseudonovibos"
***** Kting Voar, "Pseudonovibos spiralis"
**** Genus "Pseudoryx"
***** Saola, "Pseudoryx nghetinhensis"
**** Genus "Syncerus"
***** African Buffalo, "Syncerus caffer"
**** Genus "Bison"
***** American Bison, "Bison bison"
***** Wisent, "Bison bonasus"
***** Steppe Wisent, "Bison priscus" (extinct)
*** Tribe Strepsicerotini
**** Genus "Tragelaphus" (antelope-like)
***** Sitatunga, "Tragelaphus spekeii"
***** Nyala, "Tragelaphus angasii"
***** Bushbuck, "Tragelaphus scriptus"
***** Mountain Nyala "Tragelaphus buxtoni"
***** Lesser Kudu, "Tragelaphus imberbis"
***** Greater Kudu, "Tragelaphus strepsiceros"
***** Bongo, "Tragelaphus eurycerus"
**** Genus "Taurotragus"
***** Common Eland, "Taurotragus oryx"
***** Giant Eland, "Taurotragus derbianus"

Etymology

Bovine is derived from Latin bos, "ox", through Late Latin bovinus.

Bibliography

* International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. 2003. Opinion 2027 (Case 3010). Usage of 17ΔбГ specific names based on wild species which are pre-dated by or contemporary with those based on domestic animals (Lepidoptera, Osteichthyes, Mammalia): conserved. Bull.Zool.Nomencl., 60:81-84.

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bovinae — Flachland Anoa (Bubalus depressicornis) Systematik Unterklasse: Höhere Säugetiere (Eutheria) Überordnung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bovinae — ? Bovinae …   Википедия

  • Bovinae — n. a term essentially coextensive with the genus {Bos}, including cattle, buffalo, and sometimes kudu; it is not used technically. Syn: subfamily Bovinae. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bovinae — Para la localidad de Apulia, Italia, véase Bovino (Italia).   Bovinae …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bovinae — Bovinés …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bovinae — Rind; Rindvieh * * * Bovinae,   die Rinder …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bovinae — noun term not used technically; essentially coextensive with genus Bos: cattle; buffalo; and sometimes includes kudu • Syn: ↑subfamily Bovinae • Hypernyms: ↑mammal family • Member Holonyms: ↑Bovidae, ↑family Bovid …   Useful english dictionary

  • bovinae — n. (Zoology) mammal family that includes hoofed domestic cattle and buffalo and bison (may include the kudu) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • BOVINAE seu BOVINIUM — BOVINAE, seu BOVINIUM Urbs Comitatus Namurcensis in ripa Mosae flum. laeva. Metel …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Подсемейство Быки (Bovinae) —          Быки самые крупные из полорогих. Это могучие и сильные животные. Массивное тело их покоится на крепких конечностях, тяжелая, широкая, низкопосажен ная голова как у самцов, так и у самок увенчана рогами, толстыми и короткими у одних видов …   Биологическая энциклопедия


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