List of Nazi Party leaders and officials


List of Nazi Party leaders and officials

A list of Nazi Party (NSDAP) leaders and officials.

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
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A

B

  • Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski - Commander of the "Bandenkämpfverbände" SS units responsible for the mass murder of 35,000 civilians in Riga and more than 200,000 in Belarus and eastern Poland.
  • Herbert Backe - Minister of Food (appointed 1942) and Minister of Agriculture (appointed 1943).
  • Richard Baer - Commander of the Auschwitz I concentration camp from May 1944 to February 1945.
  • Alfred Baeumler - Philosopher who interpreted the works of Friedrich Nietzsche in order to legitimize Nazism.
  • Klaus Barbie - Head of the Gestapo in Lyon. Nicknamed "the Butcher of Lyon" for his use of torture on prisoners.
  • Josef Berchtold - Very early Party member, and the second Reichsführer-SS from 1926-27.
  • Gottlob Berger - Chief of Staff for Waffen SS and head of the SS's main leadership office.
  • Werner Best - SS-Obergruppenführer and Civilian administrator of Nazi occupied France and Denmark.
  • Hans Biebow - Chief of Administration of the Łódź Ghetto.
  • Paul Blobel - SS commander primarily responsible for the Babi Yar massacre at Kiev.
  • Werner von Blomberg - Generalfeldmarschall, Defence Minister 1933-1935, Minister of War and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces 1935-1938. Forced out in the Blomberg-Fritsch Affair
  • Hans-Friedrich Blunck - Propagandist and head of the Reich Literature Chamber between 1933 and 1935.
  • Ernst Boepple - State Secretary of the General Government in Poland, serving as deputy to Deputy Governor Josef Bühler. Deeply implicated in the "Final Solution"
  • Ernst Wilhelm Bohle - leader of the Foreign Organization of the German Nazi Party from 1933 until 1945.
  • Martin Bormann - Head of the Party Chancellery (Parteikanzlei) and private secretary to Adolf Hitler.
  • Philipp Bouhler - Chief of the Chancellery of the Führer of the NSDAP and leader of the Action T4 euthanasia program.
  • Viktor Brack - Organiser of the Euthanasia Programme, Operation T4 and one of the men responsible for the gassing of Jews in the extermination camps.
  • Otto Bradfisch - Commander of the Security Police in Łódź and Potsdam.
  • Karl Brandt - Personal physician of Adolf Hitler in August 1944 and headed the administration of the Nazi euthanasia program from 1939.
  • Walther von Brauchitsch - Generalfeldmarschall, Commander-in-Chief of the German Army 1938-1941.
  • Wernher von Braun - Aerospace engineer; head of the V-2 rocket program at Peenemunde. Subsequenly worked for the US Army and NASA, designing America's pioneering rockets including the Redstone, Atlas and Saturn V
  • Alois Brunner - Commander of the Drancy internment camp outside Paris from June 1943 to August 1944. Reportedly "the world's highest-ranking Nazi fugitive believed still alive."[1]
  • Walter Buch - Jurist and supreme magistrate of the Nazi party.
  • Josef Bühler - State secretary for the Nazi-controlled General Government in Kraków during World War II.
  • Josef Bürckel - Politician and leading member of the Schutzstaffel from November 1937.
  • Anton Burger - Commandant of Concentration camp Theresienstadt between 1943 and 1944.

C

  • Herr Carlton - Noted Nazi Liberal professor of politics.
  • Werner Catel - Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry at the University of Leipzig, considered an expert on the programme of euthanasia for children and participated in the T-4 Program.
  • Carl Clauberg - Doctor who conducted medical experiments on human beings in Nazi concentration camps during World War II.
  • Leonardo Conti - Head of the Reich Physicians' Chamber (Reichsärztekammer) and leader of the National Socialist German Doctors' League (Nationalsozialistischer Deutscher Ärztebund or NSDÄB).

D

  • Kurt Daluege - was a SS-Oberstgruppenführer and Generaloberst der Polizei as chief of the Ordnungspolizei (Order/uniformed Police) and ruled the Protectorate Bohemia and Moravia as Acting Protector after Reinhard Heydrich's assassination.
  • Richard Walther Darré - Minister of Food and Agriculture from 1933 to 1942.
  • Rudolf Diels - was a German politician. A protégé of Hermann Göring, Diels was the first director of the Gestapo from 1933 to 1 April 1934.
  • Josef "Sepp" Dietrich - rose to the rank of SS-Obergruppenführer in the Waffen-SS; was the original commander of Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler (LSSAH), and later commander of the 6th SS Panzer Army.
  • Otto Dietrich - Press Chief of the Third Reich.
  • Oskar Dirlewanger - Commanded the infamous SS-Sturmbrigade Dirlewanger unit made out of amnestied Germans convicted of major crimes.
  • Karl DönitzGroßadmiral, Führer der Unterseeboote (Commander of Submarines) 1936-1943, Commander-in-Chief of the Navy (Kriegsmarine) 1943-1945, last President of the Third Reich following Hitler's suicide.
  • Anton Drexler - Politician and member of the Nazi party through the 1920s. Responsible for changing the name of the Party to the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) early in 1920.

E

F

G

  • Karl Gebhardt - Personal physician of Heinrich Himmler and one of the main perpetrators of surgical experiments performed on inmates of the concentration camps at Ravensbrück and Auschwitz.
  • Achim Gercke - Expert of racial matters at the Ministry of the Interior. Devised the system of "racial prophylaxis" forbidding the intermarriage between Jews and Aryans.
  • Kurt Gerstein - SS officer and member of the Institute for Hygiene of the Waffen-SS. He witnessed mass murders in the Nazi extermination camps. He gave information to the Swedish diplomat Göran von Otter as well as members of the Roman Catholic Church in order to inform the international public about the Holocaust. In 1945 he authored the Gerstein Report about the Holocaust. Afterward he allegedly committed suicide while in French custody.
  • Herbert Otto Gille - SS-Obergruppenfuhrer und General der Waffen-SS. As a winner of the Knight's Cross with Oakleaves, Swords and Diamonds and the German Cross in Gold, he became the most highly decorated member of the Waffen SS during World War II.
  • Odilo Globocnik - SS-Obergruppenführer. He was a prominent Austrian Nazi and later an SS leader in Poland. Head of "Operation Reinhard" and one of the persons responsible for the murder of millions of people during the Holocaust.
  • Richard Glücks - SS officer and inspector of concentration camps.
  • Joseph Goebbels - One of Adolf Hitler's closest associates and most devout followers, he was known for his zealous oratory and anti-Semitism. Minister for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda throughout the Third Reich and World War II. Named Chancellor of the Reich in Hitler's will, a position he held for only one day before his own suicide.
  • Hermann Göring - He was Hitler's designated successor (until expelled from office in April 1945), and commander of the Luftwaffe (German Air Force). As Reichsmarschall he was the highest-ranking military officer in the Third Reich; he was also the sole holder of the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross. He was sentenced to death by the Nuremburg Tribunal but committed suicide before he could be hanged. He was a veteran of the First World War as an ace fighter pilot, a participant in the Beer Hall Putsch, and the founder of the Gestapo.
  • Amon Göth - SS-Hauptsturmführer. He was the commandant of the Nazi concentration camp at Płaszów, General Government (a German occupied area of Poland).
  • Robert Ritter von Greim - German Field Marshal, pilot and the last commander of the Luftwaffe succeeding Hermann Göring in the last days of World War II.
  • Arthur Greiser - Chief of Civil Administration and Gauleiter in the military district of Greater Poland.
  • Walter Groß - He was chief of the Racial Policy Office of the Nazi Party (NSDAP). Implicated in the Final Solution.
  • Kurt Gruber - First chairman of the Hitler Youth (1926-1931).
  • Hans Friedrich Karl Günther - Academic teaching racial theories and eugenics.
  • Franz Gürtner - Minister of Justice responsible for co-ordinating jurisprudence in the Third Reich.
  • Werner von Gilsa - Infantry General.

H

  • Eugen Hadamovsky - National programming director for German radio and chief of staff in the Nazi Party's Central Propaganda Office (Reichspropagandaleitung) in Berlin from 1942-1944.
  • Ernst Hanfstaengl - Confidante and early supporter of Adolf Hitler.
  • Karl Hanke - He served as Governor (Gauleiter) of Lower Silesia from 1941 to 1945 and as the final Reichsführer-SS (after Himmler was expelled by Hitler) for a few days in 1945.
  • Fritz Hartjenstein - SS-Obersturmbannführer. Concentration camp commandant at Birkenau, Natzweiler and Flossenbürg.
  • Paul Hausser - SS-Oberstgruppenführer und Generaloberst der Waffen-SS. First commander of the military SS-Verfügungstruppe that grew into the Waffen-SS, in which Hausser was a prominent field commander.
  • Franz Hayler - State Secretary and acting Reich Economics Minister during the latter part of World War II.
  • Martin Heidegger - Eminent philosopher, NSDAP member supported Hitler in 1933
  • Erhard Heiden - Founding member of the Schutzstaffel (SS), and its third Reichsführer from 1927-29.
  • August Heißmeyer - Leading member of the SS.
  • Rudolf Hess (not to be confused with Rudolf Höß) - Deputy Führer to Hitler until his flight to Scotland on the eve of war with the Soviet Union in 1941.
  • Walther Hewel - Diplomat and personal friend of Hitler.
  • Werner Heyde - Psychiatrist and one of the main organizers of the T-4 Euthanasia Program.
  • Reinhard Heydrich - SS-Obergruppenführer and General der Polizei, chief of the RSHA or Reichssicherheitshauptamt (Reich Main Security Office: including the Gestapo, SD and Kripo police agencies) and Stellvertretender Reichsprotektor (Acting Reich-Protector) of Bohemia and Moravia. He was the "right-hand man" to Himmler, and considered a principal architect of the Night of the Long Knives and the Final Solution. Assassinated in 1942 by British-trained Czech commandos.
  • Konstantin Hierl - Head of the Reichsarbeitsdienst and an associate of Adolf Hitler before he came to power.
  • Erich Hilgenfeldt - Head of the Nazi's Office For People's Welfare.
  • Heinrich Himmler - Reichsführer-SS. As head of the SS, Chief of the German Police and later the Minister of the Interior, he was one of the most powerful men in the Third Reich.
  • Hans Hinkel Journalist and commissioner at the Reich Ministry for the People's Enlightenment and Propaganda.
  • August Hirt - Chairman at the Reich University in Strasbourg and instigator of a plan to build a study-collection of specialized human anatomical specimens. Over 100 Jews were killed for his program. Allied discovery of corpses, paperwork, and statements of laboratory assistants led to war crimes trial preparation, but Hirt committed suicide beforehand.
  • Adolf Hitler - politician and leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, abbreviated NSDAP), commonly known as the Nazi Party. He was the absolute dictator of Germany from 1934 to 1945, with the title of Chancellor from 1933 to 1945 and with the title head of state (Führer und Reichskanzler) from 1934 to 1945.
  • Hermann Höfle - Deputy to Odilo Globocnik in the Aktion Reinhard program. Played a key role in the "Harvest Festival" massacre of Jewish inmates of the various labour camps in the Lublin district in early November 1943.
  • Rudolf Höß (not to be confused with Rudolf Hess) - SS-Obersturmbannführer. Commandant of Auschwitz concentration camp.
  • Franz Hofer - Gauleiter of the Tyrol and Vorarlberg regions.
  • Adolf Hühnlein - Korpsführer (Corps Leader) of the National Socialist Motor Corps (NSKK), from 1934 until his death in 1942.
  • Karl Holz - protege of Julius Streicher, succeeded Streichetr as Gauleiter of Franconia.

J

K

L

M

  • Emil Maurice - Personal friend of Hitler, first head of the SA and one of the founding members of the SS.
  • Josef Mengele - SS-Hauptsturmführer and physician at the concentration camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau.
  • Willy Messerschmitt - Aeronautical engineer and head of the Bayerische Flugzeugwerke (BFW, later Messerschmitt AG); designer of several famous aircraft including the Bf.109.
  • Alfred Meyer - Deputy Reichsminister in the Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories
  • Kurt Meyer - Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Waffen-SS noted for his command of 1st SS Reconnaissance Battalion (LSSAH) and later the division commander of 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend.
  • Erhard MilchGeneralfeldmarschall; Inspector-General of the Luftwaffe, responsible for aircraft production.
  • Wilhelm Mohnke - SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Waffen-SS. He was one of the original 120 members of the SS-Staff Guard (Stabswache) "Berlin" formed in March 1933. From those ranks, Mohnke rose to become the commander of the 1st SS Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler (LSSAH) and later was one of Hitler's last remaining generals as commander of the Berlin government district, nicknamed Die Zitadelle (The Citadel), including the Reich Chancellery, Führerbunker and Reichstag.
  • Hermann Muhs - Minister responsible for church and religious affairs.
  • Heinrich Müller - SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Polizei. Head of the Gestapo (Secret State Police) under Reinhard Heydrich as chief of the SiPo and later the RSHA.

N

O

P

  • Artur Phleps - SS-Obergruppenführer. He saw action with the 5. SS-Panzergrenadier-Division Wiking, and later was commander of the 7. SS-Freiwilligen-Gebirgs-Division Prinz Eugen and the V SS Mountain Corps. He was killed in September 1944.
  • Paul Pleiger - State adviser and corporate general director.
  • Oswald Pohl - SS-Obergruppenführer. Organized and administrator of the concentration camps.
  • Franz Pfeffer von Salomon - Supreme Leader of the SA from its re-founding in 1925 until his removal in 1930 and Hitler's personal assumption of the title.
  • Erich Priebke - Participant in the Ardeatine massacre in Rome on March 24, 1944.
  • Hans-Adolf Prützmann - Superior SS and Police Leader, and an SS-Obergruppenführer.

R

S

T

V

W

  • Otto Wagener, soldier and economist. Was successively Chief of Staff of the SA, head of the Party Economic Policy Section, and Reich Commissar for the Economy. Subsequently served at the front, reaching the rank of Generalmajor.
  • Adolf Wagner - Gauleiter of München-Oberbayern and Bavarian Interior Minister
  • Gerhard Wagner
  • Josef Wagner
  • Robert Heinrich Wagner
  • Wilhelm Weiß
  • Horst Wessel - Sturmführer in the Berlin SA and author of the Horst-Wessel-Lied ("Die Fahne Hoch"), the Party anthem. Elevated to martyr status by Nazi propaganda after his 1930 murder– by Communists, according to the Nazis, or by a rival pimp, according to their opponents.
  • Karl Maria Wiligut
  • Max Winkler
  • Christian Wirth - SS-Obersturmführer. He was a senior German police and SS officer during the program to exterminate the Jewish people of occupied Poland during World War II, known as "Operation Reinhard". Wirth was a top aide of Odilo Globocnik, the overall director of "Operation Reinhard" (Aktion Reinhard or Einsatz Reinhard).
  • Hermann Wirth
  • Eduard Wirths
  • Karl Wolff - SS-Obergruppenführer and General der Waffen-SS. He became Chief of Personal Staff to the Reichsführer-SS (Heinrich Himmler) and SS Liaison Officer to Hitler until his replacement in 1943. From 1943 to 1945, Wolff was the Supreme SS and Police Leader of the 'Italien' area. By 1945 Wolff was acting military commander of Italy, and in that capacity negotiated the surrender of all the forces in the Southwest Front.
  • Alfred Wünnenberg - SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SS und der Polizei. Commander of the SS-Polizei-Division, 1941-1943; Chief of the Ordnungspolizei, 1943–1945 after Kurt Daluege suffered a massive heart attack.

Z

See also

References

  1. ^ Henley, Jon (2003-03-03). "French court strikes blow against fugitive Nazi". London: The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/nazis/article/0,2763,445717,00.html. Retrieved 2007-07-30. 

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