- Least Concern
Least Concern (LC) is an IUCN category assigned to extant species or lower taxa which have been evaluated but do not qualify for any other category. As such they do not qualify as threatened, nor
Near Threatened, nor (prior to 2001) Conservation Dependent. Many common species such as the Rock Pigeon, Common Juniper, the Snail Kiteand Sacred Kingfisherare assigned the Least Concern category.
Species cannot be assigned the Least Concern category unless they have had their population status evaluated. That is, adequate information is needed to make a direct, or indirect, assessment of its risk of extinction based on its distribution and/or population status.
Since 2001 the category has had the acronym "LC", following the IUCN 2001 Categories & Criteria (version 3.1). [cite web|url=http://www.redlist.org/info/categories_criteria2001|title=2001 Categories & Criteria (version 3.1)|work=The IUCN Red List of Threathened Species|accessdate=2006-12-19] However, around 20% of Least Concern taxa (3261 of 15636) in the IUCN database use the code "LR/lc", which indicates they have not been re-evaluated since 2000. Prior to 2001 "least concern" was a subcategory of the "Lower Risk" category and assigned the code "LR/lc" or (lc).
While "Least Concern" is not considered a "red listed" category by the IUCN, the 2006 Red List still assigns the category to 15636 taxa. The number of animal species listed in this category totals 14033 (which includes one novel species,
Moss Frogs[cite web|url=http://www.redlist.org/search/details.php?species=58913|title=Philautus sp. nov. 'Kalpatta'|work=The IUCN Red List of Threathened Species|accessdate=2006-12-19] ). There are also 101 animal subspecies listed and 1500 plant taxa (1410 species, 55 subspecies, and 35 varieties). There are also two animal subpopulations listed: the Australasian and Southern African subpopulations of Spiny Dogfish. No fungior protistahave the classification, though only four species in those kingdoms have been evaluated by the IUCN. Humans qualify for this category, although they have not been formally assessed by the IUCN.
*Canada's COSEWIC designates Wildlife Species as "Not At Risk" (NAR) when they have been evaluated to be not at risk of extinction given the current circumstances.
NatureServe conservation statususes the ranking of "Secure" (G5) for "demonstrably widespread, abundant, and secure" species.
*The WWF uses "relatively stable/relatively intact" (RS) as the least concern status for
Many category or ranking systems simply do not list Least Concern species. For example
Australia's EPBC Act does not have a category for "not at risk" species, although such species may be found amongst the lists of "unsuccessful nominations" or "removed" (delisted) fauna and flora. There are, however, other reasons species may be found on these lists, such as taxonomic changes. The US Endangered Species Actlikewise does not list species which are not at risk.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Least Concern — (LC) IUCN Red List category by which a taxon does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened; widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category. See also Critically Endangered, Data Deficient,… … Expanded glossary of Cycad terms
Least weasel — Temporal range: Late Pleistocene–Recent Middle European weasel (Mustela nivalis vulgaris) at the British Wildlife Centre, Surrey, England … Wikipedia
Least Bittern — Conservation status Least Concern (IUC … Wikipedia
Least Storm Petrel — Conservation status Least Concern (IUCN 3.1) Scientific classification Kin … Wikipedia
Least Shrew Tenrec — Least Shrew Tenrec Conservation status Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)[2 … Wikipedia
Least chipmunk — Conservation status Least Concern (IUCN 3.1 … Wikipedia
Least Nighthawk — Conservation status Least Concern (IUCN 3.1) Scientific classification Kingdo … Wikipedia
Least Gerbil — Taxobox name = Least gerbil status = LC | status system = IUCN3.1 trend = unknown regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Mammalia ordo = Rodentia superfamilia = Muroidea familia = Muridae subfamilia = Gerbillinae genus = Gerbillus species … Wikipedia
Least Tern — Taxobox name = Least Tern status = LC | status system = IUCN3.1 image width = 240px image caption = Least Tern, California subspecies regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Charadriiformes familia = Sternidae genus = Sternula… … Wikipedia
Least Sandpiper — Taxobox name = Least Sandpiper status = LC | status system = IUCN3.1 status ref = [IUCN2006|assessors=BirdLife International|year=2004|id=49081|title=Calidris minutilla|downloaded=9 May 2006 Database entry includes justification for why this… … Wikipedia