Suzhou


Suzhou

Infobox Settlement
name = Suzhou
official_name =
other_name = Sūzhōu Shì
native_name = 苏州市
nickname =
settlement_type = Prefecture-level city
motto =



imagesize =
image_caption = The Master of Nets Garden in Suzhou


flag_size =
image_

seal_size =
image_shield =
shield_size =
image_blank_emblem =
blank_emblem_type =
blank_emblem_size =


mapsize = 290px
map_caption = Location in Jiangsu


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
image_dot_

dot_mapsize =
dot_map_caption =
dot_x = |dot_y =
pushpin_

pushpin_label_position =
pushpin_map_caption =
pushpin_mapsize =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = People's Republic of China
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = Jiangsu
subdivision_type2 = County-level divisions
subdivision_name2 = 11
subdivision_type3 =
subdivision_name3 =
subdivision_type4 =
subdivision_name4 =
government_footnotes =
government_type = Prefecture-level city
leader_title = CPC Suzhou Secretary
leader_name = Wang Rong (王荣)
leader_title1 = Mayor
leader_name1 = Yan Li (阎立)
leader_title2 =
leader_name2 =
leader_title3 =
leader_name3 =
leader_title4 =
leader_name4 =
established_title = Established
established_date = 514 BC
established_title2 =
established_date2 =
established_title3 =
established_date3 =
area_magnitude =
unit_pref =
area_footnotes = cite web|url=http://suzhou.sz2500.com/english/Survey/pic/d.jpg|title=Table showing land area and population|accessdate=2007-09-07|year=2003|publisher=Suzhou People's Government]
area_total_km2 = 8488.42
area_land_km2 =
area_water_km2 =
area_total_sq_mi =
area_land_sq_mi =
area_water_sq_mi =
area_water_percent =
area_urban_km2 = 1649.72
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
area_blank1_title =
area_blank1_km2 =
area_blank1_sq_mi =
population_as_of = 2005-06
population_footnotes =
population_note =
population_total = 6073000
population_density_km2 = auto
population_density_sq_mi =
population_metro =
population_density_metro_km2 =
population_density_metro_sq_mi =
population_urban = 2307500
population_density_urban_km2 = auto
population_density_urban_sq_mi =
population_blank1_title =
population_blank1 =
population_density_blank1_km2 =
population_density_blank1_sq_mi =
timezone = Beijing Time
utc_offset = +8
timezone_DST =
utc_offset_DST =
latd=31 |latm=18 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=120 |longm=36 |longs= |longEW=E
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m =
elevation_ft =
postal_code_type = Postal code
postal_code = 215000
area_code = 512
blank_name = GDP
blank_info = (2007)
blank1_name = - Total
blank1_info = ¥570 billion
blank2_name = - Per capita
blank2_info = ¥79,407; US$10,087
blank3_name = City flower
blank3_info = Osmanthus
blank4_name = City tree
blank4_info = Camphor laurel
("Cinnamomum camphora")
blank5_name = Regional dialect
blank5_info = Wu: Suzhou hua (苏州话)
blank6_name = License plate prefix
blank6_info = 苏E
website = nowrap|http://www.suzhou.gov.cn/English/index.shtml
footnotes =
Infobox World Heritage Site
WHS = Classical Gardens of Suzhou


State Party =
Type = Cultural
Criteria = i, ii, iii, iv, v
ID = 813
Region = Asia-Pacific
Year = 1997
Session = 21st
Extension = 2000
Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/813

Suzhou (zh-stp |t= |s= |p=Sūzhōu ; ancient name: ) is a city on the lower reaches of the Yangtze River and on the shores of Lake Taihu in the province of Jiangsu, China. The city is renowned for its beautiful stone bridges, pagodas, and meticulously designed gardens which have contributed to its status as a great tourist attraction. Since the Song Dynasty (960-1279), Suzhou has also been an important centre for China's silk industry and continues to hold that prominent position today. The city is part of the Yangtze River Delta region. The GDP per capita was 元79,406 (ca. US$10,087) in 2006, ranked no. 5 among 659 Chinese cities.

History

Suzhou, the cradle of Wu culture, is one of the oldest towns in the Yangtze Basin. 2500 years ago in the late Shang Dynasty, local tribes who named themselves "Gou Wu" lived in the area which would become the modern city of Suzhou.

In 514 BC, during the Spring and Autumn Period, King Helu (闔閭/阖闾) of Wu established "Great City of Helu", the ancient name for Suzhou, as his capital. In 496 BC, Helu was buried in Huqiu (Tiger Hill 虎丘).

In 473 BC Wu was defeated by Yue, a kingdom to the east which was soon annexed by the Chu in 306 BC. The golden era of Suzhou ended with this conquest. Remnants of this culture include remainders of a 2,500 year old city wall and the gate through it at Pan Gate.

By the time of the Qin Dynasty, the city was known as Wu County. Xiang Yu (项羽) staged his historical uprising here in 209 BC, which contributed to the overthrow of Qin.

During the Sui Dynasty - in 589 AD - the city was renamed Suzhou.

When the Grand Canal was completed, Suzhou found itself strategically located on a major trade route. In the course of the history of China, it has been a metropolis of industry and commerce on the south-eastern coast of China.

During the Tang Dynasty (825 AD), the great poet Bai Juyi (白居易) constructed the Shantang Canal (called "Shantang Street" or 山塘街) to connect the city with Huqiu for tourists. In 1035 AD, the temple of Confucius was founded by famed poet and writer Fan Zhongyan (范仲淹). It became the venue for imperial civil examinations.

In February 1130, the advancing Jin army from the north ransacked and massacred the city. This was followed by the Mongol invasion (1275) and destruction of the royal city (in the centre of the walled city) in the beginning of the Ming Dynasty (1367).

Thereafter, the city had a more prosperous time. Many of the famous private gardens were constructed by the gentry of the Ming and Qing dynasties. However, the city was to see another disaster in 1860 when Taiping soldiers advanced on and captured the city. In November 1863 the Ever Victorious Army of Charles Gordon recaptured the city from the Taiping forces.

The next crisis that met the city was the Japanese invasion in 1937. Many gardens were devastated by the end of the war. In the early 1950s, restoration was done on gardens such as Zhuo-Zheng Yuan (Humble Administrator's Garden) and Dong Yuan (East Garden) to bring them back to life.

In 1981, this ancient city was listed by the State Council as one of the four cities (the other three being Beijing, Hangzhou and Guilin) where the protection of historical and cultural heritage as well as natural scenery should be treated as a priority project. Since then, with suburban economic projects, Suzhou has developed into one of the most prosperous cities in China.

Classical gardens in Suzhou were added to the list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1997 and 2000. It is possible to make a virtual tour at the UNESCO site in panorama through the wonderful Classical Gardens of Suzhou. [http://www.world-heritage-tour.org/asia/china/suzhou/map.html]

Districts and satellite cities

Because Suzhou is one of the most prosperous cities in China, its development has a direct correlation with the growth of its satellite cities, most notably Kunshan, Taicang, Mudu, and Zhangjiagang, which together form the greater Suzhou region. Suzhou's jurisdictional areas are home to many high-tech development enterprises.

Suzhou has jurisdiction over (at county level):
* Districts: Canglang 沧浪, Jinchang 金阊, Pingjiang 平江, Suzhou Industrial Park 工业园区, Suzhou High & New Technology Development Zone 高新区, Xiangcheng 相城, Wuzhong 吴中)
* County-level cities: Changshu 常熟, Taicang 太仓, Kunshan 昆山, Wujiang 吴江, and Zhangjiagang 张家港.

Climate

Infobox Weather
metric_first=yes
single_line=yes
location = Suzhou
Jan_Lo_°C = 2 |Jan_REC_Lo_°C =
Feb_Lo_°C = 4 |Feb_REC_Lo_°C =
Mar_Lo_°C = 7 |Mar_REC_Lo_°C =
Apr_Lo_°C = 12|Apr_REC_Lo_°C =
May_Lo_°C = 17|May_REC_Lo_°C =
Jun_Lo_°C = 22|Jun_REC_Lo_°C =
Jul_Lo_°C = 26|Jul_REC_Lo_°C =
Aug_Lo_°C = 26|Aug_REC_Lo_°C =
Sep_Lo_°C = 22|Sep_REC_Lo_°C =
Oct_Lo_°C = 17|Oct_REC_Lo_°C =
Nov_Lo_°C = 11|Nov_REC_Lo_°C =
Dec_Lo_°C = 5 |Dec_REC_Lo_°C =
Year_Lo_°C = |Year_REC_Lo_°C =
Jan_Hi_°C = 8 |Jan_REC_Hi_°C =
Feb_Hi_°C = 10|Feb_REC_Hi_°C =
Mar_Hi_°C = 13|Mar_REC_Hi_°C =
Apr_Hi_°C = 20|Apr_REC_Hi_°C =
May_Hi_°C = 24|May_REC_Hi_°C =
Jun_Hi_°C = 28|Jun_REC_Hi_°C =
Jul_Hi_°C = 32|Jul_REC_Hi_°C =
Aug_Hi_°C = 31|Aug_REC_Hi_°C =
Sep_Hi_°C = 28|Sep_REC_Hi_°C =
Oct_Hi_°C = 22|Oct_REC_Hi_°C =
Nov_Hi_°C = 17|Nov_REC_Hi_°C =
Dec_Hi_°C = 11|Dec_REC_Hi_°C =
Year_Hi_°C = |Year_REC_Hi_°C =
Jan_Precip_cm = 7.75 |Jan_Precip_mm =
Feb_Precip_cm = 5.06 |Feb_Precip_mm =
Mar_Precip_cm = 9.43 |Mar_Precip_mm =
Apr_Precip_cm = 7.17 |Apr_Precip_mm =
May_Precip_cm = 9.33 |May_Precip_mm =
Jun_Precip_cm = 19.62 |Jun_Precip_mm =
Jul_Precip_cm = 11.66 |Jul_Precip_mm =
Aug_Precip_cm = 22.46 |Aug_Precip_mm =
Sep_Precip_cm = 7.07 |Sep_Precip_mm =
Oct_Precip_cm = 5.86 |Oct_Precip_mm =
Nov_Precip_cm = 4.91 |Nov_Precip_mm =
Dec_Precip_cm = 4.85 |Dec_Precip_mm =
Year_Precip_cm = |Year_Precip_mm =
source = [http://weather.msn.com/monthly_averages.aspx?wealocations=wc:32281 per MSN]
accessdate = 2008

Landmarks

*Pan Gate is 2,500 years old and was first built by the state of Wu in the Warring States Period. It is renowned for its unique structure as a combined water and land gate.
*Tiger Hill (Huqiu) [http://www.travelchinaguide.com/attraction/jiangsu/suzhou/tiger_hill.htm]
*Xuanmiao Guan (originally built in 276 AD, rebuilt in 1584)
*Huqiu Temple (originally built in 327, rebuilt in 1871)
*Cold Mountain Temple (Hanshan Si) [http://www.travelchinaguide.com/attraction/jiangsu/suzhou/hanshan_temple.htm] (built in 503, destroyed and rebuilt many times, last reconstruction in 1896)
*Baodai Bridge (built in 816, rebuilt in 1442)
*Shantang Canal (built in 825)
*Yunyan Pagoda (built in 961)
*Ruiguang Pagoda (built in 1009)
*Lingering Garden (Liu Yuan) [http://www.travelchinaguide.com/attraction/jiangsu/suzhou/lingering.htm] (built in 1525, rebuilt in 1953)
*Master of the Nets Garden (Wang Shi Yuan) (built in the Song Dynasty)
*Blue Wave Pavilion (Canglang Ting) [http://www.travelchinaguide.com/attraction/jiangsu/suzhou/canglang.htm] (built in 1696)
*Mountain Villa with Embracing Beauty
*Lion Grove Garden (built in 1342)
*Garden of Cultivation
*The Retreat & Reflection Garden
*Humble Administrator's Garden (Zhuozheng Yuan) [http://www.travelchinaguide.com/attraction/jiangsu/suzhou/humble_garden.htm] (built in 1513, rebuilt in 1860)
*Gate of the Orient, the city's tallest building due for completion in 2007
*Suzhou Museum, the newly built museum by I. M. Pei
*No.1 Suzhou Silk factory the first silk factory in Suzhou

Transportation

Suzhou is conveniently located on the Jinghu Railway linking Shanghai and Nanjing, the provincial capital, to both of which there is hourly railway service. Suzhou Railway Station is among the busiest passenger stations in China, having 139 trains stopping daily. T-Trains only take 45 minutes to Shanghai and an hour and half to Nanjing. Driving options include the Jiangsu-Shanghai Expressway, the Yangtze Riverine Expressway, the Suzhou-Jiaxing-Hangzhou Expressway. In 2005, the new Suzhou Outer Ring was completed, linking the peripheral county-level cities of Taicang, Kunshan, and Changshu. By water, Suzhou is connected with Zhangjiagang, Luzhi, Liujia and Changshou.

Although Wuxi Shuofang Airport and Guangfu United Airlines Airport serve as two municipal airports, and the State Council approved of the construction of an airport exclusively serving Suzhou in 2003, air transportation from Suzhou continues to be at Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport and Shanghai Pudong International Airport in Shanghai.

The Suzhou Metro is currently being constructed.

Culture

*Chinese opera: Kunqu originates in the Suzhou region, as does the much later Suzhou Opera. Ballad-singing, or Suzhou pingtan, is a local form of storytelling that mixes singing (accompanied on the pipa) with portions in spoken dialect.
*Silk
*Handicrafts: Suzhou embroidery, fans, national musical instruments, scroll mounting, lanterns, mahogany furniture, jade carving, silk tapestry, traditional painting pigments of Jiangenxutang Studio, the New Year's wood-block prints of Taohuawu Studio.
*Paintings
*Calligraphic art
*Cuisine: Yangcheng Lake huge crab
*Suzhou Silk Hand Embroidery Art
*Suzhou is the original place of "Jasmine", a song sung by Chinese singers or actresses thousands of times on the occasions of almost every important meetings or celebrations. Jasmine is also the symbol of Suzhou as well as Tai Hu Lake.

Notable people

*Statesmen:
**Fan Zhongyan (范仲淹)
**Yen Chia-kan (嚴家淦)
*Poets:
**Fan Chengda (范成大) (1126-1193 AD)
** The Suzhou Ten
*Playwrights:
**Feng Menglong (冯梦龙) (1574-1645 AD)
*Painters:
**Tang Yin (唐寅)
**Wen Zhengming (文徵明)
**Wen Zhenheng (文震亨) (1585-1645 AD)
*Physicists:
**Tsung-Dao Lee (李政道)
**Chien-Shiung Wu (吳健雄)
*Philosophers:
**Gu Yanwu (顾炎武)
**Zhang Taiyan (章太炎)
*Others:
**Huston Smith
**I. M. Pei (贝聿铭), architect
**Carina Lau (刘嘉玲), actress
**Cong Lu, international business

Quotes

:"A very great and noble city... It has 1600 stone bridges under which a galley may pass." - Marco Polo

:"Capital of Silk", "Land of Abundance", "Gusu city", "Cradle of the Wu Culture", and "World of Gardens", "Oriental Venice or Venice of the East"- nicknames of Suzhou

: "Paradise above, Suzhou and Hangzhou below." - Chinese saying

:"Born in Suzhou, live in Hangzhou, eat in Guangzhou, and die in Liuzhou." - Chinese saying. : "Beautiful or not beautiful, nothing is more beautiful than the waters of Taihu. Related or not related, we are all the people of the same village." - Chinese saying

Education

Public institutions having full-time Bachelor's degree programs include:
*Suzhou University, also named Soochow University (苏州大学)

*University of Science and Technology of Suzhou (苏州科技学院)

*Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University (西安交通利物浦大学)

Postgraduate Institution

*Suzhou Graduate Town (National University of Singapore and Fudan Joint Graduate School, Nanjing University Graduate School, etc.)

Private Schools

*Suzhou Foreign language School

ister cities

Suzhou (including 7 districts and 5 county-level cities under Suzhou's jurisdiction) has more than 50 sister cities, twin towns and provinces:: flagicon|Italy Venice Italy: flagicon|Canada Victoria, British Columbia Canada: flagicon|Japan Ikeda, Osaka Japan: flagicon|Japan Kanazawa, Ishikawa Japan: flagicon|USA Portland, Oregon USA: flagicon|Romania Tulcea County Romania: flagicon|South Korea Jeonju Republic of Korea: flagicon|Japan Kameoka, Kyoto Japan: flagicon|Latvia Riga Latvia: flagicon|Egypt Ismaïlia Egypt: flagicon|France Grenoble France: flagicon|Netherlands Nijmegen Netherlands: flagicon|Denmark Esbjerg Denmark: flagicon|Germany Konstanz Germany: flagicon|New Zealand Taupo New Zealand: flagicon|Japan Nabari, Mie Japan: flagicon|Brazil Porto Alegre Brazil: flagicon|USA Jacksonville, Florida USA: flagicon|Finland Riihimäki Finland: flagicon|South Korea Taebaek South Korea: flagicon|Poland Nowy Sącz Poland: flagicon|Ukraine Kiev Ukraine: flagicon|Ukraine Zaporizhia Ukraine: flagicon|Australia Logan, Queensland Australia: flagicon|Madagascar Antananarivo Madagascar: flagicon|Argentina Santiago del Estero Province Argentina: flagicon|Chile Viña del Mar Chile: flagicon|South Korea Yeongju South Korea: flagicon|Japan Daisen, Tottori Japan: flagicon|Germany Riesa Germany: flagicon|New Zealand Rotorua New Zealand: flagicon|Malta Santa Luċija Malta: flagicon|Japan Hirokawa, Fukuoka Japan: flagicon|Australia Portland, Victoria Australia: flagicon|Japan Eiheiji, Fukui Japan: flagicon|Japan Marugame, Kagawa Japan: flagicon|Japan Ayabe, Kyoto Japan: flagicon|Japan Sendai, Kagoshima Japan: flagicon|Australia Townsville, Queensland Australia: flagicon|USA Whittier, California USA: flagicon|France Brest France: flagicon|USA South El Monte, California, USA: flagicon|Namibia Grootfontein Namibia: flagicon|Japan Tahara, Aichi Japan: flagicon|Japan Tottori, Tottori Japan: flagicon|Italy Rosolina, Italy: flagicon|Japan Uchinada, Ishikawa Japan: flagicon|France Bourgoin-Jallieu France: flagicon|Australia Dubbo, New South Wales Australia: flagicon|Japan Chiba, Chiba Japan: flagicon|South Korea Hwaseong, Gyeonggi South Korea: flagicon|Japan Nago, Okinawa Japan

ee also

*Suzhou crater on Mars was named after the city.
*Wu
*Wuxi
*Luzhi
*Precious Belt Bridge
*The China Navigation Co. own a vessel, the MV Soochow, registered in Hong Kong.

References

External links

* [http://www.suzhou.gov.cn/English/index.shtml Official site of Suzhou City, in English] (Government of Suzhou)
*
* [http://suzhou.jiangsu.net Suzhou city guide with open directory] (Jiangsu Network)
* [http://www.chinavista.com/suzhou/home.html Suzhou Vista]
* [http://www.suzhou-expat.com/content/view/108/46/ Scenic Spots in Suzhou]
* [http://www.sipac.gov.cn/english/ Suzhou Industrial Park]
* [http://jwsuchow.com/ Jordan Suchow, of org. descent]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Suzhou — steht für: Suzhou (Jiangsu) (苏州市), eine bezirksfreie Stadt in der Provinz Jiangsu, Volksrepublik China; Suzhou (Anhui) (宿州市), eine bezirksfreie Stadt in der Provinz Anhui, Volksrepublik China; Suzhou (Jiuquan) (肃州区), ein Stadtbezirk der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SUZHOU — [SOU TCHEOU] Ses 707 000 habitants (estimation de 1990) font de Suzhou la ville la plus peuplée, après Nankin, de la province chinoise du Jiangsu. Elle se situe près du grand lac Taihu, sur le Grand Canal, à quelque 80 kilomètres de Shanghai.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Suzhou —   [sudʒou̯], Sutschou, 1912 49 Wuxian [wuç ], Wuhsien [wuç ], Stadt in der Provinz Jiangsu, Ostchina, westlich von Schanghai, am Südrand des Jangtsekiangdeltas, östlich des Sees Tai Hu, am Kaiserkanal, 705 500 Einwohner; Universität, TH u. a. Ho …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Suzhou He — bzeichnet: Suzhou (Fluss), einen Fluss in Ostchina Suzhou He, Originaltitel von Suzhou River, Film von Lou Ye aus dem Jahr 2000 Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort b …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Suzhou — (chino simplificado: 苏州, chino tradicional: 蘇州, pinyin: Sūzhōu, forma tradicional: Soochow) es una de las ciudades más famosas de toda China. Está situada en la parte baja del río Yangzi, a orilla del lago Taihu, en la provincia de Jiangsu. La… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Suzhou — [so͞o′jō′] city in S Jiangsu province, E China, on the Grand Canal: pop. 673,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Suzhou — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Suzhou (homonymie). Sūzhōu · 苏州 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Suzhou — Para otros usos de este término, véase Suzhou (Anhui). Suzhou watertown Suzhóu (chino tradicional: 蘇州, chino simplificado: 苏州, pinyin: Sūzhōu, transcripción antigua: Soochow) es una de las ciudades más famosas de toda China …   Wikipedia Español

  • Suzhou — /syuu joh /, n. Pinyin. 1. Formerly, Wuxian. a city in S Jiangsu province, in E China. 1,300,000. 2. former name of Yibin. Also, Soochow, Suchou. * * * ▪ China Introduction …   Universalium

  • Suzhou — 1 Original name in latin Suzhou Name in other language Su hsien, Suchow, Suchzhou, Suxian, Suzhou, su zhou shi, Сучжоу State code CN Continent/City Asia/Shanghai longitude 33.63611 latitude 116.97889 altitude 34 Population 205130 Date 2012 01 18… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.