other_name =Ho-fei, Luzhou, Luchow
imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Downtown Hefei's "Sipailou" business district
mapsize = 275px
map_caption = Location of Hefei Prefecture within
dot_x = |dot_y =
pushpin_map_caption =Location within China
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = China
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_type3 = County-level divisions
subdivision_name3 = 7
leader_title =CPC Committee Secretary
leader_name =Sun Jinlong (孙金龙)
leader_name1 =Wu Cunrong (吴存荣)
area_total_km2 = 7266
population_as_of = 2004
population_total = 4446800
population_density_km2 = auto
population_blank2_title =Major nationalities
China Standard Time
utc_offset = +8
latd=31 |latm=52 |latNS=N
longd=117 |longm=17 |longEW=E
postal_code_type =Postal code
blank_name =License plate prefixes
blank1_name =GDP (2004)
blank1_info =CNY 58.97 billion
blank2_name = - per capita
blank2_info =CNY 13,378
website = [http://www.hefei.gov.cn www.hefei.gov.cn] (Chinese)
flowers Southern magnolia("Magnolia grandiflora L.")
trees Sweet Osmanthus("Osmanthus fragrans Lour.")
pomegranate("Punica granatum L.")
Hefei (zh-cpw|c=wd|合wd|肥|p=Héféi|w=Hofei; literally: "Junction of the (South) Fei Rivers"; former names: Ho-fei, Luzhou, Luchow) is a
prefecture-level cityand the provincial capital of Anhuiprovince, China. Located in central Anhui, it borders Huainanto the north, Chuzhouto the northeast, Chaohuto the southeast and Lu'anto the west.
prefecture-level cityof Hefei administers 7 county-level divisions, including 4 districts and 3 counties.
From the 8th to the 6th century BC, Hefei was the site of the small state of Shu, later a part of the
Chu kingdom. Many archaeological finds dating from this period have been made. The name Hefei was first given to the county set up in the area under the Han dynastyin the 2nd century BC. During the 4th to the 6th century AD, this crucial border region between northern and southern states was much fought over; its name and administrative status were consequently often changed. During the Sui (581–618) and Tang (618–907) periods, it became the seat of Lu prefecture — a title it kept until the 15th century, when it became a superior prefecture named Luzhou.
In 3rd century AD, the famous
Three Kingdomsbattle, Battle of Hefei, was fought at what is currently Leisure Ford(逍遥津) in Hefei. General Zhang Liaoof the Kingdom of Weicommanding 800 picked cavalry defeated the 200,000-men army of the Kingdom of Wu. Several decades of warring in Hefei between Wu and Wei followed this battle.
The present city dates from the
Song dynasty(960–1126), the earlier Hefei having been some distance farther north. During the 10th century, it was for a while the capital of the independent Wu kingdom (902–938) and was an important center of the Southern Tangstate (937–975).
After 1127 it became a center of the defenses of the
Southern Song dynasty(1126–1279) against the Jin ( Jurchen) invaders, as well as a flourishing center of trade between the two states. When the Chinese Republicwas founded in 1911, the superior prefecture was abolished, and the city took the name of Hefei.
The city was known as Luzhou (庐州;
pinyinLúzhōu) during the Ming and Qing Dynasties (after 14th century to 19th century). Hefei was the temporary capital for Anhui from 1853 to 1862. It was renamed as Hefei County in 1912. Following the Chinese victory in the Second Sino-Japanese Warin 1945, Hefei was made the capital of Anhui.
World War II, Hefei remained essentially an administrative center and the regional market for the fertile plain to the south. It was a collecting center for grain, beans, cotton, and hemp, as well as a center for handicraftindustries manufacturing cloth, leather, bamboo goods, and ironware.
The construction in 1912 of the
Tianjin– Puzhourailway, farther east, for a while made Hefei a provincial backwater, and much of its importance passed to Bengbu. In 1932–36, however, a Chinese company built a railway linking Hefei with Yuxikou(on the Yangtzeopposite Wuhu) to the southeast and with the Huai Riverat Huainanto the north. While this railway was built primarily to exploit the rich coalfield in northern Anhui, it also did much to revive the economy of the Hefei area by taking much of its produce to Wuhu and Nanjing.
Although Hefei was a quiet market town of only about 30,000 in the mid-1930s, its population grew more than tenfold in the following 20 years. The city's administrative role was strengthened by the transfer of the provincial government from
Anqingin 1949, but much of its new growth derived from its development as an industrial city. A cotton millwas opened in 1958, and a thermal generating plant, using coal from Huainan, was established in the early 1950s. It also became the seat of an industry producing industrial chemicalsand chemical fertilizers. In the late 1950s an iron and steel complex was built. In addition to a machine-tool works and engineering and agricultural machinery factories, the city has developed an aluminum industry and a variety of light industries. There are several universities based in the city.
May 13 2003, in Hefei, an underground gas explosionin the Luling coal minekilled at least 81 miners, with 5 others missing. [ [http://www.cbc.ca/news/background/china/mine_disaster.html CBC News Indepth: China ] ]
Hefei is located convert|130|km|mi|0|abbr=on west of
Hefei's annual average temperature is about convert|15.7|C|F|0|abbr=on. Its annual
precipitationis about convert|1000|mm|in|0|abbr=on. It snows irregularly in the winter.
In the months of June, July, August, and often September, daily temperatures can reach highs of convert|37|C|F|0|abbr=on with high humidity levels being the norm.
May and June see the air quality level in Hefei diminish. The city is blanketed by a sweet-smelling smog caused by the smoke generated as farmers outside the city burn their fields in preparation for planting the next crop.
Chaohu Lake, a lake convert|15|km|mi|0|abbr=on southeast of the city, is one of the largest fresh waterlakes in China. However, the lake has unfortunately been polluted with nitrogenand phosphorusin recent decades.
The majority of the population in Hefei is
Han Chinese. There are a small number of Hui Chineseliving in the city. There are over three million people in the city.
The GDP per capita was ¥13,378 (ca. US$ 1,654) in 2004.
The average monthly wage for most people in 2005 ranged from 600 RMB to 1500 RMB.
Chinese civil warHefei was a town whose main industry was agriculture. Soon after the founding of the People's Republic of China, the capital of Anhui was moved from Huainingto Hefei. To assist the development of the city, many talented people were sent in from other parts of the country. Modern-day Hefei has machinery, electronics, chemistry, steel, textile, and cigarette industries, among others.
Despite being the Provincial Capital of Anhui, Hefei still exudes an air of poverty. Migrants from all over Anhui converge on the city looking for opportunities which do not actually exist for many of them. This constant influx keeps wages low. However, new industrial development in special economic zones ringing the city has resulted in new manufacturing jobs for technical school and college graduates.
In the summer of 2005, the municipal government implemented changes designed to beautify the city by demolishing thousands of illegally built structures, and clearing away long established marketplaces in many parts of the city. Overnight, longstanding businesses housed in flimsy structures that once lined many streets were gone. The impact on the local economy could be seen immediately as hundreds, if not thousands, of low paid workers no longer had employment.
On the other hand, these actions removed many unlicensed food stalls which had contributed to the spread of diseases that struck the city in the past. These changes also removed many unlicensed buildings that posed a fire hazard in the city. While it is undeniable that some people were forced to make sacrifices for the beautification of the city, the changes ensured that all the residents in the city have a better environment.
Under this project, the Fei River, which used to be known as a “sewage” river by many local people, has shown improvement in its water quality. Residents who used to live along the bank of the river now have a much more pleasant environment to live in.Fact|date=August 2008
Hefei has been the provincial capital since 1949 and is a natural center of
communications, being situated to the north of Lake Chaoand standing on a low saddle crossing the northeastern extension of the Dabie Mountains, which form the divide between the Huai and Yangtze rivers. From Hefei there is easy water transportvia the lake to the Yangtze River opposite Wuhu. Important land routes run through Hefei — east-west from Puzhou(opposite Nanjingin Jiangsu) to Xi'an(in Shaanxi) and north-south from Xuzhou(in Jiangsu) and Bengbuto Anqing(both in Anhui). There are also two train stations in Hefei, the new one was built a few years ago and the old one is no longer used by the public. In 2008 the thoroughfare Chang Jiang Lu (Chang Jiang Road) (长江路) is undergoing a renovation project to widen the roads and to create a bus route in the center of the road, with bus stations at islands that are connected to the sidewalks by skyways. The First Ring Road is also undergoing construction, with traffic lights being replaced by overpasses and ramps built to connect the First Ring Road and all major intersecting roads. Both projects are intended to ease the traffic Hefei now experiences at rush hour.
Hefei plays an important role in scientific research in China. It has three national laboratories, second only to Beijing: the National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (国家同步辐射实验室), the Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale (微尺度物质科学国家实验室), both of which are under the
University of Science and Technology of China, and the National Laboratory for Nuclear Fusion (Tokomak) Research (磁约束核聚变国家实验室), under the Hefei Institute of Physical Sciences, Institute of Plasma Physics, which itself is under the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Hefei has its own football team called
Anhui Jiufang(安徽九方),who in the 2007-08 season were promoted from the Chinese Football Association Yi Leagueto the Chinese Football Association Jia Leaguewhich is the second highest tier of Chinese football.
ites of interest
Leisure Ford, a public park sitting on the ancient site of the Battle of Hefei.
*Temple of Lord Bao, built in 1066 near the tomb of Lord Bao.
*Hui Garden (徽园) (Opened to the public in September 2001)
*Children's Welfare Institute (a.k.a. "Social Welfare Institute"), children's orphanage
Anhui Laomingguang Stadium, the home ground of Anhui Jiufang, but also used for other public sporting events.
Hefei is a
sister cityof the following cities around the world:
Kurume, Japan( May 20, 1980)
Freetown, Sierra Leone( March 20, 1984)
Bujumbura, Burundi( July 7, 1986)
Columbus, Ohio, U.S. ( November 17, 1988)
Aalborg, Denmark( April 22, 1989)
Lleida, Spain( April 4, 1998)
Wonju, South Korea( June 20, 2002)
Darebin, Australia( October 29, 2003)
Belfast, Northern Ireland( December 26, 2003)
Bao Zheng(999 - 1062), Northern Song Dynastybureaucrat and judge whose name has become synonymous with judicial wisdom and uprightness.
Chen Ning Yang, (b. 1922), 1957 Nobel Physics Prizelaureate, one of the two earliest Chinese to receive the prize.
Li Hongzhang(1823 - 1901), prominent late Qing Dynastybureaucrat and diplomat.
Yang Yuanqing(1964 - ), Chairman of Board of Lenovo.
Liu Mingchuan(1836 - 1896). Statesman during the late Qing dynasty, first governor of Taiwan.
Jin Jing(1981- ), paralympic fencer.
University of Science and Technology of China(USTC)(中国科学技术大学）
Hefei University of Technology(HFUT)（合肥工业大学）
Anhui University of Traditional Chinese Medicine(AHTCM)（安徽中医学院）
Anhui Medical University(AHMU)（安徽医科大学）
Anhui Agricultural University(AHAU)（安徽农业大学）
Anhui Institute of Architecture and Industry(AIAI) (安徽建筑工业学院）
ANHUI SANLIAN university(安徽三联学院)
* [http://www.hefei.gov.cn/ Government website of Hefei zh icon] [http://www.hefei.gov.cn/english/ en icon]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Hefei — Héféi · 合肥 Localisation de la préfecture de Hefei (en jaune) … Wikipédia en Français
Hefei — (chino: 合肥, pinyin: Héféi) es la capital de la provincia de Anhui en la República Popular China. Tiene una población aproximada de 1.200.000 habitantes y ocupa un área de 120 Km². Está dividida en cuatro distritos y tres condados. Está situada a… … Enciclopedia Universal
Hefei — Hefei, Hofei, bis 1912 Luchow [ludʒɔʊ], Lutschou, Luzhou, Hauptstadt der chinesischen Provinz Anhui, 4,20 Mio. Einwohner; Universität, TU, Fachhochschulen für Landwirtschaft, Bergbau und Medizin; … Universal-Lexikon
Hefei — [hu′fā′] city in E China: capital of Anhui province: pop. 692,000 … English World dictionary
Hefei — 合肥市 Héféi Shì Sitz der Stadtregierung Stadtbezirk Shushan Fläche 6.911 km² Bevölkerung … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hefei — Ciudad prefectura 合肥市市 Hefei … Wikipedia Español
Hefei — /hue fay /, n. Pinyin. a city in and the capital of Anhui province, in E China. 400,000. Also, Hofei. * * * or Ho fei formerly Luzhou or Lu chou City (pop., 1999 est.: 1,000,655), central China. The capital of Anhui province since 1949, the… … Universalium
Hefei — Original name in latin Hefei Name in other language Che fej, HFE, Hefei, Hefejo, Hefejus, Hefjus, Heyfey, Ho fei, Ho fei hsien, Ho fei shih, Hop Phi, Hp Ph Khefej, Khehfehj, Khufej, Lu chou, Luchow, Luchowfu, Lunchow, he fei, he fei shi, hefe i,… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Hefei — or Hofei or formerly Luchow geographical name city E China capital of Anhui W of Nanjing population 733,278 … New Collegiate Dictionary
Hefei — noun A prefecture level city in central China; capital of Anhui Province … Wiktionary