Greek National Socialist Party


Greek National Socialist Party

The Greek National Socialist Party (Greek: Ελληνικό Εθνικό Σοσιαλιστικό Κόμμα, Elliniko Ethniko Sosialistiko Komma), was a minor Nazi party founded in Greece in 1932 by George S. Mercouris, a former Cabinet minister.

Established in Athens in December 1932, the National Socialist Party was one of a number of far right groups active in the country at the time (others including the National Union of Greece (Εθνική Ενωση Ελλάδος), Iron Peace (Σιδηρά Ειρήνη), Trident (Τρίαινα), and National Sovereign State (Εθνικό Κυρίαρχο Κράτος, led by Skilakakis), although it was distinguished by being the most fiercely supportive of Adolf Hitler, seeking to copy the National Socialist German Workers Party in organisational and policy terms.[1]

The party emerged after Mercouris, who had ppreviously shown sympathy to Italian fascist trade unions, split from Panagis Tsaldaris and the Populist Party over the need for a coalition government.[2] Through contacts with Galeazzo Ciano, Mercouris secured funding for the new group from Italy, although this soon dried up as they were not convinced that the party was in any position to gain power.[2] The party itself was largely geared towards Italian fascism, although Mercouris himself and some of his main followers were more drawn to the German model and he was sometimes used as a go-between by the collaborationist government during the Nazi occupation.[2]

The Greek party, however, failed to become any more than a very minor movement and did not serve the regime of Ioannis Metaxas, although given the monarchist stance of the party many of its followers were reconciled to the new government. During the Axis occupation of Greece the group was allowed to continue, although it had no real role in the largely military-based greek puppet government and faced competition from the other extremist movements.[3]

References

  1. ^ Stanley G. Payne, A History of Fascism 1914-1945, London, Roultedge, 2001 ,p. 320
  2. ^ a b c Philip Rees, 'MERCOURIS, George S.', Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890, p. 262
  3. ^ Payne, A History of Fascism, p. 427

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • National Socialist Party — For specifically the German Nazi Party, see Nazi Party. Parties in various contexts have referred to themselves as National Socialist parties. Because there is no clear definition of national socialism, the term has been used to mean very… …   Wikipedia

  • National Socialist Party of America — This series is linked to the Politics and Elections series Part of the Politics series on Neo Fascism …   Wikipedia

  • Hungarian National Socialist Party — Part of a series on Nazism …   Wikipedia

  • National Fascist Party — Partito Nazionale Fascista Historic Leader Benito Mussolini …   Wikipedia

  • Socialist party (disambiguation) — Socialist Party may refer to: Action * Arab Socialist Action Party * Arab Socialist Action Party – Arabian Peninsula * Liberal Socialist Action Party * National Socialist Action Party * Sardinian Socialist Action Party * Senegalese Party of… …   Wikipedia

  • National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands — Nationaal Socialistische Beweging in Nederland Leader Anton Mussert (1931 1945) …   Wikipedia

  • National Socialist Dutch Workers Party — Nationaal Socialistische Nederlandsche Arbeiderspartij Leader …   Wikipedia

  • National Socialist League — Part of a series on Nazism …   Wikipedia

  • National Socialist Bloc — NSB poster from 1935, announcing a meeting with Eric von Rosen as main speaker. National Socialist Bloc (in Swedish: Nationalsocialistiska Blocket) was a Swedish national socialist political party formed in the end of 1933 by the merger of… …   Wikipedia

  • National Unity Party (Canada) — Parti National Social Chrétien Canadian National Socialist Unity Party National Unity Party Founded 193 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.