Shijiazhuang


Shijiazhuang

Infobox Settlement
name = Shijiazhuang
official_name =
native_name = 石家庄
settlement_type = Prefecture-level city



imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Night view of Shijiazhuang


mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Shijiazhuang as part of Hebei
pushpin_

pushpin_label_position =left
pushpin_map_caption = Location in China
pushpin_mapsize = 250
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = China
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = Hebei
subdivision_type2 =
subdivision_name2 =
seat_type = City seat
seat = Chang'an
leader_title = Party Secretary
leader_name = Wu Xianguo (吴显国)
leader_title1 = Mayor
leader_name1 =Ji Chuntang (冀纯堂)
unit_pref = metric
area_total_km2 = 15848
area_urban_km2 = 455
population_as_of = 2004
population_total = 9090200
population_density_km2 =auto
population_urban = 2172800
population_density_urban_km2 =auto
timezone = UTC + 8, H
utc_offset = +8

latd= 38 |latm= 04 |latNS= N
longd= 114 |longm= 29 |longEW= E

elevation_m = 83

postal_code_type = Postal code
postal_code = 050000
blank_name = License Plate Prefix
blank_info = 冀A
blank1_name =
blank1_info =
website = http://www.sjz.gov.cn/
footnotes =


Other City Symbols
City Flower:
Rosa Chinensis
City Tree:
Styphnolobium

Shijiazhuang (zh-stp |s=石家庄 |t=石家莊 |p=Shíjiāzhuāng, literally, "The Stones' Village") is a prefecture-level city and the capital of Hebei province, China. It is about 320 km south of Beijing.

Geography

Shijiazhuang stands on the edge of the North China Plain at the foot of the Taihang Mountains, which lie to the west. The city stands south of the Hutuo River.

History

In pre-Han times (i.e., before 206 BC) it was the site of the city of Shihi in the state of Zhao, and, from Han (206 BC–AD 220) to Sui (581–618) times, it was the site of a county town with the same name. With the reorganization of local government in the early period of the Tang dynasty (618–907), the county was abolished. Shijiazhuang then became little more than a local market town, subordinated to the flourishing city of Zhengding (modern Zhengding) a few miles to the north.

The growth of Shijiazhuang into one of China's major cities began in 1905, when the BeijingWuhan (Hankou) railway reached the area, stimulating much new trade and encouraging local farmers to grow cash crops. Two years later the town became the junction for the new Shitai line, running from Shijiazhuang to Taiyuan in central Shanxi province. This connection immediately transformed the town from a local collecting center and market into a communications center of national importance on the main route from Beijing and Tianjin to Shanxi and — later, when the railway from Taiyuan was extended to the southwest — to Shaanxi province as well. The city also became the center of an extensive road network.

During the pre-World War II period, Shijiazhuang was a large railway town as well as a commercial and collecting center for Shanxi and the regions farther west and for the agricultural produce of the North China Plain, particularly for grain, tobacco, and cotton. By 1935 it had far outstripped Zhengding as an economic center. At the end of World War II the character of the city changed once again. Not only did it assume an administrative role as the preeminent city in western Hebei but it also developed into an industrial city. Some industry, such as match manufacturing, tobacco processing, and glassmaking, had already been established before the war.

Only after 1949, however, did the planned industrialization of the city gather momentum. Its population more than trebled in the decade 1948–58. In the 1950s the city experienced a major expansion in the textile industry, with large-scale cotton spinning, weaving, printing, and dyeing works. In addition, there are various plants processing local farm produce. In the 1960s it was also the site of a new chemical industry, with plants producing fertilizer and caustic soda. Shijiazhuang also became an engineering base, with a tractor-accessory plant. There are important coal deposits at Jingxing and Huailu, now named Luquan, a few miles to the west in the foothills of the Taihang Mountains, which provide fuel for a thermal-generating plant supplying power to local industries. The city's role as a transport center has been supplemented by the construction of an airport handling regular domestic flights.

Administration

Shijiazhuang has direct jurisdiction over:

* Chang'an District (长安区, pinyin: Cháng'ān Qū)
* Qiaodong District (桥东区, pinyin: Qiáodōng Qū)
* Qiaoxi District (桥西区, pinyin: Qiáoxī Qū)
* Xinhua District (新华区, pinyin: Xīnhuá Qū)
* Yuhua District (裕华区, pinyin: Yùhuá Qū)
* Jingxing Mining District (井陉矿区, pinyin: Jǐngjìngkuàng Qū)
* Xinji City (辛集市, pinyin: Xīnjí Shì)
* Gaocheng City (藳城市, pinyin: Gàochéng Shì)
* Jinzhou City (zh-cp |c=晋州 |p=Jìnzhōu)
* Xinle City (新乐市, pinyin: Xīnlè Shì)
* Luquan City (鹿泉市, pinyin: Lùquán Shì)
* Jingjing County (井陉县, pinyin: Jǐngjìng Xiàn)
* Zhengding County (正定,pinyin: Zhèngdìng)
* Luancheng County (栾城县, pinyin: Luánchéng Xiàn)
* Xingtang County (行唐县, pinyin: Xíngtáng Xiàn)
* Lingshou County (灵寿县, pinyin: Língshòu Xiàn)
* Gaoyi County (高邑县, pinyin: Gāoyì Xiàn)
* Shenze County (深泽县, pinyin: Shēnzé Xiàn)
* Zanhuang County (赞皇县, pinyin: Zànhuáng Xiàn)
* Wuji County (无极县, pinyin: Wújí Xiàn)
* Pingshan County (平山县, pinyin: Píngshān Xiàn)
* Yuanshi County (元氏县, pinyin: Yuánshì Xiàn)
* Zhao County (赵县, pinyin: Zhào Xiàn)

Economy

Shijiazhuang is an important industrial city and is considered the economic center of Hebei. Main industries include textile-, pharmaceutical- and chemical-related industries. North China Pharmaceutical Group Corp (NCPC) located in Shijiazhuang is a leading pharmaceutical manufacturer in China. In 2002, NCPC achieved domestic sales revenue USD 700 million and export sales USD 100 million.

Industrial zones

The main industrial zones include, Shijiazhuang High-tech Industrial Development Zone.

Dairy centre

The city is an important centre for the dairy trade, being the headquarters of the Sanlu Group. Both were rocked by the 2008 Chinese milk scandal. Chairman and General Manager of Sanlu, and several party officials, including vice mayor in charge of food and agriculture, Zhang Fawang, were reportedly removed from office.Klaudia Lee, "Tests find tainted baby milk at 21 more firms", Page A1, "South China Morning Post" (17 September 2008)] "Xinhua", [http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2008-09/17/content_10046973.htm "Officials, company manager sacked following baby milk powder scandal"] , chinaview.cn (16 September 2008)] [Lee Spears, [http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601080&sid=a1rfKvOp3xwc&refer=asia China Revokes `Inspection-Free' Right as Milk Scandal Spreads] , Bloomberg, (17 September 2008)] Mayor Ji Chuntang reportedly resigned on 17 September; [http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2008-09/18/content_10075004.htm Death toll rises to four in tainted baby formula scandal in China] , "Xinhua" (18 September 2008)]

Since Sanlu, the region's largest purchaser of milk, was ordered to halt production, farmers in Hebei are suffering hardship because of the lack of purchasers for their milk. Many are said to be contemplating selling their cows into a buyerless market.Gillian Wong, [http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5jLXpq9YQBdZkaSRyRtY6IE57xcIQD93BGRF80 China's dairy farmers fret as milk scandal grows] , Associated Press (22 September 2008)]

Transportation

Shijiazhuang is a transportation hub: it is at the intersection point of the Beijing-Guangzhou, Taiyuan-Dezhou, and Shuozhou-Huanghua railroads and many expressways, including the Beijing-Shenzhen and Taiyuan-Cangzhou Expressways. The Shijiazhuang Daguocun International Airport has flight connections to major cities in China.

Culture

As a young industrial city, Shijiazhuang city proper is generally considered to have relatively few sights of historical or cultural interest. Exceptions are:
* Martyrs' Memorial (Lieshi Lingyuan) dedicated to Norman Bethune, Eric Liddell, and Dwarkanath Kotnis
* Hebei Museum (Hebei Sheng Bowuguan)

However, several sites of historical and cultural significance are located in the surrounding area, including:
* Longxing Monastery in Zhengding, 15 kilometers to the north
* Mount Cangyan, 50 km to the southwest
* Zhaozhou Bridge, 40 km to the southeast
* Bailin (Cypress Grove) Temple, 40 km to the southeast

Universities and colleges

Sister cities

* Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
* Bielsko-Biala, Poland
* Cheonan, South Korea
* Soria, Castilla y León, Spain
* Falkenberg, Sweden
* flagicon|Iowa Des Moines, Iowa, United States
* flagicon|New Jersey Edison, New Jersey, United States
* flagicon|New Mexico Las Cruces, New Mexico, United States
* Nagykanizsa, Hungary

External links

* [http://www.sjz.gov.cn/ Shijiazhuang Government website]
*


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shijiazhuang — Shíjiāzhuāng · 石家庄 Localisation de la préfecture d …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SHIJIAZHUANG — [CHE KIA TCHOUANG] Capitale depuis 1967 de la province chinoise du Hebei (cette fonction était assurée jusqu’alors par Tianjin), Shijiazhuang (1 068 000 hab. en 1990) est situé à l’ouest de la province, au contact de la Grande Plaine du Nord et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Shijiazhuang —   [ʃidʒjaːʒwaȖ], Shihchiachuang, Schihkiachwang, früher Schihmenschi, Hauptstadt der Provinz Hebei, Nordchina, am Westrand der Großen Ebene vor der Ostabdachung des Taihang Shan, südlich des Hutuo He (Quellfluss des Ziya He, der in den Hai He… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Shijiazhuang — [shu′jyä′jwäŋ′] city in NE China; capital of Hebei province: pop. 1,210,000: former transliteration Shihchiachuang …   English World dictionary

  • Shijiazhuang — 石家庄 Shijiazhuang …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shijiazhuang — /shue jyah jwahng /, n. Pinyin. a city in and the capital of Hebei province, in NE China, SW of Beijing. 1,500,000. Also, Wade Giles, Shihchiachuang; Older Spelling, Shihkiachwang. * * * or Shih chia chuang City (pop., 1999 est.: 1,338,796),… …   Universalium

  • Shijiazhuang — 1 Original name in latin Shijiazhuang Name in other language Shiczjachzhuan, Shih chia chuang, Shijiazhuang, Shijiazhuang Zhen, shi jia zhuang, shi jia zhuang zhen, Шицзячжуан State code CN Continent/City Asia/Shanghai longitude 38.57535 latitude …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Shijiazhuang — Ciudad prefectura 石家庄市 Shijiazhuang …   Wikipedia Español

  • Shijiazhuang — or Shih chia chuang geographical name city NE China capital of Hebei population 1,068,439 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Shijiazhuang — noun A prefecture level city in northeastern China; capital of Hebei Province …   Wiktionary


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