- Grand Council of Fascism
The Grand Council of Fascism ( _it. Gran Consiglio del Fascismo) was the main body of Mussolini's Fascist government in
Italy. A body which held and applied great power to control the institutions of government, it was created as a party body in 1923 and became a state body on 9 December 1928.
Its members were as follows:
*The Prime Minister::
Benito Mussolini( 9 December 1928ndash 25 July 1943)
Quadrumvirs", the people who lead the March on Rome– Michele Bianchi, Emilio De Bono, Cesare Maria de Vecchiand Italo Balbo.
*The President of the Senate and the President of the
Italian Chamber of Deputiesnamed during the Fascist age Camera dei Fasci e delle Corporazioni
*The Ministers of Justice, Foreign Affairs, Agriculture and Forestry, Education, Corporations, and the Minister of Popular Culture
*The Presidents of the
Royal Academy of Italy, of the special court of state emergency and defence, of the Corporation of Industrialists, of the Agriculture worker, Industrial worker and of Farmers. Guglielmo Marconi, the inventor of the radiowas also the President of the Academy of Italy, making him a council member.
*The Chief of Staff i.e. commander of the MVSN
*The Secretary of the
National Fascist Party(who is also the secretary of the Council)
*Various people chosen by Mussolini himself, who held a 3-years position
Essentially, the council held these powers:
*The power to elect the Fascist Party deputies, the nomination for the Party Secretary and other party leaders, the approval of the party statutes and the power regarding the party's policy.
*The power to elect the Crown's line of succession including the choice of the
heir to the throne, the right of the crown, the power to choose possible successors to the Prime Minister, the power to choose the function and membership of the Grand Council, the Senate, the Chamber of Deputies, the power to decide the rights and powers of the Prime Minister, international Treaties, and foreign affairs.
The Grand Council meetings were convened by the Prime Minister himself and all decree and laws could only be legalized by the approval of the Prime Minister himself. In contrast to the
Führerprinzipgovernment model in Nazi Germany, the Grand Council at least theoretically had the power to recommend that the King of Italyremove the Prime Minister from office. Therefore, it was nominally the only check on Mussolini's power.
majority of the Grand Council ultimately voted on July 25th, 1943,
Dino Grandi's Order of the Daythat, forcing its powers, deposed Mussolini, bloodlessly, following the Allied invasion of Sicily.
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