2011
Millennium: 3rd millennium
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Jan – Feb – Mar – Apr – May – Jun
Jul – Aug – Sep – OctNov – Dec
Arts
Architecture – Art – Comics – Film – Home video – Literature (Poetry) – Music (Country, Metal, UK) – Radio – Television – Video gaming
Politics
Elections – Int'l leaders – Politics – State leaders – Sovereign states
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Archaeology – Aviation – Birding/Ornithology – Meteorology – Palaeontology – Rail transport – Science – Spaceflight
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Other topics
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Birth and death categories
Births – Deaths
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Establishments – Disestablishments
Works and introductions categories
Works – Introductions
v · d · e
2011 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 2011
MMXI
Ab urbe condita 2764
Armenian calendar 1460
ԹՎ ՌՆԿ
Assyrian calendar 6761
Bahá'í calendar 167 – 168
Bengali calendar 1418
Berber calendar 2961
British Regnal year 59 Eliz. 2 – 60 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar 2555
Burmese calendar 1373
Byzantine calendar 7519 – 7520
Chinese calendar 庚寅年十一月廿七日
(4647/4707-11-27)
— to —
辛卯年十二月初七日
(4648/4708-12-7)
Coptic calendar 1727 – 1728
Ethiopian calendar 2003 – 2004
Hebrew calendar 5771 – 5772
Hindu calendars
 - Bikram Samwat 2067 – 2068
 - Shaka Samvat 1933 – 1934
 - Kali Yuga 5112 – 5113
Holocene calendar 12011
Iranian calendar 1389 – 1390
Islamic calendar 1432 – 1433
Japanese calendar Heisei 23
(平成23年)
Korean calendar 4344
Minguo calendar ROC 100
民國100年
Thai solar calendar 2554
Unix time 1293840000 – 1325375999
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2011 (MMXI) is the current year, which is a common year that started on a Saturday. In the Gregorian calendar, it is the 2011th year of the Common Era (CE) and the Anno Domini (AD) designation; the 11th year of the 3rd millennium and of the 21st century; and the 2nd of the 2010s decade.

The United Nations has designated 2011 the International Year of Forests and the International Year of Chemistry.[1]

Events

January

February

  • February 11Arab Spring: Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak resigns after widespread protests calling for his departure, leaving control of Egypt in the hands of the military until a general election can be held.[11]
  • February 22 - March 14 – Uncertainty over Libyan oil output causes crude oil prices to rise 20% over a two-week period following the Arab Spring,[12] causing the 2011 energy crisis.

March

  • March 11 – A 9.1-magnitude[13] earthquake and subsequent tsunami hit the east of Japan, killing 15,822 and leaving another 3,926 missing. Tsunami warnings are issued in 50 countries and territories. Emergencies are declared at four nuclear power plants affected by the quake.[14]
  • March 15 – Arab Spring: Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, King of Bahrain declares a three-month state of emergency as troops from the Gulf Co-operation Council are sent to quell the civil unrest.[15][16]
  • March 17 – Arab Spring and the Libyan civil war: The United Nations Security Council votes 10-0 to create a no-fly zone over Libya in response to allegations of government aggression against civilians.[17]
  • March 19 – Arab Spring and the Libyan civil war: In light of continuing attacks on Libyan rebels by forces in support of leader Muammar Gaddafi,[18] military intervention authorized under UNSCR 1973 begins as French fighter jets make reconnaissance flights over Libya.[19]

April

May

  • May 1 – U.S. President Barack Obama announces that Osama bin Laden, the founder and leader of the militant group Al-Qaeda, has been killed during an American military operation in Pakistan.[22]
  • May 16 – The European Union agree to €78 billion rescue deal for Portugal. The bailout loan will be equally split between the European Financial Stabilisation Mechanism, the European Financial Stability Facility, and the International Monetary Fund.[23]
  • May 26 – Former Bosnian Serb Army commander Ratko Mladić, wanted for genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity, is arrested in Serbia.[24][25]

June

July

August

September

October

  • October 4
    • 2011 Mogadishu bombing: 100[48] people are killed in a car bombing in the Somali capital Mogadishu.[49]
    • In Thailand, 283[50] people are killed by floods during a severe monsoon season, with 58 of the country's 77 provinces affected.[51]
    • The death toll from the flooding of Cambodia's Mekong River and attendant flash floods reaches 207.[52][53]
  • October 18Israel and the Palestinian militant organization Hamas begin a major prisoner swap, in which the captured Israeli Army soldier Gilad Shalit is released by Hamas in exchange for 1,027 Palestinian and Israeli-Arab prisoners held in Israel, including 280 prisoners serving life sentences for planning and perpetrating terror attacks.[54][55][56]
  • October 20
  • October 23 – A destructive magnitude 7.2 Mw earthquake jolted eastern Turkey near the city of Van, killing over 582 people, and damaging about 2,200 buildings.[63]
  • October 27 – After an emergency meeting in Brussels, the European Union announced an agreement to tackle the European sovereign debt crisis which includes a writedown of 50% of Greek bonds, a recapitalisation of European banks and an increase of the bailout fund of the European Financial Stability Facility totaling to €1 trillion.[64][65]
  • October 31 – Date selected by the UN as the symbolic date when global population reaches seven billion.[66]

Predicted and scheduled events

Deaths

January

February

March

April

May

Rosalyn Yalow

June

July

August

September

October

November


Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal dsc06171.png

Major religious holidays

In fiction

References

  1. ^ "United Nations Observances". United Nations. http://www.un.org/observances/years.shtml. Retrieved 30 November 2010. 
  2. ^ BBC News - Estonia becomes 17th member of the euro zone 31/12/2010 BBC News
  3. ^ "Al-ManarTV:: South Sudan Referendum Wraps up, Khartoum Vows to Recognize Results 15/01/2011". Almanar.com.lb. 2011-01-15. http://www.almanar.com.lb/newssite/NewsDetails.aspx?id=170242&language=en. Retrieved 2011-01-31. [dead link]
  4. ^ Sudan referendum: what's being voted on and what will happen? The Telegraph. 8 January 2011
  5. ^ "Equipe aeropolicial improvisa e arrisca para resgatar vítimas das chuvas no RJ" (in Portuguese). UOL (Folha). 20 January 2011. http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/cotidiano/863364-equipe-aeropolicial-improvisa-e-arrisca-para-resgatar-vitimas-das-chuvas-no-rj.shtml. Retrieved 20 January 2011. 
  6. ^ Wyre Davies (15 December 2010). "BBC News – Tunisia: President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali forced out". BBC News. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-12195025. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  7. ^ "Uprising in Tunisia: People Power topples Ben Ali regime". Indybay. 16 January 2011. http://www.indybay.org/newsitems/2011/01/16/18669320.php. Retrieved 2011-01-26. 
  8. ^ Amie Ferris-Rotman (24 January 2011). "Suicide bomber kills 31 at Russia's biggest airport". Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE70N2TQ20110124. Retrieved 2011-06-21. 
  9. ^ (Russian)"Число жертв теракта в Домодедово возросло до 37". RIA Novosti. 24 February 2011. http://rian.ru/society/20110224/338222803.html. Retrieved 24 February 2011. 
  10. ^ Steve Rosenberg (24 January 2011). "Moscow bombing: Carnage at Russia's Domodedovo airport". BBC News. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-12268662. Retrieved 24 January 2011. 
  11. ^ "Hosni Mubarak resigns as president". AlJazeera. 11 February 2011. http://english.aljazeera.net/news/middleeast/2011/02/201121125158705862.html. Retrieved 11 February 2011. 
  12. ^ Dicolo, Jerry A.; Baskin, Brian (February 22, 2011). "The Stealth Return of $100 Oil". The Wall Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748703610604576158613735835374.html. Retrieved March 12, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Tsunami warning center raises magnitude of Japan quake to 9.1". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. March 11, 2011. http://www.staradvertiser.com/news/breaking/Tsunami_warning_center_raises_magnitude_of_Japan_quake_to_91.html. Retrieved March 11, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Japan earthquake live blog: Death toll rises amid widespread destruction". CNN blog (TimeWarner). 12 March 2011. http://news.blogs.cnn.com/2011/03/12/japan-earthquake-live-blog-death-toll-rises-amid-widespread-destruction/. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  15. ^ Staff writer (15 March 2011). "Bahrain King Declares State of Emergency after Protests". BBC News. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-12745608. Retrieved 15 April 2011. 
  16. ^ Staff writer (15 March 2011). "Two Killed in Bahrain Violence Despite Martial Law". BBC News. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-12751464. Retrieved 15 April 2011. 
  17. ^ libyafeb17.com
  18. ^ "World leaders launch military action in Libya". MSNBC.com. 19 March 2011. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/42164455/ns/world_news-mideastn_africa/. Retrieved 19 March 2011. 
  19. ^ Kirkpatrick, David D.; Bumiller, Elisabeth (19 March 2011). "France Sends Military Flights Over Libya". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/20/world/africa/20libya.html. Retrieved 19 March 2011. 
  20. ^ "Gbagbo, wife in Ouattara's custody in I.Coast: UN | Top News | Reuters". Af.reuters.com. 11 April 2011. http://af.reuters.com/article/topNews/idAFJOE73A0MX20110411. Retrieved 11 April 2011. 
  21. ^ Grimley, Naomi (29 April 2011). "Royal wedding: The world watches William and Kate". BBC News. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-13245069. Retrieved 16 May 2011. 
  22. ^ Goldman, Adam; Brummitt, Chris (2 May 2011). "Bin Laden's demise: Long pursuit, burst of gunfire". Associated Press. http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20110502/ap_on_re_us/us_bin_laden. Retrieved 16 May 2011. 
  23. ^ "Portugal's 78bn euro bail-out is formally approved". BBC Business News. BBC (bbc.co.uk). 16 May 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-13408497. Retrieved 13 November 2011. 
  24. ^ Interpol. "Interpol: Wanted MLADIC, Ratko". Interpol.int. Archived from the original on 2009-05-26. http://web.archive.org/web/20090526144843/http://www.interpol.int/public/Data/Wanted/Notices/Data/1995/54/1995_47754.asp. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  25. ^ Wardrop, Murray (26 May 2011). "Ratko Mladic: war crimes fugitive 'arrested in Serbia'". The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph News and Media). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/serbia/8537878/Ratko-Mladic-war-crimes-fugitive-arrested-in-Serbia.html. Retrieved 26 May 2011. 
  26. ^ Londono, Ernesto (5 June 2011). "Yemeni crowds celebrate after president transfers power, flies to Saudi Arabia". The Washington Post (The Washington Post). http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle-east/speculation-grows-on-yemeni-presidents-condition/2011/06/04/AGpN9xIH_story.html. Retrieved 5 June 2011. 
  27. ^ "UN in call over Syrian refugee crisis". RTE (RTE). 12 June 2011. http://www.rte.ie/news/2011/0612/syria.html. Retrieved 12 June 2011. 
  28. ^ "Surgeons carry out first synthetic windpipe transplant". BBC (BBC). 7 July 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-14047670. Retrieved 8 July 2011. 
  29. ^ "South Sudan: New nation". BBC (BBC). 9 July 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-12070034. Retrieved 9 July 2011. 
  30. ^ "The Associated Press: Serbia arrests last Balkan war crimes fugitive". Google.com. http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5gN0BSyDw5sirbLulQXqgi4DslMtQ?docId=9188fbcd8b194ff79407247b3df94840. Retrieved 2011-07-21. 
  31. ^ "Somalia on verge of famine". CBC News. 18 July 2011. http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/story/2011/07/18/un-famine-east-africa.html. Retrieved 18 July 2011. 
  32. ^ Staff (21). "Atlantis Completes Final Space Shuttle Program Landing at 5:57 a.m. EDT". NASA. http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/shuttle/main/index.html. Retrieved 21 July 2011. 
  33. ^ Duxbury, Charles; Hovland, Kjetil (23 July 2011). "Savage Terror Attacks". The Wall Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424053111903461104576461862078291234.html?mod=WSJ_hp_LEFTTopStories. Retrieved 23 July 2011. "...at Least 87 Dead" .
  34. ^ Birnbaum, Elisa; Goodman, J David (22 July 2011). "At Least 80 Are Dead in Norway Shooting". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/23/world/europe/23oslo.html. Retrieved 23 July 2011 .
  35. ^ "Norway attacks: At least 87 dead in shootings at youth conference, Oslo explosion". The Washington Post. 22 July 2011. http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/norways-capital-shaken-by-bomb-blast/2011/07/22/gIQABA6dTI_story.html. Retrieved 23 July 2011. "...at least 80 people shot to death at a youth political conference outside Oslo after a massive explosion in the capital’s government district killed at least seven people, according to Norwegian police" .
  36. ^ "Press say Breivik had planned other attacks". RTE (RTE). 30 July 2011. http://www.rte.ie/news/2011/0730/oslo.html. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  37. ^ english.aljazeera.net
  38. ^ english.aljazeera.net
  39. ^ english.aljazeera.net
  40. ^ "NASA launches mission to Jupiter". RTE (RTE). 5 August 2011. http://www.rte.ie/news/2011/0805/nasa.html. Retrieved 5 August 2011. 
  41. ^ Wednesday, August 31, 2011 - 09:31 GMT+3 - Libya
  42. ^ Staff (29 August 2011). "Gadhafi Family Members in Algeria, Ambassador Says". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2011/WORLD/africa/08/29/libya.algeria.gadhafi/index.html?hpt=hp_c1. Retrieved 29 August 2011. 
  43. ^ Staff (23 August 2011). "Libya Unrest: Rebels Overun Gadhafi Tripoli Compound". BBC News. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14630702. Retrieved 24 August 2011. 
  44. ^ http://ibnlive.in.com/news/indiabangladesh-sign-pact-on-border-demarcation/181937-3.html India-Bangladesh sign pact on border demarcation
  45. ^ 197 bodies retrieved in Tanzania ferry accident: Minister Xinhua 11th September 2011
  46. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14879401 Kenya fire: Nairobi pipeline blaze 'kills at least 75' BBC
  47. ^ http://www.rferl.org/content/un_appeals_for_millions_to_help_pakistan_flood_victims/24332575.html UN Appeals For $357 Million To Help Pakistan Flood Victims Radio Free Europe
  48. ^ http://www.voanews.com/policy/editorials/africa/Murder-In-Mogadishu-131808193.html Murder In Mogadishu
  49. ^ http://www.hindustantimes.com/65-dead-in-Somali-car-bombing/Article1-753497.aspx Indo-Asian News Service via Hindustan Times
  50. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/14/world/asia/a-natural-disaster-in-thailand-guided-by-human-hand.html As Thailand Floods Spread, Experts Blame Officials, Not Rains
  51. ^ http://www.abc.net.au/news/2011-10-05/27worst27-thai-floods-kill-2242c-threaten-bangkok/3221304/?site=sydney ABC News Australia
  52. ^ http://www.wfp.org/content/floods-claim-207-lives-cambodia Floods claim 207 lives in Cambodia
  53. ^ http://www.philstar.com/Article.aspx?articleId=733860&publicationSubCategoryId=200 Xinhua via Philippines Star
  54. ^ After 5 years in captivity, Shalit is back home - CNN.com
  55. ^ Gilad Shalit release: Palestinian prisoner exchange getting under way | World news | guardian.co.uk
  56. ^ Schalit reunites with parents, PM... JPost - Diplomacy & Politics
  57. ^ "NTC claims capture of Gaddafi - Africa". Al Jazeera English. 2011-10-04. http://english.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2011/10/20111020111520869621.html. Retrieved 2011-10-20. 
  58. ^ "BBC News - Col Gaddafi killed". Bbc.co.uk. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-15387872. Retrieved 2011-10-20. 
  59. ^ "Gaddafi dies of wounds - NTC official | Reuters". Uk.reuters.com. http://uk.reuters.com/article/2011/10/20/uk-libya-gaddafi-death-idUKTRE79J2S320111020. Retrieved 2011-10-20. 
  60. ^ "Muammar Gaddafi 'killed' in gun battle - Africa". Al Jazeera English. 2011-10-04. http://english.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2011/10/20111020111520869621.html. Retrieved 2011-10-20. 
  61. ^ "Footage shows Gaddafi's bloodied body - Middle East". Al Jazeera English. 2011-10-04. http://english.aljazeera.net/video/middleeast/2011/10/2011102014201566639.html. Retrieved 2011-10-20. 
  62. ^ http://politica.elpais.com/politica/2011/10/19/actualidad/1319056094_153776.html
  63. ^ Earthquake Report - 2011 Van earthquake
  64. ^ "Leaders agree eurozone debt deal after late-night talks". BBC News. 27 October 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-15472547. Retrieved 27 October 2011. 
  65. ^ Bhatti, Jabeen (27 October 2011). "EU leaders reach a deal to tackle debt crisis". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/money/world/story/2011-10-25/euro-summit/50919216/1?csp=34news. Retrieved 27 October 2011. 
  66. ^ "Population seven billion: UN sets out challenges". BBC News. 2011-10-26. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-15459643. Retrieved 2011-10-30. 
  67. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2011". Nobel Foundation. 2011-10-05. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2011/press.html. Retrieved 2011-10-05. 
  68. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Economics 2011". Nobel Foundation. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/2011/. Retrieved 2011-10-20. 
  69. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Literature 2011". Nobel Foundation. 2011-10-06. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/2011/. Retrieved 2011-10-06. 
  70. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 2011". Nobel Foundation. 2011-10-07. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2011/. Retrieved 2011-10-07. 
  71. ^ The 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics - Press Release
  72. ^ The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2011

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