Yinchuan


Yinchuan
Yinchuan
银川
—  Prefecture-level city  —
银川市
The territory of Yinchuan prefecture-level city (yellow) within Ningxia
Satellite image of Yinchuan
Yinchuan is located in China
Yinchuan
Location within China
Coordinates: 38°28′N 106°16′E / 38.467°N 106.267°E / 38.467; 106.267Coordinates: 38°28′N 106°16′E / 38.467°N 106.267°E / 38.467; 106.267
Country People's Republic of China
Region Ningxia
County-level divisions
Township divisions
Government
 – CPC Yinchuan
 – Mayor Wang Rugui[1]
Area
 – Prefecture-level city 4,467 km2 (1,724.7 sq mi)
 – Urban 2,045 km2 (789.6 sq mi)
 – Metro 2,045 km2 (789.6 sq mi)
Elevation 1,100 m (3,608 ft)
Population (2010 census)[2]
 – Prefecture-level city 1,993,088
 – Urban 1,290,170
 – Urban density 630.9/km2 (1,634/sq mi)
 – Metro 1,290,170
 – Metro density 630.9/km2 (1,634/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard Time (UTC+8)
Postal code 750000
Area code(s) 951
License plate prefixes 宁A
Website www.yinchuan.gov.cn (Chinese)
Yinchuan
Simplified Chinese 银川
Traditional Chinese 銀川
Hanyu Pinyin Yínchuān
Literal meaning silver river

Yinchuan (simplified Chinese: 银川; traditional Chinese: 銀川; pinyin: Yínchuān; Wade–Giles: Yin-ch'uan) is the capital of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China, and former capital of the Western Xia Empire of the Tanguts. It has an area of 4,467 km² and a total population of 1.99 million. Its built up area is home to 1,290,170 inhabitants spread on 3 urban districts. The name of the city literally means "silver river"; the character for "river" (川) is the same as that in Sichuan, but not as those in, for example, the Yellow River (黄河) or Yangtze River (长江).

Contents

History

Yinchuan originally was a xian (county) under the name of Fuping in the 1st century BC; its name was changed to Huaiyuan in the 6th century AD. After the fall of the Tang dynasty in 907, it was occupied by the Tangut Xi-Xia dynasty, of which it was the capital. After the destruction of the Xi-Xia dynasty by the Mongols in 1227, it came under the rule of the Mongol Yuan Dynasty. Under the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing (1644–1911) dynasties, it was a prefecture of Ningxia. In 1928, when the province of Ningxia was formed from parts of Gansu and Inner Mongolia, it became the capital city. In 1954, when Ningxia province was abolished, the city was put in Gansu province; but, with the establishment of the Ningxia Hui autonomous region in 1958, Yinchuan once again became the capital.

Traditionally, Yinchuan was an administrative and commercial center. In the 1950s it had many commercial enterprises, and there were some handicrafts but no modern industry. The city has since grown considerably. Extensive coal deposits discovered on the eastern bank of the Yellow River, near Shizuishan, 100 km to the north, have made Shizuishan a coal-mining center.

Yinchuan, however, remains largely nonindustrial. The immediate plains area, intensively irrigated by a system developed as long ago as the Han (206 BC–AD 220) and Tang (618–907) dynasties, is extremely productive. Yinchuan is the chief agricultural market and distribution center for this area and also deals in animal products from the herds tended by nomads in the surrounding grasslands. It is a market for grain and has flour mills, as well as rice-hulling and oil-extraction plants. The wool produced in the surrounding plains supplies a woolen-textile mill. Yinchuan is a center for the Muslim (Hui) minority peoples, who constitute a third of the population. Yinchuan currently serves as a major trade route between Western cities such as Urumqi and the East.

On July 23, 1993 an airliner that was attempting its second takeoff veered off the runway, crashed into a lake, and broke apart; at least 59 of the 113 persons aboard the craft were killed.[3]

Geography

Yinchuan lies in the middle of the Yinchuan or Ningxia Plain. It is sheltered from the deserts of Mongolia by the high ranges of the Helan Mountain to its west. The Yellow River runs through Yinchuan from southwest to northeast. The average elevation of Yinchuan is 1,100 meters (about 3,608 feet). The urban center of Yinchuan lies about halfway between the Yellow River and the edge of Helan Mountain.

Climate

Yinchuan has a desert climate (Köppen BWk) with cold and windy (but dry) winters, dust-laden springs, hot and somewhat humid summers, and rather short autumns. Monthly means range from −7.9 °C (17.8 °F) in January to 23.5 °C (74.3 °F) in July, with the mean for year at 9.0 °C (48.2 °F). Rainfall, is not heavy during any season, not even summer. Diurnal temperature differences tend to be large due to the aridity, which also partly contributes to the high annual sunshine hour total of just over 2,900 hours. There are 158 frost-free days.

Climate data for Yinchuan (1971-2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −0.8
(30.6)
3.5
(38.3)
10.4
(50.7)
18.9
(66.0)
24.2
(75.6)
27.8
(82.0)
29.5
(85.1)
27.6
(81.7)
23.2
(73.8)
16.7
(62.1)
7.7
(45.9)
0.8
(33.4)
15.8
Average low °C (°F) −13.7
(7.3)
−9.8
(14.4)
−2.8
(27.0)
3.9
(39.0)
10.1
(50.2)
15.1
(59.2)
17.6
(63.7)
16.2
(61.2)
10.4
(50.7)
3.1
(37.6)
−3.2
(26.2)
−10.3
(13.5)
3.1
Precipitation mm (inches) 1.2
(0.047)
2.3
(0.091)
6.3
(0.248)
8.3
(0.327)
18.7
(0.736)
17.4
(0.685)
42.8
(1.685)
51.5
(2.028)
22.5
(0.886)
11.5
(0.453)
2.9
(0.114)
0.9
(0.035)
186.3
(7.335)
humidity 55 50 49 42 46 56 64 69 67 62 64 62 57.2
Avg. precipitation days 1.2 1.4 2.3 2.6 4.1 5.6 7.9 8.7 5.7 3.4 1.4 0.8 45.1
Sunshine hours 205.7 201.1 232.6 255.5 287.1 285.3 281.8 267.2 240.2 231.9 214.3 203.1 2,905.8
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Administrative divisions

Map # Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Xiao'erjing Population
(2010)
Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Yinchuan mcp.png
City proper
1 Xingqing District 兴庆区 Xīngqìng Qū دٍ ﻓْﻊ ﺛُﻮ 678,306 768 883
2 Jinfeng District 金凤区 Jīnfèng Qū دٍ ﻓْﻊ ﺛُﻮ 282,554 290 974
3 Xixia District 西夏区 Xīxià Qū ثِ ﺷﯿَا ﺛُﻮ 329,310 987 334
Satellite cities
4 Lingwu City 灵武市 Língwǔ Shì لٍ ءُ شِ 261,677 4,639 56
Rural
5 Yongning County 永宁县 Yǒngníng Xiàn ﻳْﻮ نٍ ﺷِﯿًﺎ 218,260 1,295 169
6 Helan County 贺兰县 Hèlán Xiàn حْ لً ﺷِﯿًﺎ 222,981 1,600 139

Economy

The city's gross domestic product per capita was ¥31,436 (US$4,526) in 2008, ranking 197th of 659 Chinese cities. Its main industries are the production of Chinese wolfberry, wheat, apple, and rice.[citation needed]

Transportation

  • Yinchuan is located near the western bank of the upper course of the Yellow River, near the western end of the Great Wall of China in the south-central section of the Helan Shan and Ordos Desert.
  • It is served by Yinchuan Hedong Airport.
  • It is served by a river port at Hengcheng, about 15 km to the east. Until the 1950s the river, which is navigable downstream as far as Baotou in the Inner Mongolian autonomous region and upstream to Zhongwei and Zhongning, was the chief communication link.
  • Highways also link the city to Baotou along the river, to Lanzhou in Gansu province to the southwest, to Wuwei in Gansu to the west, and to Xi'an in Shaanxi province to the southeast.
  • Since 1958 the city has been on the railway from Lanzhou to Baotou and is thus linked to other parts of China by rail.
  • China National Highway 211
Yinchun Railroad station

Tourism

A mosque in Yinchuan, China.

The city's attractions include the Sand-lake and the Western Xia tombs. Sand Lake is 35 miles north of Yinchuan. Being a world of desert and lake, it is an ideal place for bird watching, sand slide and cableway slide. Appreciating reeds, lotus and fish are also popular. The Western Xia Imperial Tombs are 15.5 miles west of Yinchuan on east side of Mt. Helan. Since June 1972, nine imperial tombs and 253 lesser tombs have been unearthed, which are as grand as Ming Tombs in Beijing. With a total area of more than 19.3 square miles, it is unique among royal burials.

There are two pagodas in Yinchuan that are part of the 'Eight Famous Scenery of Ningxia': one is the Haibao Pagoda in the northern suburb and the other is the Chengtiansi Pagoda in the west.

Since 2000, Yinchuan has hosted the annual Yinchuan International Car and Motorcycle Tourism Festival, which usually occurs in August. It is the largest event of its kind in China; approximately 3000 motorcycles attend annually.

It is also possible to see parts of the Great Wall which are located near the city.

A mosque in Yinchuan

Colleges and universities

The West Movie Studio in suburb of Yinchuan

2006 Internet phenomenon

Yinchuan was subject to an Internet phenomenon after a user of Google Earth posted images of a People's Liberation Army military facility.[4] The facility, estimated at around 630,000 m² in size, is 35 km from Yinchuan and in the town of Huangyangtan. The purpose of the facility was speculated on the Internet following the original posting, although no official explanation for the site has been given. A subsequent posting of a photograph on the Chinese wforum.com claimed that it constituted a terrain model of the disputed Aksai Chin region of China;[5][6][7] the image includes a watermark of Xinhua News Agency, the official press agency of the government of the People's Republic of China.

Authorities in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region have been quoted as saying that the site is used as a tank training facility.[8]

References

  1. ^ "Large Bearing Project of Schaeffler Group Started Construction in Yinchuan ETDZ" (Press release). Foreign Investment Administration, MOFCOM. 2008-04-18. http://www.fdi.gov.cn/pub/FDI_EN/StateDevelopmentZone/NewsUpdate/NewsUpdateContent/t20080418_91755.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-17. "Wang Rugui, Mayor of Yinchuan on behalf of the CPC Committee of Yinchuan and the municipal government expressed the warm congratulation to [sic] the start of the project." 
  2. ^ According to 2010 China National Census
  3. ^ July 23 Events in History
  4. ^ Google Earth Community (2006). China - Huangyangtan - Scale model of landscape?. Retrieved August 14, 2006.
  5. ^ Hutcheon, Stephen (14 August 2006). "The riddle of China's Area 51". The Age. http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2006/08/14/1155407679963.html. 
  6. ^ Aroor, Shiv (5 August 2006). "From sky, see how China builds model of Indian border 2400 km away". Indian Express. http://www.indianexpress.com/story/9972.html. 
  7. ^ Haines, Lester (19 July 2006). "Chinese black helicopters circle Google Earth". The Register. http://www.theregister.co.uk/2006/07/19/huangyangtan_mystery/. 
  8. ^ Hutcheon, Stephen (23 July 2006). "Chinese X-file not so mysterious after all". The Age. http://www.theage.com.au/news/web/chinese-xfile-not-so-mysterious-after-all/2006/07/23/1153593217781.html. 

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Yinchuan — Yínchuān · 银川 Localisation de la préfecture de Yinchuan (e …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yinchuan — o Yin ch uan (en chino:银川市 ,pinyin:Yínchuān shì) es la capital de la región autónoma de Ningxia ubicada al centro norte de China y tiene una población de 5,880,000 habitantes. Está ubicada cerca del extremo oeste de la Gran Muralla. Originalmente …   Wikipedia Español

  • Yinchuan —   [intʃuən], Yinchwan, Jintschuan, bis 1945 Ningxia [ ɕia], Ninghsia, Hauptstadt des autonomen Gebietes Ningxia Hui, in Nordchina, in einer Stromoase des mittleren Hwanghotales, 513 000 Einwohner; Universität, Theater; Landmaschinenbau, Leder ,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Yinchuan — [yin′chwän′] city in N China; capital of the Ningxia Hui autonomous region: pop. 480,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Yinchuan — Basisdaten Großregion: Nordwestchina Autonomes Gebiet: Ningxia Status: bezirksfreie Stadt Untergliederung: 3 Stadtbezirke, 2 Kreise, 1 kreisfreie Stadt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yinchuan — /yin chwahn /, n. Pinyin. a city in and the capital of Ningxia Hui region, in N China. 100,000. Also, Wade Giles, Yinch uan; Older Spelling, Yinchwan. * * * or Yin ch uan City (pop., 1999 est.: 469,180), capital of Ningxia autonomous region,… …   Universalium

  • Yinchuan — Original name in latin Yinchuan Name in other language Ho lan, INC, In chuan , Ngan Xuyen, Ngn Xuyn, Ning hsia, Ningsia, Ningsia hsien, Ningsiafu, Thanh pho Ngan Xuyen, Thnh ph Ngn Xuyn, Yin ch uan shih, Yin ch’uan shih, Yinchuan, Yinchuan Shi,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Yinchuan — (Yinquan, Yinch´uan) ► C. del centro NO de China, cap. de la región autónoma de Ningxia Hui; 356 652 h. * * * o Yin ch uan Ciudad (pob., est. 1999: 469.180 hab.) capital de la región autónoma de Ningxia, en el centro norte de China. Está ubicada… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Yinchuan — or formerly Ningsia or Ninghsia geographical name city N China capital of Ningxia Huizu on the Huang population 356,652 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Yinchuan — noun the capital city of Ningxia Hui autonomous region in China …   Wiktionary


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