The ONR-Falanga was formed in 1934 following a split by members of the National Radical Camp held in Detention Camp Bereza Kartuska. Adopting the name of Ruch Narodowo-Radykalny (National Political Movement), it soon became known as Falanga as that was the name of its journal (the same thing happening to the rival group, which was known as National Radical Camp ABC).
Largely based on university campuses, it followed a policy of anti-Semitism and although it only had a few members from this basis launched attacks on Jewish students and businesses. Left-wing activists were also as part of this violent activity.
Its support for totalitarianism and "National Revolution" meant that Józef Piłsudski initially considered incorporating the group into his own movement. However this did not occur and the group soon came under scrutiny from government forces. Indeed, unlike similar movements in other European countries who regularly held public rallies, the ONR-Falanga held only two such gatherings, in 1934 and 1937, both of which were quickly broken up by police.
For a time the movement became associated with the Camp of National Unity (OZN) as Colonel Adam Koc, impressed by the organisation of the ONR-Falanga, placed Piasecki in charge of the OZN youth group. Koc called for the creation of a one-party state and hoped to use the youth movement to ensure this although his pronouncements upset many pro-government moderates. As such, Koc was removed from the leadership of the OZN in 1938 and replaced by General Stanisław Skwarczyński who quickly severed any ties to the ONR-Falanga.
As a Polish nationalist movement the ONR-Falanga opposed the German occupation of Poland and the movement quickly disappeared to be replaced by the Konfederacja Narodu, a group within the Polish resistance that retained far right views. Following the establishment of communism Piasecki was allowed to lead the PAX Association, a Catholic organisation that was a front group of the NKVD and which aimed to promote the new communist regime to Poland's Catholics whilst turning them away from the Vatican.
^ J.W. Borejsza, "East European Perceptions of Italian Fascism, S. U. Larsen, B. Hagtvet & J. P. Myklebust, Who Were the Fascists: Social Roots of European Fascism, Scandinavian University Press, Oslo, 1980, p. 358
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