imagesize = 220px
image_caption = An Aerial View of Jiaxiu Lou
mapsize = 220px
map_caption = Location of Guiyang in
mapsize1 = 220px
map_caption1 = The territory of Guiyang prefecture-level city (yellow) within Guizhou
dot_x = |dot_y =
pushpin_map_caption =Location in China
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = China
subdivision_type1 = Province
area_total_km2 = 8034
timezone = China Standard
utc_offset = +8
latd=26 |latm=35 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=106 |longm=43 |longs= |longEW=E
postal_code_type = Postal code
postal_code = 550000
website = http://www.guiyang.gov.cn/
footnotes = Guiyang (zh-stp|s=贵阳|t=貴陽|p=Guìyáng) is the capital of
GuizhouProvince, the People's Republic of China.
Guiyang is located in central Guizhou province, situated on the east of the
Yungui Plateau, and on the north bank of the Nanming River, a branch of the Wujiang River. The city has an elevation of about 1,100 meters. It has an area of 8,034 square kilometers. [cite web|url=http://www.xzqh.org/QUHUA/52gz/01guiyang.htm |title=Profile of Guiyang| publisher= | date= |accessdate=2008-06-11| language=Chinese]
The city was first constructed as early as
1283AD during the Yuan Dynasty. It was originally called Shunyuan (順元), meaning obeying the Yuan(the Mongolrulers).
Originally the area was populated by non-Chinese. The
Sui dynasty(AD 581–618) had a commanderythere, and the Tang dynasty(618–907) a prefecture. They were, however, no more than military outposts, and it was not until the Yuan (Mongol) invasion of southwest China in 1279 that the area was made the seat of an army and a " pacificationoffice." Chinese settlement in the area also began at that time, and, under the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing (1644–1911) dynasties, the town became the seat of a superior prefecture named Guiyang.
Locally Guiyang was an important administrative and commercial center with two distinct merchant communities, consisting of the Sichuanese, who lived in the "new" northern part of the city, and those from
Hunan, Guangdong, and Guangxiprovince, who lived in the "old" southern part. Nevertheless, until the Sino-Japanese War(1937–45), Guiyang was no more than the capital of one of China's least-developed provinces. As elsewhere in the southwest, considerable economic progress was made under the special circumstances of wartime. Road transport infrastructure with Kunmingin Yunnan province and with Chongqingin Sichuan (China's wartimeprovisional capital) and into Hunan were established. Work was begun on a railway from Liuzhouin Guangxi, and after 1949 this development was accelerated. Guiyang has subsequently become a major provincial city and industrial base. In 1959 the rail network in Guangxi was completed, allowing seemless connection from Guizhou to Chongqing to the north, to Kunming to the west, and Changshato the east.
#Xifeng County (息烽县)
Guiyang has grown almost exponentially since the 1990s. The city's heart is around the 大十字 (literally "Big Ten") which is a cross, resembling the Chinese character for ten, and 大瀑布 (literally "Big Fall") which is a fountain in the center of a rondpoint.
The city is situated on the
Nanming River, a headstream of the Wu River, which eventually joins the Yangtze Riverat Fulingin Sichuanprovince. Guiyang is a natural route center, with comparatively easy access northward to Sichuan and northeast to Hunanprovince.
Guiyang is temperate and humid, and has a subtropical
monsoonclimate, with fairly mild winters and warm summers. The seasons are not particularly distinct. Unseasonably warm or cold spells are common although temperatures rarely reach extremes. Average highs are 49F (10C) in January and 83F (28C) in July.
Rain falls throughout the year, with occasional flurries in winter. It is also one of China's least sunny cities.
Guiyang is the economic and commercial hub of Guizhou Province. The GDP per capita was ¥11728 (ca. US$1420) in 2003, ranked no. 206 among 659 Chinese cities.
Coal is mined in the locality of Guiyang and
Anshun, and there are large thermal generating plants at Guiyang and Duyun, supplying electricityfor the city's industry. A large iron and steel plant came into production in Guiyang in 1960, supplying the local machinery- manufacturingindustry.
Large deposits of
bauxitehave been discovered to the north, and by the 1970s Guiyang had become a major producer of aluminum. Guiyang also manufactures industrial and mining equipment, as well as railway vehicles and equipment. It has a large chemical industry, producing fertilizers, and a rubber industry, manufacturing automobile tires. Guiyang also has textile plants and makes glass, paper, and other consumer goods.
Guiyang is populated by 23 different minorities (the most populous of which is the
Miao people), in addition to the ethnic Han.
2003, the total population of Guiyang municipality was 3.45 million, among which 1.65 million were urban residents.
Transportation in Guiyang consists of an extensive bus system and many taxis. The relatively recently constructed
Longdongbaointernational airport conducts air traffic. The main southern railway station is being rebuilt in 2008.
There is a
high-speed railline to and from Chengdu, Sichuan.
The city is the cultural and educational center of Guizhou province and has a university, a teacher-training college, and a medical school.
On October 15, 1696, the city was made the seat of the Roman Catholic Apostolic Vicariate of Kweichow. This was suppressed in 1715 and restored in 1846. In 1924 it was renamed as the Apostolic Vicariate of Guiyang, and in 1946 it was promated to its current status as the
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Guiyang.
Palmerston North, New Zealand
* [http://www.guiyang.gov.cn/ Guiyang Government website]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Guiyang — (chino simplificado: 贵阳, chino tradicional: 貴陽, pinyin: Guìyáng, forma tradicional: Kweiyang) es la capital de la provincia de Guizhou en la República Popular China. Tiene una población aproximada de tres millones de habitantes (2003). La ciudad… … Enciclopedia Universal
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Guiyang — /gwee yahng /, n. Pinyin. a city in and the capital of Guizhou province, in S China. 660,000. Also, Kweiyang. * * * or Kuei yang City (pop., 1999 est.: 1,320,566), capital of Guizhou province, southern China. It is situated south of Chongqing.… … Universalium
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Guiyang — 1 Original name in latin Guiyang Name in other language Guejang, Guejjan, Guijangas, Guijango, Guiyang, Guiyang Shi, Gujjan, Gijango, KWE, Kuei chu, Kuei yang, Kuei yang shih, Kuej jang, Kweichu, Kweiyang, Kweiyangfu, Quy Duong, Qu Dng, ghwyyangh … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Guiyang — or Kuei yang or Kweiyang geographical name city S China capital of Guizhou population 1,018,619 … New Collegiate Dictionary
Guiyang — noun A prefecture level city in southwestern China; capital of Guizhou Province … Wiktionary