September 14

Events

*81 - Domitian becomes Emperor of the Roman Empire upon the death of his brother Titus.
* 786 - Harun al-Rashid becomes the Abbasid caliph upon the death of his brother al-Hadi.
*1180 - Battle of Ishibashiyama in Japan.
*1607 - Flight of the Earls from Lough Swilly, Donegal, Ireland.
*1682 - Bishop Gore School, one of the oldest schools in Wales, founded.
*1752 - The British Empire adopts the Gregorian calendar, skipping eleven days (the previous day was September 2).
*1812 - Napoleonic Wars: French grenadiers enter Moscow. The Fire of Moscow begins as soon as Russian troops leave the city.
*1814 - Francis Scott Key writes "The Star-Spangled Banner."
*1829 - Ottoman Empire signs the Treaty of Adrianople with Russia, thus ending the Russo-Turkish War.
*1847 - Mexican-American War: Winfield Scott captures Mexico City.
*1862 - American Civil War: The Battle of South Mountain, part of the Maryland Campaign, is fought.
*1901 - President of the United States William McKinley dies after an assassination attempt on September 6, and is succeeded by Theodore Roosevelt.
*1917 - Russia is officially proclaimed a republic.
*1923 - Miguel Primo de Rivera becomes dictator of Spain.
*1944 - World War II: Maastricht becomes the first Dutch city that is liberated by allied forces.
*1948 - Groundbreaking for the United Nations headquarters in New York City.
*1958 - Two rockets designed by the German engineer Ernst Mohr, the first German post-war rockets, reach the upper atmosphere.
*1959 - The Soviet probe "Luna 2" crashes onto the Moon, becoming the first man-made object to reach it.
*1960 - The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is founded.
*1964 - The opening of the third period of the Second Vatican Council.
*1965 - The opening of the fourth and final period of Second Vatican Council.
*1975 - The first American saint, Elizabeth Ann Seton, is canonized by Pope Paul VI.
*1982 - President-elect of Lebanon, Bachir Gemayel, is assassinated.
*1984 - Joe Kittinger becomes the first person to fly a hot air balloon alone across the Atlantic Ocean.
*1987 - The Toronto Blue Jays set a major league record for most home runs in a single game - 10 - versus the Baltimore Orioles at Exhibition Stadium, and the teams combined to tie the record for most homers by two teams - 11. The game also marked the end of Cal Ripken's streak of 8,243 consecutive innings played, which is believed to be the longest, although this is not a record officially kept by MLB.
*1990 - Ken Griffey and his son Ken Jr. become the first father-son duo to hit back-to-back home runs.
*1994 - The Major League Baseball season is canceled because of a strike.
*1995 - Body Worlds opens in Tokyo, Japan
*1998 - Telecommunications companies MCI Communications and WorldCom complete their $37 billion merger to form MCI WorldCom.
*1999 - Kiribati, Nauru and Tonga join the United Nations.
*2001 - Historic National Prayer Service held at Washington National Cathedral for victims of the September 11 attacks. A similar service is held in Canada on Parliament Hill, the largest vigil ever held in the nation's capital.
*2003 - In a referendum Sweden rejects adopting the euro.
* 2003 - Estonia approves joining the European Union in a referendum.
*2007 - Restrictions on the traditional Latin Mass are officially removed in the Roman Catholic Church as Pope Benedict XVI's motu proprio "Summorum Pontificum" takes effect.

Births

*1169 - Alexios II Komnenos, Byzantine emperor (d. 1183)
*1388 - Claudius Clavus, Danish geographer
*1486 - Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa, German alchemist (d. 1535)
*1543 - Claudio Aquaviva, Italian Jesuit (d. 1615)
*1547 - Johan van Oldenbarnevelt, Dutch statesman (d. 1619)
*1580 - Francisco de Quevedo, Spanish writer (d. 1645)
*1656 - Thomas Baker, British antiquarian (d. 1746)
*1713 - Johann Kies, German mathematician (d. 1781)
*1721 - Eliphalet Dyer, American statesman and judge (d. 1807)
*1737 - Michael Haydn, Austrian composer (d. 1806)
*1760 - Luigi Cherubini, Italian composer (d. 1842)
*1769 - Alexander von Humboldt, German naturalist and explorer (d. 1859)
*1771 - Nikolay Raevsky, Russian general and statesman (d. 1829)
*1804 - John Gould, British ornithologist (d. 1881)
* 1804 - Louis Desiré Maigret, French Catholic prelate (d. 1882)
*1837 - Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician (d. 1903)
*1849 - Ivan Pavlov, Russian scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1936)
*1860 - Hamlin Garland, American writer (d. 1940)
*1864 - Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, British diplomat, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1958)
*1867 - Charles Dana Gibson, American artist (d. 1944)
*1869 - Kid Nichols, American baseball player (d. 1953)
*1879 - Margaret Sanger, American birth control advocate (d. 1966)
*1880 - Metropolitan Benjamin (Fedchenkov), Orthodox missionary and writer (d. 1961)
* 1880 - Archie Hahn, American athlete (d. 1955)
*1886 - Jan Masaryk, Czech foreign minister and diplomat (d. 1948)
*1889 - María Capovilla, previous oldest living person (d. 2006)
*1891 - Ivan Matveyevich Vinogradov, Russian mathematician (d. 1983)
*1898 - Ernest Nash, German-born archaeologist (d. 1974)
*1899 - Hal B. Wallis, American film producer (d. 1986)
*1902 - Giorgos Papasideris Greek musician (d. 1977)
*1909 - Peter Scott, British naturalist and explorer (d. 1989)
*1910 - Jack Hawkins, British actor (d. 1973)
* 1910 - Yiannis Latsis, Greek shipping tycoon (d. 2003)
*1913 - Jacobo Arbenz, President of Guatemala (d. 1971)
*1914 - Lída Baarová, Czech actress (d. 2000)
* 1914 - Clayton Moore, American actor (d. 1999)
* 1914 - Kay Medford, American actress (d. 1980)
* 1914 - Robert McCloskey, American author (d. 2003)
*1916 - John Heyer, Australian documentary filmmaker (d. 2001}
*1918 - Georges Berger, Belgian racing driver (d. 1967)
*1920 - Mario Benedetti, Uruguayan writer
* 1920 - Lawrence Klein, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
* 1920 - Alberto Calderón, Argentine mathematician (d. 1998)
*1921 - Dario Vittori, Argentinian actor (d. 2001)
*1922 - Michel Auclair, French actor (d. 1988)
*1924 - Abioseh Nicol, Sierra Leonean diplomat and author (d. 1994)
*1926 - Michel Butor, French novelist
*1927 - Martin Caidin, American aviation writer (d. 1997)
*1929 - Larry Collins, American writer (d. 2005)
* 1929 - Maurice Vachon, French Canadian professional wrestler
*1930 - Allan Bloom, American academic (d. 1992)
*1932 - Harry Sinden, American National Hockey League executive
* 1932 - John Tembo, Malawian politician
*1933 - Harve Presnell, American actor
*1934 - Sarah Kofman, French philosopher
* 1934 - Kate Millett, American feminist writer
*1935 - Fujio Akatsuka, Japanese cartoonist (d. 2008)
*1936 - Walter Koenig, American actor
* 1936 - Ferid Murad, American physician and pharmacologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
* 1936 - Harry Danielsen, Norwegian politician
*1937 - Renzo Piano, Italian architect
*1938 - Nicol Williamson, Scottish-born actor
*1940 - Larry Brown, American basketball coach
*1941 - Alberto Naranjo, Venezuelan musician
*1942 - Bernard MacLaverty, Northern Irish writer
*1944 - Joey Heatherton, American actress and singer
*1945 - Martin Tyler, British sports broadcaster
*1946 - Jim Angle, American television reporter
*1947 - Jon "Bowzer" Bauman, American singer (Sha Na Na)
* 1947 - Sam Neill, New Zealand actor
*1949 - Tommy Seebach, Danish musician (d. 2003)
* 1949 - Eikichi Yazawa, Japanese singer
* 1949 - Fred "Sonic" Smith, American guitarist (MC5) (d. 1994)
* 1949 - Steve Gaines, American guitarist (Lynyrd Skynyrd) (d. 1977)
* 1949 - Ed King, American guitarist (Lynyrd Skynyrd)
*1950 - Paul Kossoff, British guitarist (Free) (d. 1976)
* 1950 - Masami Kuwashima, Japanese race car driver
* 1950 - Michael Nifong, American attorney
*1953 - Tom Cora, American cellist and composer (d. 1998)
* 1953 - Judy Playfair, Australian swimmer
*1956 - Kostas Karamanlis, Greek prime-minister
* 1956 - Ray Wilkins, English former footballer
* 1956 - Lefteris Zagoritis, Greek politician
*1957 - Tim Wallach, American baseball player
* 1957 - Kepler Wessels, South African cricketer
*1959 - Ashlyn Gere, American pornographic actress
* 1959 - Morten Harket, Norwegian singer (a-ha)
*1960 - Melissa Leo, American actress
* 1960 - Callum Keith Rennie, Canadian actor
*1961 - Freeman Mbowe, Tanzanian politician and businessman
*1963 - Robin Singh, Indian cricketer
*1964 - Faith Ford, American actress
*1965 - Michelle Stafford, American actress
* 1965 - Dmitry Medvedev, President of Russia
*1966 - Mike Cooley, American guitarist
*1967 - Dan Cortese, American actor
*1969 - Konstantinos Koukodimos, Greek long jumper and politician
*1970 - Ben Garant, American actor
* 1970 - Craig Montoya, American musician (Everclear)
* 1970 - Francesco Casagrande, Italian cyclist
*1971 - Jeff Loomis, American guitarist (Nevermore)
* 1971 - Andre Matos, Brazilian musician
* 1971 - Kimberly Williams, American actress
*1972 - David Bell, American baseball player
*1973 - Terrell Fletcher, American football
* 1973 - Tony Bui, Vietnamese film director
* 1973 - Nas, American rapper
* 1973 - Linvoy Primus, English footballer
* 1973 - Mike Ward, Canadian comedian
*1974 - Chad Bradford, American baseball player
* 1974 - Hicham El Guerrouj, Moroccan athlete
*1976 - Jeremy Dunham, video game journalist
* 1976 - Agustín Calleri, Argentine tennis player
*1978 - Carmen Kass, Estonian model
* 1978 - Danielle Peck, country music singer
* 1978 - Ben Cohen, English rugby union footballer
*1979 - Jesse Marunde, American Strongman/Athlete (d. 2007)
*1981 - Miyavi, Japanese singer and actor
*1982 - Hiroki Narimiya, Japanese actor
*1983 - Amy Winehouse, English singer
* 1983 - Frostee Rucker, National Football League defensive end
*1984 - Adam Lamberg, American actor
* 1984 - Melissa McGhee, American singer
*1985 - Paolo Gregoletto, American bassist (Trivium)
* 1985 - Aya Ueto, Japanese actress and singer
* 1985 - Delmon Young, American baseball player
*1986 - Ai Takahashi, Japanese singer (Morning Musume)
* 1986 - A.J. Trauth, American actor
* 1986 - Alan Sheehan, Irish footballer
*1988 - Kirsten Haglund, American Beauty Queen
*1989 - Jesse James, American actor

Deaths

* 258 - Cyprian, Bishop of Carthage
* 585 - Emperor Bidatsu of Japan (b. 538)
* 775 - Constantine V, Byzantine Emperor (b. 718)
* 786 - Al-Hadi, Abbasid caliph
* 891 - Pope Stephen V
*1146 - Zengi, ruler of Syria (b. 1087)
*1164 - Emperor Sutoku of Japan (b. 1119)
*1214 - Albert Avogadro, Italian patriarch of Jerusalem (b. 1149)
*1321 - Dante Alighieri, Italian author (b. 1265)
*1404 - Albert IV of Austria (b. 1377)
*1435 - John, Duke of Bedford, regent of England (b. 1389)
*1523 - Pope Adrian VI (b. 1459)
*1538 - Henry III of Nassau-Breda, German nobleman (b. 1483)
*1605 - Jan Tarnowski, Archbishop of Krakow (b. 1550)
*1638 - John Harvard, American clergyman (b. 1607)
*1646 - Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, English Civil War general (b. 1591)
*1712 - Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Italian-born astronomer (b. 1625)
*1743 - Nicolas Lancret, French painter (b. 1690)
*1749 - Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham, English soldier and politician (b. 1675)
*1759 - Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, French military commander (b. 1712)
*1807 - George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend, British field marshal (b. 1724)
*1836 - Aaron Burr, Vice President of the United States (b. 1756)
*1851 - James Fenimore Cooper, American author (b. 1789)
*1852 - Augustus Pugin, English architect (b. 1812)
* 1852 - Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, British general and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
*1879 - Bernhard von Cotta, German geologist (b. 1808)
*1898 - William Seward Burroughs, American inventor (b. 1857)
*1901 - William McKinley, 25th President of the United States (b. 1843)
*1905 - Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza, Franco-Italian explorer (b. 1852)
*1910 - Huo Yuan Jia, Chinese martial artist
*1927 - Isadora Duncan, American dancer (b. 1877)
*1936 - Irving Thalberg, American film producer (b. 1899)
*1937 - Tomáš Masaryk, 1st President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1850)
*1942 - E.S. Gosney, American eugenicist (b. 1855)
*1951 - Fritz Busch, German conductor (b. 1890)
*1959 - Wayne Morris, American actor (b. 1914)
*1960 - M. Karagatsis, Greek author (b. 1908)
*1965 - J.W. Hearne, English cricketer (b. 1891)
*1966 - Gertrude Berg, American actress (b. 1899)
*1974 - Warren Hull, American actor (b. 1903)
*1975 - Walter Herbert, German conductor and impresario (b. 1902)
*1981 - Furry Lewis, American blues guitarist (b. 1899)
*1982 - Bachir Gemayel, Lebanese politician (b. 1947)
* 1982 - John Gardner, American novelist (b. 1933)
* 1982 - Grace Kelly, American actress, Princess of Monaco (b. 1929)
* 1982 - Christian Ferras, French violinist (b. 1933)
*1984 - Janet Gaynor, American actress (b. 1906)
*1989 - Dámaso Pérez Prado, Cuban musician (b. 1916)
*1991 - Julie Bovasso, American actor and writer (b. 1930)
* 1991 - Russell Lynes, American art historian and magazine editor (b. 1910)
*1992 - Paul Joseph James Martin, Canadian politician (b. 1903)
*1995 - Maurice K. Goddard, American state government official (b. 1912)
*1996 - Juliet Prowse, British actress and dancer (b. 1937)
*1999 - Charles Crichton, English film director (b. 1910)
*2000 - Beah Richards, American actress (b. 1920)
* 2000 - Jerzy Giedroyc, Polish writer and activist (b. 1906)
*2001 - Stelios Kazantzidis, Greek singer (b. 1931)
*2003 - Yetunde Price, half-sister of Venus and Serena Williams (b. 1972)
* 2003 - John Serry, Sr., American musician, (b. 1915)
*2005 - William Berenberg, American physician (b. 1915)
* 2005 - Robert Wise, American filmmaker (b. 1914)
* 2005 - Vladimir Volkoff, French writer (b. 1932)
*2006 - Mickey Hargitay, Hungarian actor and bodybuilder (b. 1926)
* 2006 - Esme Melville, Australian actress (b. 1918)
*2008 - Ştefan Iordache, Romanian actor (b. 1941)

Holidays and observances

*In ancient Greece, the first day of the Eleusinian Mysteries, during which the sacred objects were brought from Eleusis to Athens.
*Roman Catholic Church - Triumph of the Cross (compare May 3, Finding of the Holy Cross); Crescentius of Rome
*Eastern Orthodox Church - Exaltation of the Cross, which commemorates the discovery of the original Christian cross in 326 by Helena, mother of Constantine, as well as the recovery from the Persians by Heraclius in 628.
*Formerly, in the Roman Catholic and Anglican churches, the Wednesday, Friday and Saturday following 14 September were observed as one of the four sets of Ember days. In the Irish calendar they were known as Quarter tense.

External links

* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/14 BBC: On This Day]
*
* [http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_this_day?mth=Sep&day=14 On This Day in Canada] ----


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  • September — Sm std. (14. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. (mēnsis) September, zu l. septem sieben . So bezeichnet als der siebente Monat des altrömischen Kalenderjahres, das im März beginnt.    Ebenso nndl. september, ne. september, nfrz. septembre, nschw.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

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  • September — September: Der schon mhd. bezeugte Name für den neunten Monat des Jahres, der im Ahd. witumānōt »Holzmonat« (zu ahd. witu »Brennholz«) und später herbistmānōt »Herbstmonat« genannt wurde, ist aus lat. (mensis) September entlehnt, dem lat.… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

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  • September — er den niende måned. Det ældre danske navn for månederen var fiskemåned. Måneden har navn efter det latinske ord septem (der betyder syv), da september var den syvende måned i den romerske kalender …   Danske encyklopædi

  • September — late O.E., from L. September, from septem seven (see SEVEN (Cf. seven)). So called because it was the seventh month of the old Roman calendar, which began the year in March; Julian calendar reform (46 B.C.E.) shifted the new year back two months …   Etymology dictionary

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  • September — [sep tem′bər] n. [ME & OFr Septembre < L September < septem, seven (+ ber < ?): so named as the seventh month of the ancient Roman year, which began with March] the ninth month of the year, having 30 days: abbrev. Sept, Sep, or S …   English World dictionary

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