Millennium: 2nd millennium Centuries: 19th century – 20th century – 21st century Decades: 1910s 1920s 1930s – 1940s – 1950s 1960s 1970s Years: 1940 1941 1942 – 1943 – 1944 1945 1946 1943 by topic: Subject Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Aviation – Awards – Comics – Film – Literature (Poetry) – Meteorology – Music (Country) – Rail transport – Radio – Science – Sports – Television By country Australia – Canada – China – Ecuador – France – Germany – Greece – India – Ireland – Italy – Japan – Malaya – Mexico – New Zealand – Norway – Palestine Mandate – Philippines – Singapore – South Africa– Soviet Union – UK – USA Leaders Sovereign states – State leaders – Religious leaders – Law Birth and death categories Births – Deaths Establishments and disestablishments categories Establishments – Disestablishments Works and introductions categories Works – Introductions 1943 in other calendars Gregorian calendar 1943
Ab urbe condita 2696 Armenian calendar 1392
Assyrian calendar 6693 Bahá'í calendar 99 – 100 Bengali calendar 1350 Berber calendar 2893 British Regnal year 7 Geo. 6 – 8 Geo. 6 Buddhist calendar 2487 Burmese calendar 1305 Byzantine calendar 7451 – 7452 Chinese calendar 壬午年十一月廿五日
(4579/4639-11-25)— to —癸未年十二月初五日
Coptic calendar 1659 – 1660 Ethiopian calendar 1935 – 1936 Hebrew calendar 5703 – 5704 Hindu calendars - Bikram Samwat 1999 – 2000 - Shaka Samvat 1865 – 1866 - Kali Yuga 5044 – 5045 Holocene calendar 11943 Iranian calendar 1321 – 1322 Islamic calendar 1361 – 1363 Japanese calendar Shōwa 18
Korean calendar 4276 Minguo calendar ROC 32
Thai solar calendar 2486
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
- January 4 – Culbert Olson, 29th Governor of California, is succeeded by Earl Warren.
- January 11
- January 12 – Dutch journalist and writer Jan Campert dies in the Neuengamme concentration camp.
- January 13 – Helmut Schenk is the first person to use an ejection seat from an aircraft.
- January 14 – The Casablanca Conference, where Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to travel by airplane while in office (Miami, Florida to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill to discuss WWII).
- January 15
- January 18
- January 23
- January 27 – WWII: 50 bombers mount the first all American air raid against Germany (Wilhelmshaven is the target).
- January 29
- German police arrest alleged necrophiliac Bruno Ludke.
- Marine Corps Women's Reserve (MCWR) created.
- February 2 – WWII: In Russia, the Battle of Stalingrad comes to an end with the surrender of the German 6th Army.
- February 3 – WWII: The Four Chaplains of the U.S. Army are drowned, when their ship (USAT Dorchester) is struck by a German torpedo.
- February 7 – WWII: In the United States, it is announced that shoe rationing will go into effect in 2 days.
- February 8 – WWII – Battle of Guadalcanal: United States forces defeat Japanese troops.
- February 10 – March 3 – Mohandas Gandhi keeps a hunger strike to protest his imprisonment.
- February 11 – General Eisenhower is selected to command the Allied armies in Europe.
- February 14 – WWII:
- February 16 – WWII: The Soviet Union reconquers Kharkov, but is later driven out in the Third Battle of Kharkov
- February 18
- February 20
- February 22 – Members of White Rose are executed in Nazi Germany.
- February 23 – A fire at St. Joseph's Orphanage, County Cavan, Ireland, kills 36 people (35 of whom are children).
- February 27 – The Smith Mine #3 in Bearcreek, Montana, United States explodes, killing 74 men.
- February 28 – Operation Gunnerside: 6 Norwegians led by Joachim Ronneberg successfully attack the heavy water plant Vemork.
- March 1 – Heinz Guderian becomes the Inspector-General of the Armoured Troops for the German Army.
- March 2 – WWII: Battle of the Bismarck Sea – United States and Australian forces sink Japanese convoy ships.
- March 3 – 173 people are killed in a crush while trying to enter an air-raid shelter at Bethnal Green tube station in London.
- March 4 – The 15th Academy Awards ceremony is held in Los Angeles.
- March 8 – WWII: American forces are attacked by Japanese troops on Hill 700 in Bougainville, in a battle that will last 5 days.
- March 9 – Şükrü Saracoğlu forms the new government of Turkey. (14th government; Şükrü Saracoğlu had served twice as a prime minister)
- March 10 – Banco Bradesco was founded by Amador Aguiar in Marília, São Paulo, Brazil.
- March 13
- March 14 – WWII: British submarine HMS Thunderbolt sunk off Sicily by an Italian corvette, the second time this vessel has been lost with all hands.
- March 16–March 19 – WWII: 22 ships from Convoys HX 229/SC 122 and one U-boat are sunk in the largest North Atlantic U-boat "wolfpack" attack of the war.
- March 17 – Éamon de Valera makes the speech "The Ireland That We Dreamed Of", commonly called the "comely maidens" speech.
- March 22 – WWII: The entire population of Khatyn in Belarus is burnt alive by the German occupation forces.
- March 23 – The drugs Vicodin and Lortab are first produced in Germany.
- March 26 – WWII – Battle of the Komandorski Islands: In the Aleutian Islands, the battle begins when United States Navy forces intercept Japanese troops attempting to reinforce a garrison at Kiska.
- March 27 – WWII – Escort carrier Dasher was destroyed by an accidental explosion in the Firth of Clyde, killing 379 of the crew of 528.
- March 28 – In Italy a ship full of weapons and ammunition explodes in the port of Naples, killing 600.
- March 31 – Rodgers and Hammerstein's Oklahoma! opens on Broadway, heralds a new era in "integrated" stage musicals, becomes an instantaneous stage classic, and goes on to be Broadway's longest-running musical up to that time (1948).
- April 3 – Shipwrecked steward Poon Lim is rescued by Brazilian fishermen after being adrift for 130 days.
- April 13 – WWII: Radio Berlin announces the discovery by Wehrmacht of mass graves of Poles killed by Soviets in the Katyn massacre.
- April 19 – Albert Hofmann self administers the drug LSD for the first time in history, and records the details of his trip.
- April 21 – Worst Bombing of Aberdeen in WW2.
- April 22 – Albert Hofmann writes his first report about the hallucinogenic properties of LSD (which he first synthesized in 1938).
- April 25 – Easter occurs on the latest possible date (last time 1886; next time 2038) in the Western Christian Church.
- April 27 – The U.S. Federal Writers' Project is shuttered.
- May 6 – WWII: Six U-boats are sunk after sinking 12 ships from Convoy ONS 5 in the last major North Atlantic U-boat "wolfpack" attack of the war.
- May 9–May 12 – Japanese troops carry out the Changjiao massacre in Changjiao, Hunan, China.
- May 11 – WWII: American troops invade Attu in the Aleutian Islands, in an attempt to expel occupying Japanese forces.
- May 12 – The Trident Conference begins in Washington, D.C., with Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill taking part.
- May 13 – WWII: German Afrika Korps and Italian troops in North Africa surrender to Allied forces.
- May 14
- May 15 – The Comintern is dissolved in Moscow.
- May 16
- May 17 – WWII:
- The surviving RAF Dam Busters return.
- The United States Army contracts with the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School to develop the computer ENIAC.
- The Memphis Belle's crew becomes the first aircrew in the 8th Air Force to complete its 25-mission tour of duty. The aircraft and crew were the first to return to the U.S. intact for a War Bond drive.
- May 19 – Winston Churchill addresses a joint session of the U.S. Congress.
- May 24 – Holocaust: Josef Mengele becomes the chief medical officer of Auschwitz.
- May 29 – Norman Rockwell's illustration of Rosie the Riveter first appears on the cover of the Saturday Evening Post.
- May 31 – The Zoot Suit Riots erupt between military personnel and Mexican American youths in East Los Angeles.
- June 1 – British Overseas Airways Corporation Flight 777, a DC-3 with registration G-AGBB, (formerly KLM PH-ALI, Ibis), on a scheduled passenger flight, is shot down over the Bay of Biscay by German Junkers Ju 88s, all 17 persons aboard perish, including the actor Leslie Howard. There is speculation that the downing was an attempt to kill British Prime Minister Winston Churchill as the Germans may have had wrong information he was aboard.
- June 4 – A military coup d'état in Argentina ousts Ramón Castillo.
- June 8 – WWII: Japanese battleship Mutsu was destroyed by an accidental magazine explosion in Hashirajima anchorage, killing 1,121.
- June 22 – The U.S. Army 45th Infantry Division lands in North Africa, prior to training at Arzew, French Morocco.
- June 30 – CCC abolished.
- July 1 – Women's Army Corps (WAC) converted to full status.
- July 5 – WWII:
- July 6 – WWII: Americans and Japanese fight the Battle of Kula Gulf off Kolombangara.
- July 10 – WWII – Allied invasion of Sicily: The allied invasion of Axis-controlled Europe begins with landings on the island of Sicily off mainland Italy, by the Seventh United States Army and the British Eighth Army including the 1st Canadian Infantry Division.
- July 11 – United States Army forces assault the village of Piano Lupo, just outside of Gela, Sicily.
- July 12 – WWII – Battle of Prokhorovka: The Wehrmacht and the Red Army fight to a draw.
- July 13 – WWII: The invasion of Sicily begins with British landings at Augusta on the island's eastern side and American landings to the south.
- July 19 – WWII: Rome is bombed by the Allies for the first time in the war.
- July 24 – WWII: Operation Gomorrah begins: British and Canadian aeroplanes bomb Hamburg by night; the American planes bomb the city by day. By the end of the operation in November, 9,000 tons of explosives will have killed more than 30,000 people and destroyed 280,000 buildings.
- July 25 – In Italy the Gran Consiglio del Fascismo withdraws its support of Mussolini; Mussolini is arrested and the power is given to Maresciallo d'Italia Gen. Pietro Badoglio.
- July 28 – WWII: Operation Gomorrah – The British bomb Hamburg, causing a firestorm that kills 42,000 German civilians.
- August 1 – Operation Tidal Wave: 177 B-24 Liberator bombers from the U.S. Army Air Force bomb oil refineries at Ploieşti, Romania.
- August 2 – WWII: John F. Kennedy's PT-109 is rammed by a destroyer.
- August 4 – WWII: The USS Intrepid (CV-11) is launched.
- August 5
- August 6 – WWII – Battle of Vella Gulf: Americans defeat a Japanese convoy off Kolombangara, as the U.S. Army drives the Japanese out of Munda airfield on New Georgia.
- August 13 – WWII: Rome is declared an open city.
- August 14 – The Quadrant Conference begins in Quebec City; Canadian Prime Minister MacKenzie King meets with Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt.
- August 17 – WWII: The US 7th Army under General George S. Patton meets the British 8th Army under Field Marshal Bernard L. Montgomery in Messina, Sicily, completing the Allied conquest of Sicily.
- August 23 – The Battle of Kursk ends with a serious strategic defeat for the German forces.
- August 24 – WWII: – Heinrich Himmler is named Reichminister of the Interior in Germany .
- August 26 – WWII: Lord Louis Mountbatten is named Supreme Allied Commander for Southeast Asia.
- August 28 – WWII: King Boris III of Bulgaria dies under peculiar circumstances; his 6-year-old son, Simeon II, ascends to the throne.
- August 29 – WWII: Germany dissolves the Danish government after it refuses to deal with a wave of strikes and disturbances to the satisfaction of the German authorities (see Occupation of Denmark).
- September 3 – WWII: Mainland Italy is invaded by Allied forces under Bernard L. Montgomery, for the first time in the war.
- September 5 – WWII: The 503rd Parachute Regiment under American General Douglas MacArthur lands and occupies Nadzab, just east of the port city of Lae in northeastern Papua New Guinea.
- September 7 – A fire at the Gulf Hotel in Houston, Texas, kills 55 people.
- September 8 – WWII:
- September 8 – The first classes commence at Grace University.
- September 9 – Bertolt Brecht's play Life of Galileo (German: Leben des Galilei) receives its first theatrical production at the Zurich Schauspielhaus.
- September 12 – WWII: German paratroopers rescue Mussolini from imprisonment, in "Operation Oak".
- September 16 – WWII: The Salerno Mutiny occurs within the British X Corps.
- September 17 – WWII: The Villefranche-de-Rouergue uprising takes place.
- September 23 – WWII: The Republic of Salò is founded.
- September 27 – WWII: The 4-day Naples Uprising begins.
- October 1 – WWII: American forces enter liberated Naples.
- October 6 – WWII: Americans and Japanese fight the naval Battle of Vella Lavella.
- October 7 – WWII: The Naples post office explosion kills 100.
- October 10 – The Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky is instituted in the USSR.
- October 13 – WWII: The new government of Italy sides with the Allies and declares war on Germany.
- October 17 – WWII: The last commerce raider hilfskreuzer Michel, was sunk off Japan by United States submarine Tarpon.
- October 18 – Chiang Kai-shek takes the oath of office as president of China.
- October 21 – Lucie Aubrac and others in her French Resistance cell liberate Raymond Aubrac from Gestapo imprisonment.
- October 22 – WWII: The RAF delivers a highly destructive airstrike on the German industrial and population center of Kassel.
- October 28 – The alleged date of The Philadelphia Experiment, in which the U.S. destroyer escort USS Eldridge was to be rendered invisible to human observers for a brief period.
- October 30 – The Merrie Melodies animated short Falling Hare, one of the only shorts with Bugs getting out-smarted, is released in the United States.
- November 1 – WWII – Operation Goodtime: United States Marines land on Bougainville in the Solomon Islands.
- November 2 – WWII: In the early morning hours, American and Japanese ships fight the inconclusive Battle of Empress Augusta Bay off Bougainville.
- November 2 – WWII: British troops in Italy reach the Garigliano River.
- November 9 – Agreement for foundation of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration signed by 44 countries in the White House, Washington, D.C.
- November 14 – Leonard Bernstein, substituting at the last minute for ailing principal conductor Bruno Walter, directs the New York Philharmonic in its regular Sunday afternoon broadcast concert over CBS Radio. The event receives front page coverage in the New York Times the following day.
- November 15 – Porajmos: German SS leader Heinrich Himmler orders that Gypsies and "part-Gypsies" be put "on the same level as Jews and placed in concentration camps."
- November 16
- November 18 – WWII: The Royal Air Force opens its bombing campaign against Berlin, with 440 planes causing only light damage and killing 131. The RAF loses 9 aircraft and 53 aviators.
- November 20 – WWII: Battle of Tarawa: United States Marines land on Tarawa and Makin atolls in the Gilbert Islands and take heavy fire from Japanese shore guns.
- November 22
- November 23 – The Deutsche Opernhaus on Bismarckstraße in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg is destroyed. It is rebuilt in 1961 and called the Deutsche Oper Berlin.
- November 25 – WWII: Americans and Japanese fight the naval Battle of Cape St. George between Buka and New Ireland.
- November 28 – WWII – Tehran Conference: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meet in Tehran to discuss war strategy (on November 30 they establish an agreement concerning a planned June 1944 invasion of Europe codenamed Operation Overlord).
- November 29 – The second session of AVNOJ, the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia, is held in Jajce, Bosnia and Herzegovina, to determine the post-war ordering of the country.
- December 2 – A Luftwaffe bombing raid on the harbour of Bari, Italy, sinks an American ship with a mustard gas stockpile, causing numerous fatalities (though the exact death toll is unresolved, as the bombing raid itself causes hundreds of deaths too).
- December 3 – Edward R. Murrow delivers his classic "Orchestrated Hell" broadcast over CBS Radio, describing a Royal Air Force nighttime bombing raid on Berlin.
- December 4
- World War II: In Yugoslavia, resistance leader Marshal Josip Broz Tito proclaims a provisional democratic Yugoslav government in-exile.
- The Great Depression officially ends in the United States: With unemployment figures falling fast due to WWII-related employment, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt closes the Works Progress Administration.
- December 7 – Chiara Lubich starts the Focolare Movement in Trent, northern Italy, during WWII.
- December 20 – A military coup is staged in Bolivia.
- December 24 – World War II: U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes the Supreme Allied Commander in Europe.
- December 30 – Subhash Chandra Bose sets up a pro-Japanese Indian government at Port Blair, India.
- Bengal Famine.
- The Colossus computer is invented by the British to break German encryption (see History of computing hardware).
- The Mondragón Cooperative Corporation begins in Basque Country in Spain.
- Arana Hall, Otago is founded in New Zealand.
- Jacques-Yves Cousteau co-invents, with Emile Gagnan, the first commercially successful open circuit type of scuba diving equipment, the Aqua-lung.
- Publication of Martin Noth's groundbreaking Uberlieferungsgeschischtliche Studien: Die sammelnden und bearbeitenden Geschichtswerke im Alten Testament [Schriften der Konigsberger Gelehrten Gesellschaft: Geisteswissenschaftliche Klasse; 18,2 (trans: "Writings of the Konigsberger Scholarly Society:Spiritual Scientific Class No. 18.2")]: (Halle ["Halle an der Saale"]: M. Niemeyer, 1943)
- January 1 – Don Novello, American actor
- January 2 – Barış Manço, Turkish singer and television personality (d. 1999)
- January 4 – Doris Kearns Goodwin, American writer
- January 6 – Terry Venables, English football manager
- January 7 – Sadako Sasaki, Japanese atomic bomb sickness victim (d. 1955)
- January 9 – Freddie Starr, English comedian and singer
- January 10 – Jim Croce, American singer-songwriter (d. 1973)
- January 11 – Jim Hightower, American radio host and author
- January 13 – Richard Moll, American television actor
- January 14
- January 15 – Margaret Beckett, British politician
- January 18 – Kay Granger, American politician
- January 19
- January 20 – Mel Hague, English singer and author
- January 24 – Sharon Tate, American actress and model murdered by the "Manson Family" (d. 1969)
- January 25 – Tobe Hooper, American film director
- January 26 – César Gutiérrez, Venezuelan Major League Baseball player (d. 2005)
- January 28 – John Beck, American actor
- January 29
- February 2 – Erkan Genis, Turkish artist
- February 3 – Blythe Danner, American actress
- February 4 – Alberto João Jardim, Portuguese politician
- February 5
- February 6 – Fabian, American singer
- February 7 – Gareth Hunt, English actor (d. 2007)
- February 8 – Creed Bratton, American actor and musician
- February 9
- February 14 – Maceo Parker, American musician (James Brown, P-Funk)
- February 18 – Graeme Garden, Scottish writer, comedian, and actor
- February 19
- February 20
- February 21 – David Geffen, American record executive and film producer
- February 23 – Fred Biletnikoff, American football player and coach
- February 24 – Hristo Prodanov, Bulgarian mountaineer
- February 25 – George Harrison, British musician (The Beatles) (d. 2001)
- February 26 – Bill Duke, American actor and director
- February 27
- March – John Leeson, British actor (voice of K-9)
- March 1
- March 2
- March 3 – Trond Mohn, Norwegian billionaire
- March 4
- March 8 – Lynn Redgrave, English actress (d. 2010)
- March 9
- March 12 – Ratko Mladic, former Bosnian Serb military leader
- March 13 – André Téchiné, French film director
- March 15
- March 16
- March 18 – Kevin Dobson, American actor
- March 19
- March 20
- March 21
- March 22
- March 25 – Paul Michael Glaser, American actor (Starsky And Hutch)
- March 26 – Bob Woodward, American journalist
- March 29
- March 31 – Christopher Walken, American actor
- April 2 – Caterina Bueno, Italian singer
- April 5 – Max Gail, American actor
- April 8 – Miller Farr, American football player
- April 10 – Andrzej Badeński, Polish athlete
- April 11 – Harley Race, American professional wrestler
- April 20 – John Eliot Gardiner, English conductor
- April 22 – Louise Glück, American poet and 12th US Poet Laureate
- April 23
- April 25 – James G. Mitchell, Canadian computer scientist
- April 28 – John O. Creighton, American astronaut
- April 30 – Frederick Chiluba, former President of Zambia (d. 2011)
- May 1 – Vassal Gadoengin, Nauruan politician (d. 2004)
- May 5 – Michael Palin, British comedian
- May 10 – Richard (Dick) Darman, American federal government official and businessman
- May 13 – Kurt Trampedach, Danish artist
- May 14
- May 17 – Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin, King of Malaysia
- May 22 – Betty Williams, Northern Irish political activist, co-recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
- May 25 – Jessi Colter, American singer and composer
- May 26 – Erica Terpstra, Dutch swimmer, politician and president of the Dutch Olympic Committee
- May 27 – Bruce Weitz, American actor
- May 30 – James Chaney, American civil rights worker (d. 1964)
- May 31
- June 2 – Ilayaraaja, Indian composer
- June 3 – John Burgess, Australian game show host and actor
- June 4 – Joyce Meyer, Christian author and speaker
- June 6 – Richard Smalley, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2005)
- June 7
- June 8 – Colin Baker, British actor
- June 13 – Malcolm McDowell, British actor
- June 14 – Jim Sensenbrenner, American politician
- June 15
- June 16 – Joan Van Ark, American actress
- June 17
- June 21 – Marika Green French-Swedish actress
- June 23 – James Levine, American conductor
- June 26
- June 27 – Rico Petrocelli, baseball player
- June 28 – Jens Birkemose, Danish painter
- June 29
- July 1 – Jeff Wayne, American musician
- July 3
- July 4
- July 5 – Curt Blefary, American baseball player (d. 2001)
- July 7 – Joel Siegel, American film critic (d. 2007)
- July 8 – Guido Marzulli, Italian painter
- July 9 – Soledad Miranda, Spanish actress (d. 1970)
- July 10 – Arthur Ashe, American tennis player (d. 1993)
- July 12
- July 15 – Jocelyn Bell Burnell, British astrophysicist
- July 16 – Reinaldo Arenas, Cuban writer (d. 1990)
- July 19
- David Griffin, British actor
- Han Sai Por, Singaporean sculptor
- July 20 – Wendy Richard, British actress (d. 2009)
- July 21
- July 23
- July 25 – Erika Steinbach, German politician
- July 26 – Mick Jagger, English rock singer (The Rolling Stones)
- July 28 – Richard Wright, British musician (Pink Floyd) (d. 2008)
- August 2 – Max Wright, American actor
- August 3 – Clarence Wijewardena, Sri Lankan musician (d. 1996)
- August 4 – Bjørn Wirkola, Norwegian ski jumper
- August 5 – Nelson Briles, American baseball player (d. 2005)
- August 6 – Jim Hardin, former Baltimore Orioles, New York Yankees and Atlanta Braves pitcher (d. 1991)
- August 7 – Dino Valente, American musician (d. 1994)
- August 11
- August 14 – Jimmy Johnson, American football coach and television analyst
- August 17
- August 18 – Gianni Rivera, Italian footballer
- August 20 – Sylvester McCoy, British actor
- August 23 – Bobby Diamond, American actor
- August 27 – Tuesday Weld, American actress
- August 28
- August 30
- August 31 – Leonid Ivashov, Russian general
- September 1 – Don Stroud, American actor and surfer
- September 3 – Valerie Perrine, American actress and model
- September 5 – Dulce Saguisag, Filipino politician and former DSWD Secretary. (d. 2007)
- September 6
- September 9 – Art LaFleur, American actor
- September 10
- September 11
- September 13 – Mildred D. Taylor, American writer
- September 14 – Irwin Goodman, Finnish singer (d. 1991)
- September 19 – Joe Morgan, American Hall of Fame baseball player
- September 22 – Toni Basil, American musician and video artist
- September 28 – J. T. Walsh, American actor (d. 1998)
- September 29 – Lech Wałęsa, President of Poland, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
- September 30
- October 1 – Jean Jacques Annaud, French film director
- October 2 – Franklin Rosemont, American poet
- October 6 – Michael Durrell, American actor
- October 8 – Chevy Chase, American comedian and actor
- October 14
- October 16 – Paul Rose, Canadian terrorist
- October 18 – Birthe Rønn Hornbech, Danish politician
- October 20 – Noreen Corcoran, American former child actress and director
- October 27 – Carmen Argenziano, American actor
- October 31 – Paul Frampton, English physicist
- November 1 – Jacques Attali, French economist
- November 4 – Chuck Scarborough, American news anchor
- November 5
- November 7
- November 11 – Doug Frost, Australian swimming coach
- November 12 – Wallace Shawn, American actor
- November 13
- November 14 – Peter Norton, American software engineer and businessman
- November 17 – Lauren Hutton, American actress and model
- November 19 – Aurelio Monteagudo, Cuban Major League Baseball player (d. 1990)
- November 20 – Mie Hama, Japanese actress
- November 21 – Larry Mahan, American rodeo cowboy
- November 22
- November 23 – Denis Sassou-Nguesso, President of the Republic of the Congo
- November 26 – Marilynne Robinson, American writer
- November 28 – Randy Newman, American musician
- December 2 – Wayne Allard, U.S Senator from Colorado
- December 5 – Eva Joly, Norwegian-born French magistrate
- December 8
- December 11 – John Kerry, American politician
- December 12
- December 13 – Ferguson Jenkins, Canadian baseball player
- December 15 – Lucien den Arend, Dutch sculptor
- December 17 – Ron Geesin, British musician and songwriter (Pink Floyd)
- December 18 – Keith Richards, English rock guitarist and songwriter (The Rolling Stones)
- December 19 – Ross M. Lence, American political scientist (d. 2006)
- December 23 – Harry Shearer, American actor, comedian and screenwriter
- December 24
- December 28
- December 31
- Kim Tai Chung, Korean martial artist and former actor and Bruce Lee double
- Tang Da Wu, Singaporean artist
- James Goldstein, LA businessman and NBA basketball aficionado
- January 5 – George Washington Carver, African-American botanist (b. 1864)
- January 7 – Nikola Tesla, Croatian-born American scientist (b. 1856)
- January 8 – Richard Hillary, Battle of Britain Spitfire pilot, author of The Last Enemy (b. 1919)
- January 15 – Eric Knight, American author of Lassie
- January 23 – Alexander Woollcott, American critic (b. 1887)
- February 4 – Frank Calder, the first NHL President (b. 1877)
- February 5 – W.S. Van Dyke, American director (b. 1889)
- February 11 – Bess Houdini, American wife of Harry Houdini
- February 22
- February 26 – Theodor Eicke, German Nazi official (b. 1892)
- March 10 – Tully Marshall, American actor (b. 1864)
- March 19 – Frank Nitti, Italian-American gangster (suicide) (b. 1888)
- March 28 – Sergei Rachmaninoff, Russian composer (b. 1873)
- April 3 – Conrad Veidt, German actor (b. 1893)
- April 7 – Alexandre Millerand, French president (b. 1859)
- April 8
- April 18 – Isoroku Yamamoto, Japanese admiral (b. 1884)
- May 7 – Fethi Okyar, ex prime minister of Turkey (b.1880)
- May 17 – Montague Love, British actor (b. 1877)
- May 19 – Kristjan Raud, Estonian painter and drawer (b. 1865)
- May 22 – Helen Taft, Wife of President William Howard Taft (b. 1861)
- May 26 – Edsel Ford, American President of Ford Motor Company (b. 1893)
- May 31 – Helmut Kapp, German Gestapo official
- June 1 – Leslie Howard, British actor (b. 1893)
- June 2 – Nile Kinnick, American athlete and Heisman Trophy winner (b. 1918)
- June 4 – Kermit Roosevelt, American explorer and author (b. 1889)
- June 26 – Karl Landsteiner, Austrian biologist and physician (b. 1868)
- July 4 – Wladyslaw Sikorski, Polish politician (b. 1881)
- July 8
- July 12 – Cecilia Loftus, stage actress (b. 1876)
- July 13 – Luz Long, German long jump athlete (b. 1913)
- July 21 – Charlie Paddock, American athlete (b. 1900)
- August 9 – Chaim Soutine, Russian painter (born 1893)
- August 12 – Bobby Peel, English cricketer (b. 1857)
- August 14 – Joe Kelley, American baseball player (b. 1871)
- August 21 – Henrik Pontoppidan, Danish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1857)
- August 24 – Simone Weil, French philosopher (b. 1909)
- August 26 – Ted Ray, British golfer (b. 1877)
- August 28 – King Boris III of Bulgaria (b. 1894)
- September 6 – Reginald McKenna, British Chancellor of the Exchequer 1915–1916 (b. 1863)
- September 1 – Charles Atangana, Cameroonian chief
- September 23 – Elinor Glyn, British wrtier (b. 1864)
- September 24 – John Stone Stone, American physicist and inventor (b. 1869)
- October 5 – Leon Roppolo, American musician (b. 1902)
- October 9 – Pieter Zeeman, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1865)
- October 19 – Camille Claudel, French sculptor (b. 1864)
- October 23 – Ben Bernie, American jazz pianist (b. 1891)
- October 30 – Max Reinhardt, Austrian director (b. 1873)
- November 7 – Dwight Frye, American actor (b. 1899)
- November 22 – Lorenz Hart, American lyricist (b. 1895)
- November 23 – Charles Ray, American actor (b. 1891)
- November 24 – Dorie Miller, U.S. sailor, Pearl Harbor survivor (b. 1919)
- December 1 – Damrong Rajanubhab, Thai prince and historian (b. 1862)
- December 9 – Georges Dufrénoy, French post-impressionnist painter (b. 1870)
- December 14 – John Harvey Kellogg, American doctor (b. 1852)
- December 15 – Fats Waller, African-American jazz pianist (Ain't Misbehavin') (b. 1904)
- December 22 – Beatrix Potter, British children's author and illustrator (Peter Rabbit & Jemima Puddle-duck) (b. 1866)
- December 30 – Hobart Bosworth, American film actor, director, writer, and producer (b. 1867)
- December 27 – Rupert Julian, New Zealand-born film director (b. 1879)
- Physics – Otto Stern
- Chemistry – George de Hevesy
- Physiology or Medicine – Carl Peter Henrik Dam, Edward Adelbert Doisy
- Literature – not awarded
- Peace – not awarded
- ^ "HMS Thunderbolt (N 25)". uboat.net. http://uboat.net/allies/warships/ship/3485.html. Retrieved 2010-10-21.
- ^ Warren, C.E.T.; Benson, James (1958). "The Admiralty regrets ...": the story of His Majesty's submarine Thetis and Thunderbolt. London: Harrap.
- ^ Muggenthaler, August Karl (1977). German Raiders of WWII. Prentice-Hall. p. 276. ISBN 0-13-354027-8.
- ^ "Year by Year 1943" – History Channel International
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