January 9

Events

* 475 - Byzantine Emperor Zeno is forced to flee his capital at Constantinople.
*1349 - The Jewish population of Basel, Switzerland, believed by the residents to be the cause of the ongoing bubonic plague, were rounded up and incinerated.
*1431 - Judges' investigations for the trial of Joan of Arc begin in Rouen, France, the seat of the English occupation government.
*1760 - Afghans defeat Marathas in the Battle of Barari Ghat.
*1768 - Philip Astley stages the first modern circus in London.
*1788 - Connecticut becomes the fifth state to be admitted to the United States.
*1793 - Jean-Pierre Blanchard becomes the first person to fly in a balloon in the United States.
*1799 - British Prime Minister William Pitt introduces income tax to raise funds for the war against Napoleon.
*1806 - Admiral Horatio Lord Nelson receives a state funeral and is interred in St Paul's Cathedral.
*1816 - Sir Humphry Davy tests the Davy lamp for miners at Hebburn Colliery.
*1822 - The Portuguese prince Pedro I of Brazil decides to stay in Brazil against the orders of the Portuguese king João VI, starting the Brazilian independence process.
*1839 - The French Academy of Sciences announces the Daguerreotype photography process.
*1857 - The Fort Tejon earthquake of California occurs, registering an estimated magnitude of 7.9.
*1858 - Anson Jones, the last President of the Republic of Texas, commits suicide.
*1861 - American Civil War: The "Star of the West" incident occurs near Charleston, South Carolina. It is considered by some historians to be the "First Shots of the American Civil War".
* 1861 - Mississippi becomes the second state to secede from the Union before the outbreak of the American Civil War.
*1863 - American Civil War: the Battle of Fort Hindman occurs in Arkansas.
*1878 - Umberto I becomes King of Italy.
*1880 - The Great Gale of 1880 devastates parts of Oregon and Washington with high wind and heavy snow.
*1894 - New England Telephone and Telegraph installs the first battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts.
*1903 - Hallam Tennyson, 2nd Baron Tennyson, son of the famous poet Alfred Tennyson, becomes the second Governor-General of Australia.
*1905 - According to the Julian Calendar which was used at the time, Russian workers stage a march on the Winter Palace that ends in the massacre by Tsarist troops known as Bloody Sunday, setting off the Russian Revolution of 1905.
*1916 - The Ottoman Empire prevails in the Battle of Çanakkale, as the last British troops are evacuated.
*1917 - World War I: the Battle of Rafa occurs near the Egyptian border with Palestine.
*1923 - Juan de la Cierva makes the first autogyro flight.
*1941 - First flight of the Avro Lancaster.
* 1941 - World War II: The Greek "Triton" (S.112) sinks the Italian submarine "Neghelli" in Otranto.
*1945 - The United States invades Luzon in the Philippines.
*1947 - Elizabeth "Betty" Short, the Black Dahlia, is last seen alive.
*1951 - The United Nations headquarters officially opens in New York City.
*1964 - Martyrs' Day: Several Panamanian youths try to raise the Panamanian flag on the U.S.-controlled Panama Canal Zone, leading to fighting between U.S. military and Panamanian civilians.
*1968 - The only known snowfall in Mexico City occurs; additional snow falls on January 10 and 11.
*1972 - The "RMS Queen Elizabeth" is destroyed by fire in Victoria Harbour, Hong Kong.
*1986 - After losing a patent battle with Polaroid, Kodak must give up its instant camera business.
*1991 - The Soviets storm Vilnius to stop Lithuanian independence.
*1997 - A Comair Embraer EMB 120 crashes during approach into Detroit Metro Airport, killing 29 people.
*2001 - Shenzhou 2, an unmanned Chinese spacecraft, is launched.
*2001 - Apple announced iTunes at the Macworld Expo in San Francisco, for organizing and playing digital music and videos. Now widely used by Windows and Mac users.
*2005 - The signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, commonly known as the Naivasha Agreement between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement rebel group in Naivasha, Kenya.
* 2005 - Elections are held to replace Yasser Arafat as head of the Palestine Liberation Organization. He is succeeded by Rawhi Fattouh.
*2007 - Apple Inc CEO, Steve Jobs announces the iPhone.

Births

*1554 - Pope Gregory XV (d. 1623)
*1571 - Karel Bonaventura Buquoy, French soldier (d. 1621)
*1589 - Ivan Gundulic, Croatian poet (d. 1638)
*1624 - Empress Meishō (d. 1696)
*1685 - Tiberius Hemsterhuis, Dutch philologist (d. 1766)
*1728 - Thomas Warton, English poet (d. 1790)
*1745 - Caleb Strong, 6th and 10th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1819)
*1773 - Cassandra Austen, English watercolorist and sister of Jane Austen (d. 1845)
*1790 - Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom, Swedish poet (d. 1855)
*1811 - Gilbert Abbott à Beckett, English writer (d. 1856)
*1819 - James Francis, Premier of Victoria (d. 1884)
*1823 - Johannes Friedrich August von Esmarch, German surgeon (d. 1908)
*1829 - Thomas William Robertson, English playwright (d. 1871)
* 1829 - Adolf von Schlagintweit, German explorer (d. 1857)
*1832 - Félix-Gabriel Marchand, journalist, author and politician, Premier of Quebec (d. 1900)
*1839 - John Knowles Paine, U.S. composer (d. 1906)
*1848 - Princess Frederica of Hanover (d. 1926)
*1849 - John Hartley, English tennis player, double winner of Wimbledon (d. 1935)
*1854 - Jennie Jerome, American society beauty and mother of Winston Churchill (d. 1921)
*1856 - Anton Aškerc, Slovenian priest and poet (d. 1912)
*1859 - Carrie Chapman Catt, American suffragist leader (d. 1947)
*1864 - Vladimir Steklov, Russian mathematician (d. 1926)
*1868 - S. P. L. Sørensen, Danish chemist (d. 1939)
*1870 - Joseph B Strauss, American civil engineer (d. 1938)
*1873 - Hayyim Nahman Bialik, Hebrew poet (d. 1934)
*1875 - Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American socialite (d. 1942)
*1879 - John Broadus Watson, American psychologist (d. 1958)
*1881 - Lascelles Abercrombie, British poet and critic (d. 1938)
* 1881 - Edouard Beaupré, horse lifter (d. 1904)
* 1881 - Giovanni Papini, Italian writer (d. 1956)
*1890 - Karel Čapek, Czech writer (d. 1938)
* 1890 - Kurt Tucholsky, German journalist (d. 1935)
*1892 - Eva Bowring, American politician (d. 1985)
*1896 - Warwick Braithwaite, New Zealand-born British conductor (d. 1971)
*1897 - Karl Löwith, German philosopher (d. 1973)
*1898 - Vilma Bánky, Hungarian actress (d. 1991)
* 1898 - Gracie Fields, English vaudeville performer (d. 1979)
* 1898 - Wally Baker, American supercentenarian
*1900 - Richard Halliburton, American adventurer (presumed dead 1939)
* 1900 - Maria of Romania, Queen Consort of Yugoslavia (d. 1961)
*1901 - Chic Young, American cartoonist (d. 1973)
*1902 - Rudolph Bing, Austrian-born opera manager (d. 1997)
* 1902 - Saint Josemaría Escrivá, Spanish Catholic priest and founder of Opus Dei (d. 1975)
*1903 - Hem Vejakorn, Thai illustrator (d. 1969)
*1908 - Simone de Beauvoir, French author (d. 1986)
*1909 - Herva Nelli, Italian-born soprano (d. 1994)
*1912 - Ralph Tubbs, British architect (d. 1996)
*1913 - Richard Nixon, 37th President of the United States (d. 1994)
*1914 - Gypsy Rose Lee (or 1911), American burlesque entertainer (d. 1970)
* 1914 - Kenny (Klook) Clarke, American jazz drummer and composer (d. 1985)
*1915 - Anita Louise, U.S. actress (d. 1970)
* 1915 - Fernando Lamas, Argentine actor (d. 1982)
*1916 - Vic Mizzy, American orchestra leader
* 1916 - Peter Twinn, English World War II code-breaker (d. 2004)
*1920 - Chan Canasta, Polish-British magician (d. 1999)
* 1920 - Clive Dunn, British actor
* 1920 - Hakim Mohammed Said, Pakistani scholar
*1921 - Lister Sinclair, Canadian broadcaster and playwright (d. 2006)
*1922 - Har Gobind Khorana, Nobel laureate
* 1922 - Ahmed Sékou Touré, President of Guinea (d. 1984)
*1924 - Sergei Parajanov, Armenian film director (d. 1990)
*1925 - Lee Van Cleef, American actor (d. 1989)
*1926 - Giannis Christou, Greek composer (d. 1970)
* 1926 - Jean-Pierre Côté, Canadian politician, Lieutenant governor of Quebec (d. 2002)
*1928 - Judith Krantz, American author
* 1928 - Domenico Modugno, Italian singer and songwriter (d. 1994)
*1929 - Brian Friel, Irish dramatist
* 1929 - Heiner Muller, German dramatist (d. 1995)
* 1929 - Dorothea Puente, American serial killer
*1931 - Algis Budrys, American author
*1933 - Robert Garcia, American politician
* 1933 - Wilbur Smith, Zambian-British novelist
*1934 - Bart Starr, American football player
*1935 - Bob Denver, American actor (d. 2005)
* 1935 - Dick Enberg, American sportscaster
* 1935 - Earl G. Graves, Sr., African-American Publisher
* 1935 - Brian Harradine, Australian independent Senator
*1936 - Anne Rivers Siddons, American writer
*1940 - Jimmy Boyd, American actor and singer
* 1940 - Barbara Buczek, Polish composer (d. 1993)
* 1940 - Al Downing, American singer (d. 2005)
* 1940 - Ruth Dreifuss, Swiss politician
*1941 - Joan Baez, American singer and activist
* 1941 - Gilles Vaillancourt, Quebec politician
*1942 - K Callan, American actress
* 1942 - Lee Kun-hee, Korean industrialist, chairman of Samsung
* 1942 - Susannah York, British actress
*1943 - Robert Drewe, Australian author
* 1943 - Elmer MacFadyen, Canadian politician (d. 2007)
* 1943 - Freddie Starr, English comedian and singer
* 1943 - Scott Walker, American singer
*1944 - Ian Hornak, American Painter, Draughtsman and Sculptor (d. 2002)
* 1944 - Jimmy Page, British musician and producer (Led Zeppelin)
*1945 - John Doman, American actor
*1947 - Ronnie Landfield, American artist
*1948 - Bill Cowsill, American singer (The Cowsills) (d. 2006)
* 1948 - Cassie Gaines Backup Singer (Lynyrd Skynyrd) (d. 1977)
*1950 - David Johansen American singer
* 1950 - Rio Reiser, German singer (d. 1996)
*1951 - M.L. Carr, basketball player and coach
* 1951 - Crystal Gayle, American singer
*1952 - Hugh Bayley, British politician
*1953 - Morris Gleitzman, British-Australian children's author
*1955 - Michiko Kakutani, American literary critic
* 1955 - J. K. Simmons, American actor
*1956 - Kimberly Beck, American actress
* 1956 - Imelda Staunton, British actress
* 1956 - Mike Walczewski, American Public Address Announcer at Madison Square Garden
*1957 - Bibie, Ghanaian singer
* 1957 - Phil Lewis, lead singer of L.A. Guns
*1958 - Mehmet Ali Ağca, Turkish attempted assassin of Pope John Paul II
* 1958 - Stephen Neale, British philosopher
*1959 - Mark Martin, American race car driver
* 1959 - Rigoberta Menchú, Nobel Peace Prize laureate
* 1959 - Cristi Minculescu, Romanian musician
* 1959 - Otis Nixon, American baseball player
*1961 - Oliver Goldstick, American screenwriter
*1963 - Michael Everson, expert in writing systems and Unicode
*1965 - Darren Bennett, Australian-born American football player
* 1965 - Muggsy Bogues, American basketball player
* 1965 - Iain Dowie, English football manager
* 1965 - Eric Erlandson, American musician
* 1965 - Joely Richardson, British actress
*1967 - Carl Bell, American musician
* 1967 - Claudio Caniggia, Argentinian footballer
* 1967 - Steven Harwell, American singer and musician (Smash Mouth)
* 1967 - Dave Matthews, South African singer and musician
*1968 - Jimmy Adams, West Indian cricketer
* 1968 - Joey Lauren Adams, American actress
* 1968 - Al Schnier, American rock guitarist (moe.)
*1970 - Lara Fabian, Belgian singer
* 1970 - Alex Staropoli, Italian keyboardist (Rhapsody Of Fire)
*1971 - Daniel Dumile, American hip hop artist
* 1971 - Hal Niedzviecki, Canadian author
* 1971 - Scott Thornton, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1971 - Yusuke Naora, Japanese game art director
*1972 - Sarah Beeny, British TV personality
* 1972 - Angie Martinez, American radio and television personality
* 1972 - Jay Powell, baseball player
*1973 - Angela Bettis, American actress
*1974 - Farhan Akhtar, Indian Bollywood Director, Actor, Producer, Singer.
*1975 - Kiko Calero, Puerto Rican baseball player
* 1975 - Kimberley Ann Scott Mathers, former wife of Eminem
*1976 - Radek Bonk, Czech ice hockey player
* 1976 - Todd Grisham, American professional wrestling interviewer
*1977 - Beth Troutman, American production assistant
*1978 - Mathieu Garon, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1978 - Gennaro Gattuso, Italian footballer
* 1978 - Chad Ocho Cinco, American football player
* 1978 - AJ McLean, American singer (Backstreet Boys)
* 1978 - Maggie Rizer, American model and AIDS activist
*1979 - Tomiko Van, Japanese singer
*1980 - Sergio García, Spanish golfer
*1981 - Euzebiusz Smolarek, Polish footballer
*1982 - Kate Middleton, girlfriend of Prince William of Wales
*1987 - Sam Bird, English racing driver
* 1987 - Paolo Nutini, Scottish singer/songwriter
* 1987 - Pablo Santos, Mexican actor (d. 2006)
* 1987 - Lucas Pezzini Leiva, Brazilian and Liverpool Footballer
*1989 - Michaella Krajicek, Dutch tennis player
*1997 - Lauryn McClain, American actress and singer

Deaths

*1150 - Emperor Xizong of Jin was murdered by Prince Hailing of Jin in a Coup d'état.
*1282 - Abû 'Uthmân Sa'îd Hakam al Qurashi, ruler of Minorca (b. 1204)
*1283 - Wen Tianxiang, Prime Minister of China (executed) (b. 1236)
*1499 - Johann Cicero, elector of Brandenburg (b. 1455)
*1514 - Anna, Duchess of Brittany, queen of Charles VIII of France (b. 1477)
*1543 - Guillaume du Bellay, French diplomat and general (b. 1491)
*1562 - Amago Haruhisa, Japanese warlord (b. 1514)
*1571 - Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon, French naval officer (b. 1510)
*1598 - Jasper Heywood, English translator (b. 1553)
*1677 - Aernout van der Neer, Dutch painter (b. 1603)
*1757 - Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle, French scientist and man of letters (b. 1657)
* 1757 - Louis Bertrand Castel, French mathematician (b. 1688)
*1766 - Thomas Birch, British historian (b. 1705)
*1799 - Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Italian scientist (b. 1718)
*1800 - Jean Étienne Championnet, French general (b. 1762)
*1805 - Noble Wimberly Jones, American Continental Congressman (b. 1723)
*1843 - William Hedley, British industrial engineer (b. 1773)
*1848 - Caroline Herschel, German-born astronomer (b. 1750)
*1858 - Anson Jones, 5th and last President of Texas (suicide) (b. 1798)
*1873 - Emperor Napoleon III of France (b. 1808)
*1876 - Samuel Gridley Howe, American abolitionist (b. 1801)
*1877 - Alexander Brullov, Russia painter (b. 1799)
*1878 - King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy (b. 1820)
*1895 - Aaron Lufkin Dennison, American watch manufacturer (b. 1812)
*1901 - Richard Copley Christie, English scholar (b. 1830)
*1908 - Wilhelm Busch, German painter (b. 1832)
* 1908 - Abraham Goldfaden, Russian-born actor (b. 1840)
*1911 - Edwin Arthur Jones, American composer (b. 1853)
* 1911 - Edvard Rusjan, Slovene flight pioneer (b. 1886)
*1918 - Émile Reynaud, French scientist (b. 1844)
*1923 - Katherine Mansfield, New Zealand writer (b. 1888)
*1927 - Houston Stewart Chamberlain, British pro-Aryan anti-semitic writer, son-in-law of Richard Wagner (b. 1855)
*1931 - Wayne Munn, wrestler (b. 1896)
*1936 - John Gilbert, American actor (b. 1899)
*1939 - Johann Strauss III, Austrian conductor (b. 1866)
*1945 - Jüri Uluots, Estonian Prime Minister (b. 1890)
*1946 - Countee Cullen, American poet (b. 1903)
* 1946 - Dimitrios Golemis, Greek athlete (b. 1874)
*1947 - Karl Mannheim, German sociologist (b. 1893)
*1960 - Elsie J. Oxenham, British children's author (b. 1880)
*1961 - Emily Greene Balch, American writer, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1867)
*1971 - Giannis Christou, Greek composer (b. 1926)
* 1971 - Elmer Flick, baseball player (b. 1876)
*1972 - Ted Shawn, American dancer (b. 1891)
*1975 - Pierre Fresnay, French actor (b. 1897)
* 1975 - Pyotr Sergeyevich Novikov, Russian mathematician (b. 1901)
*1979 - Pier Luigi Nervi, Italian engineer and architect (b. 1891)
*1981 - Kazimierz Serocki, Polish composer (b. 1922)
*1984 - Wolfgang Staudte, German director (b. 1906)
*1985 - Robert Mayer, British businessman and philanthropist (b. 1879)
*1987 - Marion Hutton, American singer (b. 1919)
* 1987 - Arthur Lake, American actor (b. 1905)
*1989 - Bill Terry, baseball player (b. 1898)
*1990 - Sir Edward McTiernan, Australian jurist, lawyer and politician (b. 1892)
* 1990 - Spud Chandler, baseball player (b. 1907)
*1992 - Steve Brodie, American actor (b. 1919)
* 1992 - Bill Naughton, British playwright (b. 1910)
*1993 - Sir Paul Hasluck, Governor-General of Australia (b. 1905)
*1994 - Johnny Temple, baseball player (b. 1927)
*1995 - Peter Cook, British actor and comedian (b. 1937)
* 1995 - Souphanouvong, President of Laos (b. 1909)
*1997 - Edward Osobka-Morawski, Prime Minister of Poland (b. 1909)
* 1997 - Jesse White, American actor (b. 1917)
*1998 - Kenichi Fukui, Japanese chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate (b. 1918)
* 1998 - Charito Solis, Filipino actress (b. 1935)
*2000 - Nigel Tranter, Scottish historian and author (b. 1909)
*2001 - Maurice Prather, American photographer (b. 1926)
*2003 - Will McDonough, American sports journalist (b. 1935)
*2004 - Norberto Bobbio, Italian philosopher (b. 1909)
*2005 - Gonzalo Gavira, Mexican film sound technician (b. 1925)
*2006 - Andy Caldecott, Australian motorcycle racer (b. 1964)
* 2006 - Mikk Mikiver, Estonian actor, director (b. 1937)
*2007 - Elmer Symons, South African motorcycle racer (b. 1977)
*2008 - Johnny Grant, American radio personality, television producer (b. 1923)
* 2008 - William Quinn, Irish Republican Army soldier (b. 1950)
* 2008 - Mehran Ghassemi, Iranian journalist (b. 1977)
* 2008 - Sir John Harvey-Jones, chairman of ICI from 1982 to 1987 (b.1924).

Holidays and observances

* Martyrs' Day (Panama) commemorates the 1964 riots over sovereignty of the Panama Canal Zone
* Black Nazarene feast in the Quiapo district, Manila, Philippines
* January 9 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
* Republic Day in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
*Adrian of Canterbury
*Metropolitan Philip II of Moscow
*Theophan the Recluse

External links

* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/9 BBC: On This Day]
*
* [http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_this_day?mth=Jan&day=09 On This Day in Canada] ----


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  • January — is the first month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. It is, on average, the coolest month of the year within most of the Northern Hemisphere and the warmest month of… …   Wikipedia

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  • January — Jan u*a*ry, n. [L. Januarius, fr. Janus an old Latin deity, the god of the sun and the year, to whom the month of January was sacred; cf. janua a door, Skr. y[=a] to go.] The first month of the year, containing thirty one days. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • January — late 13c., Ieneuer, from O.N.Fr. Genever, O.Fr. Jenvier (Mod.Fr. Janvier), attested from early 12c. in Anglo French, from L. Ianuarius (mensis) (the month) of Janus, to whom the month was sacred as the beginning of the year (see JANUS (Cf.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • January — ► NOUN (pl. Januaries) ▪ the first month of the year. ORIGIN from Latin Januarius mensis month of Janus (the Roman god who presided over doors and beginnings) …   English terms dictionary

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  • January 21 — Events *1189 Philip II of France and Richard I of England begin to assemble troops to wage the Third Crusade. *1287 The treaty of San Agayz is signed. Minorca is conquered by King Alfons III of Aragon. *1525 The Swiss Anabaptist Movement is born… …   Wikipedia

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