Gratiot County, Michigan


Gratiot County, Michigan

Infobox U.S. County
county = Gratiot County
state = Michigan




map size = 200
founded = 1855
seat = Ithaca | area_total_sq_mi =572
area_water_sq_mi =1
area percentage = 0.26%
census yr = 2000
pop = 42285
density_km2 =29
web = www.co.gratiot.mi.us
|

Gratiot County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the population was 42,285. The county seat is IthacaGR|6, although its most populous city is Alma.

Geography

*According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 572 square miles (1,480 km²), of which, 570 square miles (1,477 km²) of it is land and 1 square miles (4 km²) of it (0.26%) is water.
*It is considered to be part of Central Michigan.
*The Roman Catholic Diocese of Saginaw is the controlling regional body for the Catholic Church. [ [http://www.saginaw.org/ Saginaw County Diocese home page] ]

Adjacent counties

*Midland County (northeast)
*Isabella County (northwest)
*Saginaw County (east)
*Montcalm County (west)
*Shiawassee County (southeast)
*Clinton County (south)
*Ionia County (southwest)

Major Highways

US Highways

*
* BUS US-127 is a loop route through downtown Alma.
* BUS US-127 is a loop route through downtown Ithaca.
* BUS US-127 is a loop route through downtown St. Louis.

Michigan State Trunklines

*
*

History

The county is named for Captain Charles Gratiot, who supervised the building of Port Huron's Fort Gratiot. [ [http://www.clarke.cmich.edu/localhistory/Gratiot.htm Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University, Bibliography on Gratiot County] ] "See," List of Michigan county name etymologies.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 42,285 people, 14,501 households, and 10,397 families residing in the county. The population density was 74 people per square mile (29/km²). There were 15,516 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.01% White, 3.72% Black or African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.76% from other races, and 1.60% from two or more races. 4.43% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.4% were of German, 17.2% American, 12.6% English and 6.9% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.1% spoke English and 2.7% Spanish as their first language.

There were 14,501 households out of which 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.60% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.30% were non-families. 23.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 11.60% from 18 to 24, 29.50% from 25 to 44, 21.60% from 45 to 64, and 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 108.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,262, and the median income for a family was $43,954. Males had a median income of $32,442 versus $22,333 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,118. About 7.30% of families and 10.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.70% of those under age 18 and 9.20% of those age 65 or over.

Government

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates themajor local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers
public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare andother social services. The county board of commissioners controls thebudget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most localgovernment functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, streetmaintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Gratiot County elected officials

* Prosecuting Attorney: Keith J. Kushion
* Sheriff: Robert L. Beracy
* County Clerk: Carol A. Vernon
* County Treasurer: Mary Sullivan
* Register of Deeds: Janet Davis
* Drain Commissioner: Brian Denman

(information as of September 2005)

Cities, villages, and townships

Cities

*Alma
*Ithaca
*St. Louis

Villages

*Ashley
*Breckenridge
*Perrinton

Unincorporated

*Bannister
*Beebe
*Edgewood
*Elm Hall
*Elwell
*Forest Hill
*Langport
*Middleton
*New Haven Center
*Newark
*North Star
*Pompeii
*Rathbone
*Riverdale
*Sethton
*Sickles
*Sumner
*Wheeler

Townships

*Arcada Township
*Bethany Township
*Elba Township
*Emerson Township
*Fulton Township
*Hamilton Township
*Lafayette Township
*New Haven Township
*Newark Township
*North Shade Township
*North Star Township
*Pine River Township
*Seville Township
*Sumner Township
*Washington Township
*Wheeler Township

Bibliography and further reading

* [http://www.clarke.cmich.edu/localhistory/Gratiot.htm Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University, Bibliography on Gratiot County]

Notes

External links

* [http://www.co.gratiot.mi.us/ Gratiot County Government]
* [http://www.gratiot.org/chamber Gratiot County Area Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.gratiot.org/ggdi Greater Gratiot Development]
* [http://www.gratiotcounty.org Gratiot County Community Connection]
* [http://gratiotfoundation.com Gratiot County Community Foundation]


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