Millennium: 2nd millennium Centuries: 18th century – 19th century – 20th century Decades: 1840s 1850s 1860s – 1870s – 1880s 1890s 1900s Years: 1873 1874 1875 – 1876 – 1877 1878 1879 1876 in topic: Humanities Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature – Music By country Australia – Canada – France – Germany – Mexico – South Africa – US – UK Other topics Rail Transport – Science – Sports Lists of leaders Colonial Governors – State leaders Birth and death categories Births – Deaths Establishments and disestablishments categories Establishments – Disestablishments Works category Works 1876
Ab urbe condita 2629 Armenian calendar 1325
Assyrian calendar 6626 Bahá'í calendar 32 – 33 Bengali calendar 1283 Berber calendar 2826 British Regnal year 39 Vict. 1 – 40 Vict. 1 Buddhist calendar 2420 Burmese calendar 1238 Byzantine calendar 7384 – 7385 Chinese calendar 乙亥年十二月初五日
(4512/4572-12-5)— to —丙子年十一月十六日
Coptic calendar 1592 – 1593 Ethiopian calendar 1868 – 1869 Hebrew calendar 5636 – 5637 Hindu calendars - Bikram Samwat 1932 – 1933 - Shaka Samvat 1798 – 1799 - Kali Yuga 4977 – 4978 Holocene calendar 11876 Iranian calendar 1254 – 1255 Islamic calendar 1292 – 1293 Japanese calendar Meiji 9
Korean calendar 4209 Minguo calendar 36 before ROC
Thai solar calendar 2419
- January 1 – The Bass Brewery Red Triangle becomes the world's first registered trademark symbol.
- February 2 – The National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs is formed at a meeting in Chicago, Illinois; it replaced the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players. Morgan Bulkeley of the Hartford Dark Blues is selected as the league's first President.
- February 22 – Johns Hopkins University is founded in Baltimore, Maryland.
- February 24 – Premiere of first stage production of the verse-play Peer Gynt by Henrik Ibsen with incidental music by Edvard Grieg, in Oslo (then called Christiania), Norway
- February 27 – The Third Carlist War (Spain):The Carlist forces did not succeed, and the promises were never fulfilled. The Carlist pretender (Carlos María de Borbón y Austria-Este-"duque de Madrid" y "conde de la Alcarria") AKA:Carlos VII went into exile in France bringing the conflict to an end after four years of war.
- Spring – Vast numbers of Indians move north to an encampment of the Sioux chief Sitting Bull in the region of the Little Bighorn River, creating the last great gathering of native peoples on the Great Plains.
- March 7 – Alexander Graham Bell is granted a patent for an invention he calls the telephone (patent #174,466).
- March 10 – Alexander Graham Bell makes the first successful call by saying "Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you.."
- April 16 – The Bulgarian April uprising occurs.
- May – Batak massacre refers to the massacre of Bulgarians in Batak by Ottoman troops in 1876 at the beginning of the April Uprising. The number of victims ranges from 3,000 to 5,000, depending on the source.
- May 1
- May 10 – The Centennial Exposition begins in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
- May 11 – May 12 – Berlin Memorandum: Germany, Russia and Austria-Hungary propose an armistice between Turkey and its insurgents.
- May 16 – British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli rejects the Berlin Memorandum.
- May 17 – Nikolaus Otto files his patent for the four-stroke cycle internal combustion engine.
- May 18 – Wyatt Earp starts work in Dodge City, Kansas, serving under Marshal Larry Deger.
- June 4 – The Transcontinental Express arrives in San Francisco, California via the First Transcontinental Railroad, 83 hours and 39 minutes after having left New York City.
- June 17 – Indian Wars – Battle of the Rosebud: 1,500 Sioux and Cheyenne led by Crazy Horse beat back General George Crook's forces at Rosebud Creek in Montana Territory.
- June 24 – First published review of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain, in a British magazine; the book's first edition had appeared earlier in June in England. (The book was published in the U.S. in December 1876.)
- June 25 – Indian Wars – Battle of the Little Bighorn: 300 men of the U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment under Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer are wiped out by 5,000 Lakota, Cheyenne and Arapaho led by Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse.
- July 1 – Serbia declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
- July 2 – Montenegro declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
- July 4 – The United States celebrates its centennial.
- July 8 – Reichstadt Agreement: Russia and Austria-Hungary agree on partitioning the Balkan peninsula.
- July 13 – The prosecution of Arthur Tooth, an Anglican clergyman, for using ritualist practices begins.
- August 1 – Colorado is admitted as the 38th U.S. state.
- August 8 – Thomas Edison receives a patent for his mimeograph.
- August 13 – Richard Wagner inaugurates Bayreuth Festival
- August 31 – Murat V, sultan of the Ottoman Empire is deposed and succeeded by his brother Abdul Hamid II.
- September 5 – Gladstone publishes his Bulgarian Horrors pamphlet.
- September 7 – In Northfield, Minnesota, Jesse James and the James-Younger Gang attempt to rob the town's bank but are surrounded by an angry mob and are nearly wiped out.
- September 12 – King Leopold II of Belgium hosts the Brussels Geographic Conference on the subject of colonizing and exploring central Africa. By the event's conclusion a new international body named the International African Association is established.
- October 4 – Texas A&M University opens for classes.
- October 31 – A catastrophic cyclone strikes the east coast of India, killing 200,000.
- November 2 – A giant squid, 6.1 meters long, washes ashore at Thimble Tickle Bay in Newfoundland.
- November 4 – The long-awaited First Symphony of Johannes Brahms is premiered at Karlsruhe under the baton of Otto Dessoff.
- November 7 – U.S. presidential election, 1876: After long and heated disputes, Rutherford Birchard Hayes is eventually declared the winner over Samuel Jones Tilden. A failed grave robbery of the Lincoln Tomb took place on the same night.
- November 10 – The Centennial Exposition ends in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
- November 23 – Corrupt Tammany Hall leader William Marcy Tweed (better known as Boss Tweed) is delivered to authorities in New York City after being captured in Spain.
- November 25 – Indian Wars: In retaliation for the dramatic American defeat at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, United States Army troops under General Ranald S. Mackenzie sack Chief Dull Knife's sleeping Cheyenne village at the headwaters of the Powder River (the soldiers destroy all of the villagers' winter food and clothing, and then slash their ponies' throats).
- November 29 – Porfirio Díaz becomes President of Mexico.
- December 5 – The Brooklyn Theater Fire kills at least 278, possibly more than 300.
- December 6 – The first cremation in the United States takes place in a crematory built by Francis Julius LeMoyne.
- December 29 – The Ashtabula River Railroad bridge disaster occurs, leaving 92 dead.
- Dewey Decimal Classification invented by Melvil Dewey
- Heinz Tomato Ketchup introduced.
- Adolphus Busch's brewery, Anheuser-Busch in St. Louis, Missouri, first markets Budweiser, a pale lager, as a nationally sold beer.
- Charles Wells opens his brewery based in Bedford, England.
- Lyford House, by Richardson Bay, Tiburon, California is constructed.
- Construction of Spandau Prison is completed.
- Samurai are banned from carrying swords in Japan and their stipends are replaced by one-time grants of income-bearing bonds.
- Japan brings a fleet to Incheon, the port of Seoul. The Japanese force the Korean government to sign an unequal treaty, open 3 ports to Japanese trade and cease considering itself a tributary of China. On China's urging Korea also signs treaties with the European powers in effort to counterbalance Japan.
- The Harvard Lampoon is founded.
- The Conchological Society of Great Britain & Ireland is founded.
- Lars Magnus Ericsson and Carl Johan Andersson start a small mechanical workshop in Stockholm, Sweden, dealing with telegraphy equipment, which grows into the worldwide company Ericsson.
- Friends Academy is founded by Gideon Frost.
- Tanzimat ends in the Ottoman Empire.
- The Clontarf Cricket Club is established. The 2008 2nd XI calls their assault on all Senior II competitions "Operation 1876" in honour of this fantastic year.
- January 5 – Konrad Adenauer, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1967)
- January 12
- January 20 – Józef Hofmann, Polish pianist (d. 1967)
- January 23 – Otto Diels, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1954)
- January 29 – Havergal Brian, British composer (d. 1972)
- February 12 – Thubten Gyatso, 13th Dalai Lama (d. 1933)
- February 16
- February 19 – Constantin Brâncuşi, Romanian sculptor (d. 1957)
- March 1 – Henri de Baillet-Latour, Belgian International Olympic Committee president (d. 1942)
- March 2 – Pope Pius XII (d. 1958)
- March 4
- March 11 – Carl Ruggles, American composer (d. 1971)
- March 21 – Walter Tewksbury, American athlete (d. 1968)
- March 26 – Prince William of Wied, sovereign Prince of Albania (d. 1945)
- March 31 – Borisav "Bora" Stanković, Serbian writer (d. 1927)
- April 3 – Margaret Anglin, Canadian stage actress (d. 1958)
- April 4 – Maurice de Vlaminck, French painter and poet (d. 1958)
- April 11 – Paul Henry, Irish artist (d. 1958)
- April 14 – Sir Murray Bisset, South African cricketer and Governor of Southern Rhodesia (d. 1931
- April 22 – Robert Bárány, Hungarian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1936)
- May 10 – Ivan Cankar, Slovenian writer (d. 1918)
- May 18 – Hermann Müller, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1931)
- May 27 – Sir William Stanier, English steam locomotive engineer (London, Midland and Scottish Railway) (d. 1965)
- June 5
- June 13 – William Sealy Gosset, English chemist (d. 1937)
- June 19 – Sir Nigel Gresley, English steam locomotive engineer (Flying Scotsman & Mallard) (d. 1941)
- July 2 – Wilhelm Cuno, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1933)
- July 12 – Max Jacob, French poet (d. 1944)
- July 16 – Alfred Stock, German chemist (d. 1946)
- July 19 – Joseph Fielding Smith, president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1972)
- August 7 – Mata Hari, exotic dancer and spy (d. 1917)
- August 17 – Henri Winkelman, Dutch general (d. 1952)
- August 25 – Eglantyne Jebb, co-founder of the Save the Children Fund and champion of children's human rights (d. 1928)
- September 1 – Harriet Shaw Weaver, English political activist (d. 1961)
- September 6 – John James Rickard Macleod, Scottish-born physician and physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1935)
- September 13 – Sherwood Anderson, American writer (d. 1941)
- September 15 – Bruno Walter, German conductor (d. 1962)
- September 16 – Marvin Hart, American boxer (d. 1931)
- September 18 – James Scullin, ninth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1953)
- September 23 – Moshe Zvi Segal, Israeli linguist and Talmudic scholar, and Israel Prize recipient (d. 1968)
- September 26
- September 29 – Charlie Llewellyn, the first non-white South African Test cricketer (d. 1964)
- October 7 – Louis Tancred, South African cricketer (d. 1934)
- October 13 – Rube Waddell, baseball player (d. 1914)
- October 21 – Sir Fraser Russell, Governor of Southern Rhodesia (d. 1952)
- November 2 – William Haywood, British architect (d. 1957)
- November 3 – Rupert D'Oyly Carte, English hotelier, theatre owner and impresario (d. 1948)
- November 7
- November 17 – August Sander, German photographer (d. 1964)
- November 23 – Manuel de Falla, Spanish composer (d. 1946)
- November 24 – Walter Burley Griffin, American architect (d. 1937)
- December 9 – Berton Churchill, Canadian actor (d. 1940)
- December 12 – Alvin Kraenzlein, American athlete (d. 1928)
- December 21 – Jack Lang, Australian politician (d. 1975)
- December 25
- December 29 – Pau Casals, Catalan cellist (d. 1973)
- Alfred S. Alschuler, American architect (d. 1940)
- Anton Boisen, founder of the Clinical Pastoral Education movement (d. 1965)
- January 10 – Gordon Granger, American General (b. 1822)
- January 15 – Eliza McCardle Johnson, First Lady of the United States (b. 1810)
- February 18 – Charlotte Cushman, American actress (b. 1816)
- April 9 – Charles Goodyear, American politician (b. 1804)
- May 7 – William Buell Sprague, American clergyman and author (b. 1795)
- May 8 – Truganini, the last Tasmanian Aboriginal (b. c. 1812)
- May 24 – Henry Kingsley, English novelist (b. 1830)
- May 26 – František Palacký, Czech historian and politician (b. 1798)
- June 4 – Abdülâziz, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1830)
- June 6 – Auguste Casimir-Perier, French diplomat (b. 1811)
- June 7 – Josephine of Leuchtenberg, Queen of Sweden and Norway (b. 1807)
- June 8 – George Sand, French writer (b. 1804)
- June 21 – Antonio López de Santa Anna, President of Mexico (b. 1794)
- June 25 – George Armstrong Custer, U.S. Army officer (in battle) (b. 1839)
- July 1 – Mikhail Bakunin, Russian revolutionary and anarchist (b. 1814)
- August 2 – Wild Bill Hickok, American gunfighter and entertainer (b. 1837)
- September 27 – Braxton Bragg, Confederate Civil War general (b. 1817)
- October 1 – James Lick, American land baron (b. 1796)
- November 18 – Narcisse Virgilio Díaz, painter (b. 1807)
- December 29 – Titus Salt, British businessman and philanthropist (b. 1803)
- December 31 – Catherine Labouré, French visionary and Saint (b. 1806)
- Appleton's Annual Cyclopedia ...for 1876 (1885) online edition, comprehensive world coverage
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.