April 22


April 22

Events

*1500 - Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral becomes the first European to sight Brazil.
*1509 - Henry VIII accedes to the throne of England after the death of his father.
*1529 - Treaty of Saragossa divides the eastern hemisphere between Spain and Portugal along a line 297.5 leagues or 17° east of the Moluccas.
*1836 - Texas Revolution: A day after the Battle of San Jacinto forces under Texas General Sam Houston capture Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
*1863 - American Civil War: Grierson's Raid begins – troops under Union Colonel Benjamin Grierson attack central Mississippi.
*1864 - The U.S. Congress passes the Coinage Act which mandates that the inscription "In God We Trust" be placed on all coins minted as United States currency.
*1889 - At high noon, thousands rush to claim land in the Land Run of 1889. Within hours the cities of Oklahoma City and Guthrie are formed with populations of at least 10,000.
*1898 - Spanish-American War: The United States Navy begins a blockade of Cuban ports and the USS "Nashville" captures a Spanish merchant ship.
*1912 - "Pravda," the "voice" of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, begins publication in Saint Petersburg.
*1915 - The use of poison gas in World War I escalates when chlorine gas is released as a chemical weapon in the Second Battle of Ypres.
*1930 - The United Kingdom, Japan and the United States sign the London Naval Treaty regulating submarine warfare and limiting shipbuilding.
*1944 - World War II: Operation Persecution initiated – Allied forces land in the Hollandia (currently known as Jayapura) area of New Guinea.
*1945 - World War II: Prisoners at the Jasenovac concentration camp revolt. 520 are killed and 80 escape.
* 1945 - World War II: Fuehrerbunker: After learning that Soviet forces have taken Eberswalde without a fight, Adolf Hitler admits defeat in his underground bunker and states that suicide is his only recourse.
*1954 - Red Scare: Army-McCarthy Hearings begin.
*1964 - The 1964-1965 New York World's Fair opens for its first season.
*1970 - First Earth Day celebrated.
*1972 - Vietnam War: Increased American bombing in Vietnam prompts antiwar protests in New York City, San Francisco, and Los Angeles.
*1983 - The German magazine, "Der Stern" claims that Adolf Hitler's diaries were found in wreckage in East Germany.
*1992 - In an explosion in Guadalajara, Mexico, 206 people are killed, nearly 500 injured and 15,000 left homeless.
*1993 - The Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, DC is dedicated.
* 1993 - The web browser Mosaic version 1.0 is released.
*1997 - Haouch Khemisti massacre in Algeria - 93 villagers killed.
* 1997 - The Japanese embassy hostage crisis ends in Lima, Peru.
*1998 - Disney's Animal Kingdom opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, Florida, United States.
*2000 - In a pre-dawn raid, federal agents seize six-year-old Elián González from his relatives' home in Miami, Florida.
* 2000 - The Big Number Change takes place in the United Kingdom.
*2004 - Two fuel trains collide in Ryongchon, North Korea, killing up to 150 people.
*2006 - 243 people are injured in pro-democracy protest in Nepal after Nepali security forces open fire on protesters against King Gyanendra.
* 2006 - Four Canadian soldiers are killed 75 kilometers north of Kandahar, Afghanistan by a roadside bomb planted by Taliban militants, the worst single day combat loss for the Canadian army since the Korean War.

Births

*1451 - Queen Isabella of Castile and Leon (d. 1504)
*1610 - Pope Alexander VIII (d. 1691)
*1658 - Giuseppe Torelli, Italian composer (d. 1709)
*1690 - John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville, English statesman (d. 1763)
*1692 - James Stirling, Scottish mathematician (d. 1770)
*1707 - Henry Fielding, English author (d. 1754)
*1711 - Eleazar Wheelock, American founder of Dartmouth College (d. 1779)
*1724 - Immanuel Kant, German philosopher (d. 1804)
*1744 - James Sullivan, 7th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1808)
*1766 - Madame de Staël, French author (d. 1817)
*1812 - Solomon Caesar Malan, British orientalist (d. 1894)
*1816 - Charles Denis Bourbaki, French general
*1832 - Julius Sterling Morton, Arbor Day founder (d. 1902
*1840 - Odilon Redon, French painter (d. 1916)
*1844 - Lewis Thornton Powell, would-be assassin of Secretary of State William H. Seward (d. 1865)
*1852 - Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (d. 1912)
*1854 - Henri La Fontaine, Belgian lawyer, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1943)
*1860 - Ada Rehan, American stage actress (d. 1916)
*1868 - Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria (d. 1924)
*1870 - Vladimir Lenin, Russian revolutionary (d. 1924)
*1872 - Princess Margaret of Prussia, queen of Finland (d. 1954)
*1873 - Ellen Glasgow, American author (d. 1945)
*1876 - Robert Bárány, American physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1936)
* 1876 - Georg Lurich, Estonian wrestler (d. 1920)
*1881 - Alexander Kerensky, Russian politician (d. 1970)
*1884 - Otto Rank, Austrian psychologist (d. 1939)
*1889 - Richard Glücks, German SS officer and concentration camp administrator (d. 1945, by suicide)
*1891 - Harold Jeffreys, English astronomer (d. 1989)
* 1891 - Nicola Sacco, American anarchist (d. 1927)
* 1891 - Vittorio Jano, Italian engineer (d. 1965)
*1892 - Vernon Johns, American civil rights activist (d. 1965)
*1899 - Vladimir Nabokov, Russian writer (d. 1977)
*1904 - Robert Oppenheimer, American physicist (d. 1967)
*1905 - Robert Choquette, French Canadian novelist, poet and diplomat (d. 1991)
*1906 - Eddie Albert, American actor (d. 2005)
* 1906 - Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten, second in line to the Swedish throne (d. 1946)
*1907 - Ivan Efremov, Russian paleontologist and author (d. 1972)
*1909 - Rita Levi-Montalcini, Italian neurologist, Nobel laureate
* 1909 - Indro Montanelli, Italian journalist and historian (d. 2001)
*1910 - Norman Steenrod, American mathematician (d. 1971)
*1912 - Kathleen Ferrier, British singer (d. 1953)
*1914 - Jan de Hartog, Dutch writer (d. 2002)
* 1914 - Michael Wittman, German soldier and tank ace (d. 1944)
*1916 - Yehudi Menuhin, American-born violinist (d. 1999)
*1918 - Mickey Vernon, American baseball player (d. 2008)
*1919 - Donald J. Cram, American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2001)
*1922 - Charles Mingus, American musician (d. 1979)
* 1922 - Wolf V. Vishniac, American microbiologist (d. 1973)
*1923 - Avis Bunnage, English actress (d. 1990)
* 1923 - Bettie Page, American model
* 1923 - Aaron Spelling, American television producer (d. 2006)
*1925 - George Cole, English actor
*1926 - Charlotte Rae, American actress
* 1926 - James Stirling, British architect (d. 1992)
*1927 - Laurel Aitken, Jamaican singer (d. 2005)
*1935 - Paul Chambers, American jazz bassist (d. 1969)
*1936 - Glen Campbell, American musician
* 1936 - Pierre Hétu, French Canadian conductor and pianist (d. 1998)
*1937 - Jack Nicholson, American actor
* 1937 - Jack Nitzsche, American composer (d. 2000)
*1938 - Adam Raphael, English journalist and author
*1939 - Mel Carter, American singer
* 1939 - Jason Miller, American playwright (d. 2001)
*1939 - Theodor Waigel, German politician and finance minister
*1943 - Louise Glück, American poet and 12th US Poet Laureate
*1944 - Steve Fossett, American adventurer (d. 2007)
*1946 - John Waters, American film writer
* 1946 - Louise Harel, Quebec politician
* 1946 - Nicole Garcia, French actress and director
*1946 - Steven L. Bennett, USAF Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient (d. 1972)
*1950 - Peter Frampton, English musician
* 1950 - Zygi Wilf, owner of the Minnesota Vikings
*1951 - Paul Carrack, English musician
* 1951 - Ana María Shua, Argentine poet
*1952 - Marilyn Chambers, American pornographic actress
* 1952 - François Berléand, French actor
*1953 - Juhani Komulainen, Finnish composer
*1955 - Johnnie To, Hong Kong film director and producer
*1957 - Donald Tusk, Polish Prime Minister
*1958 - Ken Olandt, American actor
*1959 - Catherine Mary Stewart, Canadian actress
* 1959 - Ryan Stiles, Canadian-born actor
*1960 - Mart Laar, Estonian statesman
*1960 - Gary Rhodes, English chef
* 1960 - Randall L. Stephenson, American business executive
*1962 - Jeff Minter, English video game programmer
*1965 - Lauri Hendler, actress
* 1965 - Peter Zezel, Canadian ice hockey player
*1966 - Mariana Levy, Mexican actress (d. 2005)
* 1966 - Jeffrey Dean Morgan, American actor
*1967 - Sheryl Lee, American actress
* 1967 - Sherri Shepherd, American comedian and actress
* 1967 - Harvey Williams, American football player
*1968 - Zarley Zalapski, Canadian ice hockey player
*1969 - Dion Dublin, English footballer
*1970 - Andrea Giani, Italian volleyball player
* 1970 - Regine Velasquez, Filipino singer and actress
*1971 - Daisuke Enomoto, Japanese people space tourist
* 1971 - Eric Mabius, American actor
*1972 - Sabine Appelmans, Belgian tennis player
* 1972 - Owen Finegan, Australian rugby union footballer
*1973 - Adem Poric, Australian former footballer
* 1973 - Ofer Talker, Israeli footballer
*1974 - Diego Costa, Brazilian singer-songwriter
* 1974 - Shavo Odadjian, Armenian-born bassist (System of a Down)
*1975 - Greg Moore, Canadian race car driver (d. 1999)
* 1975 - Carlos Sastre, Spanish cyclist
*1976 - Michał Żewłakow, Polish footballer
* 1976 - Paul Henderson, Australian soccer player
* 1976 - Dan Cloutier, Canadian ice hockey player
*1977 - Mark van Bommel, Dutch footballer
* 1977 - Aaron Fink, American guitarist (Breaking Benjamin)
*1978 - Jason Stollsteimer, American singer (The Von Bondies)
* 1978 - Esteban Tuero, Argentinian race car driver
*1979 - Daniel Johns, Australian musician (Silverchair)
* 1979 - Zoltan Gera, Hungarian footballer
*1980 - Nicolas Douchez, French footballer
* 1980 - Courtney Friel, presenter of World Poker Tour
* 1980 - Carlos Hernández, Venezuelan baseball player
* 1980 - Aaron Michael Metchik, American actor
*1981 - Ken Dorsey, American football player
*1982 - Kaká, Brazilian footballer
* 1982 - Tim Hamilton, Slovak adult movie actor
*1983 - Matt Jones, American football player
*1984 - Michelle Ryan, English actress
* 1984 - Amelle Berrabah, British singer (Sugababes)
*1986 - Dusan Sakota, Serbian-Greek basketball player
* 1986 - Amber Heard, American actress
* 1986 - Marshawn Lynch, American Football player

Deaths

* 296 - Pope Caius
* 455 - Petronius Maximus, Roman Emperor
* 536 - Pope Agapetus I
*1592 - Bartolomeo Ammanati, Italian architect (b. 1511)
*1616 - Miguel de Cervantes, Spanish writer (b. 1547)
*1672 - Georg Stiernhielm, Swedish poet (b. 1598)
*1699 - Hans Erasmus Aßmann, Freiherr von Abschatz, German statesman (b. 1646)
*1758 - Antoine de Jussieu, French naturalist (b. 1686)
*1778 - James Hargreaves, English inventor (b. 1720)
*1806 - Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, French admiral (stabbed) (b. 1763)
*1833 - Richard Trevithick, English inventor (b. 1771)
*1839 - Denis Davydov, Russian general and poet (b. 1784)
*1854 - Nicolás Bravo, Mexican politician and soldier (b. 1786)
*1877 - James P. Kirkwood, American civil engineer (b. 1807)
*1892 - Edouard Lalo, French composer (b. 1823)
*1893 - Chaim Aronson, inventor and academic (b. 1825)
*1896 - Thomas Meik, British civil engineer (b. 1812)
*1908 - Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1836)
*1925 - André Caplet, French composer (b. 1878)
*1929 - Henry Lerolle, French painter (b. 1848)
*1930 - Jeppe Aakjaer, Danish poet (b. 1866)
*1933 - Henry Royce, British automobile manufacturer (b. 1863)
*1945 - Käthe Kollwitz, German artist (b. 1867)
* 1945 - Wilhelm Cauer, German mathematician (b. 1900)
*1946 - Harlan F. Stone, Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court (b. 1872)
* 1946 - Lionel Atwill, English Actor (b. 1885)
*1951 - Horace Donisthorpe, British entomologist (b. 1870)
*1968 - Stephen H. Sholes, American recording executive (b. 1911)
*1978 - Will Geer, American actor (b. 1902)
*1980 - Jane Froman, American actress (b. 1907)
* 1980 - Fritz Strassmann, German physicist (b. 1902)
*1983 - Earl "Fatha" Hines, American jazz pianist (b. 1903)
* 1983 - John Louis Evans, convicted murderer (executed) (b. 1950)
*1984 - Ansel Adams, American photographer (b. 1902)
*1985 - Paul H. Emmett, American chemical engineer (b. 1900)
* 1985 - Jacques Ferron, French Canadian physician, author and politician (b. 1921)
*1986 - Mircea Eliade, Romanian writer (b. 1907)
*1988 - Irene Rich, American actress (b. 1891)
*1990 - Albert Salmi, American actor (b. 1928)
*1994 - Richard Nixon, 37th President of the United States (b. 1913)
*1995 - Maggie Kuhn, American activist (b. 1905)
*1996 - Erma Bombeck, American humorist (b. 1927)
* 1996 - Harold "Jug" McSpaden, American professional golfer (b. 1908)
*1998 - Kitch Christie, South African rugby coach (b. 1940)
*1999 - Apostolos Nikolaidis, Greek singer (b. 1938)
* 1999 - Chan Canasta, magician and mindreader (b. 1920)
*2002 - Linda Lovelace, American adult actress (b. 1949)
*2003 - Martha Griffiths, U.S. Congresswoman (b. 1912)
* 2003 - Michael Larrabee, American athlete (b. 1933)
* 2003 - Felice Bryant, American songwriter (b. 1925)
*2004 - Pat Tillman, American football player and U.S. Army Ranger (killed in action) (b. 1976)
* 2004 - Jason L. Dunham, American Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1981)
*2005 - Norman Bird, UK character actor (b. 1920)
* 2005 - Robert Farnon, Canadian-born composer and conductor (b. 1917)
* 2005 - Erika Fuchs, German translator (b. 1906)
* 2005 - Philip Morrison, American physicist (b. 1915)
*2006 - Alida Valli, Italian actress (b. 1921)
*2007 - Juanita Millender-McDonald, congresswoman from southern California (b. 1938)
*2008 - Ed Chynoweth, Canadian ice hockey executive (b. 1941)

Holidays and observances

*Earth Day
*Brazil - Discovery Day
*Abel McAedh
*Acepsimas of Hnaita and companions
*April 22 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

External links

* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/22 BBC: On This Day]
*
* [http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_this_day?mth=Apr&day=22 On This Day in Canada] ----


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  • April — is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, and one of four months with a length of 30 days. April was originally the second month of the Roman calendar, before January and February were added by King Numa Pompilius about 700 BC.… …   Wikipedia

  • APRIL — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • April — April: Der Name des vierten Monats des Kalenderjahres, ahd. abrello, mhd. aberelle, abrille, beruht wie z. B. entsprechend it. aprile, frz. avril und engl. April auf lat. Aprilis (mensis). Die weitere Herkunft des lat. Wortes ist nicht sicher… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • April — A pril, n. [L. Aprilis. OE. also Averil, F. Avril, fr. L. Aprilis.] 1. The fourth month of the year. [1913 Webster] 2. Fig.: With reference to April being the month in which vegetation begins to put forth, the variableness of its weather, etc.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • April — Sm std. (12. Jh.), mhd. aprille, ahd. abrello Entlehnung. Das aus l. Aprīlis (mensis) entlehnte Wort verdrängt älteres ahd. ōstarmānōd Ostermonat . Die Herkunft der lateinischen Monatsbezeichnung ist umstritten (vielleicht zu gr. Aphrodite, l.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • April — [Aufbauwortschatz (Rating 1500 3200)] Bsp.: • Sehr gut. 8:15 Uhr am Donnerstag, den sechzehnten April. • April ist der vierte Monat des Jahres …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • April — (nach Ein. v. lat. aperire, öffnen [weil die Erde sich im April zum Wachsthum öffnet]; nach And. von aper, weil in diesem Monat Schweine geopfert wurden; unter Kaiser Nero Neroneus, von Karl d. Gr. Oster , sonst wohl auch Grasmonat genannt); der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • April — (lat. Aprīlis, nach Ovid von aperire, öffnen, »weil der Frühling alles öffnet«), im julianischen Kalender der vierte, im altrömischen der zweite Monat, von Karl d. Gr. Ostermonat genannt, weil Ostern gewöhnlich in ihn fällt. Er hat jetzt 30 Tage …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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  • april — àprīl m <G apríla> DEFINICIJA četvrti mjesec u godini; travanj SINTAGMA prvi april razg. prvoaprilska šala: aprilili, u dijaloškoj situaciji kada se koga prevari, namagarči i sl. na 1. aprila (travnja) (kada se zbijaju šale) ETIMOLOGIJA lat …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • april — april; april·i·an; …   English syllables


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