- Greek National Socialist Party
The Greek National Socialist Party (Greek: Ελληνικό Εθνικό Σοσιαλιστικό Κόμμα, Elliniko Ethniko Sosialistiko Komma), was a minor Nazi party founded in Greece in 1932 by George S. Mercouris, a former Cabinet minister.
Established in Athens in December 1932, the National Socialist Party was one of a number of far right groups active in the country at the time (others including the National Union of Greece (Εθνική Ενωση Ελλάδος), Iron Peace (Σιδηρά Ειρήνη), Trident (Τρίαινα), and National Sovereign State (Εθνικό Κυρίαρχο Κράτος, led by Skilakakis), although it was distinguished by being the most fiercely supportive of Adolf Hitler, seeking to copy the National Socialist German Workers Party in organisational and policy terms.
The party emerged after Mercouris, who had ppreviously shown sympathy to Italian fascist trade unions, split from Panagis Tsaldaris and the Populist Party over the need for a coalition government. Through contacts with Galeazzo Ciano, Mercouris secured funding for the new group from Italy, although this soon dried up as they were not convinced that the party was in any position to gain power. The party itself was largely geared towards Italian fascism, although Mercouris himself and some of his main followers were more drawn to the German model and he was sometimes used as a go-between by the collaborationist government during the Nazi occupation.
The Greek party, however, failed to become any more than a very minor movement and did not serve the regime of Ioannis Metaxas, although given the monarchist stance of the party many of its followers were reconciled to the new government. During the Axis occupation of Greece the group was allowed to continue, although it had no real role in the largely military-based greek puppet government and faced competition from the other extremist movements.
Greece during World War II 1940–41 Balkans Campaign Occupation and Resistance Greek government in exile
Battles: Elaia–Kalamas · Pindus · Morava–Ivan · Klisura · Trebeshina · Italian Spring OffensiveOccupying powers
Atrocities: Kondomari · Kandanos · Doxato · Kommeno · Kalavryta · Distomo · Domenikon · Drakeia · Cephalonia · Paramythia · Mesovouno · Pyrgoi · Viannos · Kedros · Chortiatis · The Holocaust in Greece · Great FamineCollaborators
Operations: Ryka · Mikro Chorio · Gorgopotamos Bridge · Fardykambos · Sarantaporo · Kournovo TunnelNon-EAM Resistance
Operations: ESPO bombing · Gorgopotamos Bridge · Fardykambos · Agia Kyriaki · Milia · Skala Paramythias · Xirovouni · Menina · Dodona
Atrocities: Expulsion of Cham AlbaniansBritish Mission in Greece (SOE)Towards the Civil War
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