Gerenuk


Gerenuk

Taxobox
name = Gerenuk
status = LR/cd | status_system = IUCN2.3
trend = down


image_width = 250px
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Mammalia
ordo = Artiodactyla
familia = Bovidae
subfamilia = Antilopinae
genus = "Litocranius"
species = "L. walleri"
binomial = "Litocranius walleri"
binomial_authority = (Brooke, 1878)

Gerenuks, "Litocranius walleri", are a type of antelope/gazelle with remarkably long necks that are found in East Africa. The gerenuk is also known as Waller's Gazelle. The word "Gerenuk" comes from the Somali language, meaning “giraffe-necked”.

Gerenuks have a small head for their body, but their eyes and ears are big. Unlike females, males have horns and a more muscular neck. They are brown on their back, and lighter underneath. They have short, black tails. From head to tail, the gerenuk is around 150 cm long. Males are a little taller than females, ranging from 89-105 cm, and the females are 80-100 cm. The male is also heavier than the female, weighing at 100lbs, and females are 68lbs.

Gerenuks eat food from higher places rather than from closer to the ground like other gazelles and antelopes eat. They do this by standing up on their hind legs, and stretching out their long necks to get food off of tall bushes. Most of their diet is made up of tender leaves and shoots of prickly bushes and trees, but also includes buds, flowers, fruit, and climbing plants. Gerenuks don’t need grass or water, because they get enough water from the plants that they eat. Because of this, gerenuks can survive in dry thorn-bush county.

They can mate during anytime of the year. Females reach sexual maturity at one year, and males reach sexual maturity at 1.5 years. A mother carries her child for about seven months. They are born one at a time, weighing about 6.5 lbs at birth. Their life span is about eight years in the wild, but they can live thirteen years or more in captivity. [cite web
url = http://whozoo.org/Intro98/mattleo/mattleo.htm
title = Gerenuk
accessdate = 2007-04-09
author = Matt Leo
last = Leo
first = Matt
date =
work = WhoZoo, information about animals at the Fort Worth Zoo
]

ubspecies

* Southern Gerenuk "Litocranius walleri walleri"
* Northern Gerenuk "Litocranius walleri sclateri"

References

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* [http://www.iucn.org/themes/ssc/sgs/neaasg/layout/1024.htm Homepage of the IUCN/SSC/Antelope specialist regional subgroup for Northeast Africa]

External links

* [http://www.awf.org/wildlives/74 Gerenuk: Wildlife summary from the African Wildlife Foundation]

*http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9036539/gerenuk

*http://www.endangeredandrareanimals.com/gerenuk.htm


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • gerenuk — ger e*nuk (g[e^]r [ e]*n[oo^]k), n. A slender East African antelope ({Litocranius walleri}) with a long slim neck and backward curving horns; called also {Waller s gazelle}, and in German {Giraffengazelle}. It feeds on the foliage of bushes and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gérénuk — ● gérénuk ou guérénouk nom masculin Antilope d Afrique orientale, au cou très long, brouteuse de feuilles d arbres …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gerenuk —   [Somali] der, (s)/ s, die Giraffengazelle. * * * Ge|re|nuk, der; [s], s [Somali]: auf den Savannen Ostafrikas lebende, mit den Gazellen verwandte Antilopenart …   Universal-Lexikon

  • gerenuk — [ger′ə nook΄] n. [< Somali garanug] a small antelope (Litocranius walleri) of E Africa, with a long neck and long legs …   English World dictionary

  • gerenuk — /ger euh nook , geuh ren euhk/, n. a reddish brown antelope, Litocranius walleri, of eastern Africa, having a long, slender neck. [1890 95; < Somali gáránúug] * * * ▪ mammal also called  Waller s gazelle   the longest necked member of the gazelle …   Universalium

  • Gerenuk — Giraffengazelle Giraffengazelle (Litocranius walleri) Systematik Ordnung: Paarhufer (Artiodactyla) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gerenuk — noun (plural gerenuk or gerenuks) Etymology: Somali gáránúug Date: 1895 a large eyed antelope (Litocranius walleri) of eastern Africa with a long neck and limbs …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Gérénuk — Gazelle de Waller Pour les articles homonymes, voir Waller …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gerenuk — Ge|re|nuk der; [s], s <über engl. gerenuk, gerenuc aus gleichbed. Somali garanug> eine Gazellenart (im Buschwald von Äthiopien bis Tansania) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • gerenuk — /ˈgɛrənʊk/ (say geruhnook) noun (plural gerenuks, gerenuk) a gazelle, Litocranius walleri, of eastern Africa, having long legs and a long slender neck. {Somali garanug} …   Australian English dictionary


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