- Taiwan Serow
Formosan Serow Conservation status Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Artiodactyla Family: Bovidae Subfamily: Caprinae Genus: Capricornis Species: C. swinhoei Binomial name Capricornis swinhoei Synonyms
Both sexes bear horns that curve slightly backward and measure 10-20 centimeters in length. The horns are conical in shape and are never shed. The Formosan serow is the only native bovid of Taiwan.
Life Style and Behavior
They are highly vigilant and not easy to observe. However, you can easily find their feces in Yushan National Park. At sunrises or sunsets, you can find them eating in the woods singly or in small numbers. They generally eat the leaves below the shoulder height, or vines, ferns, shrubs, or herbs on the ground. In addition, they need to absorb salt. So, you can find them licking minerals deposited on cliffs or rocks.
Taiwan serows can jump as high as 2m and run as fast as 20 km per hour. Among all mammals in Taiwan, they are the best high jumpers. They can be found at an elevation as low as 50 meters, but is mostly seen at 1000 meters or up to 3500 meters. Their habitats include conifer forest, mixed broad-leaved forests, and the steep slopes of bare rocks and gravel cliffs. You can sometimes spot them on top of Nanhu Mountain (南湖大山), Hsuehshan (雪山), Yushan (玉山), and Siouguluan Mountain (秀姑巒山). They also live in the Taroko National Park. Their hoofs separate to two sides and can easily hold on to rocks on steep slopes. They are also good tree climbers. They are solitary and territorial, which use tears to smear branches or stones as markers.
September to November is Taiwan Serow's mating season. Their gestation period lasts about seven months. Calves are delivered between next year's March and June. Usually it gives birth to one calf. Sometimes it can deliver twin. New born calves can stand on their own in just a few hours. Three-months old calves can feed by themselves, but can still be nursed by mothers. Males do not take care of calves. From six-months to one-year old, calves gradually separate from mothers and live independently. They grow to sexual maturity in two to three years and can live up to approximately 15 years.
Since 1989, Formosan serows were listed as rare and valuable species (珍貴稀有保育類) and protected by Taiwan's Cultural Heritage Preservation Law (Traditional Chinese: 文化資產保存法). The main threats to the Formosan serow are habitat destruction and harvesting.
- ^ a b c "Capricornis swinhoei: Formosan serow". Ultimate Ungulate. 2008. http://www.ultimateungulate.com/Artiodactyla/Capricornis_swinhoei.html. Retrieved 2008-12-21.
- ^ "Mammals of Taiwan: Artiodactyla". Travel Taiwan Information Center. 2008. http://www.traveltaiwan.com/e/em.html#serow. Retrieved 2008-12-21. [dead link]
- ^ a b "Alpine Tundra Areas: Fauna". Government Information Office. 2008. http://www.gio.gov.tw/info/ecology/English/animals_e/ColdAnimals_e/ColdAnimals01_e.htm. Retrieved 2008-12-21.
- ^ "A Formosan serow (Capricornis crispus swinhoei) fights for life". National Parks of Taiwan. May 20 2008. http://np.cpami.gov.tw/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=642&Itemid=95. Retrieved 2008-12-21. [dead link]
- ^ a b c 徐佩霜 & 李培芬 (August 2001). "台灣長鬃山羊". National Taiwan University. http://conservation.forest.gov.tw/public/Data/5111111291071.pdf. Retrieved 2008-12-21.
- ^ "Capricornis crispus swinhoei". National Taiwan University. 2008. http://archive.zo.ntu.edu.tw/english/mamm_map.asp?mamm_id=M0062. Retrieved 2008-12-21.
- ^ Chiang, P.J. & Pei, K.J (2008). "Capricornis swinhoei". IUCN Red List. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/3810/0/full. Retrieved 2008-12-21.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Serow (disambiguation) — Serow may refer to: *Three species of Asian ungulate in the genus Capricornis **Japanese Serow **Mainland Serow **Taiwan Serow *Alternative spelling of Serov … Wikipedia
Serow — Taxobox name = SerowMSW3 Grubb|pages=703 705|id=14200788] image caption = Mainland Serow Capricornis sumatraensis regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Mammalia ordo = Artiodactyla familia = Bovidae subfamilia = Caprinae genus =… … Wikipedia
serow — /ser oh/, n. a goat antelope of the genus Capricornis, of eastern Asia, related to the goral: the Sumatran serow is endangered. [1840 50; perh. from a source akin to Lepcha sa ar goat] * * * ▪ mammal goatlike mammal that ranges from Japan… … Universalium
Serow — Capricornis Capricornis … Wikipédia en Français
serow — [ sɛrəʊ] noun a goat antelope with short, sharp horns and long coarse hair, native to SE Asia, Taiwan, and Japan. [Genus Capricornis: two species.] Origin C19: prob. from Lepcha sā ro … English new terms dictionary
Mainland Serow — Conservation status … Wikipedia
Japanese Serow — Japanese Serow Conservation status … Wikipedia
List of mammals in Taiwan — This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Taiwan. There are 84 mammal species in Taiwan, of which 0 are critically endangered, 5 are endangered, 8 are vulnerable, and 2 are near threatened. [This list is derived from the IUCN Red List… … Wikipedia
Endemic species of Taiwan — The endemic species of Taiwan are organisms that are endemic to the island of Taiwan mdash; that is, they occur nowhere else on Earth. Percentages of endemic animals of all living species in Taiwan. * Order Artiodactyla (Even toed Ungulates) #… … Wikipedia
Sika Deer — Not to be confused with Sitka deer. Sika Deer Male (stag) … Wikipedia