Michiana


Michiana
Michiana
Michiana as defined by the Chamber of Commerce of St. Joseph County
No. Counties 7 (15 in Greater Michiana)
States Indiana, Michigan
Postal Codes 46-49
Largest City South Bend
Second Largest City Elkhart
Time Zones Eastern, Central
US Region Midwest

Michiana is a region in northern Indiana and southwestern Michigan centered on the city of South Bend, Indiana. The Chamber of Commerce of St. Joseph County, Indiana defines Michiana as "counties that contribute at least 500 inbound commuting workers to St. Joseph County daily." Those counties include Elkhart, La Porte, Marshall, St. Joseph, and Starke in Indiana, and Berrien and Cass in Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the population of those seven counties was 840,697 (627,140 in Indiana and 213,557 in Michigan).

The name is a portmanteau of "Michigan" and "Indiana" and was chosen as the winning entry, purportedly submitted by Thurman C. Crook,[1] in a contest to name the area held by the Associated South Bend Merchants in 1934.[2] The term is frequently used throughout the area, particularly by local radio and television stations based in South Bend that serve the entire area, but also by businesses that seek to draw customers from Indiana into Michigan or vice versa.

Contents

Government

The Michiana Area Council of Governments (MACOG) is the official Metropolitan Planning Organization for north central Indiana and the South Bend-Mishawaka metropolitan area. MACOG conducts planning for transportation, water quality, and economic development. Currently, 22 cities and towns as well as 29 townships participate in MACOG. Despite the Michiana moniker, none of these participants are currently from the state of Michigan,[3] although Berrien and Cass Counties formerly were until they along with Van Buren County were combined into their own MPO, the Southwestern Michigan Regional Planning Commission, later called the Southwestern Michigan Commission, and now called the Southwest Michigan Planning Commission.[4]

Largest cities

For a complete list, see List of cities and towns in Michiana

Counties

The St. Joseph River flows through the heart of Michiana, southwest from Michigan to Indiana, west through Mishawaka (shown), turning north at South Bend, back into Michigan through Niles to Lake Michigan at St. Joseph.

Greater Michiana includes the following 15 counties in Indiana and Michigan:

The Chamber of Commerce of St. Joseph County (Indiana) defines Greater Michiana as "counties within a 60-mile driving distance to St. Joseph County" that are not included in the seven counties making up Michiana "proper." However, the driving distance presumably refers to the distance between the metropolitan South Bend area and significant population centers in outlying areas, since a strict definition allowing for 60 miles from any point in St. Joseph County would add even more counties to the Greater Michiana area. For example, Walkerton in southwestern St. Joseph County is located approximately 30 miles from Monterey in northeastern Pulaski County, yet Pulaski is not included in the Chamber's list of Greater Michiana counties.

Because Michiana is not a legal or political entity, opinions differ about what counties and communities constitute the region. Some definitions of the entire Michiana area include fewer than 15 counties; others include Pulaski County and exclude some other outlying counties, notably those in extreme Northwest Indiana, whose residents identify more closely with Chicago than with the South Bend area.

Features

See also

References

  1. ^ Mason, Kirk (2010-11-26). "Where Are They Now?: Michiana (video)". WSBT-TV. http://www.wsbt.com/videobeta/watch/?watch=f62338c5-b978-4064-b6fb-cf978ea18230&cat=empty&src=front. Retrieved 2011-02-12. 
  2. ^ "Has 'Michiana' outlived its usefulness?". South Bend Tribune. 2000-01-06. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/southbendtribune/access/47779638.html?FMT=ABS. Retrieved 2008-04-29. 
  3. ^ "What is MACOG?". Michiana Area Council of Governments. Retrieved on 2009-09-14.
  4. ^ "History of the Southwest Michigan Planning Commission". Southwest Michigan Planning Commission (revised 2009-05-13). Retrieved on 2009-09-14.

External links


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  • Michiana Shores, IN — U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 330 Housing Units (2000): 339 Land area (2000): 0.345925 sq. miles (0.895941 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.345925 sq. miles (0.895941 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


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