Little Red Brocket


Little Red Brocket
Little Red Brocket
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Suborder: Ruminantia
Family: Cervidae
Genus: Mazama
Species: M. rufina
Binomial name
Mazama rufina
Bourcier & Pucheran, 1852

The Little Red Brocket (Mazama rufina), also known as the Ecuador Red Brocket,[2] is a small, little-studied deer native to the Andes of Colombia, Ecuador and northern Peru, where found in forest and páramo at altitudes between 1,400 and 3,600 metres (4,600 and 11,800 ft).[1] It is one of the smallest brocket deer. The coat is reddish, and the legs and crown are blackish.[3] As recently as 1999, some authorities included both the Pygmy Brocket (M. nana) and Merida Brocket (M. bricenii) as subspecies of the Little Red Brocket.[4]

The Little Red Brocket may have formed an important part of the diet of the people of the Pleistocene Las Vegas culture.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b Lizcano, D. & Alvarez, S.J. (2008). Mazama rufina. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 10 June 2007. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of vulnerable.
  2. ^ Grubb, Peter (16 November 2005). "Order Artiodactyla (pp. 637-722)". In Wilson, Don E., and Reeder, DeeAnn M., eds. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2 vols. (2142 pp.). ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/browse.asp?id=14200261. 
  3. ^ Trolle, M., and L. H. Emmons (2004). A record of a dwarf brocket from lowland Madre de Dios, Peru. Deer Specialist Group Newsletter 19: 2-5
  4. ^ Nowak, R. M. (eds) (1999). Walker's Mammals of the World. 6th edition. Johns Hopkins University Press.
  5. ^ Salazar, Ernesto (2003). "Historie del Ecuador: Los primeros habitantes" (in Spanish). La Hora. Archived from the original on 2008-04-08. http://web.archive.org/web/20080408064344/http://www.dlh.lahora.com.ec/paginas/historia/historia1e.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-14.