imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Haikou Century Bridge
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Haikou Prefecture (yellow) within Hainan
dot_x = |dot_y =
pushpin_map_caption = Location in China
pushpin_mapsize = 250
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = China
subdivision_type1 = Province
timezone = China Standard
utc_offset = +8
latd=20 |latm=02 |lats=34 |latNS=N
longd=110 |longm=20 |longs=30 |longEW=E
postal_code_type = Postal code
postal_code = 570000
area_code = 898
website = http://www.haikou.gov.cn/
footnotes = Haikou ( _zh. wd|海wd|口;
pinyin: Hǎikǒu), situated at the north of Hainanisland, is the capitalof Hainan Provinceof the People's Republic of Chinaand has an estimated population of 830,192 (2006), therefore by far the largest city on the island.
Haikou originally grew up as the port for
Qiongshan, the ancient administrative capital of Hainan Island, which is situated some 5 km inland. It became a military post in the 13th century and was fortified under the Ming dynasty(1368–1644). The port is situated to the west of the mouth of the Nandu, Hainan's chief river. Although it has no good natural harbor, it has always been the principal port of the island.
After Qiongshan was opened to foreign trade under the
Treaty of Tianjin(1858), Haikou began to rival the old administrative city. Haikou was created a separate administrative county in 1926; it overtook Qiongshan in population in the 1930s.
Haikou was much developed as a port during the Sino-Japanese War (1937–45) when the Japanese occupied Hainan Island from early 1939 to 1945. Since 1949, Haikou has retained its position as Hainan's main port, handling more than half of its total trade; it has replaced Qiongshan as the island's administrative capital.
Haikou was made a
prefecture-level cityas well as the capital of the newly-created Hainan Province in 1988.
Haikou has an area of 2,304.84 square kilometers. [cite web| url=http://www.haikou.gov.cn/zlhk/ShowArticle.asp?ArticleID=33602 |title=Geography of Haikou |publisher=Official website of Haikou government| date=2008-04-01|accessdate=2008-06-11|language=Chinese] It is situated on the north coast of
Hainan Island, facing the Leizhou Peninsula, across the Hainan Strait(15 km wide); in an area that reaches from Zengmu Anshain the south to the Qiongzhou Straitin the north; bordering the sea areas of the South China Seaand facing Vietnamin the west across Beibu Bay.
The GDP per capita was US$3,049 in 2007, ranked no. 43 among 659 Chinese cities.
exports great quantities of agricultural produce and livestock. There is a small amount of industry, including canning, textiles, rice hulling, and light engineering.
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States
Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia
* [http://www.haikou.gov.cn/ Haikou Government website]
* [http://www.asia-planet.net/china/haikou.htm Detailed information about Haikou]
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Haikou — Hǎikǒu · 海口 … Wikipédia en Français
Haikou — (chino: 海口, pinyin: Hǎikǒu) es la capital de la provincia de Hainan, en la República Popular China. La ciudad está situada en el norte de la isla de Hainan, en el canal de Qiongzhou. Haikou significa boca del mar . Tiene un población de poco más… … Enciclopedia Universal
Haikou — Haikou, Hauptstadt der Provinz Hainan und gleichzeitig Hauptort der gleichnamigen Insel (Hainan), in Südchina, 280 200 Einwohner; Konservenindustrie; Hafen, Flugplatz … Universal-Lexikon
Haikou — [hī′kō′] city in S China, on Hainan island; capital of Hainan province: pop. 266,000 … English World dictionary
Haikou — Lage von Haikou … Deutsch Wikipedia
Haikou — 1 Original name in latin Haikou Name in other language Hai k ou shih, Hai k’ou shih, Haikou, Haikou Zhen, hai kou, hai kou zhen State code CN Continent/City Asia/Shanghai longitude 29.10682 latitude 117.80736 altitude 64 Population 0 Date 2012 01 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Haikou — Ciudad prefectura 海口市 Haikou … Wikipedia Español
Haikou — /huy koh /, n. Pinyin, Wade Giles. a city on N Hainan island, in SE China. 500,000. Also, Hoihow. * * * ▪ China Wade Giles romanization Hai k ou , conventional Hoihow city and capital of Hainan (Hai nan) sheng (province), southern China … Universalium
Haikou — geographical name city & port SE China capital of Hainan population 280,153 … New Collegiate Dictionary
Haikou — noun A city in China; capital of Hainan province, situated at the north of Hainan island … Wiktionary