Warren, Michigan


Warren, Michigan
City of Warren
—  City  —
General Motors Technical Center

Seal
Coordinates: 42°29′31″N 83°1′26″W / 42.49194°N 83.02389°W / 42.49194; -83.02389Coordinates: 42°29′31″N 83°1′26″W / 42.49194°N 83.02389°W / 42.49194; -83.02389
Country United States
State Michigan
County Macomb
Incorporated 1957
Government
 – Type Council-Strong Mayor
 – Mayor James R. Fouts (R)
Area
 – Total 34.3 sq mi (88.9 km2)
 – Land 34.3 sq mi (88.8 km2)
 – Water 0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 627 ft (191 m)
Population (2010)
 – Total 134,056
 – Density 3,908.3/sq mi (1,506.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 – Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 586
FIPS code 26-84000[1]
GNIS feature ID 1615781[2]
Website http://www.cityofwarren.org/

Warren is a city in Macomb County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The 2010 census places the city's population at 134,056,[3] making Warren the largest city in Macomb County, the third largest city in Michigan, and Metro Detroit's largest suburb. The city is home to a wide variety of businesses, including General Motors Technical Center, the United States Army Detroit Arsenal, home of the Tank-Automotive and Armaments Command (TACOM) and the Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center (TARDEC), the headquarters of Big Boy Restaurants International, The Cadillac Motor Car Division of General Motors, Campbell Ewald, and Asset Acceptance. The current mayor is James R. Fouts, who was elected to his first mayoral term in November 2007.

Contents

History

Beebe's Corners, the original settlement in what would become the city of Warren, was founded in 1830 at the corner of Mound Road and Chicago Road; it's first resident was Charles Groesbeck.[4] Beebe's Corners was a carriage stop between Detroit and Utica, and included a distillery, mill, tavern, and trading post.[4][5] It was not until 1837 that the now-defunct Warren Township was organized around the settlement, first under the name Hickory, then renamed Aba in April 1838, and finally renamed Warren shortly thereafter.[6] It was named for War of 1812 veteran, and frontier cleric, Rev. Abel Warren. However, when it was originally organized the township was named for Rev. Warren who was a Methodist Episcopal preacher who left his native New York in 1824 for Shelby Township. He went throughout the present-day Macomb, Lapeer, Oakland, and St. Clair Counties, baptizing, marrying, and burying pioneers of the area, as well as establishing congregations and preaching extensively.[7] He is, by several accounts, the first preacher to be licensed as such by the State of Michigan.[8]

Another version of the source of the city's name claims it was "named for General Joseph Warren (1741-1775), who fell at the Battle of Bunker Hill]].[9]

The settlement was formally incorporated as the Village of Warren from Warren Township on April 28, 1893 out of one square mile bound by 14 Mile Road and 13 Mile Road to the north and south, and in half-a-mile east and west of Mound Road.[4] The small village grew slowly, and had a population of 582 in 1940 and 727 in 1950, while the larger surrounding township grew at a much quicker pace.[10]

The Village of Warren and most of the surrounding Township of Warren incorporated as a city in 1957, less the city of Center Line, which had incorporated as a village from Warren Township in 1925 and as a city in 1936.[6] Between 1950 and 1960, Warren's population soared from 42,653 to 89,426. This population explosion was fueled in part by white flight from its southern neighbor of Detroit in that decade. This change in population continued into the next decade when the city's population doubled again. As the community has matured, its population has begun to gradually grow.

Mayors

The following is a list of the previous mayors of the city. The current mayor is Republican James Fouts.[11]

Mayor Start of Term End of Term Notes
Arthur Miller 1957 1961
Louis Kelsey 1961 1961
Bill Shaw 1961 1967
Ted Bates 1967 1981 Longest serving mayor of Warren
James Randlett 1981 1985
Ronald Bonkowski 1985 1995
Mark Steenburg 1995 2007

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, Warren has a total area of 34.3 square miles (89 km2), of which, 34.3 square miles (89 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it is water. The city covers a six mile (10 km)-by-six mile (10 km x 10 km) square in the southwest corner of Macomb County in suburban Detroit (minus Center Line). Other cities bordering on Warren are Detroit, Hazel Park, Madison Heights, Sterling Heights, Fraser, Roseville, and Eastpointe.

Main highways

Interstate highways

  • I-696.svg I-696 cuts east and west through the middle of Warren.

Michigan State Trunklines

  • M-53.svg M-53, which is Van Dyke Avenue, and leads into Van Dyke Freeway runs north and south, and (roughly) bisects the city.
  • M-97.svg M-97 also known as Groesbeck Highway named for former Governor Alex Groesbeck is near the eastern edge of Warren. It comes north from Detroit, and is a fast and wide diagonal connector to northern Macomb County.
  • M-102.svg M-102 more commonly known as Eight Mile Road or more esoterically as Base Line Road is the city's south border.

Unnumbered roads

Mound Road is an important north-south artery in the city. East-west travel is mainly on the mile roads. Most notably are 8 Mile Road, which is on the southern border of Warren with Detroit; 11 Mile Road, which serves as a service drive for I-696, and 14 Mile Road, which is on the northern border of Warren with Sterling Heights

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1900 350
1910 297 −15.1%
1920 326 9.8%
1930 515 58.0%
1940 582 13.0%
1950 727 24.9%
1960 89,246 12,175.9%
1970 179,260 100.9%
1980 161,134 −10.1%
1990 144,864 −10.1%
2000 138,247 −4.6%
2010 134,056 −3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

In 2010, there were 134,056 people, 55,551 households, and 36,714 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,031.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,556.6/km²). There were 57,249 housing units at an average density of 1,669.6 per square mile (644.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 78.4% White, 13.5% African American, 4.6% Asian, 0.4% Native American, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.1% Non-Hispanic of other races, and 2.6% reporting two or more races. 2.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[12]

The remaining figures are from the 2000 census except when otherwise stated. The top six reported ancestries (people were allowed to report up to two ancestries, thus the figures will generally add to more than 100%) in Warren in 2000 were Polish (21.0%), German (20.4%), Irish (11.5%), Italian (10.6%), English (7.3%), and French (5.3%).[13]

There were 55,551 households out of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.05.

The city’s age distribution was 22.9% under 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $44,626, and the median income for a family was $52,444. Males had a median income of $41,454 versus $28,368 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,407. 7.4% of the population and 5.2% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 9.5% were under the age of 18 and 5.8% were 65 or older.

A house in Warren. This is the typical house style and size and thousands can be seen around the city as well as in nearby Sterling Heights and Center Line.

There are a number of distinguishing characteristics about Warren which render it unique among American cities of its relative size. Warren was one of the fastest-growing municipalities in the country between 1940 and 1970, roughly doubling its population every 10 years. In 1940 the official population of Warren Township was 22,146; in 1950, it was 42,653; in 1960, after Warren Township had become the City of Warren, population had risen to 89,240; and by 1970 it had grown to 179,260.

Since 1970, Warren has been consistently one of the faster-declining cities in population in the country. The population declined by 10% during each of the next two decades (1980: 161,060; 1990: 144,864), and dropped by 4.6% between 1990 and 2000. Warren’s population is currently one of the oldest among large cities in the United States. 17.3% of Warren's population was 65 or older at the last census, tied for fifth with Hollywood, Florida among cities with 100,000+ population, and in fact the highest-ranking city by this measure outside of Florida or Hawaii.[14] Warren is ranked 1st in the nation for longevity of residence. Residents of Warren on average have lived in that community 35.5 years, compared to the national average of eight years for communities of 100,000+ population.Warren remains a population center for people of Polish, Lebanese, Ukrainian, Scots-Irish, Filipino and Assyrian/Chaldean descent.

The post-1970 population change in Warren has been so pronounced that by 2000 there were 1,026 Filipinos in Warren as well as 1,145 Asian Indians in the city, and 1,559 American Indians. Many of the American Indians in Warren originated in the Southern United States with 429 Cherokee and 66 Lumbee. In fact the Lumbee were the third largest American Indian "tribe" in the city, with only the 193 Chippewa outnumbering them.[15]

Economy

Companies based in Warren include SRG Global.

Top employers

According to the City's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[16] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 General Motors 17,000
2 TACOM 6,500
3 Chrysler 4,200
4 St. John Macomb Hospital 1,320
5 Warren Consolidated Schools 1,221
6 Henry Ford Macomb Hospital 1,200
7 Art Van 1,190
8 Campbell-Ewald 900
9 Asset Acceptance 802
10 Noble Metal Processing 700

Neighborhoods

Southeast Warren (48089)

Southeast Warren consists of the Belangers Garden, Berkshire Manor, Piper Van Dyke, Warrendale, and the southern portion of Warren Woods.[17] The neighborhood population in 2009 was 33,031. The neighborhood's racial makeup was 85.14% White, 5.50% African-American, 4.27% Asian, 0.38% Native American, and 3.80% of other races. 1.84% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

The neighborhood's median household income in 2009 was $40,136. The per capita income was $18,301.[18]

Much of Southeast Warren's residential architecture is based on the Bungalows built immediately after World War II. To the north of Stephens Road, many homes were built after 1960 in the brick ranch style. Besides the residential areas, Southeast Warren is also occupied by multiple industrial parks.

Southwest Warren (48091)

Southwest Warren consists of the Beierman Farms and Fitzgerald neighborhoods.[17] The neighborhood population in 2009 was 30,876. The neighborhood's racial makeup was 81.98% White, 7.9% African-American, 4.98% Asian, 0.48% Native American, and 4.23% of other races. 1.64% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

The neighborhood's median household income in 2009 was $40,311. The per capita income was $19,787.[19]

Northeast Warren (48090, 48093)

Northeast Warren consists of the Bear Creek, Bella Vista Estates, Downtown, Fairlane Estates, Lorraine, Northampton Square, the northern portion of Warren Woods, and the eastern portion of Warren Con neighborhoods.[17] The neighborhood population in 2009 was 45,492. The neighborhood's racial makeup was 92.47% White, 2.93% African American, 2.78% Asian, 0.5% Native American and 3.75% of other races. 1.36% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

The neighborhood's median household income in 2009 was $48,806. The per capita income was $27,914.[20][21]

Northwest Warren/Warren Con. (48092)

Northwest Warren consists of the western portion of the Warren Con neighborhood.[17] The neighborhood population in 2009 was 24,997. The neighborhood's racial makeup was 85.50% White, 4.58% African American, 6.57% Asian, 0.19% Native American and 3.50% of other races. 1.32% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

The median household income in 2009 was $55,102. The per capita income was $25,334.[22]

Blight

Warren has an unusually moderate amount of urban blight for a city located on 8 Mile Road. However, the city has small, sparse amounts of blight scattered around 8 Mile, notably in the Van Dyke area and near the border with Eastpointe.

Education

Public schools

Warren is served by six public school districts, including:[23]

The Macomb Intermediate School District oversees the individual school districts.

Secondary schools serving Warren include:

Private schools

Postsecondary institutions

Public libraries

Warren Public Library consists of one main library and three branches. The Civic Center Library is located on the ground floor of the city hall. The Arthur Miller Branch is inside the Warren Community Center. The other two branches are the Maybelle Burnette Branch and the Dorothy Busch Branch.[24]

On 2010 July 1, the three branch libraries were closed. On August 3, the Library Millage was approved; as such, these branch libraries reopened later that August.[25]

Culture and recreation

Fountains in Warren City Center, with farmer's market in background

The city recreation department supports a community center and a recreation center along with a system of 24 parks. The Warren Symphony Orchestra gives several concerts per season. In 2003 the city built a brand new Community Center where the old Warren High School was.

Crime

Warren
Crime rates (2003)
Crime type Rate*
Homicide: 2.2
Forcible rape: 57.6
Robbery: 135.4
Aggravated assault: 373.7
Violent crime: 568.9
Burglary: 549.4
Larceny-theft: 1,656.7
Arson: 46.8
Property crime: 2,252.9
Notes
* Number of reported crimes per 100,000 population.

Source: 2003 FBI Report of Offenses Known to Law Enforcement

The crime rate in Warren is mostly balanced as neutral. The city has a low violent crime rate and a high property crime rate compared to other cities in Metro Detroit. The city's crime rate in 2003 was 91.4% of the national average. Larceny-theft was the most popular crime, making up 58.7% of the city's crime rate.

Since 2000, there have been 35 reported known murders; five in 2001, three in 2003, six in 2004, five in both 2005 and 2006, seven in 2007, and four in 2008.[26] Since 2000, the violent crime rate has dropped 16.2%.

The Warren Police Department serves as the main law enforcement agency in the city. The department is highly connected to community policing. The Citizen Emergency Response Team (CERT) is a main link between the police department and citizens for assisting and reporting in emergency situations.

Historical markers

There are nine recognized Michigan historical markers in the city.[27] They are:

The tenth and eleventh markers are technically in Center Line, Michigan but are included because of their proximity (both in distance and in history) to Warren:

Additionally, about two dozen markers have been placed around designated cites in the city by the Warren Historical and Genealogical Society.[30]

Notable natives and residents

References

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ www.census.gov
  4. ^ a b c A Guide to Warren's History, Warren Historical Commission (with assistance from the Warren Historical Society), accessed February 04, 2011
  5. ^ "Census of Population: 1050. Vol 1: Number of Inhabitants (Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1052) p. 22-30
  6. ^ a b City of Center Line, City History, accessed February 04, 2011
  7. ^ Russel, John. The Funeral Discourse and Obituary of the Late Rev. Abel Warren. Romeo, MI: Akin & Mussey, 1863 at Google books.
  8. ^ Leeson. History of Macomb County. 1882
  9. ^ Romig, Walter (1986). Michigan Place Names. Walter Romig. p. 582. 
  10. ^ 1950 US Census. Vol 1. p. 22-24
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ 2010 census population report for Warren
  13. ^ "2006 American Community Survey (ACS)". http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/QTTable?_bm=y&-geo_id=16000US2684000&-qr_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U_DP1&-ds_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U&-_lang=en&-redoLog=false&-_sse=on. Retrieved March 31, 2008. 
  14. ^ Metzger, Kurt R. "The Elderly Aren't Just in Florida Anymore" (pdf). Center for Urban Studies, Director, Michigan Metropolitan Information Center (MIMIC). Wayne State University. http://www.cus.wayne.edu/content/publications/+65_popKM.pdf. Retrieved March 28, 2011. 
  15. ^ Census factfinder table
  16. ^ City of Warren 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report
  17. ^ a b c d city-data.com
  18. ^ Sperling's Best Places, Zip Code 48089
  19. ^ Sperling's Best Places Zip Code 48091
  20. ^ Sperling's Best Places Zip Code 48090
  21. ^ Sperling's Best Places Zip Code 48093
  22. ^ Sperling's Best Places Zip Code 48092
  23. ^ "Macomb County Schools Directory." Macomb Intermediate School District. Retrieved on October 28, 2009.
  24. ^ "Hours and Locations Winter 2007." Warren Public Library. Retrieved on March 29, 2010.
  25. ^ "FACTS ABOUT THE AUGUST 3, 2010 LIBRARY MILLAGE." Warren Public Library. Retrieved on August 3, 2010.
  26. ^ http://www.idcide.com/citydata/mi/warren.htm
  27. ^ a b c d "Michigan Historical Markers". The Michigan Historical Marker Web Site. MichMarkers.com. http://www.michmarkers.com/Frameset.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-15. 
  28. ^ "St. Clement Catholic Church". The Michigan Historical Marker Web Site. MichMarkers.com.. http://www.michmarkers.com/pages/L1903.htm. Retrieved March 28, 2011. 
  29. ^ "St. Clement Catholic Church Cemetery". The Michigan Historical Marker Web Site. MichMarkers.com. http://www.michmarkers.com/pages/L2174.htm. Retrieved March 28, 2011. 
  30. ^ "Warren Historical and Genealogical Society, Markers and Pictures in Warren, Michigan.". http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://members.glis.net/whgs/groesbeck003.jpg&imgrefurl=http://members.glis.net/whgs/markers.htm&h=1405&w=1000&sz=84&hl=en&start=9&um=1&usg=__Nfko_e3NpteX7H-TQECLYC7n-2w=&tbnid=NczgcLBlIV1FhM:&tbnh=150&tbnw=107&prev=/images%3Fq%3DAlex%2BGroesbeck%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN. 
  31. ^ "Rap's Eminem is a survivor: Records show rapper didn't have an easy childhood", The Detroit News, November 19, 1999. (Newsbank)
  32. ^ NHL Players born in Warren, Michigan | QuantHockey.com

External links


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