List of cities in the People's Republic of China


List of cities in the People's Republic of China

According to the administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China (PRC), there are three level of cities, namely municipalities, prefecture-level cities, and county-level cities.

Sub-provincial cities are prefecture-level, and Sub-prefecture-level cities are county-level, but given higher degree of power than cities of the same level.

Based on 2000 census data, the largest cities are the four centrally administered municipalities, which include dense urban areas, suburbs, and large rural areas: Chongqing (30.5 million), Shanghai (16.4 million), Beijing (13.5 million), and Tianjin (9.8 million).

Other major cities are Wuhan (5.1 million), Shenyang (4.8 million), Guangzhou (3.8 million), Chengdu (3.2 million), Xi’an (3.1 million), and Changchun (3 million).

China has 12 other cities with populations of between 2 million and 2.9 million and 20 or more other cities with populations of more than 1 million persons.

Largest cities

The PRC has dozens of major cities, including 3 of the 55 global cities. [All the Chinese given above in this section are in simplified Chinese characters, except for Kowloon, which is in traditional Chinese characters.]

Municipalities

(Municipalities are provincial-level divisions.)
*Beijing ( _zh. 北京) (Peking)
*Chongqing ( _zh. 重庆) (Chungking)
**Hechuan ( _zh. 合川)
**Jiangjin ( _zh. 江津)
**Yongchuan ( _zh. 永川)
**Nanchuan ( _zh. 南川)
*Shanghai ( _zh. 上海)
**Pudong ( _zh. 浦东新区) (sub-provincial district, strictly speaking not a city, but given the power higher than an ordinary prefecture-level city)
*Tianjin ( _zh. 天津) (Tientsin)
**Binhai ( _zh. 滨海新区) (sub-provincial district, strictly speaking not a city, but given the power higher than an ordinary prefecture-level city)

Provinces

(Only prefecture-level cities but not county-level cities are listed below, and only the major ones are listed, see the articles of the provinces for full lists.)

Anhui

*Anqing ( _zh. 安庆)
*Bengbu ( _zh. 蚌埠)
*Bozhou ( _zh. 亳州)
*Chaohu ( _zh. 巢湖)
*Chizhou ( _zh. 池州)
*Chuzhou ( _zh. 滁州)
*Fuyang ( _zh. 阜阳)
*Hefei ( _zh. 合肥)
*Huaibei ( _zh. 淮北)
*Huainan ( _zh. 淮南)
*Huangshan ( _zh. 黄山)
*Lu'an ( _zh. 六安)
*Ma'anshan ( _zh. 马鞍山)
*Suzhou ( _zh. 宿州)
*Tongling ( _zh. 铜陵)
*Wuhu ( _zh. 芜湖)
*Xuancheng ( _zh. 宣城)

Fujian

*Fuzhou ( _zh. 福州)
*Longyan ( _zh. 龙岩)
*Nanping ( _zh. 南平)
*Ningde ( _zh. 宁德)
*Putian ( _zh. 莆田)
*Quanzhou ( _zh. 泉州)
*Sanming ( _zh. 三明)
*Xiamen ( _zh. 厦门) (Amoy) (Sub-provincial city)
*Zhangzhou ( _zh. 漳州)

Gansu

*Baiyin ( _zh. 白银)
*Jiayuguan ( _zh. 嘉峪关)
*Jinchang ( _zh. 金昌)
*Jiuquan ( _zh. 酒泉)
*Lanzhou ( _zh. 兰州)
*Pingliang ( _zh. 平凉)
*Qingyang ( _zh. 庆阳)
*Tianshui ( _zh. 天水)
*Wuwei ( _zh. 武威)
*Zhangye ( _zh. 张掖)

Guangdong

*Chaozhou ( _zh. 潮州) (Teochew)
*Dongguan ( _zh. 东莞)
*Foshan ( _zh. 佛山)
*Guangzhou ( _zh. 广州) (Canton) (Sub-provincial city)
*Jiangmen ( _zh. 江门)
*Meizhou ( _zh. 梅州) (Meixian, Moi-yen or Moi-yan)
*Shantou ( _zh. 汕头) (Swatou)
*Shenzhen ( _zh. 深圳) (Sub-provincial city)
*Taishan ( _zh. 台山) (County-level city)
*Xingning ( _zh. 兴宁)
*Zhanjiang ( _zh. 湛江)
*Zhongshan ( _zh. 中山)
*Zhuhai ( _zh. 珠海)

Guizhou

*Guiyang ( _zh. 贵阳)

Hainan

*Haikou ( _zh. 海口)

Hebei

*Shijiazhuang ( _zh. 石家庄)
*Qinhuangdao ( _zh. 秦皇岛)

Heilongjiang

*Harbin ( _zh. 哈尔滨) (Provincial capital)
*Qiqihar ( _zh. 齐齐哈尔) (Prefecture-level city)
*Mudanjiang ( _zh. 牡丹江)
*Jiamusi ( _zh. 佳木斯)
*Daqing ( _zh. 大庆)
*Hegang ( _zh. 鹤岗)
*Shuangyashan ( _zh. 双鸭山)
*Yichun ( _zh. 伊春)
*Qitaihe ( _zh. 七台河)
*Heihe ( _zh. 黑河)
*Suihua ( _zh. 绥化)
*Daxing'anling Prefecture ( _zh. 大兴安岭地区) (Prefecture)

Henan

*Zhengzhou ( _zh. 郑州)
*Luoyang ( _zh. 洛阳)

Hubei

*Ezhou ( _zh. 鄂州)
*Huanggang ( _zh. 黄岗)
*Huangshi ( _zh. 黄石)
*Jingmen ( _zh. 荆门)
*Jingzhou ( _zh. 荆州)
*Shiyan ( _zh. 十堰)
*Suizhou ( _zh. 随州)
*Xiangfan ( _zh. 襄樊)
*Xianning ( _zh. 咸宁)
*Xiaogan ( _zh. 孝感)
*Wuhan ( _zh. 武汉) (Sub-provincial city)
*Yichang ( _zh. 宜昌)

Hunan

*Changsha ( _zh. 长沙)

Jiangsu

*Nanjing ( _zh. 南京) Sub-provincial city and provincial capital
*Changzhou ( _zh. 常州)
**Jintan ( _zh. 金坛)
**Liyang ( _zh. 溧阳)
*Huaian ( _zh. 淮安)
*Lianyungang ( _zh. 连云港)
*Nantong ( _zh. 南通)
*Suqian ( _zh. 宿迁)
*Suzhou ( _zh. 苏州)
**Changshu ( _zh. 常熟)
**Kunshan ( _zh. 昆山)
**Taicang ( _zh. 太仓)
**Wujiang ( _zh. 吴江)
**Zhangjiagang ( _zh. 张家港)
*Taizhou ( _zh. 泰州)
**Jiangyan ( _zh. 姜堰)
**Jingjiang ( _zh. 靖江)
**Taixing ( _zh. 泰兴)
**Xinghua ( _zh. 兴化)
*Wuxi ( _zh. 无锡)
**Jiangyin ( _zh. 江阴)
**Yixing ( _zh. 宜兴)
*Xuzhou ( _zh. 徐州)
**Pizhou ( _zh. 邳州)
**Xinyi ( _zh. 新沂)
*Yancheng ( _zh. 盐城)
**Dafeng ( _zh. 大丰)
**Dongtai ( _zh. 东台)
*Yangzhou ( _zh. 扬州)
**Gaoyou ( _zh. 高邮)
**Jiangdu ( _zh. 江都)
**Yizheng ( _zh. 仪征)
*Zhenjiang ( _zh. 镇江)
**Danyang ( _zh. 丹阳)
**Jurong ( _zh. 句容)
**Yangzhong ( _zh. 扬中)

Jiangxi

*Nanchang ( _zh. 南昌)
*Jiujiang ( _zh. 九江)
*Ganzhou ( _zh. 赣州)
**Huichang ( _zh. 会昌)

Liaoning

*Dalian ( _zh. 大连) (Lüda or Luta, including Lushun (Port Arthur)) (Sub-provincial city)
*Shenyang ( _zh. 沈阳) (Sub-provincial city)

Shandong

*Jinan ( _zh. 济南) (Sub-provincial city)
*Qingdao ( _zh. 青岛) (Tsingtao) (Sub-provincial city)
*Dongying ( _zh. 东营)
*Yantai ( _zh. 烟台)
*Weihai ( _zh. 威海)
*Weifang ( _zh. 潍坊)
*Linyi ( _zh. 临沂)
*Liaocheng ( _zh. 聊城)
*Laiwu ( _zh. 莱芜)
*Rizhao ( _zh. 日照)
*Jining ( _zh. 济宁)
*Binzhou ( _zh. 滨州)
*Heze ( _zh. 菏泽)
*Zibo ( _zh. 淄博)
*Zaozhuang ( _zh. 枣庄)
*Tai'an ( _zh. 泰安)
*Dezhou ( _zh. 德州)

Shanxi

*Taiyuan ( _zh. 太原)

Sichuan

*Chengdu ( _zh. 成都) (Sub-provincial city)

Yunnan

*Kunming ( _zh. 昆明)

Zhejiang

*Hangzhou ( _zh. 杭州) Sub-provincial city, provincial capital
*Huzhou ( _zh. 湖州)
*Jiaxing ( _zh. 嘉兴)
*Jinhua ( _zh. 金华)
*Lishui ( _zh. 丽水)
*Ningbo ( _zh. 宁波) Sub-provincial city
*Quzhou ( _zh. 衢州)
*Shaoxing ( _zh. 绍兴)
*Taizhou ( _zh. 台州)
*Wenzhou ( _zh. 温州)
*Zhoushan ( _zh. 舟山)

Autonomous regions


=Guangxi Zhuang=

*Nanning ( _zh. 南宁)


=Nei Mongol (Inner Mongolia)=

*Hohhot ( _zh. 呼和浩特)


=Ningxia Hui=

*Yinchuan ( _zh. 银川)


=Xinjiang Uighur=

*Aksu ( _zh. 阿克苏)
*Altay ( _zh. 阿勒泰)
*Kashgar ( _zh. 喀什)
*Urumqi ( _zh. 乌鲁木齐)


=Xizang (Tibet)=

*Lhasa ( _zh. 拉萨)

Special administrative regions

The special administrative regions have a unitary government without defined cities.

Hong Kong

These are the largest urban areas:
*Kowloon
*Central
*Causeway Bay
*Mong Kok
*Tsuen Wan
*Sha Tin
*Tuen Mun
*Yuen Long

Macau

These former "freguesia" were defined by Portugal and still used for convenience.
* Freguesia de Nossa Senhora de Fátima ( _zh. 花地瑪堂區)
* Freguesia de Santo António (聖安多尼堂區 or 花王堂區)
* Freguesia de São Lazaro ( _zh. 望德堂區)
* Freguesia da Sé ( _zh. 大堂區)
* Freguesia de São Lourenço ( _zh. 風順堂區 or _zh. 聖老愣佐堂區)
* Freguesia de Nossa Senhora do Carmo ( _zh. 嘉模堂區), the island of Taipa
* Freguesia de São Francisco Xavier ( _zh. 聖方濟各堂區), the island of Coloane
* Cotai, the reclaimed land between the islands of Taipa and Coloane

ee also

*List of cities in the People's Republic of China by population
*Political divisions of China
*List of city listings by country
*List of metropolitan areas by population
*Prefecture-level city (in PRC)
*Prefecture (China)
*Global city
*List of cities in the Republic of China (Taiwan)
*List of metropolitan areas in Taiwan

References

External links

* [http://geography.about.com/library/weekly/aa011201a.htm Largest Cities Through History]
* [http://www.world-gazetteer.com/s/p_cn.htm Map]
* [http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~chgis China Historical Geographic Information System (and Placename Search Engine)]

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