- State socialism
State socialism, broadly speaking, is any variety of
socialismwhich relies on control of the means of productionby the state, either through state ownership or regulation. [cite web
title=Leicester Research Archive: Redistribution Under State Socialism: A USSR and PRC Comparison
first=] In the former, traditional way
public ownershipthrough nationalizationis held to be the preferred method for building socialism. State socialism is often referred to simply as "socialism"; the attributive "state" is usually added only by socialists with a different vision, wishing to criticize "state" socialism. Some socialists may go further and deny that it even "is" socialism, calling it instead " state capitalism". Those socialists who oppose any system of state control whatsoever believe in a more decentralized approach which puts the means of production directly into the hands of the workers rather than indirectly through state bureaucracies--which they claim represent a new elite. Proponents of state socialism claim the state, through practical considerations of governing, must play at least a temporary part in building socialism.
Today, many political parties on the political left advocate a mild version of what may be considered "state socialism", in the form of modern
social democracy, in which regulation is used in place of ownership. These moderate socialists do not advocate the overthrow of capitalismin a socialist revolution, and they support the continuing existence of the capitalist state and the capitalist economic system, only turned to more social purposes.
In the former Yugoslavia, the successor political parties to the League of Communists in Serbia and Montenegro, the
Socialist Party of Serbiaand the People's Socialist Party of Montenegro(one of a number of parties created under the influence of Momir Bulatovic) have advocated progression towards a free-market economy but also advocated state regulation of elements of the economy, maintaining social welfare and have advocated significant state influence in the media.
Some Democratic Socialists argue for a gradual, peaceful transition from capitalism to (full) socialism. They wish to abolish capitalism, but through "evolution" rather than "revolution".
Marxismholds that a socialist revolution is the only practical way to implement fundamental changes in the capitalist system. Marxists maintain that after a certain period of time under socialism, the state should "wither away" (in the sense that political power should be decentralized and distributed evenly among the population), producing a communist society.
Of course, the state did not, in fact, wither away in the 20th century's so-called
Communist states. Some Marxists defend them and contend that the transitional period simply wasn't finished. Other Marxists denounce those "Communist" states as Stalinist, arguing that their leadership was corrupt and that it abandoned Marxism in all but name. In particular, some Trotskyistschools of Marxism call those countries degenerated workers' states to contrast them with proper socialism (i.e. workers' states); other Trotskyist schools call them " state capitalist", to emphasise the lack of true socialism.
Many libertarian socialists and anarchists go further, deriding even Marxism as "state socialism". They use the term in contrast with their own form of socialism, which involves collective ownership of the means of production without state intervention, though some calling themselves libertarian socialists are similar to modern social democrats in advocating regulation rather than ownership.
Degenerated workers state
Deformed workers state
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
State socialism — A form of socialism, esp. advocated in Germany, which, while retaining the right of private property and the institution of the family and other features of the present form of the state, would intervene by various measures intended to give or… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
State Socialism — is a term introduced to describe the type of government in countries ruled by communist parties, such as the former USSR, which are generally known as Communist States. However, in its original meaning, communism refers to a situation where there … Wikipedia
state socialism — n. the theory, doctrine, or practice of an economy planned and controlled by the state, based on state ownership of public utilities, basic industries, etc … English World dictionary
state socialism — state socialist. the theory, doctrine, and movement advocating a planned economy controlled by the state, with state ownership of all industries and natural resources. [1875 80] * * * … Universalium
state socialism — See communism ; real socialism … Dictionary of sociology
state socialism — noun Date: 1879 an economic system with limited socialist characteristics that is effected by gradual state action and typically includes public ownership of major industries and remedial measures to benefit the working class … New Collegiate Dictionary
state socialism — noun a political system in which the state has control of industries and services … English new terms dictionary
state socialism — noun an economic system in which the government owns most means of production but some degree of private capitalism is allowed • Hypernyms: ↑economy, ↑economic system … Useful english dictionary
Founder of State Socialism — Louis Blanc … Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games
Socialism — • A system of social and economic organization that would substitute state monopoly for private ownership of the sources of production and means of distribution Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Socialism Socialism … Catholic encyclopedia