April 30


April 30

Events

*313 - Roman emperor Licinius unifies the entire Eastern Roman Empire under his rule.
*711 - Islamic conquest of Hispania: Moorish troops led by Tariq ibn-Ziyad land at Gibraltar to begin their invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus).
*1006 - Supernova SN 1006, the brightest supernova in recorded history, appears in the constellation Lupus.
*1315 - Enguerrand de Marigny is hanged on the public gallows at Montfaucon.
*1483 - Orbital calculations suggest that on this day, Pluto moved inside Neptune's orbit until July 23, 1503.
*1492 - Spain gives Christopher Columbus his commission of exploration.
*1671 - Petar Zrinski, the Croatian Ban from the Zrinski family, is executed.
*1774 - Yellow Creek massacre, British settlers (soon to be American settlers) massacre family members of Chief Logan and spark off the conflict known as Lord Dunmore's War
*1789 - On the balcony of Federal Hall on Wall Street in New York City, George Washington takes the oath of office to become the first elected President of the United States.
*1794 - The Battle of Boulou is fought, in which French forces defeated the Spanish under General Union.
*1803 - Louisiana Purchase: The United States purchases the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million, more than doubling the size of the young nation.
*1812 - The Territory of Orleans becomes the 18th U.S. state under the name Louisiana.
*1838 - Nicaragua declares independence from the Central American Federation.
*1856 - Battle of Rivas, Nicaragua, against North American mercenaries.
*1863 - Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico.
*1871 - The Camp Grant Massacre takes place in Arizona Territory.
*1894 - Coxey's Army reaches Washington, D.C. to protest the unemployment caused by the Panic of 1893.
*1900 - Hawaii becomes a territory of the United States, with Sanford B. Dole as governor.
* 1900 - Casey Jones dies in a train wreck in Vaughn, Mississippi, while trying to make up time on the "Cannonball Express".
*1904 - The Louisiana Purchase Exposition World's Fair opens in St. Louis, Missouri.
*1907 - Honolulu, Hawaii becomes an independent city.
*1920 - Peru becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
*1925 - Automaker Dodge Brothers, Inc is sold to Dillon, Read & Company for $146 million plus $50 million for charity.
*1927 - The Federal Industrial Institute for Women, opens in Alderson, West Virginia, as the first women's federal prison in the United States.
* 1927 - Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford become the first celebrities to leave their footprints in concrete at Grauman's Chinese Theater in Hollywood.
*1937 - The Philippines holds a plebiscite for Filipino women on whether they should be extended the right to suffrage; over 90% would vote in the affirmative.
*1938 - The animated cartoon short "Porky's Hare Hunt" debuts in movie theaters, introducing Happy Rabbit.
* 1938 - The first televised FA Cup Final takes place between Huddersfield Town and Preston North End.
*1939 - The 1939 New York World's Fair opens.
* 1939 - RCA owned NBC begins regularly scheduled television service from its New York station with the opening ceremonies of the 1939 New York World's Fair broadcast.
* 1939 - Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first U.S. President to appear on television during the World Fair's opening ceremonies broadcast.
*1943 - World War II: Operation Mincemeat: The submarine HMS "Seraph" surfaces in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Spain to deposit a dead man planted with false invasion plans and dressed as a British military intelligence officer.
*1945 - World War II: Fuehrerbunker: Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun commit suicide after being married for one day. Soviet soldiers raise the red flag over the Reichstag building.
*1947 - In Nevada, the Boulder Dam is renamed Hoover Dam a second time.
*1948 - In Bogotá, Colombia, the Organization of American States is established.
*1973 - Watergate Scandal: U.S. President Richard Nixon announces that top White House aids H.R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman, and others have resigned.
*1975 - Fall of Saigon: Communist forces gain control of Saigon. The Vietnam War formally ends with the unconditional surrender of South Vietnamese president Duong Van Minh.
*1980 - Accession of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands.
*1988 - Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II officially opens World Expo '88, Brisbane, Australia.
*1993 - The World Wide Web is born at CERN.
* 1993 - Virgin Radio broadcasts for the first time in the United Kingdom.
*1995 - U.S. President Bill Clinton became the first President to visit Northern Ireland.
*1999 - Cambodia joins the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) bringing the total members to 10.
*2001 - The Mitchell Report on the Arab-Israeli conflict is published.
*2002 - A referendum in Pakistan overwhelmingly approves the Presidency of Pervez Musharraf for another five years.
*2004 - U.S. media release graphic photos of American soldiers abusing and sexually humiliating Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison.
*2008 - Two skeletal remains found near Ekaterinburg, Russia were confirmed by Russian scientists to be the remains of Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia and one of his sisters.

Births

*1245 - King Philip III of France (d. 1285)
*1553 - Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont, queen of France (d. 1601)
*1623 - François de Laval, first bishop of New France (d. 1708)
*1651 - Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, French educational reformer, Catholic saint (d. 1719)
*1662 - Queen Mary II of England (d. 1694)
*1664 - François Louis, Prince of Conti, French general (d. 1709)
*1710 - Johann Kaspar Basselet von La Rosée, Bavarian general (d. 1795)
*1721 - Roger Sherman, American statesman (d. 1793)
*1723 - Mathurin Jacques Brisson, French naturalist (d. 1806)
*1770 - David Thompson, Canadian explorer (d. 1857)
*1777 - Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician (d. 1855)
*1803 - Albrecht Graf von Roon, Prime Minister of Prussia (d. 1879)
*1812 - Kaspar Hauser, German mystery boy (d. 1833)
*1829 - Ferdinand von Hochstetter, Austrian geologist (d. 1884)
*1857 - Eugen Bleuler, Swiss psychiatrist (d. 1940)
*1864 - Juhan Liiv, Estonian poet (d. 1913)
*1865 - Max Nettlau, German anarchist (d. 1944)
*1869 - Hans Poelzig, German architect (d. 1936)
*1870 - Franz Lehár, Austrian composer (d. 1948)
*1874 - Cyriel Verschaeve, Flemish clergyman (d. 1949)
*1876 - Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist (d. 1937)
*1877 - Alice B. Toklas, American companion of Gertrude Stein (d. 1967)
*1883 - Jaroslav Hašek, Czech novelist (d. 1923)
*1893 - Joachim von Ribbentrop, Nazi foreign minister (d. 1946)
*1895 - Philippe Panneton, French Canadian physician, diplomat and writer (d. 1960)
*1896 - Hans List, Austrian inventor (d. 1996)
*1897 - Humberto Mauro, Brazillina director and screenwriter (d. 1983)
*1901 - Simon Kuznets, Ukrainian-born economist, Nobel laureate (d. 1985)
*1902 - Theodore Schultz, American economist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)
*1908 - Eve Arden, American actress (d. 1990)
* 1908 - Bjarni Benediktsson, Icelandic foreign and later prime minister (d. 1970)
*1909 - Queen Juliana of the Netherlands (d. 2004)
* 1909 - F. E. McWilliam,Irish sculptor (d. 1992)
*1916 - Claude Shannon, American engineer and mathematician (d. 2001)
* 1916 - Robert Shaw, American conductor (d. 1999)
*1920 - Duncan Hamilton, British racing driver (d. 1994)
*1923 - Percy Heath, American jazz musician (Modern Jazz Quartet) (d. 2005)
* 1923 - Al Lewis, American actor (d. 2006)
* 1923 - Francis Tucker, South African Rally Driver (d. 2008)
*1925 - Corinne Calvet, French actress (d. 2001)
* 1925 - Johnny Horton, American musician (d. 1960)
*1926 - Cloris Leachman, American actress
*1928 - Hugh Hood, Canadian author (d. 2000)
*1933 - Dickie Davies, British television presenter
* 1933 - Willie Nelson, American musician
*1934 - Jerry Lordan, English composer and singer (d.1995)
*1938 - Juraj Jakubisko, Slovak film director
* 1938 - Gary Collins, American actor
* 1938 - Larry Niven, American author
*1940 - Burt Young, American actor
*1941 - Johnny Farina, American musician and composer (Santo & Johnny)
*1943 - Frederick Chiluba, former Zambian president (1991-2001)
* 1943 - Bobby Vee, American singer
*1944 - Jill Clayburgh, American actress
*1945 - Annie Dillard, American writer
* 1945 - Michael Smith, American astronaut (d. 1986)
*1946 - King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden
* 1946 - Don Schollander, American swimmer
* 1946 - Bill Plympton, American animator
*1947 - Leslie Grantham, English actor
* 1947 - Finn Kalvik, Norwegian singer
* 1947 - Mats Odell, Swedish politician
* 1947 - Tom Køhlert, Brondby IF coach
*1948 - Perry King, American actor
*1949 - Phil Garner, baseball manager
* 1949 - António Guterres, Prime Minister of Portugal
*1952 - Jacques Audiard, French film director
*1954 - Jane Campion, New Zealand film director
*1955 - Nicolas Hulot, French journalist
*1956 - Jorge Chaminé, Portuguese baritone
* 1956 - Lars von Trier, Danish film director
*1957 - Aviva Chomsky, American historian, daughter of Noam Chomsky
*1958 - Charles Berling, French actor, director and screenwriter
*1959 - Paul Gross, Canadian actor, director, and writer
* 1959 - Stephen Harper, Prime Minister of Canada
* 1959 - W. Thomas Smith, Jr, American author and columnist
*1960 - Kerry Healey, American politician
*1960 - David Miscavige, American cult leader
*1961 - Isiah Thomas, American basketball player
*1963 - Michael Waltrip, American race car driver
*1964 - Ian Healy, Australian cricketer
* 1964 - Barrington Levy, Jamaican musician
*1965 - Adrian Pasdar, American actor
*1966 - Jeff Brown, Canadian ice hockey player
*1967 - Steven Mackintosh, British actor
*1969 - Paulo Jr., Brazilian musician (Sepultura)
* 1969 - Warren Defever, American musician, composer
* 1970 - Ken Stanton, American Radio Personality
*1971 - John Boyne, Irish novelist
* 1971 - Darren Emerson, English DJ (Underworld)
*1973 - Akon, American R&B Singer
*1975 - Elliott Sadler, American race car driver
* 1975 - Mike Chat, American actor
* 1975 - Johnny Galecki, American actor
*1976 - Amanda Palmer, American musician (The Dresden Dolls)
*1977 - Jeannie Haddaway, American politician
* 1977 - Pell James, American actress
*1979 - Gerardo Torrado, Mexican footballer
*1981 - John O'Shea, Irish footballer
* 1981 - Emma Pierson, British actress
*1982 - Lloyd Banks, American rapper
* 1982 - Kirsten Dunst, American actress
* 1982 - Cleo Higgins, British singer and actress
* 1982 - Andrew Seeley, Canadian actor and singer
*1983 - Tatjana Hüfner, German luger
* 1983 - Troy Williamson, American football player
* 1983 - Yamini, Tamil Singer
*1984 - Shawn Daivari, Persian-American professional wrestler and manager
*1985 - Ashley Alexandra Dupré, American singer and call girl
*1987 - Nikki Webster, Australian entertainer
* 1987 - Rohit Sharma, Indian Cricketer

Deaths

* 65 - Lucan, Roman poet (b. 39)
*1063 - Emperor Renzong of China (b. 1010)
*1131 - Adjutor, Roman Catholic Saint
*1341 - John III, Duke of Brittany (b. 1285)
*1439 - Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick, English military leader (b. 1382)
*1524 - Pierre Terrail, seigneur de Bayard, French soldier (b. 1473)
*1544 - Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden, Lord Chancellor of England
*1555 - Pope Marcellus II (b. 1501)
*1632 - King Sigismund I of Sweden (b. 1561)
* 1632 - Johan Tzerclaes, Count of Tilly, Bavarian general (b. 1559)
*1642 - Dmitry Pozharsky, Russian prince (b. 1578)
*1660 - Petrus Scriverius, Dutch writer (b. 1576)
*1655 - Eustache Le Sueur, French painter (b. 1617)
*1696 - Robert Plot, British naturalist (b. 1640)
*1712 - Philipp van Limborch, Dutch Protestant theologian (b. 1633)
*1736 - Johann Albert Fabricius, German classical scholar and bibliographer (b. 1668)
*1758 - François d'Agincourt, French composer (b. 1684)
*1792 - John Montagu, supposed inventor of the sandwich (b. 1718)
*1795 - Jean-Jacques Barthélemy, French writer and numismatist (b. 1716)
*1841 - Peter Andreas Heiberg, Danish author and philologist (b. 1758)
*1847 - Archduke Charles of Austria, Austrian general (b. 1771)
*1865 - Robert Fitzroy, English admiral and meteorologist (b. 1805)
*1875 - Jean Frederic Waldeck, French explorer, lithographer, and cartographer (b. 1766)
*1883 - Édouard Manet, French painter (b. 1832)
*1900 - Casey Jones, American train engineer (b. 1863)
*1903 - Emily Stowe, Canadian physician and suffragist (b.1831)
*1936 - Alfred Edward Housman, English poet (b. 1859)
*1943 - Otto Jespersen, Danish philologist (b. 1860)
* 1943 - Beatrice Webb, British economist (b. 1858)
*1945 - Eva Braun, Adolf Hitler's new wife (b. 1912)
* 1945 - Adolf Hitler, Austrian dictator of Nazi Germany ("suicide)" (b. 1889)
*1956 - Alben W. Barkley, Vice President of the United States (b. 1877)
*1970 - Inger Stevens, Swedish actress (b. 1934)
*1973 - Václav Renč, Czech poet, dramatist and translator (b. 1911)
*1974 - Agnes Moorehead, American actress (b. 1900)
*1980 - Luis Muñoz Marín, Puerto Rican poet, journalist, and politician (b. 1898)
*1982 - Lester Bangs, American music journalist, author, and musician (b. 1949)
*1983 - George Balanchine, Russian-born dancer and choreographer (b. 1904)
* 1983 - Muddy Waters, American musician (b. 1915)
*1985 - George Pravda, Czechoslovakian actor (b. 1918)
*1989 - Yi, Bang-ja, Crown Princess of Korea (b. 1901)
* 1989 - Sergio Leone, Italian filmmaker (b. 1929)
*1993 - Tommy Caton, English footballer (b. 1962)
*1994 - Roland Ratzenberger, Austrian race car driver (b. 1960)
* 1994 - Richard Scarry, American author (b. 1919)
*1995 - Maung Maung Kha, Prime minister of Burma (b. 1920)
*1996 - David Opatoshu, American actor (b. 1918)
*1998 - Nizar Qabbani, Syrian poet (b. 1926)
*2002 - Charlotte von Mahlsdorf, founder of the Gründerzeit Museum in Berlin-Mahlsdorf. (b. 1928)
*2003 - Peter 'Possum' Bourne, New Zealand race car driver (b. 1956)
* 2003 - Wim van Est, Dutch cyclist (b. 1923)
* 2003 - Mark Berger, University of Kentucky professor (b. 1955)
*2005 - Ron Todd, TGWU General Secretary (1985 - 1992) (b. 1927)
*2006 - Lawrence Patrick, Biomechanics Professor, crash test subject
*2006 - Pramoedya Ananta Toer, Indonesian novelist
*2007 - Grégory Lemarchal, French singer (b. 1983)
* 2007 - Kevin Mitchell, American football player (b. 1971)
* 2007 - Tom Poston, American actor (b. 1921)
* 2007 - Gordon Scott, American actor (b. 1927)
* 2007 - Zola Taylor, American singer (b. 1938)
*2008 - John Cargher, Australian radio broadcaster (b. 1919)

Holidays and observances

*Walpurgis Night - Celebrated in Germany, central, and western Europe
*Scandinavia - The arrival of spring.
*Sweden - Birthday of King Carl XVI Gustav, an official flag day.
*Finland - Mayday's eve. Most celebrations take place day prior to the first of May. Euromayday in Finland.
*The Netherlands - Queen's Day, the largest one-day holiday in the Netherlands.
*Roman Empire - third day of the Floralia in honor of Flora.
*Bealtaine Eve (From either Irish Bealtaine or Scottish Gaelic). Originally a Celtic Druid holiday.
*Vietnam - Liberation Day.
*Mexico - Children's Day.
*Czech Republic and Slovakia - Carodejnice - witches' nightin the Roman Catholic Church:
*Saint Adjutor
*Saint Eutropius
*Saint Maximus, 3rd century martyr
*Saint Quirinus of Neuss
*Saint Suitbert the Younger (d. 807)
*Saint Pope Pius V

External links

* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/30 BBC: On This Day]
*
* [http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_this_day?mth=Apr&day=30 On This Day in Canada] ----


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