September 9

Events

*1000 - Battle of Svolder, Viking Age.
*1379 - Treaty of Neuberg, splitting the Austrian Habsburg lands between the Habsburg Dukes Albert III and Leopold III.
*1493 - Battle of Krbava field, a decisive defeat of Croats in Croatian struggle against the Ottoman Empire invasion.
*1513 - James IV of Scotland is defeated and dies in the Battle of Flodden Field, ending Scotland's involvement in the War of the League of Cambrai.
*1543 - Mary Stuart, at nine months old, is crowned "Queen of Scots" in the central Scottish town of Stirling.
*1739 - Stono Rebellion, the largest slave uprising in Britains mainland North American colonies prior to the American Revolution, erupts near Charleston, South Carolina.
*1776 - The Continental Congress officially names their new union of sovereign states the United States.
*1791 - Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States, is named after President George Washington.
*1839 - John Herschel takes the first glass plate photograph.
*1850 - California is admitted as the thirty-first U.S. state.
* 1850 - The Compromise of 1850 strips Texas of a third of its claimed territory (now parts of Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Wyoming) in return for the U.S. federal government assuming $10 million of Texas's pre-annexation debt.
*1863 - American Civil War: The Union Army enters Chattanooga, Tennessee.
*1886 - The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works is finalized.
*1914 - World War I: The creation of the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade, the first fully mechanized unit in the British Army.
*1922 - Greco-Turkish War of 1919-1922 has ended with Turkish victory over the Greeks.
*1923 - Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Republic of Turkey, founds the Republican People's Party (CHP).
*1924 - Hanapepe Massacre occurs on Kauai, Hawaii.
*1926 - The U.S. National Broadcasting Company formed.
*1942 - World War II: A Japanese floatplane drops an incendiary bomb on Oregon.
*1943 - World War II: The Allies land at Salerno and Taranto, Italy.
*1944 - World War II: The Fatherland Front takes power in Bulgaria through a military coup in the capital and armed rebellion in the country. A new pro-Soviet government is established.
*1945 - Second Sino-Japanese War: Japan formally surrenders to China.
*1947 - First actual case of a computer bug being found: a moth lodges in a relay of a Harvard Mark II computer at Harvard University.
*1948 - The Republic Day of Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
*1956 - Elvis Presley appears on "The Ed Sullivan Show" for the first time.
*1965 - The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development is established.
* 1965 - Hurricane Betsy makes its second landfall near New Orleans, Louisiana, leaving 76 dead and $1.42 billion ($10-12 billion in 2005 dollars) in damages, becoming the first hurricane to top $1 billion in unadjusted damages.
*1966 - The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act is signed into law by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson.
*1969 - Allegheny Airlines Flight 853 DC-9 collides in flight with a Piper PA-28 and crashes near Fairland, Indiana.
*1970 - A British airliner is hijacked by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and flown to Dawson's Field in Jordan.
*1971 - The four-day Attica Prison riot begins, which eventually results in 39 dead, most killed by state troopers retaking the prison.
*1991 - Tajikstan gains independence from the Soviet Union.
*1993 - The Palestine Liberation Organization officially recognizes Israel as a legitimate state.
*2001 - Ahmed Shah Massoud, leader of the Northern Alliance, is assassinated in Afghanistan.
*2004 - 2004 Australian embassy bombing: A bomb explodes outside the Australian embassy in Jakarta, killing 10 people.

Births

* 214 - Aurelian, Roman Emperor (d. 275)
* 384 - Flavius Honorius, Roman Emperor (d. 423)
*1349 - Duke Albert III of Austria (d. 1395)
*1427 - Thomas de Ros, 10th Baron de Ros, English politician (d. 1464)
*1466 - Ashikaga Yoshitane, Japanese shogun (d. 1523)
*1558 - Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercoeur, French soldier (d. 1602)
*1585 - Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal Richelieu, French statesman (d. 1642)
*1629 - Cornelis Tromp, Dutch admiral (d. 1691)
*1700 - Princess Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (d. 1780)
*1711 - Thomas Hutchinson, American politician (d. 1780)
*1731 - Francisco Javier Clavijero, Mexican writer (d. 1787)
*1737 - Luigi Galvani, Italian physician and physicist (d. 1798)
*1754 - William Bligh, British naval officer (d. 1817)
*1755 - Benjamin Bourne, American politician (d. 1808)
*1828 - Leo Tolstoy, Russian novelist (d. 1910)
*1834 - Joseph Henry Shorthouse, English novelist (d. 1903)
*1853 - Fred Spofforth, Australian cricketer (d. 1926)
*1855 - Anthony Francis Lucas, Croatian-born oil exploration pioneer (d. 1921)
*1862 - Léon Boëllmann, French composer (d. 1897)
*1868 - Mary Hunter Austin, American writer (d. 1934)
*1873 - Max Reinhardt, German film director and actor (d. 1943)
*1877 - Frank Chance, American baseball player (d. 1924)
*1878 - Adelaide Crapsey, American poet (d. 1914)
* 1878 - Sergio Osmeña, 4th President of the Philippines (d. 1961)
*1887 - Alf Landon, American politician (d. 1987)
*1882 - Clem McCarthy, American sportscaster (d. 1962)
*1890 - Harland Sanders, American fast-food entrepreneur (d. 1980)
*1892 - Tsuru Aoki, Japanese-born American actress (d. 1961)
*1894 - Arthur Freed, American songwriter and film producer (d. 1973)
* 1894 - Bert Oldfield, Australian cricketer (d. 1976)
*1898 - Frankie Frisch, American baseball player (d. 1973)
*1899 - Waite Hoyt, American baseball player (d. 1984)
* 1899 - Neil Hamilton, American actor (d. 1984)
*1899 - Bruno E. Jacob, Founder of the National Forensics League (d. 1979)
*1900 - James Hilton, English novelist (d. 1954)
*1903 - Phyllis Whitney, American writer (d. 2008)
*1904 - Feroze Khan, Pakistani field hockey player (d. 2005)
*1905 - Hussain Sha - Indian Saint, Philosopher ,Pithapuram
*1908 - Cesare Pavese, Italian poet and novelist (d. 1950)
*1911 - John Gorton, Australian politician (d. 2002)
* 1911 - Paul Goodman, American poet and writer (d. 1972)
*1917 - Rolf Wenkhaus, German actor (d. 1942)
*1919 - Jimmy "the Greek" Snyder, American bookmaker and sports commentator (d. 1996)
* 1919 - Gottfried Dienst, Swiss football referee (d. 1998)
*1920 - Aldo Parisot, American cellist and teacher
* 1920 - Robert Wood Johnson III, American philanthropist (d. 1970)
* 1920 - Feng Kang, Chinese mathematician (d. 1993)
*1922 - Hans Georg Dehmelt, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
* 1922 - Manolis Glezos, Greek politician and writer
* 1922 - Hoyt Curtin, American songwriter (d. 2000)
*1923 - Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, American virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
*1924 - Jane Greer, American actress (d. 2001)
* 1924 - Russell M. Nelson, LDS apostle and cardiac surgery pioneer
* 1924 - Rik Van Steenbergen, Belgian cyclist (d. 2003)
*1925 - Cliff Robertson, American actor
*1926 - Yusuf al-Qaradawi, prominent Egypt Muslim cleric
*1927 - Elvin Jones, American jazz drummer (d. 2004)
*1929 - Claude Nougaro, French singer (d. 2004)
*1930 - Frank Lucas, Drug Lord
*1932 - Sylvia Miles, American actress
*1935 - Chaim Topol, Israeli actor
* 1935 - Gopal Baratham, Singaporean author
*1939 - Bruce Gray, Puerto Rican actor
* 1939 - Ron McDole, American football player
* 1939 - Carlos Ortiz, Puerto Rican boxer
* 1941 - Otis Redding, American singer and songwriter (d. 1967)
* 1941 - Dennis Ritchie, American computer scientist
*1942 - Inez Foxx, American R&B singer
*1943 - Art LaFleur, American actor
*1945 - Dee Dee Sharp, American R&B singer
*1946 - Bruce Palmer, Canadian musician (Buffalo Springfield) (d. 2004)
* 1946 - Doug Ingle, American musician (Iron Butterfly)
* 1946 - Hayato Tani, Japanese actor
*1947 - David Rosenboom, American composer
*1948 - Pamela Des Barres, American groupie and author
*1949 - Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Indonesian politician
* 1949 - Garry Maddox, American baseball player
* 1949 - Joe Theismann, American football player and commentator
*1951 - Alexander Downer, Australian politician
* 1951 - Robert Desiderio, American actor
* 1951 - Tom Wopat, American actor and singer
*1952 - Angela Cartwright, American actress
* 1952 - Manuel Göttsching, German musician (Ash Ra Tempel)
* 1952 - David A. Stewart, English musician (Eurythmics)
*1954 - Jeffrey Combs, American actor
*1955 - John Kricfalusi, Canadian animator
*1957 - Pierre-Laurent Aimard, French pianist
* 1957 - Gabriele Tredozi, Italian engineer
*1959 - Eric Serra, French composer
*1960 - Hugh Grant, English actor
* 1960 - Mario Batali, American chef and restaurateur
* 1960 - Bob Stoops, American football coach
*1963 - Roberto Donadoni, Italian football player and manager
*1965 - Dan Majerle, American basketball player
*1966 - Georg Hackl, German luger
* 1966 - Adam Sandler, American actor and comedian
*1967 - Akshay Kumar, Indian Actor
* 1967 - Anna Malle, American porn star (d. 2006)
* 1967 - B. J. Armstrong, American basketball player
* 1967 - Chris Caffery, American guitarist and singer
*1968 - Francois Botha, South African boxer
* 1968 - Jon Drummond, American former sprinter
* 1968 - Julia Sawalha, English actress
* 1968 - Clive Mendonca, English Footballer
*1969 - Rachel Hunter, New Zealand model and actress
* 1969 - Constance Marie, American actress
*1970 - Natalia Streignard, Venezuelan actress
*1971 - Henry Thomas, American actor and musician
*1972 - James Farmer, American educator and artist
* 1972 - Mike Hampton, American baseball player
* 1972 - Natasha Kaplinsky, British newsreader
* 1972 - Félix Rodríguez, Dominican baseball player
* 1972 - Goran Višnjić, Croatian actor
*1973 - Kazuhisa Ishii, Japanese baseball player
*1974 - Shane Crawford, Australian rules footballer
* 1974 - Mathias Färm, Swedish guitarist (Millencolin)
* 1974 - Vikram Batra, Officer of the Indian Army
* 1974 - Ana Carolina, Brazilian singer, composer and musician
*1975 - Michael Bublé, Canadian singer and actor
*1976 - Emma de Caunes, French film actress
* 1976 - Chace Ambrose, American actor and writer
* 1976 - Kristoffer Rygg, Norwegian musician (Ulver, ex-Borknagar)
* 1976 - Juan A. Baptista, Venezuelan actor
* 1976 - Aki Riihilahti, Finnish footballer
*1977 - Chae Jung-an, South Korean actress and singer
* 1977 - Soulja Slim, American rapper (d. 2003)
* 1977 - Kyle Snyder, American baseball player
*1978 - Kurt Ainsworth, American baseball player
* 1978 - Shane Battier, American basketball player
* 1978 - Mariano Puerta, Argentine tennis player
*1979 - Nikki DeLoach, American actress and singer
*1980 - Todd Coffey, American baseball player
* 1980 - Michelle Williams, American actress
*1981 - Julie Gonzalo, Argentinian actress
*1982 - Ai Otsuka, Japanese singer and songwriter
*1983 - Kyle Davies, American baseball player
* 1983 - Edwin Jackson, American baseball player
* 1983 - Sam Hollenbach, American football player
* 1983 - Cleveland Taylor, International footballer
* 1983 - Kristine Hermosa, Filipina actress
* 1984 - James Hildreth, English Cricketer
*1985 - J.R. Smith, American basketball player
* 1985 - Luka Modrić, Croatian footballer
*1986 - Justice Chibhabha, Zimbabwean cricketer
* 1986 - Luc Richard Mbah a Moute, Cameroonian basketball player
* 1986 - Michael Bowden, American baseball player
*1987 - Joshua Herdman, English actor
* 1987 - Alexandre Song, Cameroonian footballer
*1990 - Melody Klaver, Dutch actress
*2000 - Victoria Federica de Marichalar y de Borbón, granddaughter of king Juan Carlos I of Spain

Deaths

*c. 546 - St. Ciarán of Clonmacnoise, Irish bishop
* 701 - Pope Sergius I
*1000 - Olaf I of Norway
*1087 - King William I of England
*1398 - King James I of Cyprus (b. 1334)
*1487 - Chenghua, Emperor of China (b. 1447)
*1488 - Francis II, Duke of Brittany (b. 1433)
*1513 - King James IV of Scotland (b. 1473)
*1569 - Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Flemish painter
*1596 - Anna Jagiellon, Polish Queen
*1612 - Nakagawa Hidenari, Japanese warlord (b. 1570)
*1676 - Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve, French army officer (b. 1612)
*1680 - Henry Marten, English regicide (b. 1602)
*1755 - Johann Lorenz von Mosheim, German historian (b. 1694)
*1806 - William Paterson, American jurist and statesman (b. 1745)
*1815 - John Singleton Copley, American painter (b. 1738)
*1841 - A. P. de Candolle, Swiss botanist (b. 1778)
*1891 - Jules Grévy, President of France (b. 1813)
*1898 - Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (b. 1842)
*1901 - Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French painter (b. 1864)
*1907 - Ernest Roland Wilberforce, English bishop (b. 1840)
*1909 - Edward Henry Harriman, American railroad entrepreneur (b. 1848)
*1915 - Albert Spalding, American baseball player and sporting goods manufacturer (b. 1850)
*1941 - Hans Spemann, German embryologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1869)
*1960 - Jussi Björling, Swedish tenor (b. 1911)
*1969 - Willy Mairesse, Belgian racing driver (b. 1928)
*1976 - Mao Zedong, Chinese communist leader (b. 1893)
*1978 - Hugh MacDiarmid, Scottish poet (b. 1892)
* 1978 - Jack Warner, Canadian-born American film executive (b. 1892)
*1980 - John Howard Griffin, American writer (b. 1920)
*1981 - Jacques Lacan, French psychoanalyst (b. 1901)
*1985 - Paul Flory, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1910)
*1990 - Doc Cramer, American baseball player (b. 1905)
* 1990 - Samuel Doe, Liberian politician (b. 1951)
*1994 - Patrick O'Neal, American actor (b. 1927)
*1996 - Bill Monroe, American bluegrass singer and composer (b. 1911)
*1997 - Richie Ashburn, American baseball player (b. 1927)
* 1997 - Burgess Meredith, American actor (b. 1907)
*1998 - Bill Cratty, American modern dancer and choreographer (b. 1951)
*1999 - Catfish Hunter, American baseball player (b. 1946)
* 1999 - Ruth Roman, American actress (b. 1922)
* 1999 - Chan Parker, American author; wife of Charlie Parker and Phil Woods (b. 1925)
*2000 - Julian Critchley, British politician (b. 1930)
*2001 - Ahmed Shah Massoud, Afghani military leader (b. 1953)
*2003 - Larry Hovis, American actor (b. 1936)
* 2003 - Edward Teller, Hungarian-born physicist (b. 1908)
*2004 - Roland Sherwood "Ernie" Ball, American businessman (b. 1930)
*2005 - John Wayne Glover, English serial killer (b. 1932)
*2006 - Gérard Brach, French screenwriter (b. 1927)
* 2006 - Richard Burmer, American composer and musician (b. 1955)
* 2006 - Matt Gadsby, English footballer (b. 1979)
* 2006 - William B. Ziff, Jr., American publishing executive (b. 1930)
* 2007 - Hughie Thomasson, American musician (b. 1952)
*2008 - Warith Deen Muhammad, American religious leader (b. 1933)

Holidays and observances

* California - Admission Day (to commemorate the state's admission to the USA).
* Saint Ciarán of Clonmacnoise
* Eastern Orthodoxy - Synaxis of the Theopatores Joachim and Anna.
* Japan - Chrysanthemum Day ("Kiku no Sekku").
* North Korea - Republic Day (1948).
* Tajikistan - Independence Day (from USSR, 1991).

External links

* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/9 BBC: On This Day]
*
* [http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_this_day?mth=Sep&day=09 On This Day in Canada] ----


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  • September — Sm std. (14. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. (mēnsis) September, zu l. septem sieben . So bezeichnet als der siebente Monat des altrömischen Kalenderjahres, das im März beginnt.    Ebenso nndl. september, ne. september, nfrz. septembre, nschw.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • September — September: September латинское название месяца сентябрь September (певица) September (фильм) …   Википедия

  • September — September: Der schon mhd. bezeugte Name für den neunten Monat des Jahres, der im Ahd. witumānōt »Holzmonat« (zu ahd. witu »Brennholz«) und später herbistmānōt »Herbstmonat« genannt wurde, ist aus lat. (mensis) September entlehnt, dem lat.… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • September — September, gegenwärtig der neunte Monat, im altrömischen Kalender der siebente (daher der Name, von septem, sieben), hat 30 Tage, erhielt von Karl d. Gr. den Namen Herbstmonat, weil in ihm der Herbst seinen Anfang nimmt. Die Sonne tritt im S. in… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • September — er den niende måned. Det ældre danske navn for månederen var fiskemåned. Måneden har navn efter det latinske ord septem (der betyder syv), da september var den syvende måned i den romerske kalender …   Danske encyklopædi

  • September — late O.E., from L. September, from septem seven (see SEVEN (Cf. seven)). So called because it was the seventh month of the old Roman calendar, which began the year in March; Julian calendar reform (46 B.C.E.) shifted the new year back two months …   Etymology dictionary

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  • September — [sep tem′bər] n. [ME & OFr Septembre < L September < septem, seven (+ ber < ?): so named as the seventh month of the ancient Roman year, which began with March] the ninth month of the year, having 30 days: abbrev. Sept, Sep, or S …   English World dictionary

  • September — Sep*tem ber, n. [L., fr. septem seven, as being the seventh month of the Roman year, which began with March: cf. F. septembre. See {Seven}.] The ninth month of the year, containing thurty days. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • September — September, der 9. Monat unsers Kalenders, von 30 Tagen, der 7. (daher sein Name) des alten römischen Jahres. In ihm (gewöhnlich den 22.) nimmt der Herbst seinen Anfang, daher er von Karl dem Großen den Namen Herbstmonat erhielt; er heißt auch… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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