Haikou


Haikou

Infobox Settlement
name =Haikou
official_name =
other_name =
native_name =
nickname =
settlement_type =Prefecture-level city
total_type =
motto =
translit_lang1=Chinese
translit_lang1_type=Chinese
translit_lang1_info=海口
translit_lang1_type1=Pinyin
translit_lang1_info1=Hǎikǒu


imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Haikou Century Bridge


flag_size =
image_

seal_size =
image_shield =
shield_size =
image_blank_emblem =
blank_emblem_type =
blank_emblem_size =


mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Haikou Prefecture (yellow) within Hainan


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
image_dot_

dot_mapsize =
dot_map_caption =
dot_x = |dot_y =
pushpin_

pushpin_label_position =
pushpin_map_caption = Location in China
pushpin_mapsize = 250
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = China
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = Hainan
subdivision_type2 =
subdivision_name2 =
seat_type =
seat =
parts_type =
parts_style =
parts =
p1 =
p2 =
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title =
leader_name =
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
leader_title2 =
leader_name2 =
leader_title3 =
leader_name3 =
leader_title4 =
leader_name4 =
established_title =
established_date =
established_title1 =
established_date1 =
established_title2 =
established_date2 =
established_title3 =
established_date3 =
founder =
named_for =
area_magnitude =
unit_pref =
area_footnotes =
area_total_km2 =2304.84
area_land_km2 =
area_water_km2 =
area_total_dunam =
area_total_sq_mi =
area_land_sq_mi =
area_water_sq_mi =
area_water_percent =
area_urban_km2 =
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
area_blank1_title =
area_blank1_km2 =
area_blank1_sq_mi =
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m =
elevation_ft =
elevation_max_m =
elevation_max_ft =
elevation_min_m =
elevation_min_ft =
population_as_of =2006
population_footnotes =
population_note =
population_total =830192
population_density_km2 =auto
population_density_sq_mi =
population_metro =
population_density_metro_km2 =
population_density_metro_sq_mi =
population_urban =
population_density_urban_km2 =
population_density_urban_sq_mi =
population_blank1_title =
population_blank1 =
population_density_blank1_km2 =
population_density_blank1_sq_mi =
timezone = China Standard
utc_offset = +8
timezone_DST =
utc_offset_DST =
coor_type =
latd=20 |latm=02 |lats=34 |latNS=N
longd=110 |longm=20 |longs=30 |longEW=E

postal_code_type = Postal code
postal_code = 570000
area_code = 898
blank_name =
blank_info =
blank1_name =
blank1_info =
blank2_name =
blank2_info =
blank3_name =
blank3_info =
blank4_name =
blank4_info =
blank5_name =
blank5_info =
blank6_name =
blank6_info =
website = http://www.haikou.gov.cn/
footnotes =
Haikou ( _zh. wd|海wd|口; pinyin: Hǎikǒu), situated at the north of Hainan island, is the capital of Hainan Province of the People's Republic of China and has an estimated population of 830,192 (2006), therefore by far the largest city on the island.

History

Haikou originally grew up as the port for Qiongshan, the ancient administrative capital of Hainan Island, which is situated some 5 km inland. It became a military post in the 13th century and was fortified under the Ming dynasty (1368–1644). The port is situated to the west of the mouth of the Nandu, Hainan's chief river. Although it has no good natural harbor, it has always been the principal port of the island.

After Qiongshan was opened to foreign trade under the Treaty of Tianjin (1858), Haikou began to rival the old administrative city. Haikou was created a separate administrative county in 1926; it overtook Qiongshan in population in the 1930s.

Haikou was much developed as a port during the Sino-Japanese War (1937–45) when the Japanese occupied Hainan Island from early 1939 to 1945. Since 1949, Haikou has retained its position as Hainan's main port, handling more than half of its total trade; it has replaced Qiongshan as the island's administrative capital.

Haikou was made a prefecture-level city as well as the capital of the newly-created Hainan Province in 1988.

Geography

Haikou has an area of 2,304.84 square kilometers. [cite web| url=http://www.haikou.gov.cn/zlhk/ShowArticle.asp?ArticleID=33602 |title=Geography of Haikou |publisher=Official website of Haikou government| date=2008-04-01|accessdate=2008-06-11|language=Chinese] It is situated on the north coast of Hainan Island, facing the Leizhou Peninsula, across the Hainan Strait (15 km wide); in an area that reaches from Zengmu Ansha in the south to the Qiongzhou Strait in the north; bordering the sea areas of the South China Sea and facing Vietnam in the west across Beibu Bay.

Administrative districts

*Longhua District
*Xiuying District
*Qiongshan District
*Meilan District

Economy

The GDP per capita was US$3,049 in 2007, ranked no. 43 among 659 Chinese cities.

Haikou exports great quantities of agricultural produce and livestock. There is a small amount of industry, including canning, textiles, rice hulling, and light engineering.

ister cities

*flagicon|SCO Perth, Scotland
*flagicon|USA Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States
*flagicon|POL Gdynia, Poland
*flagicon|AUS Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia

References

External links

* [http://www.haikou.gov.cn/ Haikou Government website]
* [http://www.asia-planet.net/china/haikou.htm Detailed information about Haikou]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Haikou — Hǎikǒu · 海口 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Haikou — (chino: 海口, pinyin: Hǎikǒu) es la capital de la provincia de Hainan, en la República Popular China. La ciudad está situada en el norte de la isla de Hainan, en el canal de Qiongzhou. Haikou significa boca del mar . Tiene un población de poco más… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Haikou — Haikou,   Hauptstadt der Provinz Hainan und gleichzeitig Hauptort der gleichnamigen Insel (Hainan), in Südchina, 280 200 Einwohner; Konservenindustrie; Hafen, Flugplatz …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Haikou — [hī′kō′] city in S China, on Hainan island; capital of Hainan province: pop. 266,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Haikou — Lage von Haikou …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Haikou — 1 Original name in latin Haikou Name in other language Hai k ou shih, Hai k’ou shih, Haikou, Haikou Zhen, hai kou, hai kou zhen State code CN Continent/City Asia/Shanghai longitude 29.10682 latitude 117.80736 altitude 64 Population 0 Date 2012 01 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Haikou — Ciudad prefectura 海口市 Haikou …   Wikipedia Español

  • Haikou — /huy koh /, n. Pinyin, Wade Giles. a city on N Hainan island, in SE China. 500,000. Also, Hoihow. * * * ▪ China Wade Giles romanization  Hai k ou , conventional  Hoihow        city and capital of Hainan (Hai nan) sheng (province), southern China …   Universalium

  • Haikou — geographical name city & port SE China capital of Hainan population 280,153 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Haikou — noun A city in China; capital of Hainan province, situated at the north of Hainan island …   Wiktionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.