September 19

Events

* 335 - Dalmatius is raised to the rank of Caesar by his uncle Constantine I.
*1356 - In the Battle of Poitiers, the English defeat the French.
*1676 - Jamestown is burned to the ground by the forces of Nathaniel Bacon during Bacon's Rebellion.
*1692 - Giles Corey is pressed to death after refusing to plead in the Salem witch trials.
*1777 - First Battle of Saratoga/Battle of Freeman's Farm/Battle of Bemis Heights.
*1778 - The Continental Congress passes the first budget of the United States.
*1796 - George Washington's farewell address is printed across America as an open letter to the public.
*1862 - American Civil War: Battle of Iuka - Union troops under General William Rosecrans defeat a Confederate force commanded by General Sterling Price.
*1863 - American Civil War: Battle of Chickamauga.
*1870 - Franco-Prussian War: the Siege of Paris begins, which will result on January 28, 1871 in the surrender of Paris and a decisive Prussian victory.
*1870 - Having invaded the Papal States a week earlier, the Italian Army lays siege to Rome, entering the city the next day, after which the Pope described himself as a Prisoner in the Vatican.
*1893 - Women's suffrage: in New Zealand, the Electoral Act of 1893 is consented to by the governor giving all women in New Zealand the right to vote.
*1900 - Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid commit their first robbery together.
*1926 - The San Siro is inaugurated with a match between AC Milan and Inter.
*1934 - Bruno Hauptmann is arrested for the kidnap and murder of Charles Lindbergh Jr..
*1940 - Witold Pilecki is voluntarily captured and sent to Auschwitz in order to smuggle out information and start a resistance.
*1942 - Holocaust in Brody, western Ukraine: About 2,500 Brody Jews are deported by the German Gestapo to the extermination camp in Belzec.
*1944 - Armistice between Finland and Soviet Union is signed. (End of the Continuation War).
*1945 - Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) is sentenced to death in London.
*1946 - The Council of Europe is founded following a speech by Winston Churchill at the University of Zurich.
*1952 - The United States bars Charlie Chaplin from re-entering the country after a trip to England.
*1957 - First American underground nuclear bomb test.
* 1957 - Dalida is the first artist to be awarded a gold record in France for 300,000 sales of "Bambino".
*1959 - Nikita Khrushchev is barred from visiting Disneyland.
*1961 - Betty and Barney Hill claim that they saw a mysterious craft in the sky and that it tried to abduct them.
*1963 - Iota Phi Theta Fraternity, Inc. is founded at Morgan State University in Baltimore, Maryland.
*1970 - The first Glastonbury Festival is held at Michael Eavis's farm in Glastonbury, United Kingdom.
*1972 - A parcel bomb sent to Israeli Embassy in London kills one diplomat.
*1973 - King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden has his investiture.
*1976 - Turkish Airlines Boeing 727 hits the Taurus Mountains, outskirt of Karatepe, Osmaniye, Turkey, killing all 155 passengers and crew.
*1983 - Saint Kitts and Nevis gains its independence.
*1985 - A strong earthquake kills thousands and destroys about 400 buildings in Mexico City.
* 1985 - Tipper Gore and other political wives form the Parents Music Resource Center as Frank Zappa and other musicians testify at U.S. Congressional hearings on obscenity in rock music.
*1988 - Greg Louganis suffers a head injury while qualifying for the Seoul Olympics. He goes on to win two Gold medals.
*1989 - A terrorist bomb explodes UTA Flight 772 in mid-air above the Tùnùrù Desert, Niger, killing 171.
*1991 - Ötzi the Iceman is discovered by German tourists.
*1995 - The "Washington Post" and "The New York Times" publish the Unabomber's manifesto.
*1997 - Guelb El-Kebir massacre in Algeria; 53 killed.
*2006 - The Thai military stages a coup in Bangkok. The Constitution is revoked and martial law is declared.

Births

* 86 - Antoninus Pius, Roman Emperor (d. 161)
* 866 - Leo VI, Byzantine Emperor (d. 912)
*1377 - Albert IV, Duke of Austria (d. 1404)
*1551 - King Henry III of France (d. 1589)
*1714 - Charles Humphreys, American delegate to the Continental Congress (d. 1786)
*1737 - Charles Carroll of Carrollton, American signer of the Declaration of Independence and U.S. Senator (d. 1832)
*1749 - Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, French mathematician (d. 1822)
*1754 - John Ross Key, commissioned officer in the Continental Army, judge, lawyer and the father of Francis Scott Key (d. 1821)
*1759 - William Kirby, English entomologist (d. 1850)
*1778 - Henry Peter Brougham, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain (d. 1868)
*1796 - Hartley Coleridge, English poet (d. 1849)
*1799 - René Caillé, French explorer (d. 1838)
*1802 - Lajos Kossuth, Hungarian lawyer and Regent-President (d. 1894)
*1803 - Maria Anna of Savoy, Empress of Austria and queen of Hungary and Bohemia (d. 1884)
*1811 - Orson Pratt, American religious leader (d. 1881)
*1828 - Fridolin Anderwert, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1880)
*1882 - Christopher Stone, first disc jockey in the United Kingdom (d. 1965)
*1887 - Lovie Austin, American jazz pianist (d. 1972)
* 1887 - Lynne Overman, American actor (d. 1943)
*1888 - J. W. Alexander, American mathematician (d. 1971)
*1889 - Sadie Delany, American physician and author (d. 1999)
*1898 - Giuseppe Saragat, president of the Italian Republic (d. 1988)
*1901 - Joe Pasternak, Hungarian-born film producer (d. 1991)
*1905 - Leon Jaworski, American Watergate scandal special prosecutor (d. 1982)
*1907 - Lewis Franklin Powell, Jr., American Supreme Court Justice (d. 1998)
*1908 - Tatsuo Shimabuku, founder of Isshinryu Karate (d. 1975)
*1908 - Robert Lecourt, French politician and president of the European Court of Justice (d. 2004)
* 1908 - Mika Waltari, Finnish novelist (d. 1979)
*1909 - Ferry Porsche, Austrian automobile pioneer (d. 1998)
*1910 - Margaret Lindsay, American actress (d. 1981)
*1911 - Sir William Golding, English writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1993)
*1912 - Kurt Sanderling, German conductor
*1913 - Frances Farmer, American actress (d. 1970)
*1915 - Germán Valdés, Mexican actor, singer and comedian (d. 1973)
*1920 - Roger Angell, American sports writer
*1921 - Paulo Freire, Brazilian educator & writer (d. 1997)
*1922 - Damon Knight, American writer (d. 2002)
* 1922 - Emil Zátopek, Czech athlete (d. 2000)
*1926 - Masatoshi Koshiba, Japanese physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
* 1926 - James Lipton, American actor, writer and host of Inside the Actors Studio
* 1926 - Duke Snider, baseball player
*1927 - Rosemary Harris, English actress
* 1927 - William Hickey, American actor (d. 1997)
*1928 - Adam West, American actor
*1930 - Antonio Margheriti, Italian filmmaker (d. 2002)
*1931 - Brook Benton, American singer (d. 1988)
* 1931 - Jean-Claude Carrière, French screenwriter and actor
* 1933 - David McCallum, Scottish actor
*1934 - Brian Epstein, English musical group manager (The Beatles) (d. 1967)
*1935 - Benjamin Hacker, American naval aviator (d. 2003)
* 1935 - Nick Massi, American singer (The Four Seasons) (d. 2000)
*1936 - Al Oerter, American athlete (d. 2007)
*1937 - Abner Haynes, American football player
*1940 - Anna Karen, South African-born British actress
* 1940 - Bill Medley, American singer and songwriter (The Righteous Brothers)
* 1940 - Ed Westfall, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1940 - Paul Williams, American composer
*1941 - Umberto Bossi, Italian politician
* 1941 - Mama Cass Elliot, American musician (d. 1974)
*1942 - Freda Payne, American singer and actress
*1943 - Joe Morgan, baseball player
*1944 - Anders Björck, Swedish politician
* 1944 - Jean Succar Kuri, Lebanese-born Mexican businessman
*1945 - Randolph Mantooth, American actor
*1946 - Brian Henton, English racing driver
*1947 - Lol Creme, English musician (10cc, Godley & Creme)
*1948 - Jeremy Irons, English actor
*1948 - Mihai Timofti, Director, actor, musician from Moldova-Chisinau
*1949 - Sally Potter, English film director and screenwriter
* 1949 - Barry Scheck, American lawyer, co-founder Innocence Project
* 1949 - Twiggy, English model
*1950 - Joan Lunden, American journalist and television host
*1951 - Daniel Lanois, Canadian record producer
*1952 - Bernard de Dryver, Belgian racing driver
* 1952 - Gunnar Hökmark, Swedish politician
* 1952 - Nile Rodgers, American musician and composer
*1955 - Richard Burmer, American composer and musician (d. 2006)
* 1955 - Rex Smith, American singer and actor
*1956 - Juan Manuel Fangio II, Argentine racing driver
* 1956 - Charlie Reliford, baseball umpire
*1958 - Kevin Hooks, American actor and director
* 1958 - Azumah Nelson, Ghanaian boxer
* 1958 - Lita Ford, American singer
*1960 - Loïc Bigois, French engineer
*1962 - Cheri Oteri, American actress and comedian
* 1962 - Ken Rosenthal, American sportswriter
*1963 - Jarvis Cocker, English musician (Pulp)
* 1963 - David Seaman, English footballer
*1964 - Patrick Marber, British playwright
* 1964 - Bob Papa, American sportscaster
* 1964 - Trisha Yearwood, American singer
*1965 - Alexandra Vandernoot, Belgian actress
* 1965 - Sabine Paturel, French singer
*1966 - Soledad O'Brien, American journalist
* 1966 - Eric Robert Rudolph, American criminal
* 1966 - Yoshihiro Takayama, Japanese professional wrestler
*1967 - Jim Abbott, baseball player
* 1967 - Stéphane Crête, Quebec actor
* 1967 - Alexander Karelin, Russian wrestler
*1969 - Alkinoos Ioannidis, Greek-Cypriot singer and composer
* 1969 - Tapio Wilska, Finnish singer
*1970 - Dan Bylsma, National Hockey League player
* 1970 - Gilbert Dionne, National Hockey League player
* 1970 - Takanori Nishikawa, Japanese pop/rock singer
* 1970 - Victor Williams, American actor
*1971 - Sanaa Lathan, American actress
*1973 - Nick Colgan, Irish footballer
* 1973 - Cristiano da Matta, Brazilian racing car driver
* 1973 - Jeremy Lindsay Taylor, Australian actor
*1974 - Jimmy Fallon, American actor and comedian
* 1974 - Victoria Silvstedt, Swedish model
*1976 - Raja Bell, American basketball player
* 1976 - Alison Sweeney, American actress
* 1976 - Jim Ward, American musician (At the Drive-In, Sparta)
* 1976 - Jessica York, television personality
* 1976 - Jan Hlaváč, Czech ice hockey player
*1977 - Ryan Dusick, American drummer (Maroon 5)
* 1977 - Akash Chopra, Indian cricketer
*1978 - Michelle Alves, Brazilian supermodel
* 1978 - Nick Johnson, baseball player
* 1978 - Nigel Mitchell, Quizmania and Capital Disney presenter
* 1978 - Jorge López Montaña, Spanish footballer
*1979 - Dannielle Brent, British actress
* 1979 - Noémie Lenoir, French supermodel and actress
*1980 - Sara Quin, Canadian singer/songwriter (Tegan and Sara)
* 1980 - Tegan Quin, Canadian singer/songwriter (Tegan and Sara)
*1981 - Scott Baker, American baseball player
* 1981 - Damiano Cunego, Italian cyclist
* 1981 - Rick DiPietro, American ice hockey player
*1982 - Eleni Daniilidou, Greek tennis player
* 1982 - Jordan Parise, American ice hockey player
* 1982 - Columbus Short, American actor and choreographer
* 1982 - Nicole Voss, American model
*1983 - Joey Devine, American baseball player
* 1983 - Charlie Haeger, American baseball player
* 1983 - Matt Wiman, American mixed martial artist
*1984 - Eamon, American pop singer
* 1984 - Kevin Zegers, Canadian actor
*1986 - Gerald Ciolek, German cyclist
* 1986 - Ken Gushi, Japanese racing driver
* 1986 - Peter Vack, American voice actor
*1987 - Danielle Panabaker, American actress
*1990 - Saki Fukuda, Japanese actress
*1991 - Demelza Reveley, Australian model
*1994 - Alex Etel, British actor

Deaths

* 690 - Theodore of Tarsus, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 602)
*1339 - Emperor Go-Daigo of Japan (b. 1288)
*1356 - Killed at the Battle of Poitiers:
**Peter I, Duke of Bourbon (b. 1311)
**Walter VI of Brienne, Constable of France (born 1304)
*1668 - William Waller, English soldier
*1692 - Giles Corey, American farmer killed in the Salem Witch Trials
*1693 - Janez Vajkard Valvasor, Slovenian polymath (b. 1641)
*1710 - Ole Rømer, Danish astronomer (b. 1644)
*1843 - Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis, French scientist (b. 1792)
*1868 - William Sprague, American minister and politician from (b. 1809)
*1881 - James Garfield, 20th President of the United States (b. 1831)
*1893 - Alexander Tilloch Galt, Canadian politician, a father of Canadian Confederation (b. 1817)
*1905 - Thomas John Barnardo, Irish philanthropist (b. 1845)
*1906 - Maria Georgina Grey, British writer and founder of the Girls' Day School Trust (b. 1816)
*1924 - Alick Bannerman, Australian cricketer (b. 1854)
*1927 - Michael Peter Ancher, Danish painter (b. 1849)
*1935 - Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky, Russian rocket scientist (b. 1857)
*1936 - Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande, Indian musician (b. 1860)
*1938 - Pauline Frederick, American actress (b. 1883)
*1942 - Condé Nast, American publisher (b. 1873)
*1944 - Guy Gibson, British aviator, awarded Victoria Cross (b. 1918)
*1949 - Will Cuppy, American humorist (b. 1884)
* 1949 - George Shiels, Irish dramatist (b. 1886)
* 1949 - Nikolaos Skalkottas, Greek composer (b. 1901)
*1955 - John D. Dingell, Sr., U.S. Congressman from Michigan (b. 1894)
*1967 - Zinaida Serebriakova, Russian painter (b. 1884)
* 1967 - Monica Proietti, Canadian criminal (b. 1940)
*1968 - Chester Carlson, American inventor (b. 1906)
* 1968 - Red Foley, American singer (b. 1910)
*1969 - Rex Ingram, American actor (b. 1895)
*1972 - Robert Casadesus, French pianist (b. 1899)
*1973 - Gram Parsons, American musician (b. 1946)
*1978 - Étienne Gilson, French philosopher and historian (b. 1884)
*1985 - Italo Calvino, Italian writer (b. 1923)
*1987 - Einar Gerhardsen, Prime Minister of Norway (b. 1897)
*1989 - Willie Steele, American Olympic gold medalist (b. 1923)
*1990 - Hermes Pan, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1910)
*1995 - Orville Redenbacher, American botanist and businessman (b. 1907)
*1997 - Rich Mullins, American singer (b. 1955)
*2000 - Anthony Robert Klitz, British artist (b. 1917)
*2002 - Robert Guéï, ruler of Côte d'Ivoire (b. 1941)
*2003 - Slim Dusty, Australian singer (b. 1927)
*2004 - Eddie Adams, American photographer (b. 1933)
* 2004 - Árpád Bogsch, Hungarian-born American civil servant (b. 1919)
* 2004 - Skeeter Davis, American singer (b. 1931)
* 2004 - Ellis Marsalis, Sr., American businessman, musician, and activist
*2006 - Elizabeth Allen, American actress (b. 1929)
* 2006 - Roy Schuiten, Dutch cyclist (b. 1950)
* 2006 - Chuck Rio, American singer and saxophonist (The Champs) (b. 1929)
* 2006 - Hugh Kawharu, New Zealander Ngāti Whātua Māori chief (b. 1927)
* 2006 - Martha Holmes, American photographer (b. 1923)

Holidays and observances

*In ancient Greece, the sixth day of the Eleusinian Mysteries, when the procession to Eleusis began at Kerameikos in Athens.
*RC Saints - Saint Januarius.
*Also see September 19 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics).
*Church of England - Theodore of Tarsus.
*Chile - Armed Forces Day.
*Saint Kitts and Nevis - Independence Day (from Great Britain, 1983).
*International Talk Like a Pirate Day.
*Goeric of Metz - French bishop and saint

External links

* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/19 BBC: On This Day]
*
* [http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_this_day?mth=Sep&day=19 On This Day in Canada] ----


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  • September — September: Der schon mhd. bezeugte Name für den neunten Monat des Jahres, der im Ahd. witumānōt »Holzmonat« (zu ahd. witu »Brennholz«) und später herbistmānōt »Herbstmonat« genannt wurde, ist aus lat. (mensis) September entlehnt, dem lat.… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

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  • September — late O.E., from L. September, from septem seven (see SEVEN (Cf. seven)). So called because it was the seventh month of the old Roman calendar, which began the year in March; Julian calendar reform (46 B.C.E.) shifted the new year back two months …   Etymology dictionary

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  • September — [sep tem′bər] n. [ME & OFr Septembre < L September < septem, seven (+ ber < ?): so named as the seventh month of the ancient Roman year, which began with March] the ninth month of the year, having 30 days: abbrev. Sept, Sep, or S …   English World dictionary

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