Philippine Warty Pig


Philippine Warty Pig

Taxobox
name = Philippine Warty Pig
status = VU
status_system = iucn3.1


regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Mammalia
ordo = Artiodactyla
familia = Suidae
subfamilia = Suinae
genus = "Sus"
species = "S. philippensis"
binomial = "Sus philippensis"
binomial_authority = Nehring, 1886

The Philippine Warty Pig, "Sus philippensis", is one of three known pig species endemic to the Philippines. The other two endemic species are the Visayan Warty Pig ("S. cebifrons") and the Palawan Bearded Pig ("S. ahoenobarbus"), both also being rare members of the Suidae family. Philippine Warty Pigs have two pairs of warts, with a tuft of hair extending outwards from the warts closest to the jaw.

Subspecies

There are at least three recognized subspecies of the Philippine Warty Pig:
* "S. p. philippensis" (from Luzon and nearby islands)
* "S. p. oliveri" (from Mindoro) (this subspecies has also been listed as a distinct species, "S. oliveri", Oliver's Warty Pig).
* "S. p. mindanensis" (from Mindanao)

Distribution and Habitat

In general, the original distribution of "S. philippensis" covered the western islands of the Philippines, while the original distribution of "S. cebifrons" covered the central and eastern islands. Specifically, the range of Philippine Warty Pigs included Luzon, Biliran, Samar, Leyte, Mindoro, Mindanao, Jolo, Polillo, Catanduanes, and possibly other islands. Moreover, it was formerly found in most habitats (from sea level to up to 2800 m) but is now confined to remote forests due to loss of habitat and heavy hunting by noose traps or trigger set bullets.

Wild pigs have been reported in Bohol and Sibuyan, although it is unclear whether these populations are "S. cebifrons" or "S. philippensis".

Relation to other Pigs (Suidae)

The Philippine Warty Pig is closely related to the Bearded Pig ("Sus barbatus"), and in fact was once thought to be a subspecies ("i.e.", "S. b. philippensis") like the Palawan Bearded Pig ("S. b. ahoenobarbus"). The Palawan Bearded Pig is now also frequently classified not as a subspecies, but as a separate Philippine endemic pig species, "S. ahoenobarbus".

Hybridization

With loss of its natural habitat from deforestation and uncontrolled logging and hunting, Philippine Warty Pigs have come into close contact with domestic pigs ("Sus scrofa domestica") (the domesticated variety of the non-endemic Eurasian Wild Boar), and hybridization has been reported. Accordingly, genetic contamination of Philippine Warty Pig stock is a real, and irreversible, problem.Verify source|date=August 2008Fact|date=August 2008

ee also

* Wild Pigs of the Philippines

External links

* [http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/classification/Sus_philippensis.html Classification]
* [http://www.fieldmuseum.org/Philippine_Mammals/Sus_philippensis.htm Sus philippensis of Philippine Mamillian Fauna]
* [http://www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/im/im0128_full.html Mindanao montane rain forests (IM0128)]
* [http://www.iucn.org/themes/ssc/sgs/pphsg/home.htm Pigs, Peccaries, and Hippos Specialist Group]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oliver's Warty Pig — (Mindoro Warty Pig) Conservation status Endangered (IUCN 3.1)[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Philippine Deer — Philippine Deer[1] Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Pig — Taxobox name = Pig image width = 250px image caption = A sow and her piglet. regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Mammalia subclassis = Theria infraclassis = Eutheria ordo = Artiodactyla familia = Suidae subfamilia = Suinae genus = Sus… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Philippine endangered species — Endangered Plant Species*Tree FernScientific Name: Cyathea spp. Family: Cyatheaceae Common Name: Tree Fern Local Name: Natong *Chamberlain s Pitogo Scientific Name: Cycas chamberlainii Br. Kienh. Family: Cycadaceae Common Name: Chamberlain s… …   Wikipedia

  • Sika Deer — Not to be confused with Sitka deer. Sika Deer Male (stag) …   Wikipedia

  • Visayan Spotted Deer — Visayan Spotted Deer[1] Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Tamaraw — Conservation status Critically Endangered (IUCN 3.1) …   Wikipedia

  • Deer — This article is about the ruminant animal. For other uses, see Deer (disambiguation). Fawn and Stag redirect here. For other uses, see Fawn (disambiguation) and Stag (disambiguation). Deer Temporal range: Early Oligocene–Recent …   Wikipedia

  • Water Buffalo — This article is about the domesticated Water Buffalo. For its endangered wild ancestor, see Wild water buffalo. For the wild African species, see African buffalo. For other uses, see Water buffalo (disambiguation). Water Buffalo Water buffalo cow …   Wikipedia

  • Sambar (deer) — Sambar Conservation status Vulnerable (IUCN 3.1) …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.