Jyutping (sometimes spelled Jyutpin) is a
romanizationsystem for Standard Cantonesedeveloped by the Linguistic Society of Hong Kong(LSHK) in 1993. Its formal name is "The Linguistic Society of Hong Kong Cantonese Romanization Scheme". The LSHK promotes the use of this romanization system.
The name "Jyutping" is a contraction consisting of the first
Chinese characters of the terms "jyut jyu" (, meaning " Cantonese") and "ping jam" ( "phonetic alphabet").
Note that the "j" used by this romanization system is the "j" used by
IPA, which is equivalent to the "y" used by English speakers or most Chinese romanization systems.
Jyutping input method is the only Cantonese input method available in
Microsoft's Vista products.
Comparison with Yale Romanization
Jyutping and the Yale romanization system represent Cantonese pronunciations with the same letters in:
* The initials: "b", "p", "m", "f", "d", "t", "n", "l", "g", "k", "ng", "h", "s", "gw", "kw", "w".
vowel: "aa" (except when using alone), "a", "e", "i", "o", "u","yu".
nasal consonant: "m", "ng".
* The coda: "i", "u", "m", "n", "ng", "p", "t", "k".But they have difference with the following exceptions:
vowels "eo" and "oe" represent IPA|/ɵ/ and IPA|/œː/ respectively in Jyutping, while the "eu" represents both vowels in Yale.
* The initial "j" represents IPA|/j/ in Jyutping while "y" is used instead in Yale.
* The initial "z" represents IPA|/ts/ in Jyutping while "j" is used instead in Yale.
* The initial "c" represents IPA|/tsʰ/ in Jyutping while "ch" is used instead in Yale.
* In Jyutping, if no
consonantprecedes the vowel "yu", then the initial "j" is appended before the vowel. In Yale, the corresponding initial "y" is never appended before "yu" under any circumstances.
* Jyutping defines three finals not in Yale: "eu" IPA|/ɛːu/, "em" IPA|/ɛːm/, and "ep" IPA|/ɛːp/. These three finals are used in colloquial Cantonese words, such as "deu6" (掉), "lem2" (舐), and "gep6" (夾).
* To represent tones, only tone numbers are used in Jyutping while Yale originally uses tone marks together with the letter "h" (though tone numbers can be used in Yale as well).
Comparison with Standard Cantonese Pinyin
Jyutping and the
Standard Cantonese Pinyinrepresent Cantonese pronunciations with the same letters in:
* The initials: "b", "p", "m", "f", "d", "t", "n", "l", "g", "k", "ng", "h", "s", "gw", "kw", "j", "w".
vowel: "aa", "a", "e", "i", "o", "u".
nasal consonant: "m", "ng".
* The coda: "i" (except of being the coda IPA|/y/ in Jyutping), "u", "m", "n", "ng", "p", "t", "k".But they have some differences:
vowels "oe" represent IPA|/ɵ/ and IPA|/œː/ in Standard Cantonese Pinyin while the "eo" and "oe" represent IPA|/ɵ/ and IPA|/œː/ respectively in Jyutping.
* The vowel "y" represent IPA|/y/ in Standard Cantonese Pinyin while both "yu" (use in nucleus) and "i" (use in coda) is used in Jyutping.
* The initial "dz" represents IPA|/ts/ in Standard Cantonese Pinyin while "z" is used instead in Jyutping.
* The initial "ts" represents IPA|/tsʰ/ in Standard Cantonese Pinyin while "c" is used instead in Jyutping.
* To represent tone, numbers 1 to 9 are usually used in Standard Cantonese Pinyin (as in Yale), though substituting 1, 3, and 6 for 7, 8, and 9 is acceptable. However, only numbers 1 to 6 are used in Jyutping.
Try to write an old Chinese poem:
Jyutping input method
The Jyutping method (zh-t|t=粵拼輸入法) refers to a family of input methods based on the
The Jyutping method allows a user to input Chinese characters by entering the jyutping of a Chinese character (with or without tone, depending on the system) and then presenting the user with a list of possible characters with that pronunciation.
List of Cantonese phonetic methods
* [http://hk.dir.yahoo.com/Regional/Countries_and_Regions/Hong_Kong/Computers_and_Internet/Software/System_Utilities/Input_Methods/Chinese_Input/Cantonese_Input/ Yahoo's list of Cantonese IME]
* [http://www.cantoneseinput.com Online Cantonese Input Method] (網上廣東話輸入法)
* [http://www.mdbg.net/chindict/webime_select.php MDBG]
* [http://home.comcast.net/~jbmbweb/cantoinput/index.html CantoInput]
* [http://homepage.mac.com/yung/cantonim/index.html CantonIM] for
Macintosh Mac OS X
* [http://www.hku.hk/linguist/staff/kkl_cime.htm Red Dragonfly]
* [http://rescomp.stanford.edu/~domingo2/Chinese.html LSHK Jyutping] for
Macintosh Mac OS Xand OS 9(The page also includes Yale input version 0.2)
* [http://www.langcomp.com.hk/chinese/products/smartjpime.htm Smart Jyutping IME]
* [http://www.waisek.com/ Waisek Chinese Input Method] (緯石廣東話拼音中文輸入法)
* [http://lshk.ctl.cityu.edu.hk/ LSHK?] (輕鬆粵語輸入法)
* [http://free.ys168.com/?sxgpic Simplified phonetic?] (粵語簡拼輸入法)
*Microsoft Office Hong Kong Cantonese IME 2007 (微軟香港粵語輸入法2007)
* [http://lshk.ctl.cityu.edu.hk/cantonese.php LSHK Cantonese Romanization Scheme]
* [http://www.cantonese.sheik.co.uk/essays/jyutping.htm Jyutping Pronunciation Guide]
* [http://input.foruto.com/ccc/jyt/ 粵語拼盤] : Learning the phonetic system of Cantonese
* [http://humanum.arts.cuhk.edu.hk/Lexis/lexi-can/ Chinese Character Database (Phonologically Disambiguated According to the Cantonese Dialect)]
* [http://www.mdbg.net/chindict/chindict.php?page=chardict MDBG free online Chinese-English dictionary (supports both Jyutping and Yale romanization)]
* [http://www.cantodict.org The CantoDict Project] is a dedicated Cantonese-Mandarin-English online dictionary which uses Jyutping by default
* [http://126.96.36.199:443/jp/ Jyutping exercises and other resources] (only partially English as of
2006-12-17; temporary website)
* [http://cpime.hk/ Cantonese Phonetic IME (with Jyutping)]
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