Flemish National Union

Flemish National Union

The Flemish National Union (Dutch: "Vlaamsch Nationaal Verbond", "VNV") was a Nationalist Flemish political party in Belgium, founded by Staf de Clerq on October 8, 1933. De Clerq became known as "den Leider" ("The Leader").


The VNV was tied to the idea of uniting the many Flemish parties in post-1920s Belgium into a single movement, an objective finally attained with the party's creation, and it moved on to advocate the creation of a pan-Dutch state, called "Dietsland", to include both Flanders and the Netherlands. Its slogan was: "Authority, discipline and Dietsland".

Along the way, the new party became more and more authoritarian in doctrine, and it quickly became a Fascist movement - despite including a large grouping of democratic elements.


When Nazi Germany invaded Belgium in 1940, de Clerq immediately chose its side, disregarding his own previous declarations that he would not collaborate should such a situation occur. Adolf Hitler chose not to install a civilian government (such as he had done in the Netherlands), but instead installed a government headed by Alexander von Falkenhausen of the Wehrmacht. This led the VNV out of focus, forcing it to intensify its collaboration in order to gain influence. Hitler and SS-leader Heinrich Himmler made profit from the situation, and increased competition between various groups by founding some more extreme collaborationist groups like the 6th SS Volunteer Sturmbrigade Langemarck and DeVlag, the German-Flemish Workers Community.

De Clerq died suddenly in October 1942, and was succeeded by Hendrik Elias, a member of the more moderate side. Elias continued the collaboration but tried to come to terms with the military government - in order to prevent the installation of a civilian government, which would be composed of Nazis. Elias failed, as Hitler installed the new body and declared the annexation of Flanders by Germany in 1944; seven weeks later, Belgium had been liberated by the Allies. The VNV was outlawed after the war, and Elias was put in prison.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • National Union (Portugal) — Portugal This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Portugal …   Wikipedia

  • National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands — Nationaal Socialistische Beweging in Nederland Leader Anton Mussert (1931 1945) …   Wikipedia

  • National Fascist Party — Partito Nazionale Fascista Historic Leader Benito Mussolini …   Wikipedia

  • National Socialist Dutch Workers Party — Nationaal Socialistische Nederlandsche Arbeiderspartij Leader …   Wikipedia

  • National Socialist League — Part of a series on Nazism …   Wikipedia

  • National syndicalism — Part of a series on Fascism …   Wikipedia

  • National Romanian Fascia — The National Romanian Fascia (Romanian: Fascia Naţională Română) was a small fascist group that was active in Romania for a short time during the 1920s. Led by Titus Vifor, the group emerged from the short lived National Fascist Party in 1921 and …   Wikipedia

  • National Italo-Romanian Cultural and Economic Movement — The National Italo Romanian Cultural and Economic Movement (Romanian: Mişcarea Naţională Culturală şi Economică Italo Română) or National Italo Romanian Fascist Movement (Mişcarea Naţională Fascistă Italo Română) was a short lived Fascist… …   Wikipedia

  • National Fascist Movement — The National Fascist Movement (Romanian: Mişcarea Naţională Fascistă, MNF) was a Romanian political movement formed in 1923 by the merger of the National Romanian Fascia and the National Italo Romanian Cultural and Economic Movement. With its… …   Wikipedia

  • National Fascisti — The National Fascisti were a splinter group from the British Fascisti formed in 1924. In the early days of the British Fascisti the movement lacked any real policy or direction and so this group split away with the intention of pursuing a more… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.