- Philippine Warty Pig
name = Philippine Warty Pig
status = VU
status_system = iucn3.1
genus = "
species = "S. philippensis"
binomial = "Sus philippensis"
binomial_authority = Nehring, 1886
The Philippine Warty Pig, "Sus philippensis", is one of three known
pig speciesendemic to the Philippines. The other two endemic species are the Visayan Warty Pig("S. cebifrons") and the Palawan Bearded Pig("S. ahoenobarbus"), both also being rare members of the Suidaefamily. Philippine Warty Pigs have two pairs of warts, with a tuft of hair extending outwards from the warts closest to the jaw.
There are at least three recognized
subspeciesof the Philippine Warty Pig:
* "S. p. philippensis" (from
Luzonand nearby islands)
* "S. p. oliveri" (from
Mindoro) (this subspecies has also been listed as a distinct species, "S. oliveri", Oliver's Warty Pig).
* "S. p. mindanensis" (from
Distribution and Habitat
In general, the original distribution of "S. philippensis" covered the western islands of the Philippines, while the original distribution of "S. cebifrons" covered the central and eastern islands. Specifically, the range of Philippine Warty Pigs included
Luzon, Biliran, Samar, Leyte, Mindoro, Mindanao, Jolo, Polillo, Catanduanes, and possibly other islands. Moreover, it was formerly found in most habitats (from sea level to up to 2800 m) but is now confined to remote forests due to loss of habitat and heavy hunting by noose traps or trigger set bullets.
Wild pigs have been reported in
Boholand Sibuyan, although it is unclear whether these populations are "S. cebifrons" or "S. philippensis".
Relation to other Pigs (
The Philippine Warty Pig is closely related to the
Bearded Pig("Sus barbatus"), and in fact was once thought to be a subspecies ("i.e.", "S. b. philippensis") like the PalawanBearded Pig ("S. b. ahoenobarbus"). The Palawan Bearded Pig is now also frequently classified not as a subspecies, but as a separate Philippine endemic pig species, "S. ahoenobarbus".
With loss of its natural habitat from deforestation and uncontrolled logging and hunting, Philippine Warty Pigs have come into close contact with
domestic pigs ("Sus scrofa domestica") (the domesticated variety of the non-endemic Eurasian Wild Boar), and hybridizationhas been reported. Accordingly, genetic contamination of Philippine Warty Pig stock is a real, and irreversible, problem.Verify source|date=August 2008Fact|date=August 2008
Wild Pigs of the Philippines
* [http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/classification/Sus_philippensis.html Classification]
* [http://www.fieldmuseum.org/Philippine_Mammals/Sus_philippensis.htm Sus philippensis of Philippine Mamillian Fauna]
* [http://www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/im/im0128_full.html Mindanao montane rain forests (IM0128)]
* [http://www.iucn.org/themes/ssc/sgs/pphsg/home.htm Pigs, Peccaries, and Hippos Specialist Group]
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