Los Ángeles

Los Ángeles

Infobox City
official_name = Los Ángeles
other_name =
native_name =
nickname =
motto =


imagesize =270px
image_caption =


flag_size = 150px
image_

seal_size =
image_shield = Escudo_Los_Ángeles2.jpg
shield_size = 100px
image_blank_emblem =
blank_emblem_size =



mapsize = 200px
map_caption =Location of the Commune of Los Ángeles in Bío-Bío Region
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Chile
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_name1 = Bío-Bío
subdivision_type2 = Province
subdivision_name2 = Bío-Bío
subdivision_type3 =
subdivision_name3 =
subdivision_type4 =
subdivision_name4 =
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Joel Rosales Guzmán (2004-2008)
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
leader_title2 =
leader_name2 =
leader_title3 =
leader_name3 =
established_title = Founded as
established_date = Villa de Nuestra Señora de Los Ángeles
established_title2 = Founded
established_date2 = May 26, 1739
established_title3 =
established_date3 =
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 1748
area_total_sq_mi =
area_land_km2 =
area_land_sq_mi =
area_water_km2 =
area_water_sq_mi =
area_water_percent =
area_urban_km2 =
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
population_as_of = 2002
population_note =
settlement_type =
population_total = 166556
population_density_km2 = 95.28
population_density_sq_mi =
population_metro =
population_density_metro_km2 =
population_density_metro_sq_mi =
population_urban =
population_density_urban_km2 =
population_density_urban_mi2 =
timezone = Chile Time (CLT) [cite web |url=http://www.world-time-zones.org/zones/chile-time.htm |accessdate=2007-05-05 |title=Chile Time |publisher=World Time Zones .org]
utc_offset = -4
timezone_DST = Chile Summer Time (CLST) [cite web |url=http://www.world-time-zones.org/zones/chile-summer-time.htm |accessdate=2007-05-05 |title=Chile Summer Time |publisher=World Time Zones .org]
utc_offset_DST = -3
latd= 37|latm= 28|lats= |latNS=S
longd= 72|longm= 21|longs= |longEW=W
elevation_m = 139
elevation_ft =
postal_code_type =
postal_code =
area_code =+43
website = http://www.losangeles.cl
footnotes =

Los Ángeles is the capital of the province of Biobío, in the municipality of the same name, in Region VIII (the Biobío region), in the center-south of Chile. It is located between the Laja and Biobío rivers. The population is 123.445 inhabitants (census 2002). The municipality ("comuna") of Los Ángeles has the highest absolute rural population of any Chilean municipality.

To the north of the city is Salto del Laja (Laja Falls), and roughly 100 kilometers to the east is the 2,979 meter high (9,774 ft) Antuco volcano, in the Andes mountain range. The city is a major gateway for tourists visiting nearby Laguna del Laja National Park, home to the mentioned volcano.

History

Founded as Nuestra Señora de Los Ángeles in 1739 by Manso de Velasco, it was originally a Spanish fort as an outpost in the War of Arauco. It received the title of "villa" in 1748. The city underwent numerous rebuildings, due to the Spanish military campaigns against the native Mapuche in their efforts to colonize the area. Its geographic location, just to the north of the Biobío river (the border established by the Spaniards), made it a strategic location.

References


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