June 22

Events

*217 BC - Battle of Raphia: Ptolemy IV of Egypt defeats Antiochus III the Great of the Seleucid kingdom.
*168 BC - Battle of Pydna: Romans under Lucius Aemilius Paullus defeat and capture Macedonian King Perseus, ending the Third Macedonian War.
*1593 - Battle of Sisak: Allied Christian troops defeat the Turks.
*1633 - The Holy Office in Rome forces Galileo Galilei to recant his scientific view that the Sun, not the Earth, is the center of the Universe.
*1783 - Poisonous cloud from Laki volcanic eruption in Iceland reaches Le Havre in France.
*1812 - Napoleon declares war on Russia and invades.
*1825 - British Parliament abolishes feudalism and the seigneurial system in British North America.
*1844 - Influential North American fraternity Delta Kappa Epsilon is founded at Yale University.
*1848 - Beginning of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
*1866 - Battle of Custoza: an Austrian army defeats the Italian army during the Austro-Prussian War.
*1893 - The Royal Navy battleship HMS "Camperdown" accidentally rams the British Mediterranean Fleet flagship HMS "Victoria" which sinks taking 358 crew with her, including the fleet's commander, Vice-Admiral Sir George Tryon.
*1898 - Spanish-American War: United States Marines land in Cuba.
*1918 - Hammond circus train wreck kills 86 and injures 127 near Hammond, Indiana.
*1922 - Herrin massacre, 19 strikebreakers and 2 union miners are killed in Herrin, Illinois.
*1940 - France is forced to sign the Second Compiègne armistice with Germany.
*1941 - Germany invades the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa, one of the most dramatic turning points of World War II.
* 1941 - First anti-fascist armed unit in occupied Europe founded by Croatian partisans near Sisak, Croatia.
* 1941 - The Lithuanian 1941 independence begins.
* 1941 - Various Communist and Socialist French Resistance movements merge to one group.
*1942 - Erwin Rommel is promoted to Field Marshal after the capture of Tobruk.
*1944 - Opening day of the Soviet Union's Operation Bagration against Army Group Centre.
*1957 - The Soviet Union launches R-12 missile for the first time (in Kapustin Yar).
*1962 - An Air France Boeing 707 jet crashes in bad weather in Guadeloupe, West Indies killing 113.
*1969 - The Cuyahoga River catches fire, which triggers a crack-down on pollution in the river.
*1976 - Canadian House of Commons abolishes capital punishment.
*1978 - Charon, a satellite of the dwarf planet Pluto, is discovered.
*2002 - An earthquake in western Iran measuring 6.5 on the Richter scale kills more than 261 people.

Births

*1680 - Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter (d. 1754)
*1684 - Francesco Manfredini, Italian baroque composer (d. 1762)
*1704 - John Taylor, English classical scholar (d. 1766)
*1713 - Lord John Philip Sackville, English cricketer (d. 1765)
*1738 - Jacques Delille, French poet and translator (d. 1813)
*1757 - George Vancouver, British explorer (d. 1798)
*1767 - Wilhelm von Humboldt, German philosopher and statesman (d. 1835)
*1805 - Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian politician (d. 1872)
*1837 - Paul Morphy, American chess master (d. 1884)
*1845 - Tom Dula, American folk character (Tom Dooley) (d. 1868)
*1856 - H. Rider Haggard, English author (d. 1925)
*1861 - Maximilian von Spee, German admiral (d. 1914)
*1864 - Hermann Minkowski, German mathematician (d. 1909)
*1871 - William McDougall, British psychologist and polymath (d. 1938)
*1879 - Thibaudeau Rinfret, jurist and Chief Justice of Canada (d. 1962)
*1884 - James Rector, American athlete (d. 1949)
*1885 - Milan Vidmar, Slovenian engineer and chess player (d. 1962)
*1887 - Julian Huxley, British biologist (d. 1975)
*1888 - Harold Burton, U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1964)
*1892 - Robert Ritter von Greim, German field marshal (d. 1945)
*1897 - Edmund A. Chester, American broadcaster and journalist (d. 1973)
* 1897 - Norbert Elias, German sociologist (d. 1990)
*1898 - Erich Maria Remarque, German writer (d. 1970)
*1899 - Michał Kalecki, Polish economist (d. 1970)
*1902 - Marguerite De La Motte, American actress (d. 1950)
*1903 - Carl Hubbell, baseball player (d. 1988)
* 1903 - John Dillinger, American bank robber (d. 1934)
*1906 - Anne Morrow Lindbergh, American author and pilot (d. 2001)
* 1906 - Billy Wilder, Austrian-born director (d. 2002)
*1907 - Mike Todd, American film producer (d. 1958)
*1909 - Maurice Adler, American film producer (d. 1960)
*1910 - Peter Pears, English tenor (d. 1986)
* 1910 - Konrad Zuse, German engineer and computer pioneer (d. 1995)
*1912 - Princess Caroline Mathilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1983)
*1916 - Johnny Jacobs, American television announcer (d. 1982)
*1919 - Gower Champion, American dancer and choreographer (d. 1980)
*1920 - Paul Frees, American voice actor (d. 1986)
*1921 - Joseph Papp, American director and producer (d. 1991)
*1922 - Bill Blass, American fashion designer (d. 2002)
* 1922 - Geza Vermes, Hungarian author and scholar of religious history and the Dead Sea Scrolls
* 1922 - Mona Lisa, Filipino actress
*1927 - Ann Petersen, Belgian actress (d. 2003)
*1930 - Yuri Artyukhin, cosmonaut (d. 1998)
*1932 - Amrish Puri, Indian actor (d. 2005)
* 1932 - Prunella Scales, English actress
*1933 - Dianne Feinstein, American politician
* 1933 - Jacques Martin, French TV host (d. 2007)
* 1933 - Libor Pešek, Czech conductor
*1936 - Kris Kristofferson, American singer/songwriter and actor
* 1936 - Hermeto Pascoal, Brazilian musician
*1939 - Don Matthews, American football coach in the CFL
*1940 - Esther Rantzen, British TV presenter
*1940 - Abbas Kiarostami, Iranian filmmaker/poet
*1941 - Ed Bradley, American journalist (d. 2006)
* 1941 - Michael Lerner, American actor
*1943 - Brit Hume, American news anchor and commentator
* 1943 - Eumir Deodato, Brazilian artist, producer and arranger
*1944 - Klaus Maria Brandauer, Austrian actor
* 1944 - Peter Asher, British singer, guitarist and producer (Peter & Gordon)
*1946 - Eliades Ochoa, Cuban guitarist ("Buena Vista Social Club")
*1947 - Octavia Butler, American author (d. 2006)
* 1947 - Jerry Rawlings, former President of Ghana
* 1947 - David Lander, American actor and baseball scout
* 1947 - Howard Kaylan, founding member of The Turtles
* 1947 - Pete Maravich, American basketball player (d. 1988)
*1948 - Todd Rundgren, American songwriter and record producer
*1949 - Meryl Streep, American actress
* 1949 - Lindsay Wagner, American actress
* 1949 - Alan Osmond, American singer
*1952 - Graham Greene, Canadian actor
*1953 - Cyndi Lauper, American singer
* 1953 - Bruce McAvaney, Australian sports broadcaster
*1954 - Freddie Prinze, American actor and comedian (d. 1977)
*1955 - Green Gartside, Welsh singer songwriter
*1956 - Alfons De Wolf, Belgian cyclist
* 1956 - Shah Mehmood Qureshi, Pakistani Politician and Foreign Minister
* 1956 - Tim Russ, American actor
*1957 - Garry Gary Beers, Australian bassist from group INXS
* 1957 - Danny Baker, English comedy writer and radio presenter
*1958 - Bruce Campbell, American actor
*1959 - Wayne Federman, American comedian
* 1959 - Nicola Sirkis, French singer and lyricist (Indochine)
*1959 - Mike O'Meara, host of The Mike O'Meara Show and former co-host of Don and Mike Show
*1960 - Erin Brockovich-Ellis
*1961 - Stephen Batchelor
* 1961 - Jimmy Somerville, Scottish singer (Bronski Beat, Communards)
*1962 - Clyde Drexler, former American NBA player
* 1962 - Stephen Chow, Hong Kong actor and director
* 1962 - Bobby Gillespie, Scottish musician (Primal Scream)
*1963 - Randy Couture, American mixed martial artist
*1963 - John Tenta, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 2006)
*1964 - Amy Brenneman, American actress
*1964 - Dan Brown, American author
*1965 - Ľubomír Moravčík, Slovakian footballer
*1965 - Uwe Boll, German film director
*1966 - Michael Park, WRC co-pilot (d. 2005)
* 1966 - Emmanuelle Seigner, French actress
*1968 - Darrell Armstrong, American basketball player
*1970 - Steven Page, Canadian singer (Barenaked Ladies)
* 1970 - Michel Elefteriades, Greek-Lebanese politician, artist, producer and businessman
*1971 - Mary Lynn Rajskub, American actress
* 1971 - Kurt Warner, American football player
*1973 - Carson Daly, American television personality
*1974 - Donald Faison, American actor
*1974 - Joseph Vijay, Indian actor
*1975 - Andreas Klöden, German professional road bicycle racer
*1975 - Laila Rouass, Moroccan-Indian actress
*1976 - Gordon Moakes, English musician (Bloc Party)
*1978 - Champ Bailey, American football player
* 1978 - Jai Rodriguez, American TV personality
* 1978 - Dan Wheldon, British race car driver
*1979 - Joey Cheek, American speed skater
* 1979 - Thomas Voeckler, French road bicycle racer
* 1979 - Brad Hawpe, American baseball player
*1981 - Chris Urbanowicz, guitarist of British rock band Editors
*1982 - Soraia Chaves, Portuguese actress and model
* 1982 - Ian Kinsler, American baseball player
*1984 - Jerome Taylor, West Indies international cricketer
* 1984 - Janko Tipsarević, Serbian tennis player
*1985 - Rosa Kato, Italian-Japanese model and actress
* 1985 - Sofoklis Schortsanitis, Greek-Cameroonian basketball player
*1986 - Ramin Ott, American Samoan football player
*1988 - Kieran Lee, English football player

Deaths

*1276 - Pope Innocent V
*1429 - Ghiyath al-Kashi, Persian astronomer and mathematician (b. 1380)
*1535 - John Fisher, Bishop of Rochester (executed)
*1632 - James Whitelocke, English judge (b. 1570)
*1634 - Johann von Aldringen, Austrian field marshal (b. 1588)
*1699 - Josiah Child, English Governor of the East India Company (b. 1630)
*1714 - Matthew Henry, English non-conformist minister (b. 1662)
*1868 - Heber C. Kimball, American religious leader (b. 1801)
*1874 - Howard Staunton, English chess master (b. 1810)
*1892 - Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician (b. 1819)
*1894 - Alexandre-Antonin Taché, Canadian archbishop (b. 1823)
*1905 - Francis Lubbock, Governor of Texas (b. 1815)
*1913 - Ştefan Octavian Iosif, Romanian poet (b. 1875)
*1925 - Felix Klein, German mathematician (b. 1849)
*1928 - A. B. Frost, American illustrator (b. 1851)
*1931 - Armand Fallières, French president (b. 1841)
*1932 - Tommy Treichel, American professional wrestler (b. 1892)
*1933 - Henry Birkin, British racing driver (b. 1896)
*1935 - Szymon Askenazy, Polish historian, diplomat and politician (b. 1866)
*1936 - Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher (b. 1882)
*1938 - C.J. Dennis, Australian writer and poet (b. 1876)
*1959 - Hermann Brill, German politician (b. 1895)
*1961 - Maria of Romania, Queen Consort of Yugoslavia (b. 1900)
*1963 - Maria Tănase, Romanian singer of traditional and popular music (b. 1913)
*1964 - Havank, Dutch writer (b. 1904)
*1965 - David O. Selznick, American film producer (b. 1902)
*1969 - Judy Garland, American singer and actress (b. 1922)
*1974 - Horace Lindrum, Australian snooker and billiards player (b. 1912)
* 1974 - Darius Milhaud, French composer (b. 1892)
*1977 - Peter Laughner, American singer, songwriter and guitarist (Rocket From the Tombs, Pere Ubu) (b. 1952)
*1979 - Louis Chiron, Monaco race car driver (b. 1899)
*1984 - Joseph Losey, American theater and film director (b. 1909)
*1987 - Fred Astaire, American dancer and actor (b. 1899)
*1988 - Dennis Day, American singer and actor (b. 1916)
*1989 - Lucien Saulnier, Canadian politician (b. 1916)
*1990 - Ilya Frank, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908)
*1992 - Chuck Mitchell, American actor (b. 1927)
*1993 - Pat Nixon, First Lady of the United States (b. 1912)
*1995 - Al Hansen, American artist (b. 1927)
* 1995 - Leonid Derbenyov, Russian poet-songwriter (b. 1931)
*1997 - Ted Gärdestad, Swedish singer (b. 1956)
* 1997 - Don Henderson, English actor (b. 1932)
* 1997 - Gérard Pelletier, Canadian journalist, politician, and diplomat (b. 1919)
*2002 - Darryl Kile, American baseball player (b. 1968)
* 2002 - Ann Landers, American columnist (b. 1918)
*2004 - Mattie Stepanek, American poet (b. 1990)
* 2004 - Bob Bemer, American computer scientist (b. 1920)
* 2004 - Kim Sun-il, South Korean translator (b. 1970)
*2006 - Moose (dog actor), dog actor popular for role on Frasier (b. 1990)
*2007 - Nancy Benoit, former professional wrestling valet(b. 1964)
* 2007 - Erik Parlevliet, Dutch field hockey player (b. 1964)
*2008 - George Carlin, American comedian, actor (b. 1937)
* 2008 - Dody Goodman, American comedienne (b. 1914)
* 2008 - Jane McGrath, British-born Australian cancer support campaigner (b. 1966)

Holidays and observances

* School-teachers' Day in El Salvador.
*Aaron of Aleth (fl. 6th century)
*Saint Alban
*Saint John Fisher (d. 1535)
*Saint Paulinus of Nola (d. 431)
*Saint Thomas More (d. 1535)

External links

* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/22 BBC: On This Day]
*
* [http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_this_day?mth=Jun&day=22 On This Day in Canada] ----


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  • June — June, n. [L. Junius: cf. F. Juin. So called either from Junius, the name of a Roman gens, or from Juno, the goddess.] The sixth month of the year, containing thirty days. [1913 Webster] And what is so rare as a day in June? Then, if ever, come… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • June — c.1100, from L. Iunius (mensis), probably a variant of Iunonius, sacred to Juno (see JUNO (Cf. Juno)). Replaced O.E. liðe se ærra earlier mildness …   Etymology dictionary

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